The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme is the process established in 2003 to prevent "conflict diamonds" from entering the mainstream rough diamond market by United Nations General Assembly Resolution 55/56 following recommendations in the Fowler Report. The process was set up "to ensure that diamond purchases were not financing violence by rebel movements and their allies seeking to undermine legitimate governments."The effectiveness of the process has been brought into question by organizations such as Global Witness and IMPACT, claiming it has failed in its purpose and does not provide markets with assurance that the diamonds are not conflict diamonds. Organisations such as Human Rights Watch have argued that the Kimberley Process is too narrow in scope and does not adequately serve to eliminate other human rights concerns from the diamond production chain; the United Nations imposed sanctions against UNITA in 1998 through United Nations Security Council Resolution 1173, however investigators led by Robert Fowler presented the Fowler Report to the UN in March 2000, which detailed how the movement was able to continue financing its war efforts through the sale of diamonds on the international market.
The UN had limited powers of enforcement. This led to a meeting of Southern African diamond-producing states in Kimberley, Northern Cape in May 2000. A culminating ministerial meeting followed during September in Pretoria, from which the KPCS originated. In December 2000, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution A/RES/55/56, supporting the creation of an international certification scheme for rough diamonds, this was followed by support from the United Nations Security Council in its Resolution 1459 passed in January 2003; every year since, the General Assembly has renewed its support for the KP - most in March 2018. In order for a country to be a participant, it must ensure that any diamond originating from the country does not finance a rebel group or other entity seeking to overthrow a UN-recognized government, that every diamond export be accompanied by a Kimberley Process certificate and that no diamond is imported from, or exported to, a non-member of the scheme; this three-step plan is a simple description of the steps taken to ensure a chain of countries that deal with non-conflict diamonds.
By restricting diamond revenues to government-approved sources, the Kimberley Process is neutral towards different governments. The World Diamond Council created a System of Warranties for diamonds, endorsed by all KPCS participants. Under this system, all buyers and sellers of both rough and polished diamonds must make the following affirmative statement on all invoices: “The diamonds herein invoiced have been purchased from legitimate sources not involved in funding conflict and in compliance with United Nations resolutions; the seller hereby guarantees that these diamonds are conflict free, based on personal knowledge and/or written guarantees provided by the supplier of these diamonds.”It is considered a violation of the KPCS to issue a warranty declaration on a sales invoice unless it can be corroborated by warranty invoices received for purchases. Each company trading in diamonds must keep records of the warranty invoices received and the warranty invoices issued when buying or selling diamonds.
This flow of warranties in and out must be audited and reconciled on an annual basis by the company’s auditors. In addition, the diamond industry organizations and their members have adopted the following principles of self-regulation: to trade only with companies that include warranty declarations on their invoices. Failure to abide by these principles exposes the member to expulsion from industry organizations; the working procedure of the KPCS is done by the chair, elected on an annual basis at a plenary meeting. A working group on monitoring, works to ensure that each participant is implementing the scheme correctly; the working group reports to the Chair. Other working groups include the technical working group which reports on difficulties in implementation and proposes solutions, the statistics working group, which reports diamond trading data. While the Process has been broadly welcomed by groups aiming to improve human rights in countries affected by conflict diamonds, such as Angola, some say it does not go far enough.
For instance, Amnesty International says " welcome the Kimberley Process as an important step to dealing with the problem of conflict diamonds. But until the diamond trade is subject to mandatory, impartial monitoring, there is still no effective guarantee that all conflict diamond
Reg King was an English singer and songwriter, most famous for being the solo and lead singer with The Boys and The Action. He died of cancer, aged 65, in October 2010. Reg King The eponymous solo LP was released by United Artists records, features members of "B. B. Blunder" and "Mighty Baby", plus Steve Winwood, Brian Auger and Danny McCulloch; the album was reissued in 2006 by Circle Records, The CD has 6 bonus tracks. Looking For a Dream This collection is a second unreleased album, issued again by Circle Records, under his nickname Reggie King. "Little Boy" b/w "10,000 Miles" 1971 Missing In Action 10"/6-Track EP Side 1 "Merry Go Round" 3.29 + "You Go Have Yourself A Good Time" 3.55 * "Magenta" 5.54 +Side 2 "So Full of Love" 4.21 + "10,000 Miles" 3.21 * "Must Be Something Else Around" 4.32 * The track "Gone Away" appears on United Artists Records 1971 sampler All Good Clean Fun The single "Little Boy" appears on the 2004 EMI CD re-package of All Good Clean Fun Reg King discography at Discogs
Phoenix LRT station is one of the LRT stations on the Bukit Panjang LRT line in Singapore, located along Choa Chu Kang Road. As of February 2017, Phoenix station has Half-Height Platform Barriers installed at both platforms of the station; the name is derived from Phoenix Heights, a name for a cluster of private low rise houses along one side of the station. An LRT train with 20 passengers crashed into an empty LRT train at Phoenix station on 19 November 2000 after an operations officer failed to do a manual check of the lines before restarting the network system; the impact threw standing passengers to the floor of the train, injuring five of them. The service was disrupted for seven hours but it was restored in stages and was functional again by 2.30 pm the same day. Communications and Information Technology Minister Yeo Cheow Tong visited the site soon after being told of the accident. In 2010, an LRT technician, Chia Teck Heng, checking the power rail between Phoenix and Bukit Panjang stations, died of injuries sustained after being hit by a train at Phoenix Station