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Khobar spelled al-Khobar or al-Khubar, is a city located in the Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on the coast of the Persian Gulf. It is one of the largest cities in the Gulf Cooperation Council, with a population of 941,358 as of 2012. Khobar and Dhahran are part of the Dammam metropolitan area, the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Saudi Arabia with an estimated population of over 4,100,000 as of 2012. All three urban centers are served by King Abdul Aziz Port. Together, they are known as "The Triplet Cities" by many natives and locals. Dammam, Dhahran and Al Khobar are less than 15 km apart and form one metropolitan area, the fifth largest in the kingdom and sixth in the Gulf Cooperation Council. Many of Khobar's residents work for Saudi Aramco, the world's largest oil company and the most profitable company in the world, Khobar hosts many regional and international companies. Traditionally, Khobar has been a city of shopkeepers and merchants, the city today has many modern malls and boulevards with shops run by international franchises and restaurants.

Khobar today has many skyscrapers, with more under construction. In earlier days, Khobar was a small port on the southern coast of the Persian Gulf, a fishing village inhabited by Al Dossary tribe members. Al Dossary tribe migrated from Bahrain to Saudi Arabia; the tribe settled in Khobar the location was chosen for its proximity of the island of Bahrain as the clan hoped to head back there soon. With the discovery of oil in the 1930s, it was transformed into a commercial and shopping center and an industrial port; the municipality of Khobar was founded in 1942. In modern times, the larger port of Dammam has taken over most commercial shipping activities for the Eastern Province, oil is exported via the dedicated Saudi Aramco port of Ras Tanura; as a result, Khobar has transformed and extended its water front along the Persian Gulf into a corniche with parks and family beaches. In 1996, the Khobar Towers, a US Air Force housing complex, was bombed by militants aided by Iran, killing 19 US servicemen and one Saudi.

Al Khobar city is well known in the West due to this incident. Khobar is the only city in Saudi Arabia which foreign residents constitute the majority of its population, making up more than 56% of its population; this is due to the presence of oil companies, which increased the need for doctors and technicians. Khobar is served by the largest airport in the world in terms of surface area: King Fahd International Airport; the airport is about 77,600 hectares, bigger than the country of Bahrain. Located in northwest of Dammam. Khobar is connected with the major highways in the region including Dhahran-Jubail Highway, Dhahran-Dammam Highway as well as Khobar-Dammam Highway, which links Khobar with Dammam directly and links them both to King Fahd International Airport. Khobar hosts King Fahd Causeway. Khobar has highways to other Middle-Eastern countries such as Kuwait, Oman and the United Arab Emirates; the King Abdul Aziz Sea Port, located on the coast of the Persian Gulf, is the largest port in the Persian Gulf.

It was founded in the late 1940s. The operations at the sea port served the oil and gas industry, but has expanded to serve as a comprehensive center for the maritime industry; the sea port can accommodate 15,000 ships. The nearest railway operator is located in Dammam; this railway, located in Dammam, is the headquarters of the Saudi Railways Organization. The length of the railroad is 449.110 km and the passenger train could reach 160 km/h. The first school in Khobar was established in 1942. Today, Khobar is home to more than 100 private educational institutes; the International Indian School, Dammam is the city's and Middle East's largest school, with more than 22000 students. Countries such as Pakistan and Bangladesh operate their own schools and curriculum. Khobar is home to several Western-oriented schools such as the International Philippine Schools and American Schools, which serve a number of students from various expatriate communities. Examples include Dhahran Ahliya Schools, Manarat International schools, AlFaisaliah Islamic School, Al-Hussan International School Khobar, Saad National School, Jubail Academy International School, KFUPM Schools, Pakistan International School, Al-Khobar,Gulf International English School, Khobar French School, International Programs School, British International School Al-Khobar, International Schools Group, Al-Andalus International School, International Philippine School in Al Khobar.

Khobar is home to several universities and colleges such as: Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University University of Dammam Community College Academy of ports for maritime studies and technical assistance Academy of Health Sciences Technical Institute, the Saudi Petroleum Services Institute of Beauty Specialist and Technology Al-Ghad International Medical Science Colleges King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University Prince Mohammad bin Fahd University Khobar is a city with multiple lifestyle centers and shopping malls, The city has the Corniche, lined with several international and local chain restaurants, coffee bars a

1809 in architecture

The year 1809 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings. Gordon House, London, designed by Thomas Leverton for Colonel James Willoughby Gordon. Nelson's Column, Canada and built by Coade & Sealy of London. Nelson's Pillar, Ireland, design by William Wilkins amended by Francis Johnston, opened. Armagh Courthouse, designed by William Wilkins, completed. Portsmouth Academy building, New Hampshire, United States, designed by James Nutter. Second Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, designed by Robert Smirke, opened. Grand Prix de Rome, architecture: André Chatillon. February 15 – Owen Jones, Welsh architect and designer March 29 – Georges-Eugène Haussmann, French town planner October 31 – Edmund Sharpe, English architect and architectural historian November 26 – Thomas Talbot Bury, English architect and lithographer November 4 – Gabriel Manigault, American architect

Peter Lougheed Centre

Peter Lougheed Centre is a 506,000 square foot hospital in Calgary, Canada. It is under the auspices of Alberta Health Services the Calgary Health Region, providing medical and surgical services to Calgary but Southern Alberta; the PLC has a 24 hours emergency department, an intensive care unit, offers ambulatory care. It was named after Peter Lougheed, who served as premier of Alberta from 1971 to 1985; the hospital opened in 1988 with 500 beds, today contains over 600 beds. The new East Wing was completed in 2008 and includes 140 inpatient beds, as well as a new intensive care and coronary care unit, it was designed with a new roof-top helipad for emergency services. There are 34 clinics served at the PLC: Adult Congenital Heart Amputee Asthma/Lung Health Behavioral Development Breast Feeding Bronchoscopy Cardiology Cast Cystoscopy Diabetes in Pregnancy Emergency Cast Enterostomal Therapy Family Day Medicine Fetal Assessment General Surgery Geriatric Assessment Gerontology Hand Plastics Hematology/Oncology Home Parenteral Therapy Program Minor Surgery Neurology Obstetrical Assessment Outpatient Carbogen Pacemaker Pediatric and Adult Pre op Assessment Private Pediatric Psychiatric Day Psychiatric Emergency Psychiatric Forensic Assess Psychiatric Outpatient Services Rheumatology Tracheostomy Urgent ReferralIn addition, ambulatory care includes Cardiac Diagnostics, Respiratory, GI, [Neurodiagnostics and Gynecology Outpatient services.

Peter Lougheed Centre has four parking lots with payment options including passes: monthly, daily or half-hour with some discounts for seniors, etc. with authorization forms. Some parking lots/stalls are designated for people with disabilities only. Health Care in Calgary Health care in Canada List of hospitals in Canada Libin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta Peter Lougheed Centre

List of mills in South Yorkshire

This is a list of the wool and other textile mills in the South Yorkshire Footnotes The National Monument Record is a legacy numbering system maintained by English Heritage. Further details on each mill may be obtained from this url. Notes BibliographyGiles, Colum. London: Royal Commission on Historical Monuments of England HMSO. ISBN 0-11-300038-3. Ingle, George. Yorkshire Cotton: The Yorkshire Cotton Industry, 1780-1835. Preston, Lancashire: Carnegie Publishing. ISBN 9781859360286. Retrieved 23 September 2013. Jenkins, Geraint. Geraint Jenkins; the wool textile industry in Great Britain. London & Boston: Routledge Keegan Paul. ISBN 0-7100-69790

Constitution of East Germany

The German Democratic Republic was founded in 1949 and was absorbed into the Federal Republic of Germany on 3 October 1990. Its original constitution was promulgated on 7 October 1949, it was based on the "Weimarer Reichsverfassung", such that the GDR would be a federal and democratic republic. Because the original version did not reflect the actual political climate of the GDR, it was decided in 1968 to replace the old constitution with a new version; the first constitution of the GDR was proclaimed on 7 October 1949, based on a draft prepared by the Socialist Unity Party in September 1946. The constitution both resembled and differed from Western parliamentary democracies in various respects. With regard to state organization, the 1949 constitution resembled, at least superficially, the Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany; as in other parliamentary-democratic systems, provision was made for two legislative assemblies, the States Chamber and the People's Chamber, the election of a prime minister by the party with the largest mandate in the People's Chamber.

The president of the GDR, like his Western counterpart, had a limited role and was removable by a joint two-thirds majority vote in both housesLawmaking was the job of the Volkskammer rather than the Länderkammer, but the latter could propose draft laws to the former. The legislative process exhibited important differences from the West German model; the Volkskammer was constitutionally defined as the highest organ of state power. Article 51 stated that the members of the Volkskammer were to be elected in universal and secret elections based on the relative majority principle. Another important difference concerned the role of political parties in the government. According to Article 92, parties with at least 40 seats in the Volkskammer, which had a total of 400 members, had the right to representation in the government; this policy was consistent with the SED's Marxist Alliance Policy, which stipulated that in order to achieve its aims, the party of the working class must work with and through other parties.

It ensured that if the SED was demoted to a minority position, its continued influence in the government would be safeguarded if it maintained a minimum of 40 seats. A set of basic human rights, including the right to strike and to emigrate retained features of a liberal Rechtsstaat and formally guaranteed that sovereignty would remain vested in the people; the 1949 constitution was a compromise. Critics have pointed out that the absence of a genuinely independent constitutional judiciary rendered the document meaningless, however; as time progressed, the authorities ignored most of its formal provisions and permitted the emergence of a centralized political order similar to that of other Communist countries, in which the state bodies did little more than rubber-stamp decisions made by the SED and its Politburo. Several important amendments were made at the initiative of the SED in the eighteen years in which the constitution was in force. An amendment of August 1950 eliminated state parliaments and called for the election of parliamentary deputies through the creation of a joint platform and lists organized by the National Front, the SED-dominated umbrella organization of all political parties and mass organizations.

A 1952 decision replaced the five states with fifteen administrative districts that were tied more directly to the central government. This step neutered the Länderkammer, formed the basis for its formal dissolution by constitutional amendment in December 1958. A series of amendments known as the Law Toward the Completion of the Constitution were passed by the People's Chamber in March 1954, when the country was formally granted sovereignty by the Soviet Union; these amendments delineated the features of the country's new sovereignty and a formal military structure, which prepared the ground for the obligatory military service clause of 1955. Upon the death of President Wilhelm Pieck on 7 September 1960, a constitutional amendment of 12 September 1960 replaced the office of President with the Council of State; the same constitutional amendment acknowledged the role of the formed National Defense Council of the GDR in GDR defense policy. At the Seventh Party Congress of the SED in April 1967, Ulbricht called for a new constitution, declaring that the existing constitution no longer accorded "with the relations of socialist society and the present level of historical development".

A new constitution was needed to conform with the Marxist–Leninist belief in the progression of history and the role of the working class led by the SED. The new constitution would reflect the role of the state as the party's main instrument in achieving the goal of a socialist and communist society. A commission in the Volkskammer was tasked in December 1967 to draft a new constitution. Two months the commission produced a document, after "public debate", was submitted to a plebiscite on Apr


A centenarian is a person who has reached the age of 100 years. Because life expectancies worldwide are below 100 years, the term is invariably associated with longevity. In 2012, the United Nations estimated; as life expectancy is increasing across the world, the world population has increased the number of centenarians is expected to increase in the future. According to the UK ONS, one-third of babies born in 2013 in the UK are expected to live to 100. A supercentenarian, sometimes hyphenated as super-centenarian, is a human who has reached the age of 110, something only achieved by about one in 1,000 centenarians. Rarer is a person who has lived to age 115 – there are less than 100 people in recorded history who have indisputably reached this age, of whom only Kane Tanaka, Lucile Randon, Jeanne Bot, Shigeyo Nakachi are living as of 2020; the United Nations predicts that there are 573,000 centenarians almost quadrupling from the suggestions 151,000 in the year 2000. According to a 1998 United Nations demographic survey, Japan is expected to have 272,000 centenarians by 2050.

The incidence of centenarians in Japan was one per 3,522 people in 2008. In Japan, the number of centenarians is skewed towards females. Japan in fiscal year 2016 had 57,525 female centenarians, while males were 8,167, a ratio of 7:1; the increase of centenarians was more skewed at 11.6:1. The total number of living centenarians in the world remains uncertain, it was estimated by the Population Division of the United Nations as 23,000 in 1950, 110,000 in 1990, 150,000 in 1995, 209,000 in 2000, 324,000 in 2005 and 455,000 in 2009. However, these older estimates did not take into account the contemporary downward adjustments of national estimates made by several countries such as the United States; the following table gives estimated centenarian populations by country, including both the latest and the earliest known estimates, where available. In many countries, people receive a gift or congratulations from federal/state institutions on their 100th birthday. Centenarians born in Ireland receive a €2,540 "Centenarians' Bounty" and a letter from the President of Ireland if they are resident abroad.

Centenarians born in Italy receive a letter from the President Of The Republic Of Italy. Swedish centenarians receive a telegram from the Queen of Sweden. In the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms, the monarch sends greetings on the 100th birthday and on every birthday beginning with the 105th; the tradition of Royal congratulations dates from 1908, when the Secretary for King Edward VII sent a congratulatory letter to Reverend Thomas Lord of Horncastle in a newspaper clipping, declaring, "I am commanded by the King to congratulate you on the attainment of your hundredth year, after a most useful life." The practice was formalised from 1917, under the reign of King George V, who sent congratulations on the attainment of a 60th Wedding anniversary. Queen Elizabeth II sends a greeting card style with the notation: "I am so pleased to know that you are celebrating your one-hundredth birthday, I send my congratulations and best wishes to you on such a special occasion", thereafter each few years the card is updated with a current picture of the Queen to ensure people do not receive the same card more than once.

The Queen further sends her congratulations on one's 105th birthday and every year thereafter as well as on special wedding anniversaries. In 2019, there were reported to be over 20,000 centenarians living in Russia, a sharp increase from 6,700 in 2007. Centenarians in Russia receive a letter from the President of Russia Vladimir Putin congratulating them for reaching one hundred years. In the United States, centenarians traditionally receive a letter from the President, congratulating them for their longevity. Japanese centenarians receive a silver cup and a certificate from the Prime Minister of Japan upon the Respect for the Aged Day following their 100th birthday, honouring them for their longevity and prosperity in their lives. In Madhya Pradesh, the award known as Shatayu Samman is given out to persons who live at least a 100 years to promote awareness of good health. An aspect of blessing in many cultures is to offer a wish. Among Hindus, people who touch the feet of elders are blessed with "May you live a hundred years".

In Sweden, the traditional birthday song states, May he/she live for one hundred years. In Judaism, the term May you live to be 120 years old is a common blessing. In Poland, Sto lat, a wish to live a hundred years, is a traditional form of praise and good wishes, the song "sto lat, sto lat" is sung on the occasion of the birthday celebrations—arguably, it is the most popular song in Poland and among Poles around the globe. Chinese emperors were hailed to live ten thousand years, while empresses were hailed to live a thousand years. In Italy, "A hundred of these days!" is an augury for birthdays, to live to celebrate 100 more birthdays. Some Italians say "Cent'anni!", which means "a hundred years", in that they wish that they could all live for a hundred years. In Greece, wishing someone Happy Birthday ends with the expression να τα εκατοστήσεις, which can be loosely translated as "may you make it one hundred birthdays". In Sri Lanka, it is a custom to bless as " you may live 220 instead of 120".

While the number of centenarians per capita was much lower i