Kielce is a city in south central Poland with 195,774 inhabitants. It has been the capital city of the Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship since 1999, was the capital of the predecessor Kielce Voivodeship; the city is located in the middle of the Świętokrzyskie Mountains, on the banks of the Silnica River, in northern part of the historical Polish province of Lesser Poland. The history of Kielce dates back over 900 years and the exact date when the town was founded remains unknown. Kielce was once an important centre of limestone mining and the vicinity is famous for its natural resources like copper and iron, over the centuries, were exploited on a large scale. There are several exhibitions held in Kielce throughout the year. According to a local legend, son of Boleslaus II of Poland dreamt he was attacked by a band of brigands in a forest. In the dream he saw a vision of Saint Adalbert; when Mieszko woke up, he found the Silnica River. He discovered huge white tusks of an unknown animal. Mieszko announced he would build a church to St. Adalbert at that site.
According to this legend, the town's name Kielce commemorates the mysterious tusks. Various other legends exist to explain the name's origin. One states that the town was named after its founder who belonged to the noble family of Kiełcz, while another claims that it stems from the Kelts who may have lived in the area in previous centuries. Other theories connect the town's name to occupational names relating to mud huts, iron tips for arrows and spears, or the production of tar; the most probable etymology traces the origins of the name to an Old Polish noun kielce and refers to plants sprouting in the wetlands where the settlement was located. The earliest extant document referring to the settlement by the name of Kielce dates to 1213; the area of Kielce has been inhabited since at least the 5th century BC. Until the 6th or 7th century the banks of the Silnica were inhabited by Celts, they were driven out by a Slavic tribe of Vistulans who started hunting in the nearby huge forests and had settled most of the area now known as Lesser Poland and present-day Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship.
The lands of Wiślanie were at first subdued by Bohemia, however they soon came under the control of the Piast dynasty and became a part of Poland. The area of the Holy Cross Mountains was unpopulated until the 11th century when the first hunters established permanent settlements at the outskirts of the mountains, they needed a place to trade furs and meat for grain and other necessary products, so the market of Kielce was formed. In the early 12th century the new settlement became a property of the Bishops of Kraków, who built a wooden church and a manor. In 1171 a stone church was erected by bishop Gedeon Gryf. During the times of Wincenty Kadłubek a parochial school in Kielce was opened in 1229. By 1295 the town was granted city rights. In the mid-13th century the town was destroyed by the Mongol invasion of Ögedei Khan, but it recovered; the area around Kielce was rich in minerals such as copper ore, lead ore, iron, as well as limestone. In the 15th century Kielce became a significant centre of metallurgy.
There were several glass factories and armourer shops in the town. In 1527 bishop Piotr Tomicki founded a bell for the church and between 1637 and 1642 Manierist palace was erected near the market place by Bishop Jakub Zadzik, it is one of the few examples of French Renaissance architecture in Poland and the only example of a magnate's manor from the times of Vasa dynasty to survive World War II. During The Deluge the town was burnt by the Swedes. Only the palace and the church survived, but the town managed to recover under the rule of bishop Andrzej Załuski. By 1761 Kielce had more than 4,000 inhabitants. In 1789 Kielce were nationalised and the burgers were granted the right to elect their own representatives in Sejm; until the end of the century the city's economy entered a period of fast growth. A brewery was founded as well as hospital; as a result of the 3rd Partition the town was annexed by Austria. During the Polish-Austrian War of 1809 it was captured by prince Józef Poniatowski and joined with the Napoleon controlled Duchy of Warsaw, but after the fall of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1815 it was joined with the Russian controlled Kingdom of Poland.
For a brief period when Kraków was an independent city-state, Kielce became the capital of the Kraków Voivodeship. Thanks to the efforts by Stanisław Staszic Kielce became the centre of the newly established Old-Polish Industrial Zone; the town grew as new mines and factories were constructed. In 1816 the first Polish technical university was founded in Kielce. However, after Staszic's death the Industrial Zone declined and in 1826 the school was moved to Warsaw and became the Warsaw University of Technology. In 1830 many of the inhabitants of Kielce took part in the November Uprising against Russia. In 1844, priest Piotr Ściegienny began organizing a local revolt to liberate Kielce from the Russian yoke, for which he was sent to Siberia. In 1863 Kielce took part in the January Uprising; as a reprisal for insubordination the tsarist authorities closed all Polish schools and turned Kielce into a military garrison city. The Polish language was banned. Be
The Bluegrass Album is the nineteenth studio album and the first bluegrass album by American country music artist Alan Jackson. It was released on September 2013 via Alan's Country Records and EMI Nashville. Jackson wrote eight songs for the album, it includes covers of The Dillards' "There Is a Time", John Anderson's "Wild and Blue" and Bill Monroe's "Blue Moon of Kentucky". Included is a re-recording of "Let's Get Back to Me and You" from his 1994 album Who I Am, marking the second time Jackson has included two versions of the same song on two different albums; the album was produced by Jackson's nephew, Adam Wright. It was recorded in Nashville. "Blue Ridge Mountain Song" was released as a promotional single in advance of the album's release. Two music videos were filmed for two songs of the album: "Blacktop" and "Blue Ridge Mountain Song"; the music video for "Blue Ridge Mountain Song" stars Jackson’s middle daughter, Ali, as the lead role. The album debuted at No. 11 on Billboard 200, No. 1 on Bluegrass Albums, No. 3 on Top Country Albums, selling 22,000 copies in its first week.
It finished at No. 2 on the Year End Bluegrass Albums chart for 2014. It has sold 148,000 copies in the United States as of June 2015. All tracks are written by Alan Jackson except. Ronnie Bowman - background vocals Scott Coney - acoustic guitar Tim Crouch - fiddle Tim Dishman - upright bass Rob Ickes - dobro Alan Jackson - lead vocals Don Rigsby - background vocals Sammy Shelor - banjo Adam Steffey - mandolin
Sara Davis Buechner is an American concert pianist and educator based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Buechner was born in Baltimore, where she studied with Veronika Wolf Cohen, Reynaldo Reyes and Mieczyslaw Münz, she attended the Juilliard School as a pupil of Czech pianist Rudolf Firkusny and worked with both Byron Janis and Paul Badura-Skoda. In her twenties she won major prizes at the Queen Elisabeth of Belgium International Piano Competition, the Leeds International Piano Competition, the Tchaikovsky International Piano Competition and the Gina Bachauer International Piano Competition, her 1984 debut at the 92nd Street Y in New York City received a glowing review in the New York Times, she has had an active performance career since that time. Buechner has been on the piano faculty at Temple University since 2016, had served on the faculties of the University of British Columbia, the Manhattan School of Music and New York University, she was an honorary Professor of the University of Shanghai from 2013 - 2016.
She has edited books and music scores for Dover Publications, where she was chief music editor from 2009 - 2012. Buechner is transgender, has given talks and written about her experience as a role model for the LGBTQ community. Buechner wrote about her life experiences in a 2013 article in the New York Times. Buechner has performed with many different orchestras with an active repertoire of 100 concertos, has given master classes on four continents. Buechner is a Yamaha Artist, has made many recordings for the Disklavier player system. Mujeres Españolas - Piano Works of Joaquin Turina The American Flute Henry Martin: Preludes and Fugues Mozart: Piano Sonatas The Paradine Case - Hollywood Piano Concertos Bach-Busoni "Goldberg" Variations Miklos Rozsa: Complete Works For Solo Piano Stephen Foster: Complete Piano Works Rudolf Friml: Piano Music Bygone Days - Music for Violin and Piano by Rudolf Friml George Gershwin - Original Works and Transcriptions for Solo Piano Nineteen Rags Of Joseph Lamb Variations And Other Works of Brahms And Dvorak Works of Busoni and Stravinsky Gershwin: Second Rhapsody/Addinsell: "Warsaw" Concerto Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.
1, op. 23 The first Beethoven Fellowship of the American Pianists Association in 1981 1983 Queen Elisabeth Music Competition. Gold Medal at the 1984 Gina Bachauer International Piano Competition Bronze Medal in the 1986 Tchaikovsky International Piano Competition. Official site Sara Davis Buechner at AllMusic
During the 1972–73 English football season, Derby County F. C. competed in the Football League First Division. As the reigning champions of the First Division, Derby would represent England in the European Cup. Derby County were unable to retain their title and finished in to seventh place, a one-point off qualification for the UEFA Cup; this slump was in part due to Derby's poor away form, winning only four matches away from home all season - one of the matches lost was a 5–0 defeat at Leeds United, the loss only serving to intensify the rivalry between Clough and United manager Don Revie. The club had better success in the European Cup, reaching the semi-finals before being knocked out by Juventus: in this circumstance Clough accused the rivals to have bribed the match officials, despite the bianconeri they will prove unrelated to any attempt to combine. At the end of the season, Kevin Hector was voted Derby's Player of the Year. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.
Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Derby broke the English transfer record with the signing of half-back David Nish, from Midland rivals Leicester City, for £225,000. David Nish – Leicester City, £225,000, August 1972 Derby County 1–1 Tottenham Hotspur Tottenham Hotspur 3–5 Derby County 13 September 1972: Derby County 2–0 Željezničar 27 September 1972: Željezničar 1–2 Derby County 25 October 1972: Derby County 3–0 Benfica 8 November 1972: Benfica 0–0 Derby County 7 March 1973: Spartak Trnava 1–0 Derby County 21 March 1973: Derby County 2–0 Spartak Trnava 11 April 1973: Juventus 3–1 Derby County 25 April 1973: Derby County 0–0 Juventus
The Foucault pendulum or Foucault's pendulum is a simple device named after French physicist Léon Foucault and conceived as an experiment to demonstrate the Earth's rotation. The pendulum was introduced in 1851 and was the first experiment to give simple, direct evidence of the earth's rotation. Foucault pendulums today are popular displays in science universities; the first public exhibition of a Foucault pendulum took place in February 1851 in the Meridian of the Paris Observatory. A few weeks Foucault made his most famous pendulum when he suspended a 28-kilogram brass-coated lead bob with a 67-metre long wire from the dome of the Panthéon, Paris; the period of the pendulum was 2 π l g = 16.5 seconds. Because the latitude of its location was ϕ = 48°52' N, the plane of the pendulum's swing made a full circle in 23 h 56 ′ sin ϕ = 31.8 hours, rotating clockwise 11.3° per hour. The original bob used in 1851 at the Panthéon was moved in 1855 to the Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers in Paris. A second temporary installation was made for the 50th anniversary in 1902.
During museum reconstruction in the 1990s, the original pendulum was temporarily displayed at the Panthéon, but was returned to the Musée des Arts et Métiers before it reopened in 2000. On April 6, 2010, the cable suspending the bob in the Musée des Arts et Métiers snapped, causing irreparable damage to the pendulum bob and to the marble flooring of the museum; the original, now damaged pendulum bob is displayed in a separate case adjacent to the current pendulum display. An exact copy of the original pendulum has been operating under the dome of the Panthéon, Paris since 1995. At either the Geographic North Pole or Geographic South Pole, the plane of oscillation of a pendulum remains fixed relative to the distant masses of the universe while Earth rotates underneath it, taking one sidereal day to complete a rotation. So, relative to Earth, the plane of oscillation of a pendulum at the North Pole – viewed from above – undergoes a full clockwise rotation during one day; when a Foucault pendulum is suspended at the equator, the plane of oscillation remains fixed relative to Earth.
At other latitudes, the plane of oscillation precesses relative to Earth, but more than at the pole. For example, a Foucault pendulum at 30° south latitude, viewed from above by an earthbound observer, rotates counterclockwise 360° in two days. To demonstrate rotation directly rather than indirectly via the swinging pendulum, Foucault used a gyroscope in an 1852 experiment; the inner gimbal of the Foucault gyroscope was balanced on knife edge bearings on the outer gimbal and the outer gimbal was suspended by a fine, torsion-free thread in such a manner that the lower pivot point carried no weight. The gyro was spun to 9,000–12,000 revolutions per minute with an arrangement of gears before being placed into position, sufficient time to balance the gyroscope and carry out 10 minutes of experimentation; the instrument could be observed either with a microscope viewing a tenth of a degree scale or by a long pointer. At least three more copies of a Foucault gyro were made in convenient travelling and demonstration boxes and copies survive in the UK, the US.
A Foucault pendulum requires care to set up because imprecise construction can cause additional veering which masks the terrestrial effect. As observed by Nobel laureate Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, who developed a fuller theory of Foucault pendulum for his doctoral thesis, geometrical imperfection of the system or elasticity of the support wire may cause an interference between two horizontal modes of oscillation, which caused Onnes' pendulum to go over from linear to elliptic oscillation in an hour; the initial launch of the pendulum is critical. Notably, veering of the pendulum was observed in 1661 by Vincenzo Viviani, a disciple of Galileo, but there is no evidence that he connected the effect with the Earth rotation. Air resistance damps the oscillation, so some Foucault pendulums in museums incorporate an electromagnetic or other drive to keep the bob swinging. Besides air resistance, the other main engineering problem in creating a 1-meter Foucault pendulum nowadays is said to be ensuring there is no preferred direction of swing.
A "pendulum day" is the time needed for the plane of a suspended Foucault pendulum to complete an apparent rotation about the local vertical. This is one sidereal day divided by the sine of the latitude. In a near-inertial frame moving in tandem with Earth, but not sharing the rotation of the earth about its own axis, the suspension point of the pendulum traces out a circular path during one sidereal day. At the latitude of Paris, 48 degrees 51 minutes north, a full precession cycle takes just und
Danganronpa Another Episode: Ultra Despair Girls is an action-adventure video game developed by Spike Chunsoft for PlayStation Vita. The game is a spin-off of the Danganronpa series of visual novel games, set between the events of Danganronpa: Trigger Happy Havoc and Danganronpa 2: Goodbye Despair; the game was released in Japan on September 25, 2014 and was released by NIS America in North America on September 1, 2015, in Europe on September 4, 2015, in Australia on September 10, 2015. The game was released on the Microsoft Windows and PlayStation 4 worldwide in 2017. Unlike the visual novel gameplay of the previous games, Ultra Despair Girls is a third-person adventure game with horror elements, in which players control Komaru Naegi as she tries to survive in a city overrun by Monokuma robots. Komaru is armed with a megaphone-shaped Hacking Gun that can use various types of Truth Bullet, which are unlocked as the game progresses. Using the Hacking Gun, Komaru can perform various actions, such as attacking enemies, taking control of them, activating certain machinery, or scanning the environment for clues or hidden items.
During the course of the game, Komaru is assisted by the first game's Toko Fukawa, who uses a stun gun to switch over to her split personality, the serial killer Genocide Jack. When the stun gun is charged up, players can temporarily take control of Jack, who can attack with razor sharp scissors. Attacking enemies fills up the "Scissor Fever" gauge, allowing Jack to perform special attacks to defeat multiple enemies. Monocoins earned from defeating enemies can be used to purchase upgrades for both Komaru's Hacking Gun and Jack's scissors, various skills can be unlocked and equipped, such as extended health; the game features three difficulty settings, with harder difficulties containing less ammunition and fewer opportunities to use Jack's assistance. The game takes place half a year after the events of the first game, prior to the events of the second game. Komaru Naegi, the younger sister of the first game's protagonist, Makoto Naegi, has spent the past year locked inside an apartment complex in Towa City, unaware of the events that have gone on in the outside world.
She is forced to flee when she was attacked by deadly Monokuma robots and comes across Future Foundation member Byakuya Togami, who gives Komaru a special Hacking Gun that can fight against the robot and orders her to escape the city. However, Komaru's escape fails and she is captured by a group of elementary-school children known as the Warriors of Hope, who seek to create a utopia for children by murdering all the adults with their robots, they force Komaru to join their "Demon Hunting" game and drop her into the city, where she is saved by Homicidal maniac Genocide Jack, who soon reverts to her true self, Toko Fukawa, a survivor of Hopes Peak High School's killing game. Toko can now control Jack through the use of a stun gun. Learning that Byakuya may have been kidnapped by the Warriors of Hope, Toko agrees to team up with Komaru to find Byakuya and escape the city. Along the way they encounter a resistance group, run by Haiji Towa, meet a white bear robot named Shirokuma; as Komaru and Toko go on their journey, fighting against the Warriors of Hope and encountering much despair along the way, they learn that the Warriors of Hope are in worship of Junko Enoshima, the Ultimate Despair responsible for bringing about the end of the world, seek to create a successor.
Confronting the group's leader, Monaca Towa, defeating their advisor Kurokuma, Komaru is given the choice of destroying the Monokuma Controller, which would stop all the robots but at the cost of sacrificing all the children wearing Monokuma Kid masks. Monaca reveals that her goal is to turn Komaru into the next Junko Enoshima, trying to coerce her into destroying the controller by revealing her parents were killed. However, having learned a great deal from travelling with Komaru, slaps some sense into her and together they overcome despair in order to defeat an out-of-control mech. After rescuing Byakuya and Toko decide to stay behind in Towa City to help out those who need it. Meanwhile, as Monaca is rescued by Nagito Komaeda, who encourages her to become the next Junko herself, it is revealed that both Shirokuma and Kurokuma were controlled by the real Junko's AI, who has Izuru Kamukura carry out the next part of her plan. However, if Komaru chooses to destroy the controller before learning its true purpose, the Bad Ending is triggered and all of the Monokuma Kids are killed as their masks explode.
Komaru becomes the hero of the resistance, but she feels guilty for what she has done. With the two previous entries in the Danganronpa series being visual novel adventure games, members of Spike Chunsoft wanted to develop a spin-off game, more action oriented. One of the proponents for a spin-off game was series writer Kazutaka Kodaka; when Spike Chunsoft green-lit the proposal, they let Kodaka have free rein to write the narrative for Danganronpa Another Episode: Ultra Despair Girls. Kodaka stated that he spent an equal amount of time writing the dialogue and backstories for the protagonists as he did for the antagonists. One aspect of Danganronpa Another Episode: Ultra Despair Girls that the development team was worried about was whether the shift in gameplay genres would alienate players who were not good at action games, they decided to add the mechanic of switching between characters, as Genocide Jack would make the game easier. Danganronpa Another Episode: Ultra Despair Girls was announced at a Sony Computer Entertainment press conference in September 2013