A metric prefix is a unit prefix that precedes a basic unit of measure to indicate a multiple or fraction of the unit. While all metric prefixes in common use today are decadic there have been a number of binary metric prefixes as well; each prefix has a unique symbol, prepended to the unit symbol. The prefix kilo-, for example, may be added to gram to indicate multiplication by one thousand: one kilogram is equal to one thousand grams; the prefix milli- may be added to metre to indicate division by one thousand. Decimal multiplicative prefixes have been a feature of all forms of the metric system, with six of these dating back to the system's introduction in the 1790s. Metric prefixes have been used with some non-metric units; the SI prefixes are standardized for use in the International System of Units by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures in resolutions dating from 1960 to 1991. Since 2009, they have formed part of the International System of Quantities; the BIPM specifies twenty prefixes for the International System of Units.
Each prefix name has a symbol, used in combination with the symbols for units of measure. For example, the symbol for'kilo-' is'k', is used to produce'km','kg', and'kW', which are the SI symbols for kilometre and kilowatt, respectively. Where the Greek letter'μ' is unavailable, the symbol for micro'µ' may be used. Where both variants are unavailable, the micro prefix is written as the lowercase Latin letter'u'. Prefixes corresponding to an integer power of one thousand are preferred. Hence'100 m' is preferred over'1 hm' or'10 dam'; the prefixes hecto, deca and centi are used for everyday purposes, the centimetre is common. However, some modern building codes require that the millimetre be used in preference to the centimetre, because "use of centimetres leads to extensive usage of decimal points and confusion". Prefixes may not be used in combination; this applies to mass, for which the SI base unit contains a prefix. For example, milligram is used instead of microkilogram. In the arithmetic of measurements having units, the units are treated as multiplicative factors to values.
If they have prefixes, all but one of the prefixes must be expanded to their numeric multiplier, except when combining values with identical units. Hence, 5 mV × 5 mA = 5×10−3 V × 5×10−3 A = 25×10−6 V⋅A = 25 μW 5.00 mV + 10 μV = 5.00 mV + 0.01 mV = 5.01 mVWhen powers of units occur, for example, squared or cubed, the multiplication prefix must be considered part of the unit, thus included in the exponentiation. 1 km2 means one square kilometre, or the area of a square of 1000 m by 1000 m and not 1000 square metres. 2 Mm3 means two cubic megametres, or the volume of two cubes of 1000000 m by 1000000 m by 1000000 m or 2×1018 m3, not 2000000 cubic metres. Examples5 cm = 5×10−2 m = 5 × 0.01 m = 0.05 m 9 km2 = 9 × 2 = 9 × 2 × m2 = 9×106 m2 = 9 × 1000000 m2 = 9000000 m2 3 MW = 3×106 W = 3 × 1000000 W = 3000000 W The use of prefixes can be traced back to the introduction of the metric system in the 1790s, long before the 1960 introduction of the SI. The prefixes, including those introduced after 1960, are used with any metric unit, whether included in the SI or not.
Metric prefixes may be used with non-metric units. The choice of prefixes with a given unit is dictated by convenience of use. Unit prefixes for amounts that are much larger or smaller than those encountered are used; the units kilogram, milligram and smaller are used for measurement of mass. However, megagram and larger are used. Megagram and teragram are used to disambiguate the metric tonne from other units with the name'ton'; the kilogram is the only base unit of the International System of Units that includes a metric prefix. The litre, millilitre and smaller are common. In Europe, the centilitre is used for packaged products such as wine and the decilitre is less frequently; the latter two items include prefixes corresponding to an exponent, not divisible by three. Larger volumes are denoted in kilolitres, megalitres or gigalitres, or else in cubic metres or cubic kilometres. For scientific purposes, the cubic metre is used; the kilometre, centimetre and smaller are common. The micrometre is referred to by the non-SI term micron.
In some fields, such as chemistry, the ångström competed with the nanometre. The femtometre, used in particle physics, is sometimes called a fermi. For large scales, megametre and larger are used. Instead, non-metric units are used, such as astronomical units, light years, parsecs; the second, millisecond and shorter are common. The kilosecond and megasecond have some use, though for these and longer times one uses either scientific notation or minutes, so on; the SI unit of angle is the radian, but degrees and seconds see some scientific use. Official policy varies from common practice for the degree Celsius. NIST states: "Prefix symbols may be used with the unit symbol °C and prefix names may be used with the unit name'degree Celsius'. For example, 12 m°C (12 millidegr
The system of imperial units or the imperial system is the system of units first defined in the British Weights and Measures Act of 1824, refined and reduced. The Imperial units replaced the Winchester Standards, which were in effect from 1588 to 1825; the system came into official use across the British Empire. By the late 20th century, most nations of the former empire had adopted the metric system as their main system of measurement, although some imperial units are still used in the United Kingdom and other countries part of the British Empire; the imperial system developed from what were first known as English units, as did the related system of United States customary units. The Weights and Measures Act of 1824 was scheduled to go into effect on 1 May 1825. However, the Weights and Measures Act of 1825 pushed back the date to 1 January 1826; the 1824 Act allowed the continued use of pre-imperial units provided that they were customary known, marked with imperial equivalents. Apothecaries' units are mentioned neither in the act of 1824 nor 1825.
At the time, apothecaries' weights and measures were regulated "in England and Berwick-upon-Tweed" by the London College of Physicians, in Ireland by the Dublin College of Physicians. In Scotland, apothecaries' units were unofficially regulated by the Edinburgh College of Physicians; the three colleges published, at infrequent intervals, the London and Dublin editions having the force of law. Imperial apothecaries' measures, based on the imperial pint of 20 fluid ounces, were introduced by the publication of the London Pharmacopoeia of 1836, the Edinburgh Pharmacopoeia of 1839, the Dublin Pharmacopoeia of 1850; the Medical Act of 1858 transferred to The Crown the right to publish the official pharmacopoeia and to regulate apothecaries' weights and measures. Metric equivalents in this article assume the latest official definition. Before this date, the most precise measurement of the imperial Standard Yard was 0.914398415 metres. In 1824, the various different gallons in use in the British Empire were replaced by the imperial gallon, a unit close in volume to the ale gallon.
It was defined as the volume of 10 pounds of distilled water weighed in air with brass weights with the barometer standing at 30 inches of mercury at a temperature of 62 °F. In 1963, the gallon was redefined as the volume of 10 pounds of distilled water of density 0.998859 g/mL weighed in air of density 0.001217 g/mL against weights of density 8.136 g/mL, which works out to 4.546096 l or 277.4198 cu in. The Weights and Measures Act of 1985 switched to a gallon of 4.54609 L. These measurements were in use from 1826, when the new imperial gallon was defined, but were abolished in the United Kingdom on 1 January 1971. In the US, though no longer recommended, the apothecaries' system is still used in medicine in prescriptions for older medications. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the UK used three different systems for weight. Troy weight, used for precious metals; the distinction between mass and weight is not always drawn. A pound is a unit of mass, although it is referred to as a weight; when a distinction is necessary, the term pound-force may be used to refer to a unit of force rather than mass.
The troy pound was made the primary unit of mass by the 1824 Act. The Weights and Measures Act 1855 made the avoirdupois pound the primary unit of mass. In all the systems, the fundamental unit is the pound, all other units are defined as fractions or multiples of it. Although the 1824 act defined the yard and pound by reference to the prototype standards, it defined the values of certain physical constants, to make provision for re-creation of the standards if they were to be damaged. For the yard, the length of a pendulum beating seconds at the latitude of Greenwich at Mean Sea Level in vacuo was defined as 39.01393 inches. For the pound, the mass of a cubic inch of distilled water at an atmospheric pressure of 30 inches of mercury and a temperature of 62° Fahrenheit was defined as 252.458 grains, with there being 7,000 grains per pound. However, following the destruction of the original prototypes in the 1834 Houses of Parliament fire, it proved impossible to recreate the standards from these definitions, a new Weights and Measures Act was passed in 1855 which permitted the recreation of the prototypes from recognized secondary standards.
The imperial system is one of many systems of English units. Although most of the units are defined in more than one system, some subsidiary units were used to a much greater extent, or for different purposes, in one area rather than the other; the distinctions between these systems are not drawn precisely. One such distinction is that between these systems and older British/English units/systems or newer additions; the term imperial should not be applied to English units that were outlawed in the Weights and Measures Act 1824 or earlier, or which had fallen out of use by that time, nor to post-imperial inventions, such as the slug or poundal. The US customary system is derived from the English units that were in use at the time of settlement; because the United States was independent at the time, these units were unaffected b
La Paz known as Nuestra Señora de La Paz named Chuqi Yapu in Aymara, is the seat of government and the de facto national capital of the Plurinational State of Bolivia. With an estimated 789,541 residents as of 2015, La Paz is the third-most populous city in Bolivia, its metropolitan area, formed by La Paz, El Alto and Viacha, makes up the most populous urban area in Bolivia, with a population of 2.3 million. It is the capital of the La Paz Department; the city, located in west-central Bolivia 68 km southeast of Lake Titicaca, is set in a canyon created by the Choqueyapu River. It is located in a bowl-like depression surrounded by the high mountains of the Altiplano. Overlooking the city is the towering, triple-peaked Illimani, its peaks can be seen from many parts of the city. At an elevation of 3,650 m above sea level, La Paz is the highest capital city in the world. Due to its altitude, La Paz has an unusual subtropical highland climate, with rainy summers and dry winters. La Paz was founded on October 20, 1548 by the Spanish conquistador Captain Alonso de Mendoza at the site of the Inca settlement of Laja as a connecting point between the commercial routes that led from Potosí and Oruro to Lima.
The city was moved to its present location in the valley of Chuquiago Marka. La Paz was under Spanish colonial rule as part of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, before Bolivia gained independence. Since its founding, the city was the site of numerous revolts. In 1781, the indigenous leader and independence activist Túpac Katari laid siege to the city for a total of six months, but was defeated. On July 16, 1809 the Bolivian patriot Pedro Domingo Murillo ignited a revolution for independence, marking the beginning of the Spanish American Wars of Independence, which gained the freedom of South American states in 1821; as the seat of the government of Bolivia, La Paz is the site of the Palacio Quemado, the presidential palace. It is the seat of the Bolivian legislature, the Plurinational Legislative Assembly, numerous government departments and agencies; the constitutional capital of Bolivia, retains the judicial power. The city hosts all the foreign embassies as well as international missions in the country.
La Paz is an important political, administrative and sports center of Bolivia. La Paz is an important cultural center of Latin America, as it hosts several landmarks belonging to the colonial times, such as the San Francisco Church, the Metropolitan Cathedral, the Plaza Murillo and the Jaén Street; the city is renowned for its unique markets the Witches' Market, for its vibrant nightlife. Its unusual topography offers unique views of the city and the surrounding mountains of the Cordillera Real from numerous natural viewing points. La Paz is home to the largest urban cable car network in the world. In May 2015, it was recognized as one of the New 7 Wonders Cities together with Beirut, Durban, Kuala Lumpur and Vigan. La Paz is listed on the Global Cities Index 2015, is considered a global city type "Gamma" by Globalization and World Cities Research Network; this area had been the site of an Inca city, located on a major trading route. Although the Spanish conquistadors entered the area in 1535, they did not found La Paz until 1548.
It was to be at the site of the Native American settlement, with the full name of the city being Nuestra Señora de La Paz. The name commemorated the restoration of peace following the insurrection of Gonzalo Pizarro and fellow conquistadors four years earlier against Blasco Núñez Vela, the first viceroy of Peru; the town site was moved a few days to its present location in the valley of Chuquiago, more clement. Control over the former Inca lands had been entrusted to Pedro de la Gasca by the Spanish king Emperor Charles V. Gasca commanded Alonso de Mendoza to found a new city commemorating the end of the civil wars in Peru. In 1549, Juan Gutierrez Paniagua was commanded to design an urban plan that would designate sites for public areas, official buildings, a cathedral; these were meant to express the relationships of Spanish colonial society. La Plaza de los Españoles, known today as the Plaza Murillo, was chosen as the location for government buildings as well as the Metropolitan Cathedral.
Spain controlled La Paz with a firm grip and the Spanish king had the last word in all matters political, but consultation was extended, taking months or longer by sea. Indigenous and other unrest was repeated around the turn of the nineteenth century. In 1781, for a total of six months, a group of Aymara people laid siege to La Paz. Under the leadership of Tupac Katari, they destroyed churches and government property. Thirty years Indians conducted a two-month siege against La Paz; this incident was the setting for the origin of the legend of the Ekeko. In 1809 the struggle for independence from the Spanish rule brought uprisings against the royalist forces. On July 16, 1809 Pedro Domi
Shani Earl Davis is an American speed skater. At the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Davis became the first black athlete to win a gold medal in an individual event at the Olympic Winter Games, winning the speedskating 1000 meter event, he won a silver medal in the 1500 meter event. At the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, he repeated the feat, becoming the first man to defend the 1000 meters and repeating as the 1500 meter silver medalist. Davis won the silver medal at the 2004 World Allround Speed Skating Championships, he proceeded to win the World Allround Championships in both 2005 and 2006. In 2009, he won the World Sprint Championships in Moscow, the site of his first World Allround Championship victory; when Davis won those events, he became the second male skater to win both the Sprint and Allround in his career, after Eric Heiden. He has won six World Single Distance Championships titles, three at 1500 meters and three at 1000 meters, he led the United States to its first and only World Championship gold medal in the Team Pursuit event in 2011.
He has won ten career six at 1000 meters and four at 1500 meters. Davis earned the title of Grand World Cup Champion for the 2013–14 season, earning the most points across all distances, his 58 career individual victories on the ISU Speed Skating World Cup circuit place him second all-time among men. Davis has set a total of nine world records, he held the top spot on the world Adelskalender list after taking the lead from Sven Kramer in March 2009 for a little over ten years until Patrick Roest surpassed him in March 2019. The Adelskalender ranks the all-time fastest long track speed skaters by personal best times in the four World Allround Championship distances. Davis is known for technical proficiency. Davis is a native of Chicago and trains at two U. S. Olympic training facilities, the Pettit National Ice Center in West Allis and the Utah Olympic Oval in Salt Lake City, Utah. Davis was born on August 13, 1982, in Chicago, Illinois, to Reginald Shuck and Cherie Davis, his father selected the name "Shani" from an African name dictionary.
His mother, worked for a man, a local lawyer as well as a speed skating official. The lawyer's son was an elite level speed skater. At her lawyer's suggestion, Cherie enrolled Shani at the Robert Crown Center in nearby Evanston when he was six years old. Cherie was determined, she would wake Shani up in the morning to run a mile on a nearby track to build up his endurance. In order to be closer to his skating club and Davis moved from the neighborhood of Hyde Park to Rogers Park. At 16, Davis was invited to Lake Placid, New York, to participate in a development program for young speed skaters. After training there for a year, Davis decided to pursue his Olympic dreams and moved to Marquette, Michigan, to further his training. There, he would graduate from Marquette Senior High School. Davis earned spots on both the long track and short track teams at the 1999 junior world championship making the national team. In 2000, he made history by becoming the first U. S. skater to make the long and short track teams at the Junior World Teams, a feat he would accomplish again in 2001 and 2002.
His height has always made him unique among short trackers. The extra height made it easier for Davis to race low to the ice. Davis would go on to win a bronze medal in the Team Relay at the 2005 World Short Track Championships in Beijing, shared by U. S. teammates Apolo Ohno, Rusty Smith and Alex Izykowski. In December 2001, Davis traveled to Utah to compete for a spot on the 2002 Winter Olympics short track team. Teammates Apolo Ohno and Rusty Smith had slots on the six-man team due to points earned from earlier races, Ron Biondo was a lock for the third spot. In order for Davis to qualify, he would have to win the final race. Ohno and Smith were both participating, it would be necessary for Davis to cross the finish line first. Ohno had been dominant in the meet up to this point. A win by Davis seemed to be a long shot. In a major surprise, Davis won the 1000m race, with Smith second and Ohno third. Davis's first-place finish earned him enough points to move past Tommy O'Hare in the final point standings.
Davis now became the first African-American skater to earn a spot on the team. The euphoria of the victory was short-lived, however. Rumors began to swirl that Ohno and Smith—both good friends of Davis—intentionally threw the race in order to let Davis win the event. After returning to Colorado Springs, O'Hare would file a formal complaint. For three days, Ohno and Davis stood before an arbitration panel as three of their fellow skaters testified that they heard Ohno telling Smith that he was going to let Davis win. Ohno would confess that he had subconsciously held back for fear of crashing into Davis or Smith, a common occurrence in the sport, he pointed out that he did not need to win the race because he had a spot on the team. Questions persisted as to whether Ohno had held back, since he kept passing Biondo; some speculated that Ohno was holding off Biondo from challenging Smith, as Smith needed to finish ahead of Biondo in order to secure a spot in the 1000 m for Salt Lake. This scenario would have been a violation of the rules of team skating.
Both claims went unproven in the
The astronomical unit is a unit of length the distance from Earth to the Sun. However, that distance varies as Earth orbits the Sun, from a maximum to a minimum and back again once a year. Conceived as the average of Earth's aphelion and perihelion, since 2012 it has been defined as 149597870700 metres or about 150 million kilometres; the astronomical unit is used for measuring distances within the Solar System or around other stars. It is a fundamental component in the definition of another unit of astronomical length, the parsec. A variety of unit symbols and abbreviations have been in use for the astronomical unit. In a 1976 resolution, the International Astronomical Union used the symbol A to denote a length equal to the astronomical unit. In the astronomical literature, the symbol AU was common. In 2006, the International Bureau of Weights and Measures recommended ua as the symbol for the unit. In the non-normative Annex C to ISO 80000-3, the symbol of the astronomical unit is "ua". In 2012, the IAU, noting "that various symbols are presently in use for the astronomical unit", recommended the use of the symbol "au".
In the 2014 revision of the SI Brochure, the BIPM used the unit symbol "au". Earth's orbit around the Sun is an ellipse; the semi-major axis of this elliptic orbit is defined to be half of the straight line segment that joins the perihelion and aphelion. The centre of the Sun lies on this straight line segment, but not at its midpoint; because ellipses are well-understood shapes, measuring the points of its extremes defined the exact shape mathematically, made possible calculations for the entire orbit as well as predictions based on observation. In addition, it mapped out the largest straight-line distance that Earth traverses over the course of a year, defining times and places for observing the largest parallax in nearby stars. Knowing Earth's shift and a star's shift enabled the star's distance to be calculated, but all measurements are subject to some degree of error or uncertainty, the uncertainties in the length of the astronomical unit only increased uncertainties in the stellar distances.
Improvements in precision have always been a key to improving astronomical understanding. Throughout the twentieth century, measurements became precise and sophisticated, more dependent on accurate observation of the effects described by Einstein's theory of relativity and upon the mathematical tools it used. Improving measurements were continually checked and cross-checked by means of improved understanding of the laws of celestial mechanics, which govern the motions of objects in space; the expected positions and distances of objects at an established time are calculated from these laws, assembled into a collection of data called an ephemeris. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory HORIZONS System provides one of several ephemeris computation services. In 1976, in order to establish a yet more precise measure for the astronomical unit, the IAU formally adopted a new definition. Although directly based on the then-best available observational measurements, the definition was recast in terms of the then-best mathematical derivations from celestial mechanics and planetary ephemerides.
It stated that "the astronomical unit of length is that length for which the Gaussian gravitational constant takes the value 0.01720209895 when the units of measurement are the astronomical units of length and time". Equivalently, by this definition, one AU is "the radius of an unperturbed circular Newtonian orbit about the sun of a particle having infinitesimal mass, moving with an angular frequency of 0.01720209895 radians per day". Subsequent explorations of the Solar System by space probes made it possible to obtain precise measurements of the relative positions of the inner planets and other objects by means of radar and telemetry; as with all radar measurements, these rely on measuring the time taken for photons to be reflected from an object. Because all photons move at the speed of light in vacuum, a fundamental constant of the universe, the distance of an object from the probe is calculated as the product of the speed of light and the measured time. However, for precision the calculations require adjustment for things such as the motions of the probe and object while the photons are transiting.
In addition, the measurement of the time itself must be translated to a standard scale that accounts for relativistic time dilation. Comparison of the ephemeris positions with time measurements expressed in the TDB scale leads to a value for the speed of light in astronomical units per day. By 2009, the IAU had updated its standard measures to reflect improvements, calculated the speed of light at 173.1446326847 AU/d. In 1983, the International Committee for Weights and Measures modified the International System of Units to make the metre defined as the distance travelled in a vacuum by light in 1/299792458 second; this replaced the previous definition, valid between 1960 and 1983, that the metre equalled a certain number of wavelengths of a certain emission line of krypton-86. The speed of light could be expressed as c0 = 299792458 m/s, a standard adopted by the IERS numerical standards. From this definition and the 2009 IAU standard, the time for light to traverse an AU is found to be
A constituent assembly or constitutional assembly is a body or assembly of popularly elected representatives composed for the purpose of drafting or adopting a constitutional-type document. The constituent assembly is a subset of a constitutional convention elected by popular vote; as the fundamental document constituting a state, a constitution cannot be modified or amended by the state's normal legislative procedures. A constituent assembly is set up for its specific purpose, which it carries out in a short time, after which the assembly is dissolved. A constituent assembly is a form of representative democracy. Unlike forms of constitution-making in which a constitution is unilaterally imposed by a sovereign lawmaker, the constituent assembly creates a constitution through "internally imposed" actions, in that members of the constituent assembly are themselves citizens, but not the rulers, of the country for which they are creating a constitution; as described by Columbia University Social Sciences Professor Jon Elster: Constitutions arise in a number of different ways.
At the non-democratic extreme of the spectrum, we may imagine a sovereign lawgiver laying down the constitution for all generations. At the democratic extreme, we may imagine a constituent assembly elected by universal suffrage for the sole task of writing a new constitution, and there are all sorts of intermediate arrangements. Right after the 1948 Costa Rican Civil War that overthrow Rafael Angel Calderón Government, the leaders of the victorious side call for an election of a Constituent Assembly in the same year; the Assembly drafted and approved the current Costa Rican Constitution. The Danish Constituent Assembly established the Constitution of Denmark in 1849. During the French Revolution a National Constituent Assembly was formed when representatives assembled at the only location available – a tennis court – and swore the Tennis Court Oath on June 20, 1789, promising that they would not adjourn until they had drafted a new constitution for France. Louis XVI recognized the validity of the National Constituent Assembly on June 27, 1789.
See French Constituent Assembly election, 1848 On 27 November 2010, Iceland held an election for a constitutional assembly, with 522 people vying for 25 delegate seats. The constitutional assembly, in session for four months from early April until late July 2011, drafted a new constitution and passed it unanimously with 25 votes against zero with no abstentions. Parliament put the bill to a national referendum 20 October 2012 in which 67% of the voters declared their support for the bill. Further, 67% of the voters declared their support for equal voting rights and 83% declared their support for national ownership of natural resources, two key provisions of the bill. Parliament has failed to ratify the bill, inviting accusations that the political class is trying to thwart the will of the people by disrespecting the result of the 2012 constitutional referendum; the Constituent Assembly of India was elected to write the Constitution of India, served as its first Parliament as an independent nation.
It was set up as a result of negotiations between the leaders of the Indian independence movement and members of the British Cabinet Mission. The constituent assembly was elected indirectly by the members of the Provincial legislative assembly, which existed under the British Raj, it first met on December 1946, in Delhi. On August 15, 1947, India became an independent nation, the Constituent Assembly started functioning as India's Parliament. Dr. Ambedkar drafted the Constitution of India in conjunction with the requisite deliberations and debates in the Constituent Assembly; the Assembly approved the Constitution on November 26, 1949, it took effect on January 26, 1950 — a day now commemorated as Republic Day in India. Once the Constitution took effect, the Constituent Assembly became the Provisional Parliament of India The Constitutional Assembly of Indonesia was established to draw up a permanent constitution, its membership was elected in November 1955, it met for the first time in November 1956.
After four sessions, it failed to agree on the fundamental basis for the state. It was dissolved in 1959, the original constitution imposed by presidential decree; the Constituent Assembly of Italy was established in 1946 in the wake of Fascist Italy's defeat during World War II. It was elected with universal suffrage with a referendum about the adoption of Republic or the continuation of monarchy. Voters chose Republic, the new assembly had the task to approve the new republic governments, as well as to write a new constitution; this was approved on 22 December 1947. It was dissolved on 31 January 1948. Nepal has had two Constituent assemblies, the current one being elected after its predecessor failed to deliver a constitution, despite multiple extensions, it serves as the country's parliament. Nepal had made constitution with 89% majority. Nepal is adopting Federal states soon; the Russian Constituent Assembly was established in Russia in the wake of the October Revolution of 1917 to form a new constitution after the overthrow of the Russian Provisional Government.
The Sri Lankan Parliament approved the creation of a Sri Lankan Constitutional Assembly on March 9, 2016 proposed by Prime Minister