Khyber Pakhtunkhwa known as the North-West Frontier Province, is one of the four administrative provinces of Pakistan, located in the northwestern region of the country along the International border with Afghanistan. It was known as the North-West Frontier Province until 2010 when the name was changed to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa by the 18th Amendment to Pakistan's Constitution and is known colloquially by various other names. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the third-largest province of Pakistan by the size of both population and economy, though it is geographically the smallest of four. Within Pakistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa shares a border with Punjab, Azad Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan and Islamabad, it is home to 17.9% of Pakistan's total population, with the majority of the province's inhabitants being Pashtuns and Hindko speakers. The province is the site of the ancient kingdom Gandhara, including the ruins of its capital Pushkalavati near modern-day Charsadda. A stronghold of Buddhism, the history of the region was characterized by frequent invasions by various empires due to its geographical proximity to the Khyber Pass.
Since the 9/11 attacks in the United States in 2001, the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has been a major theatre of militancy and terrorism which intensified when the Taliban began an unsuccessful attempt to seize the control of the province in 2004. With the launch of Operation Zarb-e-Azb against the Taliban insurgency, the casualty and crime rates in the country as a whole dropped by 40.0% as compared to 2011–13, with greater drops noted in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas. As of July 2014, about 929,859 people were reported to be internally displaced from North Waziristan to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as a result of Operation Zarb-e-Azb. On 2 March 2017, the Government of Pakistan considered a proposal to merge the Federally Administered Tribal Areas with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, to repeal the Frontier Crimes Regulations, which are applicable to the tribal areas. However, some political parties have opposed the merger, called for the tribal areas to instead become a separate province of Pakistan.
On 24 May 2018, the National Assembly of Pakistan voted in favour of an amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan to merge the Federally Administered Tribal Areas with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly approved the historic FATA-KP merger bill on 28 May 2018 making FATA part of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, signed by President Mamnoon Hussain, completing the process of this historic merger. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa means the "Khyber side of the land of the Pashtuns, where the word Pakhtunkhwa means "Land of the Pashtuns", while according to some scholars, it refers to "Pashtun culture and society"; the province is so named due to its ethnic Pashtun majority. When the British established it as a province, they called it "North West Frontier Province" due to its relative location being in north west of their Indian Empire. After the creation of Pakistan, Pakistan continued with this name but a Pashtun nationalist party, Awami National Party demanded that the province name be changed to "Pakhtunkhwa".
Their logic behind that demand was that Punjabi people, Sindhi people and Balochi people have their provinces named after their ethnicities but, not the case for Pashtun people. Pakistan Muslim League was against that name since it was too similar to Bacha Khan's demand of a separate nation of Pashtunistan. PML-N wanted to name the province something other than which does not carry Pashtun identity in it as they argued that there were other minor ethnicities living in the province Hindkowans who spoke Hindko, thus the word Khyber was introduced with the name because it is the name of a major pass which connects Pakistan to Afghanistan. During the times of Indus Valley Civilization the modern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's Khyber Pass, through Hindu Kush provided a route to other neighboring regions and was used by merchants on trade excursions. From 1500 BCE, Indo-Aryan peoples started to enter in the region after having passed Khyber Pass; the Gandharan civilization, which reached its zenith between the sixth and first centuries BCE, which features prominently in the Hindu epic poem, the Mahabharatha, had one of its cores over the modern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
Vedic texts refer to the area as the province of Pushkalavati. The area was once known to be a great center of learning. At around 516 BCE. Darius Hystaspes sent Scylax, a Greek seaman from Karyanda, to explore the course of the Indus river. Darius Hystaspes subsequently subdued north of Kabul. Gandhara was incorporated into the Persian Empire as one of its far easternmost satrapy system of government; the satrapy of Gandhara is recorded to have sent troops for Xerxes' invasion of Greece in 480 BCE. In the spring of 327 BCE, Alexander the Great crossed the Indian Caucasus and advanced to Nicaea, where Omphis, king of Taxila and other chiefs joined him. Alexander dispatched part of his force through the valley of the Kabul River, while he himself advanced into modern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's Bajaur and Swat regions with his troops. Having defeated the Aspasians, from whom he took 40,000 prisoners and 230,000 oxen, Alexander crossed the Gouraios and entered into the territory of the Assakenoi – in modern-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Alexander made Embolima his base. The ancient region of Peukelaotis submitted to the Greek invasion, leading to
The 1994 United States Senate election in Massachusetts was held November 8, 1994. Incumbent Democratic U. S. Senator Ted Kennedy won re-election to his sixth full term, defeating the Republican Party nominee, Mitt Romney, a businessman who became the Governor of Massachusetts 8 years the Republican nominee for President of the United States 18 years in which he lost the presidency to then-incumbent President Barack Obama, a U. S. Senator from Utah in 2018, 24 years later. Romney defeated his closest competitor, John Lakian, to win the Republican primary with over 80% of the vote, he campaigned as a political moderate and Washington outsider, posed the greatest challenge made against Kennedy for the Senate seat since he first took office in 1962. Democratic congressmen across the country were struggling to maintain their seats, Kennedy in particular was damaged by character concerns and an ongoing divorce controversy; the contest became close. Kennedy launched ads criticizing Romney's tenure as the leader of the company known as Bain Capital, accusing him of treating workers unfairly and taking away jobs, while criticizing what were considered to be Romney's shifting political views.
Romney performed inadequately in the debates between the two candidates, made a number of poorly received statements that reduced his standing in the polls. In the closest Senate election of his career since after 1962, Kennedy won by a reasonably comfortable margin, despite a series of losses for Democrats around the country, including control of the US Senate. Despite Romney's loss in this race, this would not be his last Senatorial bid. After reestablishing residence in Utah and nearly 24 years after the loss, Romney won the 2018 U. S. Senate election in Utah for the open seat vacated by Senator Orrin Hatch. Mitt Romney, CEO of Bain Capital and son of former Michigan Governor George W. Romney John Lakian and chairman of Fort Hill Group, Inc. Romney was behind businessman John Lakian in the battle to win the Massachusetts Republican Party's nomination for the U. S. Senate. However, after using his personal wealth to advertise on television, he gained overwhelming support at the state party convention.
Romney defeated Lakian in the September 1994 Republican Party primary with over 80 percent of the vote. Ted Kennedy, incumbent U. S. Senator Mitt Romney, CEO of Bain Capital and son of former Michigan Governor George W. Romney William A. Ferguson Mary Fridley In the general election, Kennedy faced the first serious re-election challenger of his career in the younger and well-funded Romney. Romney ran as a successful entrepreneur and Washington outsider with a strong family image and moderate stands on social issues. After two decades out of public view, his father George re-emerged during the campaign. George Romney had urged Mitt to enter the race and moved into his son's house for its duration, serving as an unofficial advisor. Kennedy was more vulnerable than usual in 1994, in part because of the unpopularity of the Democratic Congress as a whole and because this was Kennedy's first election since the William Kennedy Smith trial in Florida, in which Kennedy had taken some public relations hits regarding his character.
Kennedy was saddled not only with his recent past but the 25th anniversary of the Chappaquiddick incident and his first wife Joan Bennett Kennedy seeking a renegotiated divorce settlement. Some early polls showed Romney close to Kennedy. By mid-September 1994, polls showed the race to be even. One Boston Herald/WCVB-TV poll taken after the September 20, 1994 primary showed Romney ahead 44 percent to 42 percent, within the poll's sampling margin of error. In another September poll, Romney had a 43 to 42 percent lead. President Bill Clinton traveled to Massachusetts to campaign for Kennedy. Religion became an issue for a while, after Kennedy's campaign said it was fair to ask Romney about his LDS Church's past policy of not allowing blacks into the priesthood. Romney accused Kennedy of having violated Senator John F. Kennedy's famous September 1960 pledge not to allow his own Catholic doctrine to inform policy, made during his victorious presidential campaign. George Romney forcefully interjected during his son's press conference, "I think it is wrong to keep hammering on the religious issues.
And what Ted is trying to do is bring it into the picture."After Romney touted his business credentials and his record at creating jobs within his company, Kennedy ran campaign ads showing an Indiana company, bought out by Romney's firm, Bain Capital. They showed interviews with its union workers, fired and who criticized Romney for the loss of their jobs, with one saying, "I don't think Romney is creating jobs because he took every one of them away." Romney claimed that 10,000 jobs were created because of his work at Bain, but private detectives hired by Kennedy found a factory bought by Bain Capital that had suffered a 350-worker strike after Bain had cut worker pay and benefits. Kennedy's charges were effective, as more voters decided that Romney was interested in profits more than people. Kennedy's attack ads focused both on Romney's shifting political views. Romney said his stance dated back to his mother, Lenore Romney, her position during her 1970 U. S. Senate campaign: "My mother and my family have been committed to the belief that we can believe as we want, but we will not force our beliefs on others on that matter.
And you will not see me wavering on that." Women's group
Alan Kelly Jr. is a former professional footballer who played as a goalkeeper for Preston North End, Sheffield United and Blackburn Rovers, along with short loan spells at Stockport County and Birmingham City. Born in Preston, Kelly represented the Republic of Ireland internationally, winning 34 caps for his country. Both his father, Alan Kelly, Sr. who represented Ireland, older brother, Gary Kelly, played as goalkeepers. Kelly started his career at Preston North End in the Fourth Division, following the footsteps of his father, Alan Kelly, Sr. and played 142 League games for the team. He joined Sheffield United in July 1992 for £150,000. Kelly stayed with Sheffield United until 1999, despite their relegation from the Premiership shortly into his career with them. In total, he made 213 appearances for the Blades, he helped Sheffield United to the 1997-98 FA Cup semi finals at Old Trafford where they were defeated by Newcastle United. In the quarter final replay against Coventry City, the game went to a penalty shootout and Kelly saved from Dion Dublin, Simon Haworth and David Burrows to help his side progress.
In 1999, Kelly transferred to Blackburn Rovers, making 39 appearances, stayed there until his retirement from football in 2004. This time included loan spells at Stockport County and Birmingham City, he made more than 470 appearances in all competitions at club level. He won 34 caps for the Republic of Ireland, was a member of the Republic's 1994 and 2002 World Cup squads, he was the team's second-choice goalkeeper on both occasions, never played in a World Cup game. In the summer of 2006, Kelly was goalkeeping coach for the Soccer-Academy camps, located in Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania in the United States, he is the goalkeeping coach of the Republic of Ireland national football team and at Preston North End's Centre of Excellence. After spending 18 months at Preston North End's Centre of Excellence Kelly became the new goalkeeping coach following the dismissal of Phil Brown and appointment of David Unsworth as caretaker manager, he left the post in August 2017. In October, he linked up again with Unsworth, the newly appointed caretaker manager of Premier League club Everton.
In December 2019 he joined John Ebbrell and Francis Jeffers as the coaching team supporting caretaker manager Duncan Ferguson, who took over Evertons first team, after Marco Silva was sacked on 5 December. Blackburn RoversFootball League Cup: 2002 First Division PFA Team of the Year: 1995–96, 1996–97 List of Republic of Ireland international footballers born outside the Republic of Ireland Profile of Alan Kelly