The Vizcaya Bridge is a transporter bridge that links the towns of Portugalete and Las Arenas in the Biscay province of Spain, crossing the mouth of the Nervion River. People in the area, the official website call it the Puente Colgante, although its structure is quite different from a suspension bridge; the Vizcaya Bridge was built to connect the two banks which are situated at the mouth of the Nervion River. It is the world's oldest transporter bridge and was built in 1893, designed by Alberto Palacio, one of Gustave Eiffel's disciples; the Engineer Ferdinand Joseph Arnodin was in charge, the main financier of the project was Santos Lopez de Letona. It was the solution given by the engineer to the problem of connecting the towns of Portugalete and Getxo without disrupting the maritime traffic of the Port of Bilbao and without having to build a massive structure with long ramps. Palacio wanted to design a bridge which could transport passengers and cargo, that could allow ships to go through.
Palacio's shuttle bridge could be built for a reasonable price. The service was only interrupted once, for four years, during the Spanish Civil War, when the upper section was dynamited. From his house in Portugalete, Palacio saw his masterpiece destroyed just before his own death. On July 13, 2006, the Vizcaya Bridge was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. In Spain, it is the only monument in the Industrial Heritage category. UNESCO considers the bridge to be a perfect combination of functionality, it was the first to use a combination of iron technology and new steel cables which began a new form of constructing bridges, imitated throughout the world. The bridge, still in use, is 164 meters long, its gondola can transport six cars and several dozen passengers in one and a half minutes, it operates every 8 minutes during the day, all year round, with different fares for day and night services, is integrated into Barik card system. An estimated four million passengers and half a million vehicles use the bridge annually.
There are two new visitor lifts installed in the 50-metre-high pillars of the bridge that allow walking over the bridge's platform, from where there is a view of the port and the Abra bay. The structure stand on the river banks; the towers are braced by iron cables to the crossbeam and are parallel to the river and by cables following the line of the bridge into the hill behind and the ground. The upper crossbeam which lies horizontally, rests between two towers by 70 suspension cables, they help support a great amount of weight and are supported in the corbels which helps balance the weight. The gondola transports vehicles and they hang from a 36-wheeled caty and is 25m. long. It moves along the rails through the horizontal crossbeam; the structure is 160 metres long. In the final design they decided to use two horizontal girders to support the rails, these are supported by four pillars which stand on four towers which are situated on the river banks, it is made of iron. Much iron was extracted from the mines of Vizcaya, which increased the shipping industry.
Therefore, the Vizcaya Bridge represents the growth and triumph of a new era. Http://www.puente-colgante.com Tourism in the Basque Country https://web.archive.org/web/20070211071228/http://www.guiabizkaia.com/gbilbao/portu/Index.html UNESCO World Heritage Official Site with the Vizcaya Bridge profile Portugalete Transporter Bridge at Structurae Puente Vizcaya
The Drents Museum is an art and history museum in Assen, Drenthe, in the Netherlands. The museum was opened in 1854, it has a collection of prehistorical artifacts, applied art, visual art. The museum has temporary exhibitions. In 2013, it had 227,000 visitors; the museum was founded by the King's Commissioner of Drenthe on November 28, 1854 as the Provincial Museum of Drents Antiquities. On November 6, 2007, the museum announced that architect Erick van Egeraat was chosen to design a new extension for the museum. Total costs were estimated at eighteen million euro. From summer 2010 to summer 2011 the museum was closed. At the beginning of 2010, a new modern depot facility for 90,000 objects and works of art was completed; the new wing was opened in November 2011. The museum conducted a CT scan and endoscopy of a stature of Buddha that documented the presence of a mummy identified as that of a monk, Liuquan, a Buddhist master of the Chinese Medical School; the statue is reported to date to the twelfth century.
The mummy will be put on display at the Hungarian Natural History Museum through May 2015. The museum has a large permanent collection of prehistoric artifacts from the province of Drenthe, it includes exhibits of bog bodies such as the Yde Girl, the Weerdinge Men, Exloërmond Man, the Emmer-Erscheidenveen Man. There are finds from the Funnelbeaker culture, the collection includes the oldest recovered canoe in the world, the Pesse canoe, that dates between 8200 and 7600 BC. An annex building has period rooms demonstrating the lifestyle of well-to-do Drenthe families from various time periods; this building houses ceramics pertaining to the House of Orange known as the collection Bontekoe. In the garden stands a statue of Bartje Bartels, the main character of books by Anne de Vries, a symbol of the province of Drenthe; the museum holds a permanent collection of figurative art with particular attention to Realism from northern Europe and representatives of the fourth generation of Dutch abstract figurative artists such as Matthijs Röling.
There is a collection of art and applied art from 1885 to 1935 with work by Vincent van Gogh, Jan Toorop, Jan Sluijters. Annabelle Birnie has been the museum director since 2012. Wijnand van der Sanden is the conservator. In 2013, the museum had 227,000 visitors. Official website Media related to Drents Museum at Wikimedia Commons