Kimi-Matias Räikkönen, nicknamed "Iceman", is a Finnish racing driver driving in Formula One for Alfa Romeo Racing. He won the 2007 Formula One World Championship in his first season at Scuderia Ferrari. After nine seasons racing in Formula One he left the sport to compete in the World Rally Championship in 2010 and 2011, returning to Formula One from 2012. In addition to this title, Räikkönen finished second overall in 2003 and 2005, third in 2008, 2012 and 2018. Räikkönen has won 21 Grands Prix, making him the most successful Finnish driver in terms of Formula One race wins, he is the only driver to take a race win in V8 and the hybrid V6 engine eras. Räikkönen entered Formula One as a regular driver for Sauber-Petronas in 2001, having competed in only 23 car races previously, he joined McLaren-Mercedes in 2002, became a title contender by finishing runner-up in the championship to Michael Schumacher in 2003, Fernando Alonso in 2005. Räikkönen's seasons at McLaren were plagued by severe unreliability from his cars, prompting a move to Ferrari in 2007.
This change saw him crowned Formula One World Drivers' Champion that season, pipping both McLaren drivers–Lewis Hamilton and Fernando Alonso–to the title by just one point. In 2008 he equalled the record for the greatest number of fastest laps in a season for the second time. Räikkönen left both Scuderia Ferrari and the sport after the 2009 season, his sole victory that year having come in that season's Belgian Grand Prix due to driving an uncompetitive Ferrari F60. On his return to Formula One, Räikkönen drove for Lotus in 2012 and 2013, scoring the team's only victories. On 11 September 2013, Ferrari announced his re-signing on a two-year contract, beginning in the 2014 season; this contract was subsequently extended until the end of the 2018 season. Räikkönen scored 26 podiums and two pole positions, but endured more than four winless years after rejoining Ferrari before winning the 2018 United States Grand Prix, after 113 Grands Prix and nine years since his last Ferrari victory from his first stint with the team.
In spite of the long winless streak, Räikkönen finished among the top four overall in the championship on multiple occasions during his second Ferrari stint. Räikkönen finished his total eight-year long Ferrari career with a third place in the 2018 championship. In September 2018 Ferrari announced that Räikkönen would leave at the end of the season, followed shortly by an announcement from Ferrari-affiliated Sauber Alfa Romeo stating that Räikkönen had been signed on a two-year contract for 2019 and 2020, with Sauber's rookie Charles Leclerc switching to Ferrari in his place. In the World Rally Championship, Räikkönen drove a Citroën C4 WRC for the Citroën Junior Team in 2010, a Citroën DS3 WRC for ICE 1 Racing in 2011, his stint in the WRC saw him beat some more experienced rally drivers with a best result of fifth, a stage win and 10th in the championship in both seasons. Concurrently, Räikkönen competed in NASCAR, made his debut for Kyle Busch Motorsports in the Camping World Truck Series.
Forbes magazine listed Räikkönen 36th in their 2008'Celebrity 100' as the 26th highest paid celebrity and fifth highest paid sportsman. The same list in 2009 recorded him as the second highest-paid athlete. Räikkönen was born in Finland, he had a long line of success in karting from the age of 10. His first race outside Finland was in Monaco. During the race, the steering wheel broke, but he continued, informing his mechanic by frantically waving the steering wheel in the air on the home straight. Räikkönen's next Monaco race was memorable. Undeterred, he continued to race, his mechanic thought Räikkönen had retired, but he caught up with the other competitors and finished third. In 1998 he was 1st in the Nordic Championship at Varna in Norway. In 1999, Räikkönen placed second in the European Formula Super A championship for the Dutch PDB Racing Team – run by 1980 world champion Peter de Bruijn – utilising a Gillard chassis, he competed in the Formula Ford Euro Cup. By the age of twenty, he had won the British Formula Renault winter series of 1999, winning the first four races of the year.
In 2000, he won seven out of ten events in the Formula Renault UK Championship. Combined, over these two series of Formula Renault, he won 13 out of 23 events – a 57% win rate. On the basis of these results, Peter Sauber gave the Finn a test with the Sauber Formula One team in September 2000 at the Mugello Circuit. After further tests in Jerez and Barcelona, Sauber signed Räikkönen for the 2001 season. However, some critics voiced concerns over granting an F1 Super Licence to such an inexperienced driver, he was granted his licence from the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile after a performance delivery promise by his team boss, Peter Sauber, scored a championship point in his debut at the 2001 Australian Grand Prix. Räikkönen was asleep 30 minutes before the race. Räikkönen had a solid debut year, achieving four points-scoring finishes and eight finishes in the top eight. Completing the year with 9 points, Räikkönen, along with teammate Nick Heidfeld, helped Sauber to what was its best result of fourth place in the Constructors' Championship.
Räikkönen, long linked to Sauber's engine supplier Ferrari, sufficiently impressed McLaren to earn a race seat in Ron Dennis's team for 2002, taking the seat left vacant by double-world champion and fellow Finn Mika Häkkinen. The decision
"Song of Myself" is a poem by Walt Whitman, included in his work Leaves of Grass. It has been credited as "representing the core of Whitman’s poetic vision." The poem was first published without sections as the first of twelve untitled poems in the first edition of Leaves of Grass. The first edition was published by Whitman at his own expense. In the second edition, Whitman used the title "Poem of Walt Whitman, an American,", shortened to "Walt Whitman" for the third edition; the poem was divided into fifty-two numbered sections for the fourth edition and took on the title "Song of Myself" in the last edition. The number of sections is thought to mirror the number of weeks in the year. Following its 1855 publication, "Song of Myself" was singled out by critics and readers for particular attention, the work remains among the most acclaimed and influential in American poetry. In 2011, writer and academic Jay Parini named it the greatest American poem written. In 1855, the Christian Spiritualist gave a long, glowing review of "Song of Myself", praising Whitman for representing "a new poetic mediumship," which through active imagination sensed the "influx of spirit and the divine breath."
Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote a letter to Whitman, praising his work for its "wit and wisdom". Public acceptance was slow in coming, however. Social conservatives denounced the poem as flouting accepted norms of morality due to its blatant depictions of human sexuality. In 1882, Boston's district attorney threatened action against Leaves of Grass for violating the state's obscenity laws and demanded that changes be made to several passages from "Song of Myself"; the poem is written in Whitman's signature free verse style. Whitman, who praises words "as simple as grass" forgoes standard verse and stanza patterns in favor of a simple, legible style that can appeal to a mass audience. Critics have noted a strong Transcendentalist influence on the poem. In section 32, for instance, Whitman expresses a desire to "live amongst the animals" and to find divinity in the insects. In addition to this romanticism, the poem seems to anticipate a kind of realism that would only become important in United States literature after the American Civil War.
In the following 1855 passage, for example, we can see Whitman's inclusion of the gritty details of everyday life:The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirm'd case, The jour printer with gray head and gaunt jaws works at his case, He turns his quid of tobacco while his eyes blurr with the manuscript. In the poem, Whitman emphasizes an all-powerful "I" which serves as narrator, who should not be limited to or confused with the person of the historical Walt Whitman; the persona described has transcended the conventional boundaries of self: "I pass death with the dying, birth with the new-washed babe.... and am not contained between my hat and boots". There are several other quotes from the poem that makes it apparent that Whitman does not consider the narrator to represent a single individual. Rather, he seems to be narrating for all: "For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you." "In all people I see myself, none more and not one a barleycorn less/and the good or bad I say of myself I say of them" "It is you talking just as much as myself...
I act as the tongue of you" "I am large, I contain multitudes." Alice L. Cook and John B. Mason offer representative interpretations of the "self" as well as its importance in the poem. Cook writes that the key to understanding the poem lies in the "concept of self" as "both individual and universal," while Mason discusses "the reader’s involvement in the poet’s movement from the singular to the cosmic"; the "self" serves as a human ideal. Whitman locates heroism in every individual as an expression of the whole. Canadian doctor and long-time Whitman friend Richard Maurice Bucke analyzed the poem in his influential and read 1898 book Cosmic Consciousness, as part of his investigation of the development of man's mystic relation to the infinite; the poem figures in the plot of the 2008 young adult novel Paper Towns by John Green."Song of Myself" and other Whitman poems are referenced in the 2013 young adult fiction novel Dr. Bird's Advice for Sad Poets by Evan Roskos; the line "I am large, I contain multitudes" is referenced in the music video to Jill Scott's Golden.
A documentary project, Whitman Alabama, featured residents of Alabama reading Whitman verses on camera. The poem is central to the plot of the play "I and You" by Lauren Gunderson."Song of Myself" was a major inspiration for the symphonic metal album Imaginaerum by Nightwish, as well as the fantasy film based on that album. The University of Toronto's full text, with line numbers Emerson's letter To Whitman Alice L. Cook's "A Note on Whitman's Symbolism in'Song of Myself'" John B. Mason's "Walt Whitman's Catalogues: Rhetorical Means for Two Journeys in "Song of Myself" WhitmanWeb's full text in 12 languages, plus audio recordings and commentaries Audio: Robert Pinsky reads from "Song of Myself"
Raja Pervaiz Ashraf is a Pakistani businessman and politician who served as 19th prime minister of Pakistan from 22 June 2012 until completing his designated term on 16 March 2013. He is a Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan from NA-58, he resides in Sanghar House, Gujar Khan. Prior to be elevated as Prime minister, he served as the Minister for Water and Power in the Yousaf Raza Gillani-led government from March 2008 to February 2011. A senior-ranking leader in the Pakistan Peoples Party from Rawalpindi District, Ashraf assumed premiership on 22 June 2012 after Yousaf Raza Gillani was disqualified over contempt of court charges. Shortlisted by the PPP as a candidate for the post, he was elected based on a 211–89 vote in the National Assembly. Tackling the corruption scandals, one of the major achievements during his premiership was his interest to develop and implement hydro projects in particular Neelum-Jhelum project of 970 MW; the project had received a big jolt when the Chinese Exim Bank refused to release $448 million loan linking it to the restoration of the Safe City Project in Islamabad, stopped by the Supreme Court of Pakistan.
During his tenure Water and Power Development Authority had launched a number of mega and medium-sized projects in Gilgit–Baltistan. Raja Pervaiz Ashraf was born on 26 December 1950 in Sanghar, interior Sindh, he graduated from the University of Sindh in 1970 and was involved in agriculture before entering politics. He is married to Nusrat Pervaiz Ashraf and has four children, which include two sons and two daughters. Ashraf belongs to the Minhas clan of Pakhral and is from Gujar Khan, an industrial town in the Rawalpindi District of the Potohar region in northern Punjab; the Potohar region is home to numerous prominent military personalities. Ashraf comes from a middle class Potohari-speaking family of landowners who have had a traditional background in politics. An uncle of his served as a minister in the cabinet of Ayub Khan during the 1960s, his parents owned agricultural land in the town of Sanghar in Sindh, where he was Born and brought up. Ashraf is multilingual and can fluently speak English, Urdu and Potwari and Sindhi.
He is regarded as leader in the Rawalpindi region. He contested parliamentary elections in 1990, 1993 and 1997, he won in elections held in 2002 and in 2008, following which he was appointed as federal minister for water, as power minister in the cabinet of Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani. Ashraf has been twice elected Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan from his constituency of Gujar Khan, Rawalpindi District, he won re-election in the February 2008 elections. During his time as an MNA, he served as a member of the Standing Committee on Kashmir and the Standing Committee on Law and Human Rights. Before his ascendance to the post of prime minister, he was the secretary general of the PPP, he became the head of the Water and Power Ministry in the coalition government of PPP, PML-N, ANP, JUI-F and MQM formed after the 2008 elections. During his tenure as power minister, there was a chronic shortage of electricity generation throughout the country and power cuts remained frequent. In the position, he faced heavy criticism for promising the country's power crisis would be over "by 2008" as the country suffered regular blackouts.
He became one of the most sought after ministers in the National Assembly, by legislators who demanded answers for the power crisis. According to a report on his parliamentary performance, the water and power ministry while Ashraf was in-charge received as many as 1,147 official questions and queries, of which only 60% were responded to; the report opined that Ashraf's performance as minister was "tainted by failures to overcome the power shortfall that continued to aggravate after he was replaced" and that his actions and responses both inside and outside the National Assembly had "not been translated into actions" Nevertheless, about 3,570 megawatts of power was added to the national grid during the PPP government, a major portion of which came during Ashraf's term in office. His term is said to have overseen more megawatts being added to the national grid when compared to other ministers of power and energy since Benazir Bhutto's last government, he was accused of receiving kickbacks in the rental power projects, of using illegal money to buy foreign property.
Ashraf denied the charges, as of June 2012, was defending himself before the Supreme Court. No official charges have been framed against him. One of the main reasons for power crisis, which have never received due attention and focus is the circular debt and which continued to increase over the years; the government has time and again tried to clear the circular debt, however it comes again. This is because of the structural issues including power theft, poor recovery from other government departments, difference between cost of generation and actual cost charged to customer. During Ashraf's government prioritised hydro power projects in particular Neelum Jhelum 970 MW. During his term, WAPDA initiated several hydro projects in Gilgit Baltistan including the Satpara Dam having 17 MW power generation capacity and 0.093 million acre feetwater storage capacity and Diamer-Bhasha Dam having 4,500 MW power generation capacity and 8.1 million acre feet water storage capacity, along with hydropower projects of 7,100 MW Bunji, 34 MW Harpo, 80 MW Phandar and 40 MW Basho.
Hydro power is the cheapest energy source and as Minister and PM he gave special attention, however hydro power projects take long time to complete and the e