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King's Royal Rifle Corps

The King's Royal Rifle Corps was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army, raised in British North America as the Royal American Regiment during the phase of the Seven Years' War in North America known as'The French and Indian War.' Subsequently numbered the 60th Regiment of Foot, the regiment served for more than 200 years throughout the British Empire. In 1958, the regiment joined the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry and the Rifle Brigade in the Green Jackets Brigade and in 1966 the three regiments were formally amalgamated to become the Royal Green Jackets; the KRRC became Royal Green Jackets. On the disbandment of the 1st Battalion, Royal Green Jackets in 1992, the RGJ's KRRC battalion was redesignated as the 1st Battalion, Royal Green Jackets becoming 2nd Battalion, The Rifles in 2007; the King's Royal Rifle Corps was raised in the American colonies in 1756 as the 62nd Regiment to defend the thirteen colonies against attack by the French and their Native American allies.

After Braddock's defeat in 1755, royal approval for a new regiment, as well as funds, were granted by parliament just before Christmas 1755 – hence the regiment's traditional birthday of Christmas Day. However, parliamentary delays meant that it was 4 March 1756 before a special act of parliament created four battalions of 1,000 men each to include foreigners for service in the Americas. A regimental history compiled in 1879 states that, in November 1755, Parliament voted the sum of £81,000 for the purpose of raising a regiment of four battalions, each one thousand strong, for service in British North America. To provide experienced personnel, Parliament passed the Commissions to Foreign Protestants Act 1756 The Earl of Loudoun, who as commander-in-chief of the Forces in North America, was appointed colonel-in-chief of the regiment. About fifty officers' commissions were given to Germans and Swiss, none were allowed to rise above the rank of lieutenant-colonel. According to a modern history of the regiment, the idea for creating this unique force was proposed by Jacques Prevost, a Swiss soldier and adventurer, a friend of the Duke of Cumberland.

Prevost recognised the need for soldiers who understood forest warfare, unlike the regulars who were brought to America in 1755 by General Edward Braddock. The regiment was intended to combine the characteristics of a colonial corps with those of a foreign legion. Swiss and German forest fighting experts, American colonists and British volunteers from other British regiments were recruited; these men were Protestants, an important consideration for fighting against the predominantly Catholic French. The officers were recruited from Europe – not from the American colonies – and consisted of English, Irish, Dutch and Germans, it was the first time. In total, the regiment consisted of 101 officers, 240 non-commissioned officers and 4,160 enlisted men; the battalions were raised on New York. The regiment was renumbered the 60th Regiment in February 1757 when the 50th and 51st foot regiments were removed from the British Army roll after their surrender at Fort Oswego. Among the distinguished foreign officers given commissions in the 60th was Henry Bouquet, a Swiss citizen, whose forward-looking ideas on tactics and man-management would come to be accepted as standard in the British Army many years in the future.

Bouquet was commanding officer of the 1st battalion, with his fellow battalion commanders, worked to form units that were better suited to warfare in the forests and lakes of northeast America. Elements of the new regiment fought at Louisbourg in June 1758, the Cape Sable Campaign in September 1758 and Quebec in September 1759, the Montreal Campaign from July to September 1760 which wrested Canada from France. At Quebec General James Wolfe is said to have granted the 60th the motto Celer et Audax. To reward and maintain their service and loyalty, Parliament passed the American Protestant Soldier Naturalization Act 1762, which offered British naturalization to those officers and soldiers who had or would serve for two years, with certain conditions and on the model of the Plantation Act 1740; these earlier engagements were conventional battles on the European model, but fighting during Pontiac's War in 1763 was of a different character. The frontier war threatened the British control of North America.

The new regiment at first lost several outlying garrisons such as Fort Michilimackinac a detachment fought under Bouquet's leadership at the victory of Bushy Run in August 1763. The 60th was uniformed and equipped in a similar manner to other British regiments with red coats and cocked hats or grenadier caps, but on campaign, swords were replaced with hatchets, coats and hats cut down for ease of movement in the woods. Two additional battalions of the regiment were raised in England in 1775, principally of men recruited from England and Hanover in 1775 for service in the American Revolutionary War. After assembly in the Isle of Wight, both battalions were sent in 1776 to Florida where they were joined by detachments from 1st and 2nd Battalions; these battalions were deployed to Georgia and were involved in skirmishes at Sudbury in January 1779, the Battle of Briar Creek in March 1779, the Siege of Savannah in October 1779 where elements from the 4th Battalion captured the Colour of the 2nd South Carolina R

People's Party (Serbia, 2008)

The People's Party was a political party in Serbia. It was founded and led by the former Mayor of Novi Sad and former Serbian Radical Party member Maja Gojković; the party intended to take part in the next election together with the Democratic Party of Serbia and New Serbia. In 2010 the party left the populists and together with several other parties, formed the United Regions of Serbia, a broad coalition of regional parties; the People's Party participated in the 2012 parliamentary elections as part of the United Regions of Serbia coalition, received 2 seats in the National Assembly. The party was expelled from the URS after it separately entered negotiations with the Democratic Party. On 3 December 2012 the party ceased to exist. However, some local councils headed by Nebojša Korać opposed this decision, controversially continued receiving finances proportional to the party's original electoral result though both MPs had left the party. Former website

William Chrisman

William Chrisman was born to Joseph and Eleanor Chrisman. He attended Georgetown Center College in Kentucky where he received his degree in Law. In 1847 he began practicing law in Danville, Kentucky. On May 8 or May 10 1848, William Chrisman married Lucie A. Lee, a member of the distinguished Lee family of Virginia; that day, his bride set out for Independence, Missouri. Upon arrival, Chrisman was admitted to the bar in Missouri and began his law practice on the Independence Square. In 1850 he traded slaves, he owned 3 slaves in 1850. In 1860 he owned 4 slaves. An entrepreneur and community activist in addition to being a lawyer and banker, Mr. Chrisman soon managed "...the second largest tobacco plantation west of the Mississippi, is the namesake of William Chrisman High School in Independence, Missouri...", A section of the 1877 book The Commonwealth of Missouri: A Centennial Record provides considerable information about William Chrisman. However, archaic syntax in the section gives a puzzling impression that William Chrisman "...died in Clay County, Missouri in 1875".

In 1857, William Chrisman helped found the Chrisman-Sawyer Banking Company, which evolved directly from the already-established "Independence Savings Institution/Independence Savings Association". Over the years, with several changes in partners, the bank became Chrisman-Sawyer Banking Company. In 1995, the bank became known as Hillcrest Bank when Chrisman-Sawyer Bank merged with Hillcrest Bancshares company. Hillcrest Bank headquarters remained in the same location as the original Chrisman-Sawyer Bank headquarters until offices were transferred to an Overland Park, Kansas location in 2007. An apparent casualty of the 2007-2010 U. S. Financial Crisis, the bank "failed" on Friday, October 22, 2010 and ownership was transferred for the time being to NBH Holdings Corporation of Boston, Massachusetts. Named one of the top "Most Efficient Bank Holding Companies" in the United States by American Banker Magazine in May 2008, Hillcrest Bank's condition had come under scrutiny by banking regulators since October 2009.

Hillcrest bank's failure was the largest in the Kansas City Metropolitan Area since 1991, significant due to Chrisman-Sawyer Bank's legendary "survival" of the Panic of 1873. In 1867 Chrisman was elected to the first Board of Education of the Independence School District. In that capacity he served as Secretary of the Board, he helped found the Kansas City Ladies' College in Independence and paid for the financing of the college's principal buildings. As a delegate to Missouri's 1875 Constitutional Convention, Chrisman helped craft the constitution of Missouri; the 1945 Constitution now used in Missouri is based on this document. Though removed from politics, William Chrisman spent most of his life a member of the Whig Party and in years switched to the Democratic Party. William Chrisman suffered a stroke in 1888 and was forced to give up most of his law and financial business dealings. In February 1889, his wife Lucie died. William Chrisman was buried in Mount Washington Cemetery in Independence, Missouri.

He was survived by his three children: George Chrisman – of Independence James Chrisman – who died at Fulton College Maggie Chrisman Swope. She married Logan Swope, the brother of Col. Thomas H. Swope, renowned in the area for his gift of Swope Park to Kansas City and his infamous murder. In 1917, the Independence School District pursued a campaign to build a new high school; the tax issue passed and a site was sought for the new home of Independence High School. Maggie Chrisman Swope offered the sale of a plot of land at Maple and Union for $1.00 in exchange for the high school being renamed after her father. Since the doors to the Maple Avenue building opened the school has been known as William Chrisman High School. A Memorial Record of Kansas City and Jackson County, Missouri William Chrisman at Findagrave.com

Protein chemical shift re-referencing

Protein chemical shift re-referencing is a post-assignment process of adjusting the assigned NMR chemical shifts to match IUPAC and BMRB recommended standards in protein chemical shift referencing. In NMR chemical shifts are referenced to an internal standard, dissolved in the NMR sample; these internal standards include tetramethylsilane, 4,4-dimethyl-4-silapentane-1-sulfonic acid and trimethylsilyl propionate. For protein NMR spectroscopy the recommended standard is DSS, insensitive to pH variations. Furthermore, the DSS 1H signal may be used to indirectly reference 13C and 15N shifts using a simple ratio calculation. Many biomolecular NMR spectroscopy labs use non-standard methods for determining the 1H, 13C or 15N “zero-point” chemical shift position; this lack of standardization makes it difficult to compare chemical shifts for the same protein between different laboratories. It makes it difficult to use chemical shifts to properly identify or assign secondary structures or to improve their 3D structures via chemical shift refinement.

Chemical shift re-referencing offers a means to correct these referencing errors and to standardize the reporting of protein chemical shifts across laboratories. Incorrect chemical shift referencing is a acute problem in biomolecular NMR, it has been estimated that up to 20% of 13C and up to 35% of 15N shift assignments are improperly referenced. Given that the structural and dynamic information contained within chemical shifts is quite subtle, it is critical that protein chemical shifts be properly referenced so that these subtle differences can be detected. Fundamentally, the problem with chemical shift referencing comes from the fact that chemical shifts are relative frequency measurements rather than absolute frequency measurements; because of the historic problems with chemical shift referencing, chemical shifts are the most measurable but the least measured parameters in all of NMR spectroscopy. Because of the magnitude and severity of the problems with chemical shift referencing in biomolecular NMR, a number of computer programs have been developed to help mitigate the problem.

The first program to comprehensively tackle chemical shift mis-referencing in biomolecular NMR was SHIFTCOR. Table 1. Summary and comparison of different chemical shift re-referencing and mis-assignment detection programs. SHIFTCOR is an automated protein chemical shift correction program that uses statistical methods to compare and correct predicted NMR chemical shifts relative to an input set of experimentally measured chemical shifts. SHIFTCOR uses several simple statistical approaches and pre-determined cut-off values to identify and correct potential referencing and typographical errors. SHIFTCOR identifies potential chemical shift referencing problems by comparing the difference between the average value of each set of observed backbone shifts and their corresponding predicted chemical shifts; the difference between these two averages results in a nucleus-specific chemical shift offset or reference correction. In order to ensure that certain extreme outliers do not unduly bias these average offset values, the average of the observed shifts is only calculated after excluding potential mis-assignments or typographical errors.

SHIFTCOR reports chemical shift offsets or differences for each nucleus. The results contain the chemical shift analyses and the corrected BMRB formatted chemical shift file. SHIFTCOR uses the chemical shift calculation program SHIFTX to predict 1Hα, 13Cα,15N shifts based on the 3D structure coordinates of the protein being analyzed. By comparing the predicted shifts to the observed shifts, SHIFTCOR is able to identify chemical shift reference offsets as well as potential mis-assignments. A key limitation to the SHIFTCOR approach is that requires that the 3D structure for the target protein be available to assess the chemical shift reference offsets. Given that chemical shift assignments are made before the structure is determined, it was soon realized that structure-independent approaches were required to develop. Several methods have been developed that make use of the estimated or predicted secondary structure content of the protein being analyzed; these programs include PSSI, CheckShift, LACS, PANAV.

Both PANAV <> and CheckShift <http://checkshift.services.came.sbg.ac.at/> are available as web servers. The PSSI and PANAV programs use the secondary structure determined by 1H shifts to adjust the target protein’s 13C and 15N shifts to match the 1H-derived secondary structure. LACS uses the difference between secondary 13Cα and 13Cβ shifts plotted against secondary 13Cα shifts or secondary 13Cβ shifts to determine reference offsets. A more recent version of LACS has been adapted to identify 15N chemical shift mis-referencing; this new version of LACS exploits the well-known relationship between secondary 15N shifts and the secondary 13Cα and 13Cβ shifts of the preceding residue. In contrast to LACS and PANAV/PSSI, CheckShift uses secondary structure predicted from high-performance secondary structure prediction programs such as PSIPRED to iteratively adjust 13C and 15N chemical shifts so that their secondary shifts match the predicted secondary structure

New Zealand giraffe weevil

The New Zealand giraffe weevil, Lasiorhynchus barbicornis, is a distinctive straight-snouted weevil in the subfamily Brentinae, endemic to New Zealand. L. barbicornis is New Zealand's longest beetle, shows extreme sexual dimorphism: males measure up to 90 mm, females 50 mm, although there is an extreme range of body sizes in both sexes. In males the elongated snout can be nearly as long as the body. Male giraffe weevils use this long rostrum to battle over females, although small males can avoid conflict and'sneak' in to mate with females, sometimes under the noses of large males; the larval weevils tunnel into wood for at least two years before emerging, live for only a few weeks as adults. This species was described by the Danish entomologist Johan Christian Fabricius in 1775, from specimens collected by Joseph Banks in 1769 on Cook's first voyage to New Zealand from Ship Cove in Queen Charlotte Sound. Fabricius described the smaller females as a different species, Curculio assimilis, but suspected they were the males of what he named Curculio barbicornis.

His specimens are now in the Banks Collection of the Natural History Museum and the Fabricius Collection in the Natural History Museum of Denmark. L. Barbicornis is accused of not being a weevil at all, but it fact it is in the family Brentidae, the straight-snouted weevils, as opposed to the much larger family Curculionidae or "true" weevils; these and several other families are part of the superfamily of Curculionoidea. L. barbicornis is the only member of the Brentinae in New Zealand, its closest relatives are in Sulawesi, Australia and Fiji. It is the only member of the genus Lasiorhynchus. Lasiorhynchus means "densely hairy rostrum"; the beetle's Māori names include pepeke nguturoa, tūwhaipapa, tūwhaitara, the latter two after the Māori god of newly-made canoes, because its canoe-like body and upturned rostrum resemble a waka and prow. Giraffe weevils have a distinctive elongated head, reddish-brown markings on their elytra, they are the only weevils in the world with a visible scutellum. They are New Zealand's longest native beetle, the longest brentid weevil in the world.

They vary enormously in size, from 15–90 mm total length in males and 12–50 mm in females. This wide variation in body size in the length of the male rostrum, may be in response to changing environmental conditions from year to year. Body size increases the further south the weevils live, but male rostra get proportionately less long with increasing latitude; these weevils display extreme sexual dimorphism. The female giraffe weevil has a shorter rostrum with antennae about halfway along, which allows her to bite egg-laying holes in tree trunks without damaging her antennae. Giraffe weevils are active by day, sheltering in the canopy at night, feed on sap; when disturbed, they will drop backwards off a tree trunk and lie in the leaf litter, playing dead, for up to an hour. Eggs are laid on dying wood from October to March; the female bores a narrow hole with her mandibles into the trunk, pulling her head out every half-millimetre to clear away sawdust. During this time the male mates with and guards her, helps her disengage with the hole if she gets stuck.

The hole is 0.5 mm wide, 3–4 mm deep, at a 45° angle to the trunk of the tree. When finished, she lays a single egg in the hole, refilled with sawdust and hidden with bark fragments; the whole process takes around 30 minutes. Fighting occurs if a single male comes across a mating pair: the single male will attempt to dislodge the mating male by raking his mandibles across the back of his rival, or grasping his opponent's leg with his mandibles The fight escalates to grappling, where the males engage side by side and try to push each other off the tree with their rostra. Small males are less able to compete with large males, retreat rather than fight. Small males, will fight with smaller or equal-sized males, they can find success by mating while the larger males are distracted by fighting. Due to these varied mating tactics, mating success is independent of male size; because female giraffe weevils can mate multiple times before they lay their eggs, sperm competition is to be an important factor in determining which males get to reproduce.

L. Barbicornis larvae live at least two years. Dissections of larvae show. During the pupal stage, the weevil's rostrum is doubled underneath the body, but it straightens when the adult beetle emerges and eats its way out of the tree, leaving a square tunnel. Sometimes the tunnel is too narrow, the adults perish with their rostrum protruding. Adults emerge between March; the sex ratio is about 60:40 males:females. Adult giraffe weevils only live for a few weeks, although one male was recorded as living at least 29 days. Giraffe weevils are common in the North Island, although rarer, are found in the northwestern South Island as far south as Greymouth. One

Nightwatch (album)

Nightwatch is the second solo album from Kenny Loggins, released in 1978. The album is Loggins' highest charting album on the Billboard 200 to date, reaching number 7, it features the hit single "Whenever I Call You Friend" featuring Fleetwood Mac's Stevie Nicks, which peaked at number 5 on the Billboard Hot 100, as well as the first recorded version of the Doobie Brothers "What a Fool Believes," which Loggins co-wrote with the Doobies' Michael McDonald. Most of the artists on this album represent Loggins' original band from 1977 to 1980. "Nightwatch" − 7:49 "Easy Driver" − 3:33 "Down'N' Dirty" − 4:42 "Down in the Boondocks" − 4:20 "Whenever I Call You'Friend'" − 3:57 "Wait a Little While" − 3:55 "What a Fool Believes" − 3:37 "Somebody Knows" − 3:34 "Angelique" − 5:53 Kenny Loggins listed as "Ken Loggins" – lead and backing vocals, guitar Mike Hamilton – guitar, backing vocals Brian Mannkeyboards George Hawkinsbass guitar, backing vocals Tris Imbodendrums, harmonica Jon Clarke – horns, woodwinds Vince Denham – horns Bob James – string arrangements Stevie Nicks – lead and backing vocals on "Whenever I Call You Friend" Producer – Bob James Engineers – Joe Jorgensen and John Pace Recorded at Sound Mixers.

Cover Concept – David Alexander and Kenny Loggins Photography – David Alexander Design – Merrilyn Romen Al Jarreau covered "Wait a Little While" on his 1978 album All Fly Home