A kibbutz is a collective community in Israel, traditionally based on agriculture. The first kibbutz, established in 1909, was Degania. Today, farming has been supplanted by other economic branches, including industrial plants and high-tech enterprises. Kibbutzim began as a combination of socialism and Zionism. In recent decades, some kibbutzim have been privatized and changes have been made in the communal lifestyle. A member of a kibbutz is called a kibbutznik. In 2010, there were 270 kibbutzim in Israel, their factories and farms account for 9% of Israel's industrial output, worth US$8 billion, 40% of its agricultural output, worth over $1.7 billion. Some kibbutzim had developed substantial high-tech and military industries. For example, in 2010, Kibbutz Sasa, containing some 200 members, generated $850 million in annual revenue from its military-plastics industry; the kibbutzim are organised in the secular Kibbutz Movement with some 230 kibbutzim, the Religious Kibbutz Movement with 16 kibbutzim and the much smaller religious Poalei Agudat Yisrael with two kibbutzim, all part of the wider communal settlement movement.
The kibbutzim were founded by members of the Bilu movement. Like the members of the First Aliyah who came before them and established agricultural villages, most members of the Second Aliyah planned to become farmers; the first kibbutz was Degania Alef, founded in 1909. Some founders of the Kibbutz movement in Israel were influenced by the ideals of Ancient Sparta in education and communal living. Joseph Baratz, one of the pioneers of the kibbutz movement, wrote a book about his experiences. We were happy enough working on the land, but we knew more and more that the ways of the old settlements were not for us; this was not the way we hoped to settle the country—this old way with Jews on top and Arabs working for them. There must be a better way. Though Baratz and others wanted to farm the land themselves, becoming independent farmers was not a realistic option in 1909; as Arthur Ruppin, a proponent of Jewish agricultural colonization of the Trans-Jordan would say, "The question was not whether group settlement was preferable to individual settlement.
The Galilee was swampy, the Judaean Mountains rocky, the south of the country, the Negev, was a desert. To make things more challenging, most of the settlers had no prior farming experience; the sanitary conditions were poor. Malaria and cholera were rampant. Bedouins settled areas. Sabotage of irrigation canals and burning of crops were common. Living collectively was the most logical way to be secure in an unwelcoming land. On top of safety considerations, establishing a farm was a capital-intensive project; the land had been purchased by the greater Jewish community. From around the world, Jews dropped coins into Jewish National Fund "Blue Boxes" for land purchases in Palestine. In 1909, nine other men, two women established themselves at the southern end of the Sea of Galilee near the Arab village of Umm Juni/Juniya; these teenagers had hitherto worked as day laborers converting wetlands for human development, as masons, or as hands at the older Jewish settlements. Their dream was now to work for themselves.
They called their community "Kvutzat Degania", now Degania Alef. The founders of Degania endured backbreaking labor: "The body is crushed, the legs fail, the head hurts, the sun burns and weakens," wrote one of the pioneers. At times, half of the kibbutz members could not report for many left. Despite the difficulties, by 1914, Degania had fifty members. Other kibbutzim were founded around the Sea of the nearby Jezreel Valley; the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, followed by the arrival of the British, brought with it benefits for the Jewish community of Palestine and its kibbutzim. The Ottoman authorities had made immigration to Palestine restricted land purchases. Rising antisemitism forced many Jews to flee Eastern Europe. To escape the pogroms, tens of thousands of Russian Jews immigrated to Palestine in the early 1920s, in a wave of immigration, called the Third Aliyah. Zionist Jewish youth movements flourished in the 1920s, from right-wing movements like Betar to left-wing socialist groups such as Dror, Brit Haolim, HabBonim, Hashomer Hatzair.
In contrast to those who came as part of the Second Aliyah, these youth group members had some agricultural training before embarking. Members of the Second Aliyah and Third Aliyah were less to be Russian, since emigration from Russia was closed off after the Russian Revolution. European Jews who settled on kibbutzim between the World Wars were from other countries in Eastern Europe, including Germany. In the early days, communal meetings were limited to practical matters, but in the 1920s and 1930s, they became more informal. Instead of meeting in the dining room, the group would sit around a campfire. Rather than reading minutes, the session would begin with a group dance. Remembering her youth on a kibbutz on the shores of the Kinneret, one woman
St Paul's Church is in the village of Helsby, England. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building, is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Chester and the deanery of Frodsham, its benefice is combined with that of Dunham-on-the-Hill. The church was built between 1870 to a design by the Chester architect John Douglas; the south aisle and chapel were designed by Douglas and Minshull. The church is built in yellow sandstone with green Westmorland slate roofs, its plan consists of a south aisle, transepts and a polygonal apsidal chancel. The style of the architecture is Early English. Over the west end of the nave is a towerless spire covered in slate; the windows are lancets with simple tracery. In the churchyard are two structures listed at Grade II. At the entrance to the churchyard is a lychgate dating from 1911, consisting of an oak frame on low stone plinth, it has a green slate roof that has ornate finials.
Inside the churchyard and overlooking the road is a war memorial dating from 1920. This is in sandstone and consists of a Celtic cross decorated with vine patterns and inscribed with the names of those lost in both World Wars; the churchyard contains the war grave, east of the church, of a Second World War soldier. List of new churches by John Douglas Listed buildings in Helsby
"The Rains of Castamere" is a song appearing in the A Song of Ice and Fire novels and in the television series adaptation Game of Thrones. The song's lyrics were written by George R. R. Martin in the original novel, the tune was composed by Ramin Djawadi in 2011, upon request from the series creators David Benioff and D. B. Weiss; the song show. The song's lyrics first appear in the novel A Storm of Swords, in which "The Rains of Castamere" is sung or mentioned several times, it remembers Tywin Lannister's victory over House Lannister's rebellious vassals of Reyne and Tarbeck, about 40 years before the events of the novels. The stanza of the song, reproduced in the novels and adapted for the television series tells of the vassals' defiance – "And who are you, the proud lord said / That I must bow so low?" – and the subsequent obliteration of their houses: "But now the rains weep o'er his hall / With no one there to hear." Late in the novel, the song is performed at the Red Wedding, another massacre of Tywin Lannister's enemies.
In the TV series, the tune is first heard when Tyrion Lannister whistles a small part in season 2 episode 1. In season 2 episode 9, Bronn sings "The Rains of Castamere" with the Lannisters' soldiers; when one of the soldiers asks, "Where'd you learn the Lannister song?", Bronn replies, "Drunk Lannisters." An instrumental version can be heard during Tyrion's speech right after King Joffrey abandons the battlefield in the same episode. The season 2 soundtrack contains a rendition of the song "The Rains of Castamere" by the indie rock band The National, sung by their vocalist Matt Berninger; the song is played over the end credits of the season 2 episode 9, "Blackwater". In season 3, an instrumental version of "The Rains of Castamere" plays over the end credits in episode 7, "The Bear and the Maiden Fair". In episode 9 of season 3 titled "The Rains of Castamere", an instrumental version of the song is played by the musicians at the Red Wedding. In episode 2 of season 4, the Icelandic band Sigur Rós makes a cameo appearance as musicians performing their rendition of "The Rains of Castamere" at Joffrey and Margaery's wedding.
Joffrey stops them midway by throwing coins at them. Their version plays over the closing credits of this episode. An orchestral rendition of the tune appears as House Lannister's theme throughout seasons 3 and 4, available in the soundtrack as "A Lannister Always Pays His Debts". Personnel adapted from the album liner notes. Game of Thrones Theme Music of Game of Thrones
Conquest Asset Management is an independent asset management services firm, part of Conquest Group founded in 2010 and owned by its directors. Its head-office is incorporated in Ireland and it has a registered office in Luxembourg and in France, it focuses on investment in and management of infrastructure assets on the so-called "core+" and "value added' assets in the sustainable energy and digital industries at late stage of development, prior to construction and throughout operations of the assets. In 2017, it launched a fund in the climate change renewable energy sector. In May 2017, it announced the acquisition of a portfolio of solar assets from Engie group.. In September 2018, it announced the financing of its renewables portfolio.. In October 2018, it announced the acquisition of an on-shore wind portfolio. Conquest Group Website
Austin Reiter is an American football center for the Kansas City Chiefs of the National Football League. He was selected by the Washington Redskins in the seventh round of the 2015 NFL Draft, he played high school football at Lakewood Ranch in Florida and college football for the University of South Florida. His father Richard Reiter played football for University of Cincinnati in the 1980's. With their last pick in the 2015 NFL Draft, the Washington Redskins selected Reiter in the seventh round, he signed a four-year contract with the team on May 8, 2015. He was waived on September 4 before the start of the regular season, but signed to the practice squad on September 29, he signed a futures contract on January 11, 2016. He was released by the Redskins on September 13, 2016, he was re-signed to the teams' practice squad the next day. On September 20, 2016, Reiter signed with the Cleveland Browns' active roster. On October 2, he started his first game for the Browns but suffered a season-ending ACL tear during the contest.
He was placed on injured reserve on October 10, 2016. Reiter was waived by the Browns on September 2, 2018. On September 3, 2018, Reiter was claimed off waivers by the Kansas City Chiefs, he signed a two-year contract extension with the Chiefs on December 6, 2018. Reiter won Super Bowl LIV when the Chiefs defeated the San Francisco 49ers 31-20. Washington Redskins bio USF Bulls bio
Tally Weijl is a fashion label based in Basel, Switzerland. The company is represented worldwide in 37 countries with over 780 stores and employs over 3.400 people. Tally Weijl was founded in 1984 by Beat Grüring. Number of Tally Weijl stores as of 16 March 2019: Africa Egypt: 3 South Africa: 2 Libya: opening 2016 Réunion: 2Americas Guatemala: 2Asia Iran: 3 Saudi Arabia: 8 Lebanon: 6 Turkey: 4 Jordan: 1 Mongolia: 1Europe Italy: 202 Germany: 130 Switzerland: 71 Austria: 41 Greece: 41 Poland: 36 Czech Republic: 16 Hungary: 22 France: 125 Ukraine: 14 Slovenia: 9 Croatia: 8 Slovakia: 8 Portugal: 5 Serbia: 6 Cyprus: 5 Bulgaria: 6 Lithuania: 2 Luxembourg: 6 Ireland: 1 Kosovo: 1 North Macedonia: 1 Russia: 1 Estonia: 3 Moldova: 1