Khmer people are a Southeast Asian ethnic group native to Cambodia, accounting for over 97% of the country's 15.9 million people. They speak the Khmer language, part of the larger Austroasiatic language family found in parts of Southeast Asia, parts of central and north eastern India, parts of Bangladesh in South Asia, in parts of Southern China and numerous islands in the Indian Ocean; the majority of the Khmer are followers of the Khmer style of Buddhism, a syncretic version that blends elements of Theravada Buddhism, Hinduism and veneration of the dead. Significant populations of Khmers reside in adjacent areas of Thailand and the Mekong Delta region of neighboring Vietnam, while there are over one million Khmers in the Cambodian diaspora living in France, the United States, Australia; the majority of the world's Khmer people live in Cambodia, the population of, over 90% Khmer. There are significant Khmer populations native to Thailand and Vietnam. In Thailand, there are over one million Khmer in Surin and Sisaket provinces.
Estimates for the number of Khmer in Vietnam vary from the 1.1 million given by government data to seven million advocated by the Khmer Krom Federation. Due to migration as a result of the Cambodian Civil War, there is a large Khmer diaspora residing in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada and France. According to one Khmer legend attributed by George Coedes to a tenth century inscription, the Khmer race arose from the union of the brahmin Kambu Swayambhuva and the apsara Mera, their marriage is said to have given rise to the name Khmer and founded the Varman dynasty of ancient Cambodia. A more popular legend, reenacted to this day in the traditional Khmer wedding ceremony and taught in elementary school, holds that Cambodia was created when an Indian Brahmin priest named Kaundinya married Princess Soma, a Naga princess. Kaundinya sailed to Southeast Asia following an arrow. Upon arrival he found an island called kok thlok and, after conquering Soma's Naga army, he fell in love with her.
As a dowry, the father of princess Soma drank the waters around the island, revealed to be the top of a mountain, the land below, uncovered became Cambodia. Kaundinya and Soma and their descendants became known as the Khmer and are said to have been the rulers of Funan and the Khmer Empire; this myth further explains why the oldest Khmer wats, or temples, were always built on mountaintops, why today mountains themselves are still revered as holy places. The Khmers, an Austroasiatic people, are one of the oldest ethnic groups in the area, having filtered into Southeast Asia from southern China Yunnan, around the same time as the Mon, who settled further to the west and to whom the Khmer are ancestrally related. Most archaeologists and linguists, other specialists like Sinologists and crop experts, believe that they arrived no than 2000 BCE bringing with them the practice of agriculture and in particular the cultivation of rice; this region is one of the first places in the world to use bronze.
They were the builders of the Khmer Empire, which dominated Southeast Asia for six centuries beginning in 802, now form the mainstream of political and economic Cambodia. The Khmers developed the Khmer alphabet, the earliest alphabet still in use in Southeast Asia, which in turn gave birth to the Thai and Lao alphabets; the Khmers are considered by archaeologists and ethnologists to be indigenous to the contiguous regions of Isan, southern Laos and South Vietnam. That is to say the Khmer have been a lowland people who lived close to one of the tributaries of the Mekong River; the reason they migrated into Southeast Asia is not well understood, but scholars believe that Austroasiatic speakers were pushed south by invading Tibeto-Burman speakers from the north as evident by Austroasiatic vocabulary in Chinese, because of agricultural purposes as evident by their migration routes along major rivers, or a combination of these and other factors. Like the other early peoples of Southeast Asia such as the Pyu, Chams and Javanese, the Khmer were part of Greater India, adopting Indian religions and customs and borrowing from their languages.
The first powerful trading kingdom in Southeast Asia, the Kingdom of Funan, was established in southeastern Cambodia and the Mekong Delta in the first century, although extensive archaeological work in Angkor Borei District near the modern Vietnamese border has unearthed brickworks, canals and graves dating to the fifth century BCE. The Kingdom of Funan is considered to be the mother of all Southeast Asian kingdoms. During the Funan period the Khmer acquired Buddhism, the concept of the Shaiva imperial cult of the devaraja and the great temple as a symbolic world mountain; the rival Khmer Chenla Kingdom emerged in the fifth century and conquered the Kingdom of Funan. Chenla was an upland state whose economy was reliant on agriculture whereas Funan was a lowland state with an economy dependent on maritime trade; these two states after conquest by Chenla in the sixth century, were at war with each other and smaller principalities. During the Chenla period, Cambodians left the world's earliest known zero in one of their temple inscriptions.
Only when King Jayavarman II declared an independent and united Cambodia in 802 was there
Maria Tolmay or Mara was the wife of Mircea I of Wallachia. She was co-ruler, Michael, she was born to an unidentified Hungarian noble family and owned present-day Lesencetomaj at Lake Balaton in the Kingdom of Hungary in the early 15th century. She died in 1420 or 1427, her baptismal name has traditionally been reconstructed as Mara. However, only its last two letters have been preserved by an inscription of a picture painted in 1761. Constantin Gane proposed that she was a member of the House of Basarab, stating that she was the first cousin of her husband, Mircea I of Wallachia, for which they could only marry with a special permission issued by the Archbishop of Ohrid; the source of Gane's theory cannot be identified. Historians Petre P. Panaitescu, Constantin Rezachevici and Radu Florescu stated that she was related to the Counts of Celje. According to historian Mihai Florin Hasan, neither her baptismal name nor her family can be identified, her baptismal name could be Klara, or Anna. She owned Lesencetomaj near Lake Balaton in 1400.
She may have been related to any Hungarian noble family which had landed property in the region, including the Counts of Celje, the Szécsis, Bánffys or the nobles who owned the village of Badacsonytomaj. She gave birth to the only legitimate son of Mircea I of Michael. Michael was first mentioned as his father's co-ruler in 1391, she visited her estate on Lake Balaton in 1400. On this occasion, Sigismund of Luxembourg, King of Hungary, ordered her to respect the ancient privileges of the inhabitants of Ketzel and to stop collecting duties from them. Panaitescu proposed that she had built a Roman Catholic church dedicated to the Holy Virgin in Târgoviște in 1417, she may have again visited Lesencetomaj in 1419, because a charter refers to her return from Hungary in that year. According to Panaitescu, she survived her husband and son, died in 1427. Hassan proposes that she died shortly after the murder of her son during an Ottoman campaign against Wallachia in May 1420, because Lesencetomaj was listed among the villages of the royal castle of Rezi on 20 April 1421, showing that her estate had escheated to the Crown
Art of Bleeding is a Los Angeles-based multi-media performance troupe providing darkly comic, faux-educational programs in first-aid and safety at clubs and art events. Staging shows from an actual ambulance, The Art of Bleeding creates what their press release refers to as a “paramedical funhouse” wherein puppets and costumed characters interact with a crew of nurses wearing medical-themed fetish gear. Events are hosted by costumed characters reminiscent of children's programming including the company's “beloved mascot,” Abram the Safety Ape and RT, the Robot Teacher. In their performances and web videos, the group promotes an ill-defined and intentionally cryptic metaphysical doctrine that they call “True Safety Consciousness.” The group’s ambulance functions as a mobile recording studio for their Gory Details Project, in which true-life tales of medical trauma are gathered from passersby to be shared in an online library of movies and mp3s. Some of these stories are re-enacted within the framework of what would appear to be a tragically misguided children's show, the “Gory Details” web series.
In addition to live shows, videos and paramedical-themed music, The Art of Bleeding has choreographed public performances of bandaged and crutch-enabled dancers, created grisly anatomical walk-through installations, staged a parking-lot display of smoldering, freshly wrecked cars peopled with bloodied actors sharing their cautionary tales. The troupe was founded by Al Ridenour, former leader of the Los Angeles branch of the Cacophony Society; when asked about the nature of his group, Ridenour has said, "Think of Art of Bleeding as a sort of public outreach multi-media brainwashing course in emergency medicine, you’ll have a good handle on it. At least better than me...". Ridenour's wife Margaret Cho was featured in a March 29, 2006 performance. BoingBoing profile of Art of Bleeding's Swine Flu Quiz Toro magazine interview with Al Ridenour Art of Bleeding website NO-FI "Magazine" Interview with RT The Teacher Robot by Garrett Faber NO-FI "Magazine" Interview with Abram The Safety Ape by Rich Polysorbate 60 Art of Bleeding profile in Bizarre Magazine by Denise Stanborough
Nada Kostić is a medical doctor and politician in Serbia. She served as Serbia's minister of health in the transitional government, established after the fall of Slobodan Miloševic's administration in 2000. Kostić was awarded a mandate for the National Assembly of Serbia on 17 April 2018, she serves in parliament as an independent deputy. Kostić was born in Belgrade, at the time located in the People's Republic of Serbia in the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, she is a graduate of the University of Belgrade, having studied at its faculty of medicine and faculty of philosophy. She received a master's degree in 1989 and a Ph. D. in 1993. Kostić is a professor at the university's faculty of medicine and director of the internal medicine clinic at the Dedinje Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases. Kostić joined the Democratic Party of Serbia on its formation in 1992; the party contested the 1992 Serbian parliamentary election as part of the Democratic Movement of Serbia alliance, Kostić received the twenty-fourth position on its electoral list in Belgrade.
The party won fifteen seats in the city, she was not afterwards selected as part of its parliamentary delegation. The DSS contested the 1993 Serbian parliamentary election on its own. Kostić received the sixth position on its electoral list in Belgrade; the party won four seats in the city, she was once again not selected for its delegation. After the fall of Slobodan Milošević's administration in October 2000, Serbia was governed by a coalition of the Socialist Party of Serbia, the Democratic Opposition of Serbia, the Serbian Renewal Movement until new elections could be called and a new government formed; the DOS was itself a coalition of several opposition parties, including the DSS. The party received the ministry of health in the new coalition government, Kostić was appointed as minister on October 24, 2000. In January 2001, Kostić indicated that the ministry of health would appoint a commission of scientists and doctors to monitor the possible long-term effects on the Serbian population of depleted uranium munitions fired by North Atlantic Treaty Organization forces in the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.
She added that "there no reason for panic" in the matter, her ministry indicated that there was no evidence of immediate danger. The Democratic Opposition of Serbia won a landslide victory in the 2000 Serbian parliamentary election. After the election, the Democratic Party of Serbia nominated Obren Joksimović to replace Kostić as health minister. Joksimović's nomination was criticized by many in the health sector; this notwithstanding, Joksimović's nomination went through and Kostić stood down from the ministry on January 25, 2001. She resigned from the Democratic Party of Serbia on the same day. Kostić joined the political group of the Christian Democratic Party of Serbia in November 2001 and was their candidate for president of Serbia in the September–October 2002 Serbian presidential election, her slogan was "Nada for Serbia". She withdrew from the election prior to the vote, when the party decided to back the candidacy of Miroljub Labus. Kostić was elected to the local assembly of Belgrade's Stari Grad municipality in 2016.
She received the eighteenth position on the electoral list of the It's Enough – Restart association in the 2016 Serbian parliamentary election. The list won sixteen mandates, she was not elected to the assembly. Kostić left DJB shortly after the 2016 election, citing differences with the association's leadership, she appeared in the twelfth position on the electoral list of Nikola Sandulović's Republican Party in the 2018 Belgrade city assembly election, although she said that she had been included on the list without her permission. The party did not, in any event, win any mandates. In March 2018, DJB delegate Miloš Bošković announced his resignation from the assembly, Kostić was the next candidate eligible to take a mandate; the newspaper Danas reported that she was once again ready to serve with the DJB group in the assembly despite her past disagreements with the organization. This notwithstanding, she choose to sit as an independent member after receiving a mandate on April 17, she indicated that she had joined the Democratic Party after leaving DJB two years earlier.
The Pan American Race Walking Cup is a biennial race walking competition for athletes representing countries from the Americas, organized by the Association of Panamerican Athletics. It was established in 1984 and has featured races for senior men and women, for junior athletes; the women competed in the 10 km road race until 1996, switched to the 20 km road race. In addition, there are separate team competitions; the 2001 event was held in conjunction with the South American Race Walking Cup. In 2011, the organization of the event was transferred from the Pan American Athletics Commission, a subdivision of the Pan American Sports Organization, to the newly constituted APA; the events between 1984 and 2007 are documented in great detail in Spanish by President of the Pan American Race Walking Committee Rubén Pedro Aguilera from Argentina and is available from the APA website. During the 1983 Pan American Games in Caracas, the chief judge Palle Lassen from Denmark president of the IAAF race walking committee met with regional officials, namely the president of the Pan American Athletics Commission, Amadeo Francis from Puerto Rico, César Moreno Bravo from México, Jerzy Hausleber, the famous Polish coach of the Mexican racewalkers, as well as Rubén Aguilera, Francesco Alongi, Julián Díaz Rodríguez, José Clemente Gonçalves, Luigi Giordano, Alfonso Marques de la Mora and Oscar Suman Carrillo.
As a result, they proposed to create an international event to intensify the development of racewalking in the Americas. Further technical details for the future Pan American Race Walking Cup were cleared during the 1983 Ibero-American Championships in Athletics in Barcelona, Spain that year. Only one year the inaugural competition took place in Bucaramanga, Colombia; the site was chosen because its central location within the Americas, moreover, race walking was successfully practiced here. Gold medal winners were published; the results for the Mexican athletes were published by the Federation of Mexican Athletics Associations. On overview for the years 1984-2005 was given. Further results were assembled from other sources. More complete results for the period 1984 to 2007 were published. †: In 2000, the Mexican Athletics Federation used the event as trials for the Olympic Games in Sydney. Cristian Berdeja from Mexico started out of competition and came in third in 1:23.46. †: In 2000 Germán Sánchez from Mexico started out of competition and came in third in 3:48:06.‡: In 2003, the medallists were extracted from the IAAF World Race Walking Challenge.
Winner was Jesús Ángel García from Spain in 3:46:46. Craig Barrett from New Zealand came in second in 3:51:15. Miguel Solís from Mexico was 5th in 4:18:02, Juan Emilio Toscano from Mexico was 6th in 4:18:52, Saúl Méndez from Mexico was 7th in 4:19:12, but all three of them were not registered for participation at the Pan American Race Walking Cup. However, there are conflicting information: another source declares Miguel Solís from Mexico as bronze medal winner. †:In 1990, Marisela Chávez from Mexico started out of competition and came in third in 46:48. †: In 2000, Mara Ibáñez from Mexico started out of competition and came in second in 1:34:52. IAAF World Race Walking Cup European Race Walking Cup South American Race Walking Championships Asian Race Walking Championships Oceania Race Walking Championships Central American Race Walking Championships 2015 results gbrathletics.com usatf athlecac
Kąty Wrocławskie is a town in Wrocław County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. It is the seat of the administrative district called Gmina Kąty Wrocławskie; the town lies 22 kilometres south-west of the regional capital Wrocław. The river Bystrzyca, a tributary of the Oder, flows through the town on the eastern side; as of 2019, the town has a population of 6,994. In the Middle Ages, the region in which Kąty Wrocławskie is in today was inhabited by Silesian peoples; the town started existing in 1297, when Bolko I the Strict allowed the founding of the town using Silesian law. In 1298, records show that a town, named Kant was established. In 1302, more records mention the presence of a hereditary vogt ruling over the town, as well as the existence of a parish in Kant—Saint Peter and Paul Parish. In the first years of its existence, Kąty Wrocławskie was ruled by Wrocławian princes, it was only until that the town became sovereign. In 1310, the town became a notable center of trade in the region.
The success of the town was helped by the existence of a nearby ford in the river Bystrzyca. In 1322, the town was gifted to the daughter of the Henry VI the Good, who married Konrad I of Oleśnica, strengthening the towns ties with the Czechs. In 1329, the town belonged to the princedom of Jawor-Swidnica coming under the control of the Duchy of Ziębice. In 1339, the duke Bolko II the Small sold the town to Konrad II the Gray. In 1449, Konrad IV the Older, in exchange for a loan, gave the town to the Bishop of Wrocław; because the loan never got paid back, Kąty Wrocławskie became the property of the Diocese of Wrocław. In the mid-fifteenth century, Hussites invaded and destroyed the town and its walls. In the century, a fire damaged the town. See twin towns of Kąty Wrocławskie. Official town website Non-official website