Aleksei Kiselyov (politician)

Aleksei Semyonovich Kiselyov was a Russian Bolshevik Party leader and Soviet Union official. Born near Ivanovo-Voznesensk, he joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1898 working for the party in Ivanovo-Voznesensk, Kharkov and Odessa, he was arrested on multiple occasions. In 1914, Kiselev joined the Central Committee of the party, shortly thereafter he was arrested again and sent to Siberia by the Tsarist authorities. Permitted to return to the west by the general amnesty of the February Revolution in 1917, Kiselev resumed his position on the Central Committee, he became only a candidate member of the Central Committee, served this role from 1917 to 1934. In 1920 Kiselev supported the Workers' Opposition, but conformed to party discipline when the group was banned. From 1923-1924 he served as a member of the presidium of the TSKK. In 1923 Kiselev became the People's Commissar of the Workerss and Peasants' Inspection of the Russian SFSR, a reserve member to the same role for the whole Soviet Union.

With Joseph Stalin in power, on September 7, 1937, after 20 years of service to the Soviet government, Kiselev was arrested for belonging to an "anti-Soviet counter-revolutionary organisation". Kiselev was immediately shot after his arrest, he was among the first to be rehabilitated, in 1956


Khobar spelled al-Khobar or al-Khubar, is a city located in the Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on the coast of the Persian Gulf. It is one of the largest cities in the Gulf Cooperation Council, with a population of 941,358 as of 2012. Khobar and Dhahran are part of the Dammam metropolitan area, the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Saudi Arabia with an estimated population of over 4,100,000 as of 2012. All three urban centers are served by King Abdul Aziz Port. Together, they are known as "The Triplet Cities" by many natives and locals. Dammam, Dhahran and Al Khobar are less than 15 km apart and form one metropolitan area, the fifth largest in the kingdom and sixth in the Gulf Cooperation Council. Many of Khobar's residents work for Saudi Aramco, the world's largest oil company and the most profitable company in the world, Khobar hosts many regional and international companies. Traditionally, Khobar has been a city of shopkeepers and merchants, the city today has many modern malls and boulevards with shops run by international franchises and restaurants.

Khobar today has many skyscrapers, with more under construction. In earlier days, Khobar was a small port on the southern coast of the Persian Gulf, a fishing village inhabited by Al Dossary tribe members. Al Dossary tribe migrated from Bahrain to Saudi Arabia; the tribe settled in Khobar the location was chosen for its proximity of the island of Bahrain as the clan hoped to head back there soon. With the discovery of oil in the 1930s, it was transformed into a commercial and shopping center and an industrial port; the municipality of Khobar was founded in 1942. In modern times, the larger port of Dammam has taken over most commercial shipping activities for the Eastern Province, oil is exported via the dedicated Saudi Aramco port of Ras Tanura; as a result, Khobar has transformed and extended its water front along the Persian Gulf into a corniche with parks and family beaches. In 1996, the Khobar Towers, a US Air Force housing complex, was bombed by militants aided by Iran, killing 19 US servicemen and one Saudi.

Al Khobar city is well known in the West due to this incident. Khobar is the only city in Saudi Arabia which foreign residents constitute the majority of its population, making up more than 56% of its population; this is due to the presence of oil companies, which increased the need for doctors and technicians. Khobar is served by the largest airport in the world in terms of surface area: King Fahd International Airport; the airport is about 77,600 hectares, bigger than the country of Bahrain. Located in northwest of Dammam. Khobar is connected with the major highways in the region including Dhahran-Jubail Highway, Dhahran-Dammam Highway as well as Khobar-Dammam Highway, which links Khobar with Dammam directly and links them both to King Fahd International Airport. Khobar hosts King Fahd Causeway. Khobar has highways to other Middle-Eastern countries such as Kuwait, Oman and the United Arab Emirates; the King Abdul Aziz Sea Port, located on the coast of the Persian Gulf, is the largest port in the Persian Gulf.

It was founded in the late 1940s. The operations at the sea port served the oil and gas industry, but has expanded to serve as a comprehensive center for the maritime industry; the sea port can accommodate 15,000 ships. The nearest railway operator is located in Dammam; this railway, located in Dammam, is the headquarters of the Saudi Railways Organization. The length of the railroad is 449.110 km and the passenger train could reach 160 km/h. The first school in Khobar was established in 1942. Today, Khobar is home to more than 100 private educational institutes; the International Indian School, Dammam is the city's and Middle East's largest school, with more than 22000 students. Countries such as Pakistan and Bangladesh operate their own schools and curriculum. Khobar is home to several Western-oriented schools such as the International Philippine Schools and American Schools, which serve a number of students from various expatriate communities. Examples include Dhahran Ahliya Schools, Manarat International schools, AlFaisaliah Islamic School, Al-Hussan International School Khobar, Saad National School, Jubail Academy International School, KFUPM Schools, Pakistan International School, Al-Khobar,Gulf International English School, Khobar French School, International Programs School, British International School Al-Khobar, International Schools Group, Al-Andalus International School, International Philippine School in Al Khobar.

Khobar is home to several universities and colleges such as: Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University University of Dammam Community College Academy of ports for maritime studies and technical assistance Academy of Health Sciences Technical Institute, the Saudi Petroleum Services Institute of Beauty Specialist and Technology Al-Ghad International Medical Science Colleges King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University Prince Mohammad bin Fahd University Khobar is a city with multiple lifestyle centers and shopping malls, The city has the Corniche, lined with several international and local chain restaurants, coffee bars a