King's Lynn

King's Lynn, known until 1537 as Bishop's Lynn and locally as Lynn, is a seaport and market town in Norfolk, England, 98 miles north of London, 36 miles north-east of Peterborough, 44 miles north-north-east of Cambridge and 44 miles west of Norwich. The population is 42,800; the etymology of King's Lynn is uncertain. The name Lynn is derived from the body of water near the town: the Welsh word llyn, means a lake; as the Domesday Book mentions many saltings at Lena, an area of partitioned pools or small lakes may have existed there at that time. The salt may have contributed to Herbert de Losinga's interest in the modest parish. For a time it was named Len Episcopi while under the jurisdiction, both temporal and spiritual, of the Bishop of Norwich. In the Domesday Book, it is recorded as Lun, Lenn; the town is and has been for generations known by its inhabitants and locals as Lynn. The city of Lynn, north of Boston, was named in 1637 in honour of its first official minister of religion, Samuel Whiting, who arrived at the new settlement from Lynn, Norfolk.

Lynn originated as a settlement on a constricted site to the south of where the River Great Ouse exits to the Wash. Development began in the early 10th century, but the place was not recorded until the early 11th century; until the early 13th century, the Great Ouse emptied via the Wellstream at Wisbech. After the redirection of the Great Ouse in the 13th century and its port became significant and prosperous. In 1101, Bishop Herbert de Losinga of Thetford began to construct the first mediaeval town between two rivers, the Purfleet to the north and Mill Fleet to the south, he authorised a market. In the same year, the bishop granted the people of Lynn the right to hold a market on Saturday. Trade built up along the waterways that stretched inland and the town expanded between the two rivers. Lynn had a Jewish community in the 12th century, but it was exterminated in the widespread massacres of 1189. During the 14th century, Lynn ranked as England's most important port, it was considered as vital to England during the Middle Ages as Liverpool was during the Industrial Revolution.

Sea trade with Europe was dominated by the Hanseatic League of ports. The Trinity Guildhall was rebuilt in 1421 after a fire. Walls entered by the South Gate and East Gate were erected to protect the town; the town retains two former Hanseatic League warehouses: Hanse House built in 1475 and Marriott's Warehouse, in use between the 15th and 17th centuries. They are the only remaining buildings from the Hanseatic League in England. In the first decade of the 16th century, Thoresby College was built by Thomas Thoresby to house priests of the Guild of The Holy Trinity in Lynn; the guild had been incorporated in 1453 on the petition of its alderman, four brethren and four sisters. The guildsmen were licensed to found a chantry of chaplains to celebrate at the altar of Holy Trinity in Wisbech, to grant to the chaplains lands in mortmain. In 1524 Lynn acquired a corporation. In 1537 the king took control of the town from the bishop and in the 16th century the town's two annual fairs were reduced to one.

In 1534 a grammar school was founded and four years Henry VIII closed the Benedictine priory and the three friaries. During the 16th century a piped water supply was created, although many could not afford to be connected: elm pipes carried water under the streets. King's Lynn suffered from outbreaks of plague, notably in 1516, 1587, 1597, 1636 and the last in 1665. Fire was another hazard and in 1572 thatched roofs were banned to reduce the risk. During the English Civil War, King's Lynn supported Parliament, but in August 1643, after a change in government, the town changed sides. Parliament sent the town was besieged for three weeks before it surrendered. A heart carved on the wall of the Tuesday Market Place commemorates the burning of an alleged witch, Margaret Read, in 1590, it struck the wall. In 1683, the architect Henry Bell, once the town's mayor, designed the Custom House. Bell designed the Duke's Head Inn, the North Runcton Church, Stanhoe Hall, his artistic inspiration was the result of travelling Europe as a young man.

In the 16th and 17th centuries, the town's main export was grain. Lynn was no longer a major international port, although timber were imported. King's Lynn suffered from the discovery of the Americas, which benefited ports on the west coast of England, its trade was affected by the growth of London. In the late 17th century, imports of wine from Spain and France boomed, there was still an important coastal trade, it was cheaper to transport goods by water than by road at that time. Large quantities of coal arrived from the north-east of England; the Fens began to be drained in the mid–17th century, the land turned to agriculture, allowing vast amounts of produce to be sent to the growing market in London. Meanwhile, King's Lynn was still an important fishing port. Greenland Fishery House in Bridge Street was built in 1605. By the late 17th century shipbuilding had become important. A glass-making industry began at that time. In the early 18th century, Daniel Defoe called the town "beautiful, well built and well situated".

Shipbuilding thrived, as did assoc

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Steven P. Guenette is a retired professional ice hockey goaltender who played 35 games in the National Hockey League for the Pittsburgh Penguins and Calgary Flames. Guenette signed with the Penguins in 1985 after two seasons in the Ontario Hockey League with the Guelph Platers, he remained in the OHL for one more season in 1985–86, where he led the Platers to the J. Ross Robertson Cup title, the 1986 Memorial Cup championship. Guenette won the Leo Lalonde Memorial Trophy as the OHL's top over-ager, as well as the Hap Emms Memorial Trophy as the top goaltender in the Memorial Cup, in addition to being named to the Memorial Cup All-Star team. Guenette broke into the NHL the following year, playing two games with the Penguins in 1986–87, he played 30 more games in Pittsburgh over the next two seasons. Spending most of his time in the International Hockey League where he won the James Norris Memorial Trophy for allowing the fewest goals in the IHL and was named a second-team all-star after recording a 23–4–5 record for the Muskegon Lumberjacks in 1987–88.

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