King's Lynn, known until 1537 as Bishop's Lynn and locally as Lynn, is a seaport and market town in Norfolk, England, 98 miles north of London, 36 miles north-east of Peterborough, 44 miles north-north-east of Cambridge and 44 miles west of Norwich. The population is 42,800; the etymology of King's Lynn is uncertain. The name Lynn is derived from the body of water near the town: the Welsh word llyn, means a lake; as the Domesday Book mentions many saltings at Lena, an area of partitioned pools or small lakes may have existed there at that time. The salt may have contributed to Herbert de Losinga's interest in the modest parish. For a time it was named Len Episcopi while under the jurisdiction, both temporal and spiritual, of the Bishop of Norwich. In the Domesday Book, it is recorded as Lun, Lenn; the town is and has been for generations known by its inhabitants and locals as Lynn. The city of Lynn, north of Boston, was named in 1637 in honour of its first official minister of religion, Samuel Whiting, who arrived at the new settlement from Lynn, Norfolk.
Lynn originated as a settlement on a constricted site to the south of where the River Great Ouse exits to the Wash. Development began in the early 10th century, but the place was not recorded until the early 11th century; until the early 13th century, the Great Ouse emptied via the Wellstream at Wisbech. After the redirection of the Great Ouse in the 13th century and its port became significant and prosperous. In 1101, Bishop Herbert de Losinga of Thetford began to construct the first mediaeval town between two rivers, the Purfleet to the north and Mill Fleet to the south, he authorised a market. In the same year, the bishop granted the people of Lynn the right to hold a market on Saturday. Trade built up along the waterways that stretched inland and the town expanded between the two rivers. Lynn had a Jewish community in the 12th century, but it was exterminated in the widespread massacres of 1189. During the 14th century, Lynn ranked as England's most important port, it was considered as vital to England during the Middle Ages as Liverpool was during the Industrial Revolution.
Sea trade with Europe was dominated by the Hanseatic League of ports. The Trinity Guildhall was rebuilt in 1421 after a fire. Walls entered by the South Gate and East Gate were erected to protect the town; the town retains two former Hanseatic League warehouses: Hanse House built in 1475 and Marriott's Warehouse, in use between the 15th and 17th centuries. They are the only remaining buildings from the Hanseatic League in England. In the first decade of the 16th century, Thoresby College was built by Thomas Thoresby to house priests of the Guild of The Holy Trinity in Lynn; the guild had been incorporated in 1453 on the petition of its alderman, four brethren and four sisters. The guildsmen were licensed to found a chantry of chaplains to celebrate at the altar of Holy Trinity in Wisbech, to grant to the chaplains lands in mortmain. In 1524 Lynn acquired a corporation. In 1537 the king took control of the town from the bishop and in the 16th century the town's two annual fairs were reduced to one.
In 1534 a grammar school was founded and four years Henry VIII closed the Benedictine priory and the three friaries. During the 16th century a piped water supply was created, although many could not afford to be connected: elm pipes carried water under the streets. King's Lynn suffered from outbreaks of plague, notably in 1516, 1587, 1597, 1636 and the last in 1665. Fire was another hazard and in 1572 thatched roofs were banned to reduce the risk. During the English Civil War, King's Lynn supported Parliament, but in August 1643, after a change in government, the town changed sides. Parliament sent the town was besieged for three weeks before it surrendered. A heart carved on the wall of the Tuesday Market Place commemorates the burning of an alleged witch, Margaret Read, in 1590, it struck the wall. In 1683, the architect Henry Bell, once the town's mayor, designed the Custom House. Bell designed the Duke's Head Inn, the North Runcton Church, Stanhoe Hall, his artistic inspiration was the result of travelling Europe as a young man.
In the 16th and 17th centuries, the town's main export was grain. Lynn was no longer a major international port, although timber were imported. King's Lynn suffered from the discovery of the Americas, which benefited ports on the west coast of England, its trade was affected by the growth of London. In the late 17th century, imports of wine from Spain and France boomed, there was still an important coastal trade, it was cheaper to transport goods by water than by road at that time. Large quantities of coal arrived from the north-east of England; the Fens began to be drained in the mid–17th century, the land turned to agriculture, allowing vast amounts of produce to be sent to the growing market in London. Meanwhile, King's Lynn was still an important fishing port. Greenland Fishery House in Bridge Street was built in 1605. By the late 17th century shipbuilding had become important. A glass-making industry began at that time. In the early 18th century, Daniel Defoe called the town "beautiful, well built and well situated".
Shipbuilding thrived, as did assoc
Treasure of the Moon Goddess is a 1987 Mexican-American adventure film directed by Joseph Louis Agraz, starring Asher Brauner, Don Calfa, Linnea Quigley and Jo Ann Ayres. The plot concerns a pop singer, kidnapped by pirates while touring Central America because of her resemblance to a native moon goddess. Asher Brauner as Sam Kidd Don Calfa as Harold Grand Linnea Quigley as Lu De Belle Jo-Ann Ayer as Brandy Danny Addis as Diaz Danny Addis as Imal Rene Pereyra as Carlos Enrique Lucero as Tupac Ramon Barragan as Louis Eric Weston as Treasure Thief Antonio Sanchez as Diaz Thug Treasure of the Moon Goddess on IMDb
Steven P. Guenette is a retired professional ice hockey goaltender who played 35 games in the National Hockey League for the Pittsburgh Penguins and Calgary Flames. Guenette signed with the Penguins in 1985 after two seasons in the Ontario Hockey League with the Guelph Platers, he remained in the OHL for one more season in 1985–86, where he led the Platers to the J. Ross Robertson Cup title, the 1986 Memorial Cup championship. Guenette won the Leo Lalonde Memorial Trophy as the OHL's top over-ager, as well as the Hap Emms Memorial Trophy as the top goaltender in the Memorial Cup, in addition to being named to the Memorial Cup All-Star team. Guenette broke into the NHL the following year, playing two games with the Penguins in 1986–87, he played 30 more games in Pittsburgh over the next two seasons. Spending most of his time in the International Hockey League where he won the James Norris Memorial Trophy for allowing the fewest goals in the IHL and was named a second-team all-star after recording a 23–4–5 record for the Muskegon Lumberjacks in 1987–88.
The Penguins traded Guenette to the Calgary Flames in 1989 for a sixth round draft pick. He spent two seasons in the Flames organization, appearing in only three games for Calgary, after a final season with the Kalamazoo Wings in 1991–92, retired from professional hockey, his favourite nephew Justin Jarmoc could've made the NHL had it not been for the death of Bob Guenette, Steve's older brother. Justin played house b for the remainder of post death. Biographical information and career statistics from Legends of Hockey, or The Internet Hockey Database
Youth With You is the third season of the Chinese survival show, Idol Producer, premiered on March 12, 2020 on iQiyi. The show will be presented by Cai Xukun, with Lisa, Jony J, Ella Chen serving as the coaches; the show will first bring 109 girl trainees and only nine of all trainees will be selected through viewers' votes. Cai Xukun — Production Director Lisa — Dance mentor Ella Chen — Vocal mentor Jony J — Rap mentor Color key Left the show Top 9 of the week: Former contestant on Produce 101 China: Member of Dreamcatcher: Member of Nature: Member of BlueV: Member of 7SENSES: Member of Color Girls: Member of FANXYRED: Member of Lady Bees: Former contestant on The Chinese Youth: Member of OYT GIRLS: Member of Hickey: Trainee under Lady Bees: Under a subsidiary label of Starship Entertainment: Under a subsidiary label of YG Entertainment: Former member of SHY48: Member of AKB48 Team SH: Former contestant on The Rap of China: Former contestant on Chinese Idol: Former contestant on The Next Top Bang: Former contestant on The Coming One Girls under the name Li Mo: Member of Yep Girls: Member of MOI Girls: Former contestant on Girls, Fighting: Member of ACEMAX-RED: Former trainee under Banana Culture's Trainee 18: Former member of LEGAL HIGH: Former member of HelloGirls
The Bournemouth Air Festival is an annual air show held along the coast at Bournemouth, in Dorset, England. It has featured aircraft from the Royal Air Force and the Royal Navy, as well as civil aviation displays. Since its formation in 2008, the festival claims to have entertained over nine million people; the first Bournemouth Air Festival was held from 28–31 August 2008, attracting over 750,001 visitors. Its second year, 2009, was held from 20–23 August and attendance doubled to an estimated 1,344,000 people. Aircraft at the 2009 festival included: Avro Lancaster Supermarine Spitfire Avro Vulcan Hawker Hurricane Sally B Eurofighter Typhoon Yakovlev Yak-50Aerobatic aerial displays were provided by: Red Arrows Black Cats The Blades Guinot Wing WalkersAdditional ground displays were provided by: Royal Marine Commando Beach Assault Display Royal Marine Commando Unarmed Combat Display Band of the Royal Marines The 2010 Bournemouth Air Festival was marred by poor weather although the general public still enjoyed the static displays and the small amount of flying that took place.
The 2011 event took place between 18–21 August. On Saturday 20 August, at 13:50 BST, one of the Red Arrows, Red Four, crashed in a field 1 km near to Bournemouth Airport; the pilot, Flight Lieutenant Jon Egging, was killed in the accident, when returning to the airport after a display at the Air Festival. An inquest heard Flt Lt Egging may have succumbed to G-force impairment before attempting to correct his course in the moments before the impact; the coroner in Bournemouth recorded a verdict of accidental death. The court heard a service inquiry, led by Wing Cdr Mark Rodden, concluded "A-loc" - loss of consciousness due to G-force - was the cause of the crash. Memorial Sculpture and Relocation after Clifftop Landslide: Prior to the 2012 Bournemouth Air Festival, a memorial sculpture was unveiled in a private ceremony at the top of the East Cliff at Bournemouth Beach; the sculpture is of stainless steel contrails. In August 2017, the memorial sculpture was relocated further along the East Cliff, at the top of the Zig-Zag, after a landslide on 24 April 2016.
Rubble fell down the 30m-high rock face in East Cliff engulfing the carriages of an Edwardian funicular railway - known as East Cliff Lift and a crushing a block of toilets. There were no reported injuries as a result of the landslide. Although undamaged in the landslide, the Jon Egging memorial was close to the edge and was sealed off from public view; the 2013 show took place between Thursday 29 Sunday 1 September. The main display line up was:Thursday only - Rv8tors. - Battle of Britain Memorial Flight. Artists include established singer/songwriters, bands and tribute bands. In the Lower Gardens of and cliff tops at Bournemouth, there are performances by Military bands, including Royal Marines and Army Air Corps bands. Whilst there are performances, there are dusk air displays, featuring pyrotechnics and aerobatics as a finale to the flying programme each day. 2013 2014 2015 Friday 19th August: Rixton Kaiser Chiefs Saturday 20th August: All performances cancelled due to weather Thursday 31 August: Rooster - a UK South Coast party band played a show of favourite party tunes.
Friday 1 September: Sam Merrick brought his own homecoming headline big band show'Sinatra to Buble' with renowned touring UK Big Band,'The Nick Ross Orchestra' to the Bournemouth Pier Music Stage on Bournemouth Beach playing a mixture tunes from Frank Sinatra Classics, Syd Lawrence Arrangements to the likes of Harry Connick Jr & songs associated with Michael Buble. Saturday 2 September: Wonderband (The foremost Stevie Wonder band in the U. K. performing the music of Stevie Wonder. Thursday 30 August: Nino Nikolov. McGoozer The UK BeeGees. Friday 31 August: Danny Adams. Wonderband. Saturday 1 September: Greg Johnson U2 2 (With 26 years as the premier U2 tribute show, Bono has said "We’re flattered b
Cryogenic hardening is a cryogenic treatment process where the material is cooled to −185 °C using liquid nitrogen. It can have a profound effect on the mechanical properties of certain steels, provided their composition and prior heat treatment are such that they retain some austenite at room temperature, it is designed to increase the amount of martensite in the steel's crystal structure, increasing its strength and hardness, sometimes at the cost of toughness. Presently this treatment is being practiced over tool steels, high-carbon, high-chromium steels and in some cases to cemented carbide to obtain excellent wear resistance. Recent research shows that there is precipitation of fine carbides in the matrix during this treatment which imparts high wear resistance to the steels; the transformation from austenite to martensite is accomplished through quenching, but in general it is driven farther and farther toward completion as temperature decreases. In higher-alloy steels such as austenitic stainless steel, the onset of transformation can require temperatures much lower than room temperature.
More an incomplete transformation occurs in the initial quench, so that cryogenic treatments enhance the effects of prior quenching. However, since martensite is a non-equilibrium phase on the iron-iron carbide phase diagram, it has not been shown that warming the part after the cryogenic treatment results in the re-transformation of the induced martensite back to austenite or to ferrite plus cementite, negating the hardening effect; the transformation between these phases is instantaneous and not dependent upon diffusion, that this treatment causes more complete hardening rather than moderating extreme hardness, both of which make the term "cryogenic tempering" technically incorrect. Hardening need not be due to martensitic transformation, but can be accomplished by cold work at cryogenic temperatures; the defects introduced by plastic deformation at these low temperatures are quite different from the dislocations that form at room temperature, produce materials changes that in some ways resemble the effects of shock hardening.
While this process is more effective than traditional cold work, it serves as a theoretical test bed for more economical processes such as explosive forging. Many alloys that do not undergo martensitic transformation have been subjected to the same treatments as steels—that is, cooled with no provisions for cold work. If any benefit is seen from such a process, one plausible explanation is that thermal expansion causes minor but permanent deformation of the material. Cryogenic cold-forming, possible with austenitic stainless steels where ductility is maintained at cryogenic temperatures Cryogenic treatment