Kharkiv known as Kharkov, is the second largest city in Ukraine. In the northeast of the country, it is the largest city of the Slobozhanshchyna historical region. Kharkiv is the administrative centre of Kharkiv Oblast and of the surrounding Kharkiv Raion, though administratively it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion; the city was founded in 1654 and after a humble beginning as a small fortress grew to be a major centre of Ukrainian industry and culture in the Russian Empire. Kharkiv was the first capital of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, from December 1919 to January 1934, after which the capital relocated to Kiev. Presently, Kharkiv is a major cultural, educational and industrial centre of Ukraine, with numerous museums and libraries, its industry specializes in machinery and in electronics. There are hundreds of industrial companies in the city, including the Morozov Design Bureau and the Malyshev Tank Factory; some sources offer that the city was named after Kharko.
Among other names there are Charkow, Zakharpolis. Cultural artifacts date back to the Bronze Age, as well as those of Scythian and Sarmatian settlers. There is evidence that the Chernyakhov culture flourished in the area from the second to the sixth centuries; the city was founded by re-settlers who were running away from the war that engulfed Right-bank Ukraine in 1654. The years before the region was a sparsely populated part of the Cossack Hetmanate; the group of people came onto the banks of Lopan and Kharkiv rivers where an abandoned settlement stood. According to archive documents, the leader of the re-settlers was otaman Ivan Kryvoshlyk. At first the settlement was self-governed under the jurisdiction of a voivode from Chuhuiv, 40 kilometres to the east; the first appointed voivode from Moscow was Voyin Selifontov in 1656 who started to build a local ostrog. At that time the population of Kharkiv was just over 1000, half of whom were local cossacks, while Selifontov brought along a Moscow garrison of another 70 servicemen.
The first Kharkiv voivode was replaced in two years after complaining that locals refused to cooperate in building the fort. Kharkiv became the centre of the local Sloboda cossack regiment as the area surrounding the Belgorod fortress was being militarized. With the resettlement of the area by Ukrainians it came to be known as Sloboda Ukraine, most of, included under the jurisdiction of the Razryad Prikaz headed by a district official from Belgorod. By 1657 the Kharkiv settlement had a fortress with underground passageways. In 1658 Ivan Ofrosimov was appointed as the new voivode, who worked on forcing locals to kiss the cross to show loyalty to the Moscow tsar; the locals led by their otaman. However, with the election of the new otaman Tymish Lavrynov the community sent a request to the tsar to establish a local Assumption market, signed by deans of Kharkiv churches. Relationships with the neighboring Chuhuiv sometimes were non-friendly and their arguments were pacified by force. With the appointment of the third voivode Vasiliy Sukhotin was finished the construction of the city fort.
Meanwhile, Kharkiv had become the centre of Sloboda Ukraine. The Kharkiv Fortress was erected around the Assumption Cathedral and its castle was at University Hill, it was between today's streets: vulytsia Kvitky-Osnovianenko, Constitution Square, Rose Luxemburg Square, Proletarian Square, Cathedral Descent. The fortress had 10 towers: Chuhuivska Tower, Moskovska Tower, Vestovska Tower, Tainytska Tower, Lopanska Corner Tower, Kharkivska Corner Tower and others; the tallest was Vestovska, some 16 metres tall, while the shortest one was Tainytska which had a secret well 35 metres deep. The fortress had the Lopanski Gates. In 1689 the fortress was expanded and included the Saint-Pokrov Cathedral and Monastery, baptized and became the center of local eparchy. Coincidentally in the same year in the vicinity of Kharkiv in Kolomak, Ivan Mazepa was announced the Hetman of Ukraine. Next to the Saint-Pokrov Cathedral was located the Kharkiv Collegiate, transferred from Belgorod to Kharkiv in 1726. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Kiev Governorate.
Kharkiv is mentioned as one of the towns making a part of the governorate. In 1727, Belgorod Governorate was split off, Kharkiv moved to Belgorod Governorate, it was the center of Kharkiv Sloboda Cossack regiment. The regiment at some point was detached from Belgorod Governorate attached to it again, until in 1765, Sloboda Ukraine Governorate was established with the seat in Kharkiv. Kharkiv University was established in 1805 in the Palace of Governorate-General. Alexander Mikolajewicz Mickiewicz, brother of Adam Mickiewicz was a professor of law in the university, another celebrity Goethe searched for instructors for the school. In 1906 Ivan Franko received a doctorate in Russian linguistics here; the streets were first cobbled in the city centre in 1830. In 1844 the 90 metres tall Alexander Bell Towe
Itasca Community College is a community college in Grand Rapids, Minnesota. It was founded in 1922 and is accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. Enrollment for the 2017-2019 school year is about 1400 students, the school has 40 full-time faculty members. Itasca offers diplomas in practical nursing, wildland fire fighting, pulp and paper. ICC is a member of the National Junior College Athletic Association; the school fields four for men and three for women. In 2000, men's basketball replaced men's ice hockey as a varsity sport. Teams compete in the Minnesota Community College Conference. At the NJCAA National Wrestling Championship held in Rochester, Minnesota on February 22–24, 2007, heavyweight Chris Miller became ICC's first national champion. Global Education plays an important role in this small northern Minnesota community college; every fall, about 20 Danish science and technology students come to ICC from late August until the middle of October. The Danish group spends its first few days in the United States visiting New York City and after arriving in Grand Rapids they spend the first weekend with American host families.
The group goes on several road trips including the Badlands of South Dakota, Minnesota, a Minnesota Twins professional baseball game. The following spring, about 20 ICC students go to Svendborg and take classes at HTX Svendborg from early March to early May. ICC students have an opportunity to travel around Europe. In 2008, forty-two members of the United States and Denmark Mass Communication Delegation, from ICC, went to the Twin Cities on Tuesday, September 2, 2008 for the 2008 Republican National Convention in St. Paul, Minnesota. According to participants, which included 26 Danish exchange students, the most memorable part of the one-day trip was observing the massive security presence; the delegation visited the Rally for the Republic event organized by the Campaign for Liberty at the Target Center in Minneapolis, Minnesota where they heard Jesse Ventura speak. John T. Davies - Minnesota jurist and legislator Brock Larson - wrestler.
The Soul of a Man is a 2003 documentary film, directed by Wim Wenders, as the second instalment of the documentary film series The Blues, produced by Martin Scorsese. The film explores the musical careers of blues musicians Skip James, Blind Willie Johnson and J. B. Lenoir; the film is narrated by Laurence Fishburne in character as Blind Willie Johnson, features performances by Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, Jon Spencer Blues Explosion, James'Blood' Ulmer, T-Bone Burnett, Eagle Eye Cherry, Shemekia Copeland, Garland Jeffreys, Alvin Youngblood Hart, Los Lobos, Bonnie Raitt, Lou Reed, Marc Ribot, Lucinda Williams, Cassandra Wilson. The film won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Cinematography for Nonfiction Programming, the Audience Award at the São Paulo International Film Festival, it was screened out of competition at the 2003 Cannes Film Festival. Information on Wim Wender's official site Information on the PBS site The Soul of a Man on IMDb Excerpt of the film Blind Willie Johnson performs "Trouble Soon Be Over" Bransford, Steve.