click links in text for more info

Khaosan Road

Khaosan Road or Khao San Road is a short street in central Bangkok, Thailand constructed in 1892 during the reign of Rama V. It is in the Bang Lamphu area of Phra Nakhon District about 1 kilometre north of the Grand Palace and Wat Phra Kaew. "Khaosan" translates as'milled rice' or'rice mill', a hint that in former times the street was a major Bangkok rice market. In the last 40 years, Khaosan Road has developed into a world-famous "backpacker ghetto", it offers cheap accommodation, ranging from "mattress in a box"-style hotels to reasonably priced three-star hotels. In an essay on the backpacker culture of Khaosan Road, Susan Orlean called it "the place to disappear." According to the Khao San Business Association, the road sees 40,000-50,000 tourists per day in the high season, 20,000 per day in the low season. Visitors to Khao San Road are a disparate lot: In this small area one can observe the interactions and groupings of disparate characters such as un-educated young Westerners on extended leave from affluent society, high school graduates on gap year travels, Israelis fresh out of military service, university students on holiday or sabbatical leave, young Japanese in rite-of-passage attire, ordinary holidaymakers, volunteers from various organizations, the like.

It is a base of travel: coaches leave daily for all major tourist destinations in Thailand, from Chiang Mai in the north to Ko Pha-ngan in the south, there are many inexpensive travel agents who can arrange visas and transportation to the neighbouring countries of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. Khaosan shops sell handicrafts, clothes, local fruits, unlicensed CDs, DVDs, a wide range of fake IDs, used books, other useful backpacker items. After dark, bars open, music is played, food hawkers sell barbecued insects and other exotic snacks for tourists, touts promote ping pong shows.. The area is internationally known as a center of dancing and just prior to the traditional Thai New Year of 13–15 April, water splashing that turns into a huge water fight. One Thai writer has described Khaosan as "...a short road that has the longest dream in the world". A Buddhist temple under royal patronage, the centuries-old Wat Chana Songkram, is directly opposite Khaosan Road to the west, while the area to the northwest contains an Islamic community and several small mosques.

In July 2018, the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, in an attempt to clean up Khaosan Road, announced that street vendors would be removed from the thoroughfare from 1 August 2018. The BMA intends to restrict their trading hours to 18:00 to midnight; the Khaosan Street Vendors Association, representing some 300 vendors, rejected the move, citing financial ruin for vendors. Last-minute negotiations between the BMA and vendors proved fruitless as neither side has been willing to compromise. Khaosan vendors announced. On the first day of the ban on stalls 70 percent of the vendors opened as usual in defiance of the police; the BMA announced in 2019 that it will commit 48.8 million baht to transform Khaosan Road into an "international walking street". The US$1.6 million project, the first makeover of the road since its creation in 1892, will commence in October 2019, continue through the tourist high-season, be completed by February 2020. The project will repave footpaths and create designated 1.5 m x 2 m spaces for 240–360 licensed Thai vendors drawn by lot.

Vehicles will be prohibited on Khaosan Road from 09:00–21:00 daily. Banana Pancake Trail Geographic data related to Khaosan Road at OpenStreetMap Khao San Road travel guide from Wikivoyage Khaosan Road Survival Guide Ultimate Guide to Khao San Road

Robert Cornegy

Robert E. Cornegy, Jr. is the New York City Council Member for the 36th District, representing Bedford-Stuyvesant and northern Crown Heights in Brooklyn. He is a Democrat. From March 2019 to October 2019, Cornegy was the Guinness World Records holder for the World's Tallest Politician, being surpassed in holding this title by North Dakota Insurance Commissioner Jon Godfread 6'10" but a few millimeters taller. Cornegy is a native of New York City, he is the son of the late Dr. Robert E. Cornegy, Sr. pastor of Mount Calvary Baptist Church in Bedford-Stuyvesant and Ellen J. Cornegy, the First Lady of Mount Calvary Baptist Church, he played center for Andrew Jackson High School and was recruited by both Temple University and Syracuse University before playing backup center for St. John's University's historic 1984-5 Final Four team. Cornegy would graduate from Mercy College in Dobbs Ferry, New York, with a bachelor's degree in Organizational Management, he played professional basketball in both Turkey.

Following his basketball career, he earned a master's degree in Organizational Management from Mercy College. He returned to Bedford-Stuyvesant and with an increased awareness of the mental health issues and drug use in the community became a Credentialed Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Counselor, he opened the Cornegy Residence treatment center for chemically dependent men in Bedford-Stuyvesant. In 2009, Cornegy made his first run at the 36th District, but lost the primary election to incumbent Albert Vann. Four years he was elected to the same district after defeating Kirsten John Foy for the Democratic nomination in a close race, he won the general election on November 5, 2013. In 2017, Cornegy was reelected as the Council Member for the 36th District of Brooklyn, NY, he is Chair of the Council's Committee on Housing and Buildings, Chair of the Minority- and Women-Owned Business Enterprise Task Force, a member of the Budget Negotiating Team. He is a member of the Committees on Economic Development.

In 2017, Cornegy ran to become the first black Speaker of the New York City Council. Cornegy was named Democratic Conference Chair of the New York City Council in 2018. In his first term, Cornegy was among the top 10 percent of sponsored legislation. Bills and initiatives of which he has led, sponsored or authored include: A lactation bill, mandating there be dedicated rooms for nursing and breast-feeding mothers in public buildings throughout the five boroughs The Kalief Browder Bill, calling for the Department of Corrections to provide vocational and educational programming and services to those detained or incarcerated on Rikers Island for longer than 10 days Commercial tenant anti-harassment and neglect legislation, offering protection against criminal landlords by creating a private right of action for commercial tenants facing harassment, allocating $3.6 million to cover the legal costs associated with fighting unscrupulous property owners Senior Citizen Rent Increase Exemption and the Disabled Rent Increase Exemption, part of the Rent Freeze Program, an effort to increase affordable housing in NYC Workforce Disclosure Bill that requires certain contractors working on city-funded projects to disclose records on the nature of their workforce, including the certification of the contractor as a minority-owned or women-owned business enterpriseCornegy sponsored the bill to co-name the block of Stuyvesant Avenue between Lexington Avenue and Quincy Street, "Do the Right Thing Way" after the iconic 1989 movie Spike Lee directed, shot on that block.

It was the first time a New York City street was named for a work of art, rather than a person or institution. In 2012, Cornegy served as a delegate to President Obama at the Democratic National Convention; that same year, he became District Leader / State Committeeman for the 56th Assembly District and was part of the Taskforce to Combat Gun Violence, delivering recommendations to reduce gun violence in NYC to the NYC Council Speaker. In 2013, he partnered with Attorney General Eric Schneiderman to invest $20 million in funding the Homeowner Protection Program and launch the Foreclosure Rescue Scam Protection Initiative. In 2014, Cornegy developed the Chamber on the Go program in partnership with the Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce to provide mobile support services to small businesses. Cornegy supported the establishment of The Age Friendly Neighborhood Initiative to improve the quality of life of older adults through advocacy and access to essential resources. While Chair of the Committee on Small Business, Cornegy co-led research on the state of the retail economy in NYC and delivered strategies to address retail challenges faced in underserved neighborhoods.

Cornegy was selected as a 2017-18 MIT CoLab Mel King Community Fellow alongside other social justice leaders. Cornegy and his wife, have a blended family of six children and live in Bedford Stuyvesant, he is a member of Omega Psi Phi. He has been noted for long dreadlocks that are wrapped into a bun; the New York City Council: Councilman Robert E. Cornegy Jr. @RobertCornegyJr Council Member Robert Cornegy on Facebook

1964 Icelandic Cup

The 1964 Icelandic Cup was the fifth edition of the National Football Cup. It took place between 4 August 1964 and 24 October 1964, with the final played at Melavöllur in Reykjavik; the cup became more important from this season. Teams from the Úrvalsdeild karla did not enter until the quarter finals. In prior rounds, teams from the 2. Deild, as well as reserve teams, played in one-legged matches. In case of a draw, the match was replayed. For the fifth consecutive year, KR Reykjavik reached the final, beating IA Akranes 4 - 0. In a first for the competition, there was a match between KR and their own reserve team, for a place in the final. Entrance of Breiðablik Kopavogur, FH Hafnarfjörður and ÍBA Akureyri. Entrance of 6 clubs from 1. Deild 1964 Icelandic Cup results at the site of the Icelandic Football Federation 1964 Úrvalsdeild Icelandic Cup

Finland at the 2014 Winter Olympics

Finland competed at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia from 7 to 23 February 2014. The Finnish team consisted of 103 competitors who participated in alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, freestyle skiing, ice hockey, ski jumping and speed skating; the Finnish Olympic Committee launched its Sochi 2014 coaching program in June 2010, distributing financial support in winter sports to member federations and top level athletes directly. X including ski maintenance, which contributes to biathlon and Nordic combined as well In August 2013, Helsingin Sanomat quoted the President of the Board of the Finnish Olympic Committee Risto Nieminen, that it is forbidding its athletes the rainbow-patterned fingernails in the upcoming games, ruling it political abuse of the Olympic Charter; the issue was raised after high-jumper Emma Green Tregaro displayed her rainbow nails and the Finnish Minister of Culture and Sport Paavo Arhinmäki waved the rainbow flag in the Moscow 2013 World Championships in Athletics in support of LGBT rights in Russia.

Arhinmäki responded, that the Olympic movement should defend, not limit, the freedom of speech, the Minister for European Affairs and Foreign Trade of Finland Alexander Stubb commented that the issue is about human rights, not politics, both bringing up the 1968 Olympics Black Power salute as one of the finest moments in Olympic history. The Committee followed up, that they were quoting the Charter, which bans political abuse, themselves couldn't allow or disallow the nails; the Finnish Olympic Committee offers prize bonuses for medalists: €30,000 for gold, €15,000 for silver and €10,000 for bronze, where in team events the price has to be divided between athletes, with a cap of €60,000 per athlete. The exception is for an ice hockey medal where the bonus is €60,000 for gold, €40,000 for silver and €30,000 for bronze; the cost of the games for the Finnish Olympic Committee is 1.2 million euros. About half of it, food and accommodation expenses, will be subsidised by the International Olympic Committee.

The Finnish Olympic team in Sochi consists of 226 people, of which 16 are the team's general leadership, 103 athletes, 107 other staff members, such as coaches, masseurs and physicians. Athletes to the Olympic team are picked by the Elite Sports Unit of the Finnish Olympic Committee based on presentations by the national sports federations; the Unit is led by Mika Kojonkoski. It revised the selection from earlier games by creating a continuous method, where athletes are added as they display to fulfill requirements; the athletes are required to based on their results in the previous season. The Committee considered. Schedule for selection publication: 30 October 2013: first 10 athletes nominated in alpine skiing, freestyle skiing and speed skating 16 December 2013: 14 athletes nominated in cross-country skiing, Nordic combined, ski jumping and snowboarding 18 December 2013: women's ice hockey team of 21 players nominated 7 January 2014: men's ice hockey team of 25 players nominated 13 January 2014: 8 athletes nominated in cross-country skiing and ski jumping 21 January 2014: 22 athletes nominated in biathlon, freestyle skiing, ski jumping and Nordic combined 27 January 2014: final 7 athletes nominated in alpine skiing, freestyle skiing and speed skating For Janne Ahonen and Teemu Selänne, 2014 will be their sixth Olympic games, tying them for the most Olympic appearances for Finns with Marja-Liisa Kirvesniemi, Harri Kirvesniemi and Raimo Helminen.

Selänne will be alongside Helminen the only ice hockey player with six appearances, Selänne being the all-time Olympic point-leader. Finland will not compete in bobsleigh, figure skating, short track speed skating and skeleton. For figure skating Finland has the 2nd stand-by entry for ladies' singles, 4th for ice dancing and 7th for men's singles; the entries may not be transferred after 27 January 2014. Finland failed to qualify the curling team at the Olympic qualification event; the Finnish Olympic Committee set no official medal target. An article published by International Associations of Sports Economists / North American Association of Sports Economists in 2011, using such parameters as population, political regime, snow coverage and winter sports facilities, predicted Finland to win 5 medals. In a poll ordered by MTV3, a majority from a sample of 1,700 Finns in December 2013 expected Finland to win 2–4 medals, having best chances in snowboarding. Infostrada Sports predicts that Finland will win one gold and five bronzes, broken down: in cross-country skiing: gold in women's team sprint and bronze in women's 4 × 5 kilometre relay in biathlon: bronze for Kaisa Mäkäräinen in women's pursuit and sprint in ice hockey: bronze in men's and women's tournamentAssociated Press projected Finland to win two silvers and three bronzes, broken down: in biathlon: silver for Kaisa Mäkäräinen in women's pursuit and mass start in cross-country skiing: bronze in women's team sprint and 4 × 5 kilometre relay in ice hockey: bronze in women's tournamentIlta-Sanomat expected certain Finnish medals as a top two finish in women's team sprint, a silver in women's 4 × 5 kilometre relay, a medal in women's ice hockey and multiple medals for Kaisa Mäkäräinen.

PricewaterhouseCoopers, using regression analysis with such variables as gross domestic product and climate to estimate medal shares, predicted Finland to win 6 medals. Finland has qualified a total quota of four athletes by the International Ski Federation, based on qualification points awarded in races within the FIS Calendar during the period of July 2012–19 January 2014. National quotas per each Olympic event were allocated according to points awarded in these competitions. Andreas Roma

Finger food

Finger food is food meant to be eaten directly using the hands, in contrast to food eaten with a knife and fork, chopsticks, or other utensils. In most cultures, food is always eaten with the hands. Foods considered street foods are though not finger foods. In America In 1920, after the Volstead Act was published, some people did not want to comply and had drinks secretly. Since bars and bistros were prohibited from drinking, people established a place called Speakeasy to provide illegal drinks. In order not to let customers indulge in it and expose the places, they provide customers with a small amount of food throughout the night; some easy food, such as sandwiches and stuffed mushrooms, were the best choices that are small in one hand while another hand holds the drink. In addition, many people liked to have private alcohol-centric gatherings at home. Cocktails parties were becoming more popular after the prohibition. Having some food or snacks were popular at these private parties. After that, many different kinds of finger food were developed at restaurants.

In Europe According to legend, John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, was an avid gambler. One day in 1762, he was gambling for 24 hours and felt hungry, but he didn't want to put down his cards to eat, he asked the chef to make something that he could eat with one hand so that he can continue playing cards. The chef rushed to meet the demand and showed the count the meat sliced with two slices of bread, the first Sandwich. In the Western world, finger foods are either appetizers or entree/main course items. In the Western world, examples of accepted finger food are miniature meat pies, sausage rolls, sausages on sticks and olives on sticks, chicken drumsticks or wings, spring rolls, miniature quiches, sandwiches, Merenda or other such based foods, such as pitas or items in buns, potato wedges, vol au vents, several other such small items and risotto balls. Other well-known foods that are eaten with the hands include hamburgers, chips, hot dogs and bread. Dessert items such as cookies, ice cream in cones, or ice pops are eaten with the hands but are not, in common parlance, considered finger foods.

In East Asia, foods like pancakes or flatbreads and street foods such as chuan are eaten with the hands. It is interesting how "finger food" is used in some cultures, but is frowned upon in others. For example, around family you can use your hands to dip a chunk of bread into the pasta sauce, but if you were in a fancy restaurant it would not be as appropriate. In many Western countries there are catering businesses that supply finger foods for events such as weddings, engagements and other milestone celebrations. For weddings, in particular, finger foods are becoming more popular because they are less expensive and offer more flexibility with menu choices. Gourmet hors d'oeuvres such as Quiche, pâté, tea sandwiches are suitable for a formal event, whereas more familiar food such as sliced fruits, deli trays and cookies are preferred at more casual celebrations. Finger Food, Elizabeth Wolf-Cohen ISBN 978-1-84215-507-3 The Essential Finger Food Cookbook, Wendy Stephen ISBN 978-1-57145-961-9

John Peter Gassiot

John Peter Gassiot FRS was an English businessman and amateur scientist. He was associated with public demonstrations of electrical phenomena and the development of the Royal Society. Born in London, he joined the Royal Navy as a midshipman. In 1819 he married the couple had nine sons and three daughters. In 1822, he joined in business with Spaniard Sebastian Gonzalez Martinez to create the firm of Martinez Gassiot & Co. selling cigars and port. He became an enthusiastic amateur scientist with a particular interest in electricity, he created an amply-provided laboratory at his home on Clapham Common and opened it to his fellow scientists, including James Clerk Maxwell who performed much of his 1860s work on electrical resistance there. Gassiot was a close associate of William Sturgeon and Charles Vincent Walker and the three were instrumental in founding the London Electrical Society in 1837; the society was famous for the public electrical displays mounted by Gassiot. Gassiot was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1841 and was instrumental in the Society's reform in the 1840s.

He was a founder of the Chemical Society in 1845 associated with the London Institution, a Surrey magistrate. Gassiot was a close associate of William Robert Grove at the Royal Society, encouraging Grove to join the London Institution where the two worked together on the development of photography. Gassiot's work was important in the demise of the contact theory of voltaic electricity. Starting in 1840 he performed a number of experiments culminating in 1844 where he used a battery of 100 mutually insulated Grove cells to show that a spark could be drawn before an electrical contact was made. Gassiot extended Groves's work on striae in electrical discharges, showing that the discharge cannot continue in a vacuum. In 1858, Gassiot, in his Bakerian lecture, reported deflections of electrical discharges in rarefied gases both by magnetism and electrostatics. Though this was an early observation of the phenomenon of cathode rays, Julius Plücker is credited with their discovery. Royal Medal of the Royal Society.

Juror's Medal of the London Exhibition of 1862. Gassiot was taken to West Norwood Cemetery for burial, his third son, Charles Gassiot, took over as head of the family wine business, was an art patron, donating extensively to the Guildhall Art Gallery. Obituaries: Journal of the Chemical Society, 33, 227 Nature, 16, 388, 399–400Hall, M. B.. All Scientists Now: The Royal Society in the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-89263-5. Harrison, W. J. "Gassiot, John Peter", rev. Iwan Rhys Morus, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press. Retrieved 5 August 2007 Kurzer, F.. "Chemistry and chemists at the London Institution 1807–1912". Annals of Science. 58: 163–201. Doi:10.1080/00033790010011177. Morus, I. R.. "Currents from the underworld: electricity and the technology of display in early Victorian England". Isis. 84: 50–69. Doi:10.1086/356373. —. Frankenstein's Children: Electricity and Experiment in Early-Nineteenth-Century London. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-05952-7.

Electricity on Show: Spectacular Events in Victorian London – Science Museum