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King County, Washington

King County is a county located in the U. S. state of Washington. The population was 2,233,163 in the 2018 census estimate, making it the most populous county in Washington, the 12th-most populous in the United States; the county seat is Seattle the state's most populous city. King County is one of three Washington counties that are included in the Seattle–Tacoma–Bellevue metropolitan statistical area. About two-thirds of King County's population lives in Seattle's suburbs; the county was formed out of territory within Thurston County on December 22, 1852, by the Oregon Territory legislature, was named after Alabamian William R. King, who had just been elected Vice President of the United States under President Franklin Pierce. Seattle was made the county seat on January 11, 1853; the area became part of the Washington Territory when it was created that year. King County extended to the Olympic Peninsula. According to historian Bill Speidel, when peninsular prohibitionists threatened to shut down Seattle's saloons, Doc Maynard engineered a peninsular independence movement.

On February 24, 1986, a motion to change the namesake to Martin Luther King Jr. was passed by the King County Council five votes to four. The motion stated, among other reasons for the change, that "William Rufus DeVane King, was a slaveowner and a ‘gentle slave monger’ according to John Quincy Adams." Because only the state can charter counties, the change was not made official until April 19, 2005, when Governor Christine Gregoire signed into law Senate Bill 5332, which provided that "King county is renamed in honor of the Reverend Doctor Martin Luther King, Jr." effective July 24, 2005. The County Council voted on February 27, 2006 to adopt the proposal sponsored by Councilmember Larry Gossett to change the county's logo from an imperial crown to an image of Martin Luther King, Jr. On March 12, 2007, the new logo was unveiled; the new logo design was developed by the Gable Design Group and the specific image was selected by a committee consisting of King County Executive Ron Sims, Council Chair Larry Gossett, Prosecutor Norm Maleng, Sheriff Sue Rahr, District Court Judge Corrina Harn, Superior Court Judge Michael Trickey.

The same logo is used in the flag. Martin Luther King Jr. visited King County for two days in November 1961. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,307 square miles, of which 2,116 square miles is land and 191 square miles is water. King County has nearly twice the land area of the state of Rhode Island; the highest point in the county is Mount Daniel at 7,959 feet above sea level. King County borders Snohomish County to the north, Kitsap County to the west, Kittitas County to the east, Pierce County to the south, it shares a small border with Chelan County to the northeast. King County includes Vashon Maury Island in Puget Sound. Snohomish County – north Pierce County – south Chelan County – east/northeast Kittitas County – east/southeast Kitsap County – west Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park Snoqualmie National Forest The center of population of the state of Washington in 2010 was located in eastern King County. King County's own center of population was located on Mercer Island.

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,931,249 people, 789,232 households, 461,510 families residing in the county. The population density was 912.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 851,261 housing units at an average density of 402.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 68.7% White, 6.2% African American, 14.6% Asian, 0.8% Pacific Islander, 0.8% Native American, 3.9% from other races, 5.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.1% were German, 11.6% were English, 11.1% were Irish, 5.5% were Norwegian, 2.9% were American. Of the 789,232 households, 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.5% were non-families, 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 37.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $68,065 and the median income for a family was $87,010.

Males had a median income of $62,373 versus $45,761 for females. The per capita income for the county was $38,211. About 6.4% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over. The King County Executive heads the county's executive branch; the King County Prosecuting Attorney, Elections Director and the King County Assessor are elected executive positions. Judicial power is vested in the King County District Court. Seattle houses the King County Courthouse. King County is represented in the United States Congress through a near-entirety of the population in the 7th and 9th Congressional Districts, a majority of the population in the 8th Congressional District and a plurality of the population in the 1st Congressional District. In the state legislature

Rancho del Cielo

Rancho del Cielo named Sky's Ranch or Heaven's Ranch, is a 688-acre ranch located atop the Santa Ynez Mountain range northwest of Santa Barbara, United States. It served as a vacation home for First Lady Nancy Reagan; the ranch was named Rancho de los Picos after José Jesús Pico—a descendant of Santiago de la Cruz Pico who arrived with the Anza expedition in 1776—who homesteaded it and built the original adobe house in 1871. The Pico family owned the ranch until 1941, when Joe, one of Jose Pico's sons, sold it to Frank Flournoy, a Santa Barbara County surveyor, for $6,000. In turn, he sold the ranch to Ray and Rosalie Cornelius, who purchased additional land for the property; the Reagans owned a ranch in the Santa Monica Mountains, much closer to their home in Bel Air. The Reagans sold that ranch to a movie company and it is now part of Malibu Creek State Park; the Reagans bought this ranch from the Corneliuses for about $527,000 in 1974 when his second term as Governor of California was nearing an end.

The estate contains a pond called Lake Lucky, stables and a barn for horses, a 1,500 ft² house furnished with 1970s-style furniture. The ranch is located in a remote area on the crest of the Santa Ynez Mountains adjacent to Refugio Pass; the nearest highway on the ocean side of the mountains is U. S. Route 101, with Solvang, California being the nearest community on the inland side of the mountains. Reagan spent vacations during his presidency at the ranch, which became known as the Western White House, he signed the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 at the ranch and at various times hosted British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, Queen Elizabeth II and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. After leaving the presidency in 1989, the Reagans moved to a home in Bel-Air, California but kept the ranch as a retreat; because of his Alzheimer's disease, Reagan last visited the ranch in 1995. Nancy Reagan last visited in 1998, before selling the property to the Young America's Foundation, a conservative group which preserves it today as what it calls "a living monument to Reagan's ideas and lasting accomplishments."

Although the ranch is closed to the public, Young America's Foundation offers students and supporters the opportunity to visit the property. Young America's Foundation: Reagan Ranch "Life Portrait of Ronald Reagan", from C-SPAN's American Presidents: Life Portraits, broadcast from Rancho del Cielo, December 6, 1999

It Usually Begins with Ayn Rand

It Usually Begins With Ayn Rand is a satirical memoir by libertarian political activist Jerome Tuccille. It was first published by Stein and Day in 1971; the title refers to novelist and philosopher Ayn Rand, whose work introduced Tuccille and other activists to libertarian ideas. In a review of the literature about Rand, literary scholar Mimi Reisel Gladstein complimented Tuccille for his humor in his satire of Rand's followers in the Objectivist movement. However, she noted that most of the book is not about Rand and instead focuses on other areas of "right-wing politics". Roy Childs reviewed the book in Reason. Martin Morse Wooster did a retrospective on it in The American Enterprise

Cornell University Library

The Cornell University Library is the library system of Cornell University. As of 2014, it holds over a million ebooks. More than 90 percent of its current 120,000 periodical titles are available online, it has 8.5 million microfilms and microfiches, more than 71,000 cubic feet of manuscripts, close to 500,000 other materials, including motion pictures, DVDs, sound recordings, computer files in its collections, in addition to extensive digital resources and the University Archives. It is the sixteenth largest library in North America, ranked by number of volumes held; the library is administered as an academic division. The holdings are managed by the Library's subdivisions, which include 16 physical and virtual libraries on the main campus in Ithaca, New York; the John M. Olin Library is the primary research library for the social sciences and humanities, the Harold D. Uris Library has extensive holdings in the humanities and social sciences; the Albert R. Mann Library specializes in agriculture, the life sciences, human ecology.

The Carl M. Kroch Library includes the university's Rare & Manuscript Collections as well as its extensive Asia Collections; the Southeast Asia Collection at the Kroch Library, named in honor of John M. Echols, has been a joint undertaking of the university, the library, the Southeast Asia Program with the goal of acquiring a copy of every publication of research value produced in the countries of Southeast Asia and publications about the region published in other parts of the world; the system was a collection of 18,000 volumes stored in Morrill Hall. Daniel Willard Fiske, Cornell's first librarian, donated his entire estate to the university upon his death, as did President Andrew Dickson White. Under Fiske's direction, Cornell's library introduced a number of innovations, including allowing undergraduate students to browse through the books and check them out. By 1885, the library had installed electric lights and stayed open 12 hours per day, which allowed students to use it as a reference library.

The library plays an active role in furthering online archiving of scientific and historical documents. It provides stewardship and partial funding for arXiv.org e-print archive, created at Los Alamos National Laboratory by Paul Ginsparg. ArXiv has changed the way many physicists and mathematicians communicate, making the eprint a viable and popular form for announcing new research; the "Project Euclid" initiative creates one resource joining commercial journals with low-cost independent journals in mathematics and statistics. The project is aimed at enabling affordable scholarly communication through the Internet. Besides archival purposes, primary goals of the project is to facilitate journal searches and interoperatibility between different publishers; the Cornell Library Digital Collections are online collections of historical documents. Featured collections include the Database of African-American Poetry, the Historic Math Book Collection, the Samuel May Anti-Slavery Collection, the Witchcraft Collection, the Donovan Nuremberg Trials Collection.

The library houses several rare manuscripts. It houses one of the five copies of Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address —the only such to be owned and the only one accompanied both by a letter from Lincoln transmitting the manuscript and by the original envelope addressed and franked by Lincoln; the library houses cuneiform tablets. It holds a copy of The Birds of America, considered the most expensive book in the world; the library has first editions of Darwin's "Origin of Species", the Book of Mormon, of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice. Rose Goldsen Archive of New Media Art is a research repository for new media art, it was founded in 2002 by Timothy Murray, Professor of Comparative Literature and English and Director of the Society for the Humanities. It is located in the Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections at Cornell University Library and it is named in the honor of the late Prof. Rose Goldsen, a Sociology Professor at Cornell University and an avant-garde critic of pop culture, mass media and communication.

The Rose Goldsen Archive provides access to detailed archival material that mirrors the historical changes which have happened in new media art in terms of its technological development and experimentation, throughout the years. The archive's collections include multimedia artworks that reflect the transformation of new media art practices from analog to disc-based and from there to networked and web-based application during the past decades; the collections combine artworks produced on CD/ DVD-Rom, VHS/digital video and internet as well as supporting materials, such as unpublished manuscripts and designs and photographic documentation of installations and performances, digital ephemera, photographs, catalogues and resource guides to new media art. The general collection consists of various material about audi

Canoeing at the 2016 Summer Olympics – Men's C-1 1000 metres

The men's canoe sprint C-1 1000 metres at the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro took place between 15 and 16 August at Lagoa Stadium. The medals were presented by Tony Estanguet, IOC member and István Vaskuti, First Vice President of the ICF; the competition comprised heats, a final round. The top boats from each heat advances to the "A" final, the remaining boats advance to the semifinals; the top two boats in each semifinal and the next overall best boat advanced to the "A" final, competed for medals. A placing "B" final was held for the other semifinalists. All times are Brasilia Time First boat progresses to A final and the remaining boats are qualified for the semifinals; the fastest two canoeists in each semifinal, the overall next best time qualify for the'A' final. The next four canoeists in each semifinal qualify for the'B' final. Serghei Tarnovschi finished third, but was suspended and stripped of his bronze medal due to a failed doping test

Chotelal Verma

Chotelal Verma is an Indian politician and a member of the Sixteenth Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh in India. He represents the Fatehabad constituency of Uttar Pradesh and is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party, having been a member of the Bahujan Samaj Party until 2016. Chotelal Verma was born in Agra district, he is educated till twelfth grade. Chotelal Verma has been a MLA for three terms, he represented the Fatehabad constituency and was a member of the Bahujan Samaj Party political party. Verma was earlier a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party, rejoined the BJP on 27 December 2016. Fatehabad Sixteenth Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly