Khepri is a scarab-faced god in ancient Egyptian religion who represents the rising or morning sun. By extension, he can represent creation and the renewal of life. Khepri ḫprj is derived from Egyptian language verb ḫpr, meaning "develop", "come into being", or "create"; the god was connected with the scarab beetle, because the scarab rolls balls of dung across the ground, an act that the Egyptians saw as a symbol of the forces that move the sun across the sky. Khepri was thus a solar deity. Young dung beetles, having been laid as eggs within the dung ball, emerge from it formed. Therefore, Khepri represented creation and rebirth, he was connected with the rising sun and the mythical creation of the world. There was no cult devoted to Khepri, he was subordinate to the greater sun god Ra. Khepri and another solar deity, were seen as aspects of Ra: Khepri was the morning sun, Ra was the midday sun, Atum was the sun in the evening. Khepri was principally depicted as a scarab beetle, though in some tomb paintings and funerary papyri he is represented as a human male with a scarab as a head, or as a scarab with a male human head emerging from the beetle’s shell.

He is depicted as a scarab in a solar barque held aloft by Nun. The scarab amulets as seals represent Khepri. Media related to Khepri at Wikimedia Commons


Qilakitsoq is an archaeological site on Nuussuaq Peninsula, on the shore of Uummannaq Fjord in northwestern Greenland. Formally a settlement, it is famous for the discovery of eight mummified bodies in 1972. Four of the mummies are on display in the Greenland National Museum; the remains that were found in an icy tomb dated to AD 1475. Four of these bodies were preserved well due to being buried under a rock in cold temperatures. In essence, they were freeze dried; the mummies in the first grave included six women stacked on top of each other with a boy on top and a very-well preserved baby on top of them all. A nearby grave contained three more women piled on top of each other. Both pits were covered in stones, the arrangement of which alerted a pair of brothers who were out hunting in 1972. After turning over a few stones, the brothers found the mummies, re-closed the grave and alerted authorities. However, it took until Jens Rosing director of the Greenland National Museum, saw photos of the site in 1977 for their importance to be recognized.

He documented their excavation and study. Along with the mummies in the graves were 78 pieces of clothing made from seal and other skins, some of which displayed a sense of fashion; the boy had features which may have been symptoms of Down syndrome, five of the six adult females bore faint facial tattoos. In 2007, DNA testing showed a close family connection among all the mummies. Dorset culture Saqqaq culture Thule people Hansen, Jens P. Hart. "Mummifield Greenland Exkimos the mummies from Qilakitsoq: Eskimos in the 15th century. J. P. Hart Hansen and H. C. Gulløv 1989. Meddelelser om Grønland: Man and Society 12". Polar Record. 27: 143. Doi:10.1017/S0032247400012432

Consumer Packaging and Labeling Act

The Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act is a Canadian regulatory statute, which has seen many amendments since it was passed in 1970. It governs the packaging, sale and advertising of prepackaged and certain other products, it requires that prepackaged consumer products bear accurate and meaningful labelling information to help consumers make informed purchasing decisions. The Act prohibits the making of false or misleading representations and sets out specifications for mandatory label information such as the product's name, net quantity and dealer identity, it allows designated inspectors to: enter any place at any reasonable time. Conviction of an offense under the Act may result in up to a $10,000 fine; the administration and enforcement of the Act and Regulations, as they relate to non‑food products, is the responsibility of the Competition Bureau, an agency of Industry Canada. Administration and enforcement of the Act and Regulations, as it relates to food products, is the responsibility of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency.

There are certain classes of items that are exempt from the CPLA, such as commercial, industrial, or institutional use only products or drugs or products for export only. The regulations govern the consistency and accuracy of the labelling and packaging of consumer goods; these regulations create a uniform method for the labelling and packaging of consumer goods to assist consumers in making informed choices in the marketplace. A helpful Guide is available from the Federal government; the CPLA broadly defines "product" to mean any article that is, or may be, the subject of trade or commerce, including both food and non-food items. Textiles fall under the Textile Labelling Act, while precious metals fall under the Precious Metals Marking Act; the Act has undergone several major revisions throughout its time: in 2002-12-31, in 2011-11-29, in 2015-02-26. In 2016, Two executives of Mucci International Marketing Inc. and Mucci Pac Ltd. and their companies were levied fines by the CFIA tribunal that totalled $1.5 million.

Their offense was fraudulently to put "Product of Canada" labels on large quantities of peppers and cucumbers grown in Mexico. The defendants supplied the mislabelled produce to Loblaws and to Sobeys; the fraud at the Ontario Food Terminal was discovered in 2012, investigators executed in 2013 and 2014 three search warrants, which resulted in the seizure of more than 70 boxes of documents. A court in Windsor, Ontario heard the case; the agreed statement of facts quoted an email of a Mucci worker, that he was told "to make it Canada though it is Mexico." The company, at the time located in Kingsville, was sentenced to probation for a three-year term. In November 2017, a Maidstone, Ontario tomato processing company, that in addition had received a controversial $3-million provincial grant, was convicted of fraudulently mislabelling products as organic under the CAPA as well as other legislation; the owner and the company were charged with falsifying the country of origin on their products between September 2013 and July 2015, passing off with labels that read "Product of Canada" produce, American in origin.

The owner was charged with lying to a federal food inspector on 8 January 2015. The case was heard in the Ontario Court of Justice. Separately, the company went bankrupt, owing more than a hundred creditors a total of over $25 million. On 12 March 2018, a Leamington, Ontario greenhouse grower named AMCO Produce and its directors Fausto Amicone and Mark Wehby answered to charges brought by the CFIA for origin-of-vegetable fraud in a Windsor court; the corporation pleaded guilty to three charges under the Food and Drugs Act, the CPLA and the Canada Agricultural Products Act, was fined $210,000. The individuals were let off in exchange for the guilty plea; the sentence included "intrusive" probation for a period of time under which the CFIA gains "unfettered" access to company records. The case began. Greenhouse peppers had been fraudulently mislabelled as Ontario produce at a time of year, too cold for greenhouses to operate; the case covered offenses that occurred over a two-year span of time