Katyayani is the sixth form amongst Navadurga or the nine forms of Hindu goddess Durga, worshipped during the Navratri celebrations..she may be depicted with four or ten or eighteen hands. This is the second name given for Goddess Adi Parashakti in the Sanskrit lexicon. Goddess Katyayani was worshipped by Rukmini for a good husband. In Shaktism she is associated with the fierce forms of Shakti or Durga, a Warrior goddess, which includes Bhadrakali and Chandika, traditionally she is associated with the colour red, as with Goddess Durga, the primordial form of Shakti, a fact mentioned in Patanjali's Mahabhashya on Pāṇini, written in 2nd century BCE, she is first mentioned in the Taittiriya Aranyaka part of the Yajurveda. Skanda Purana mentions her being created out of the spontaneous anger of Gods, which led to slaying the demon, mounted on the lion; this occasion is celebrated during the annual Durga Puja festival in most parts of India. Her exploits are described in the Devi-Bhagavata Purana and Devi Mahatmyam, part of the Markandeya Purana attributed to sage Markandeya Rishi, who wrote it in Sanskrit ca.
400-500 CE. Over a period of time, her presence was felt in Buddhist and Jain texts and several Tantric text the Kalika-Purana, which mentions Uddiyana or Odradesa, as the seat of Goddess Katyayani and Lord Jagannath. In Hindu traditions like Yoga and Tantra, she is ascribed to the sixth Ajna Chakra or the Third eye chakra and her blessings are invoked by concentrating on this point. According to the Vamana Purana she was created from the combined energies of the gods when their anger at the demon Mahishasura manifested itself in the form of energy rays; the rays crystallized in the hermitage of Kātyāyana Rishi, who gave it proper form therefore she is called Katyayani or "daughter of Katyayana". Elsewhere in texts like Kalika Purana, it is mentioned that it was Rishi Kaytyayana who first worshipped her, hence she came to known as Katyayani. In either case, she is a demonstration or apparition of the Durga and is worshipped on the sixth day of Navratri festival; the Vamana Purana mentions the legend of her creation in great detail: "When the gods had sought Vishnu in their distress, he and at his command Shiva and the other gods, emitted such flames from their eyes and countenances that a mountain of effulgence was formed, from which became manifest Katyayini, refulgent as a thousand suns, having three eyes, black hair and eighteen arms.
Shiva gave her his trident, Vishnu a Sudarshan Chakra or discus, Varuna a shankha, a conch-shell, Agni a dart, Vayu a bow, Surya a quiver full of arrows, Indra a thunderbolt, Kuvera a mace, Brahma a rosary and water-pot, Kala a shield and sword, Visvakarma a battle-axe and other weapons. Thus armed and adored by the gods, Katyayani proceeded to the Mysore hills. There, the asuras saw her and captivated by her beauty they so described her to Mahishasura, their king, that he was anxious to obtain her. On asking for her hand, she told him, he fought. The legend finds mention in Varaha Purana and the classical text of Shaktism, the Devi-Bhagavata Purana As per Karveer Mahatmya, Katyayani accompanied goddess Mahalakshmi to Karvir and participated in the war against demon Kolhasur. Raktabeej, an aide of Kolhasur, possessed a power whereby every drop of his blood spilled on earth would give rise to a demon. Due to this power, Bhairava was finding it impossible to kill Raktabeej. Katyayani swallowed all of Raktabeej's blood without letting it fall on earth.
She created an Amrut Kunda to rejuvenate Bhairava's soldiers, thus playing a crucial role in the war. Her temple to the South of Kolhapur commemorates this; the second among the'Shaktipeeths' is Tulja Bhavani of Tuljapur. It is the family deity of the Bhosale Royal family, the Yadavs and of countless numbers of families belonging to different castes; the founder of the Maratha kingdom, Shivaji Maharaj always visited the temple to seek her blessings. It is believed that the Goddess DurgaBhavani gave him a sword -'the Bhawani sword' - for success in his expeditions; the history of the temple has been mentioned in the Skanda Purana. According to Tantras, she revealed through the North face, one six Faces of Shiva; this face is blue in colour and with three eyes and revealed the Devis, Mahakali, Smashanakalika, Ekajata, Taritni, Nilasarasvati, Jayadurga, Vashuli, Vishalakshi, Bagalamukhi, Matangi, Mahishasuramardini, their rites and Mantras. The Bhagavata Purana in 10th Canto, 22nd Chapter, describes the legend of Katyayani Vrata, where young marriageable daughters of the cowherd men of Gokula in Braja, worshipped Goddess Katyayani and took a vrata or vow, during the entire month of Margashirsha, the first month of the winter season, to get Lord Krishna as their husband.
During the month, they ate only unspiced khichri and after bathing in the Yamuna at sunrise, made an earthen deity of the goddess on the riverbank and worshipped the idol with aromatic substances like sandalwood pulp, fruits, betel nuts, newly grown leaves, fragrant garlands and incense. This follows the episode where Krishna takes away their clothes while they were bathing
The Battle of Zitácuaro was a battle of the War of Mexican Independence that occurred on 2 January 1812 in the area around Zitácuaro, Michoacán. The battle was fought between the royalist forces loyal to the Spanish crown and the Mexican rebels fighting for independence from the Spanish Empire; the Mexican insurgents were commanded by General Ignacio López Rayón and the Spanish by Félix María Calleja. The battle resulted in a victory for the Spanish Royalists in the face of overwhelming odds; the viceroy of New Spain, Francisco Javier Venegas de Saavedra y Ramínez de Arenzana, ordered the retaking of the city of Heroica Zitácuaro as it was the contemporary site of the "Suprema Junta Nacional Gubernativa", the headquarters for the direction of the entire insurgency against the Spanish crown. The two armies came to blows around the city of Zitácuaro. During the battle, Ramón López Rayón, the younger brother of the supreme insurgent commander, Ignacio López Rayón, lost his eye. After many hours of battle, the city fell to Spanish forces despite the numerical superiority of the rebel forces.
In the wake of the rebel defeat at Zitácuaro, the members of the Suprema Junta Nacional Gubernativa were made to flee the city and relocated to the towns of Tlalchapa and Sultepec. Mexican War of Independence Zárate, Julio. "La Guerra de Independencia". In Vicente Riva Palacio. México a través de los siglos. III. México: Ballescá y compañía. Retrieved 5 May 2010. Bustamante, Carlos María de. Cuadro histórico de la revolución mexicana, comenzada en 15 de septiembre de 1810 por el ciudadano Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Cura del pueblo de los Dolores. México DF: Impr. de JM Lara
The 1955–56 UCLA Bruins men's basketball team represented the University of California, Los Angeles during the 1955–56 NCAA men's basketball season and were members of the Pacific Coast Conference. The Bruins were led by eight year head coach John Wooden, they finished the regular season with a record of 22–6 and won the PCC regular season championship with a record of 16–0. UCLA lost to the San Francisco Dons in the NCAA regional semifinals and defeated the Seattle Chieftains in the regional consolation game; the victory over Seattle was UCLA's first victory in the NCAA tournament. The Bruins finished the regular season with a record of 21–5 and won the PCC Southern Division with a record of 11–1. UCLA lost to Oregon State in the PCC conference play-offs. Source
Momotaro Dentetsu is a long-running board game-style video game series in Japan. The game mechanics are compared to the board games sugoroku and Monopoly. Started in 1988, the series was produced by Hudson Soft; the rights to the series are now owned by Konami Corporation, who absorbed Hudson in 2012. The title is thought of as a play on the title for another video game series by Hudson Soft, Momotaro Densetsu, with which it is sometimes confused; the project supervisor for the series is Akira Sakuma, with illustration by Takayuki Doi and main music production by Kazuyuki Sekiguchi of Southern All Stars. The series is popular in Japan. Total shipments exceeded 12 million units by 2011. To commemorate the 20th anniversary of the series, Hudson collaborated with the financially troubled Chōshi Electric Railway Line, operating a train on the railway decorated with a Momotaro Dentetsu motif. Opening on April 25, 2007, the train ran until its third anniversary. In June 2009, two Momotetsu-themed restaurants opened at Japanese railway stations: one at Haijima Station, another at Kami-Nagaya Station.
From 2004, for many years promotional marketing for the series featured the pairing of comedian Tomonori Jinnai and gravure idol/tarento Chinatsu Wakatsuki. In June 2015, creator Akira Sakuma stated “I’m announcing here that Momotaro Dentetsu is done. Ishikawa at Konami squelched everything.” However, in July 2015, Konami lends the license to Nintendo for an unspecified amount of yen. After 7 years of no release, a new version of the game was released, exclusive to the Nintendo 3DS. Momotaro Dentetsu II is set to be released in the US on the TurboGrafx-16 Mini. Momotaro Dentetsu Super Momotaro Dentetsu Super Momotaro Dentetsu Ⅱ Super Momotaro Dentetsu Ⅲ Super Momotaro Dentetsu 3 Super Momotaro Dentetsu DX Momotaro Dentetsu HAPPY Momotaro Dentetsu 7 Momotaro Dentetsu jr.: Zenkoku Ramen Meguri no Maki Momotaro Dentetsu V Momotaro Dentetsu X: Kyushu Version Momotaro Dentetsu 11: Black Bombee Arrives Momotaro Dentetsu 12: All Aboard for Western Japan! Momotaro Dentetsu USA - Momotaro Dentetsu G: Make a Gold Deck!
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Paul Randall Harrington was an American orthopaedic surgeon. He is best known as the designer of the Harrington Rod, the first device for the straightening and immobilization of the spine inside the body, it entered common use in the early 1960s and remained the gold standard for scoliosis surgery until the late 1990s. During this period over one million people benefited from Harrington's procedure. Harrington was born September 27, 1911 and educated in the Kansas City school system, from which he graduated in 1930, having been named one of the State of Kansas' 15 most outstanding high-school graduates, he had not planned to go to college but changed his mind after being offered a basketball scholarship by the University of Kansas. During his time at the University of Kansas he competed on their basketball team, which won the Big Eight championship three years in a row. In his senior year he was elected captain of the team. An initial interest in the field of physical education bloomed into an interest in medicine.
He attended the University of Kansas School of Medicine and graduated in 1939, having worked his way through school playing semi-professional basketball. In 1936 he tried out for the national Olympic team and won the championship of his region in the javelin, but did not end up attending the finals in Chicago due to the cost involved. Harrington undertook his internship and first year of surgical residency at Roper Hospital, South Carolina, after which he returned to St Luke's Hospital in Kansas City, where he completed his residency in orthopaedic surgery in 1942, under Doctors Frank Dickson and Rex Dively, he joined the United States Army. In the Army, from May 1942 to November 1945 Harrington served as a doctor at the 77th Evacuation Hospital in World War II, acting as chief of the orthopaedic service; the 77th Evacuation Hospital was made up of medical practitioners from the University of Kansas Schools of Medicine and Nursing, saw service in Europe and Africa. It was during his time with the 77th that Harrington encountered such military celebrities as General George S. Patton.
Following the war Harrington moved to Texas and worked as a surgeon at Jefferson Davis County Hospital in Houston. During the post-war years a poliomyelitis epidemic caused polio cases to swell and they became his main priority. At this time he worked with the Baylor College of Medicine to create the Southwest Respiratory Foundation of the National Infantile Paralysis Association, the first such organisation in the United States. Polio patients would sometimes develop scoliosis, a condition where the spine becomes curved laterally. Harrington realised that existing treatments for scoliosis, which relied on physical therapy, were inappropriate for patients paralysed by polio, began to research new treatments. An early method he tried for scoliotic polio patients was manual correction of the scoliotic deformity at the time of surgery, internal fixation of each facet. There were some benefits to this treatment but Harrington found that the fixation would not hold; the hooks and threaded rods used would break, causing curvature to return to the spine.
Two patients of this procedure died. Undeterred, from the late 1940s to late 1950s Harrington worked on what would become known as the Harrington implant, or Harrington Rod; the Harrington Rod, or Harrington implant, is a device for the straightening of the spine inside the body, designed by Paul Harrington. The device consists of a stainless steel rod, attached to the spine at the top and bottom of the curve with hooks. Attached ratchets are tightened to distract or straighten the spine. Following surgery to insert the rod, the patient wears a postoperative plaster cast or brace for a few months, until vertebral fusion has occurred, after which the cast or brace is removed. Harrington's first uses of the device that would become the Harringon Rod involved creating fresh instruments on the night before a prospective surgery. Following the surgery, he would modify the design for use on the next patient, making alterations based on his perception of the surgery outcome. Once Harrington was satisfied with the basic design, he arranged for extensive testing of the instruments at the Engineering Department at Rice University in Houston, at a commercial testing company in Chicago, Illinois.
He publicly presented the process at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons in Chicago in 1958, where it was met with "astonishment and deep skepticism". However, the process gained acceptance. In 1959 Harrington contracted with the medical manufacturing firm Zimmer to make his instrumentation available to other doctors, he insisted that no one be allowed to use the rods without first seeing him demonstrate the procedure. Time Magazine reported in 1960, "Some ailments seem preferable to their cures. A case in point is an abnormal curvature of the spine that occurs in childhood. Treatment seems so punishing that cannot be persuaded to permit it to save their children from permanent deformity. Last week Houston surgeon Paul Harrington, MD, was winning converts to a new and happier method."The major drawback of the Harrington Rod is that it straightens out the normal front to back curvature of the segment of the spine, fused, which in many patients results in a flat back deformity known as "flatback syndrome".
Advances in surgical techniques and technology in the late 1990s were able, in most cases, to correct scoliosis without causing flatback syndrome, leading to the gradual phasing out of the Harrington Rod. During the late 1950s and early 1960s, Harrington traveled extensively, demonstr