Kingdom of Kent

The Kingdom of the Kentish, today referred to as the Kingdom of Kent, was an early medieval kingdom in what is now South East England. It existed from either the fifth or the sixth century CE until it was absorbed into the Kingdom of Wessex in the late 9th century and into Kingdom of England in the early 10th century. Under the preceding Romano-British administration the area of Kent faced repeated attacks from seafaring raiders during the fourth century CE, it is that Germanic-speaking foederati were invited to settle in the area as mercenaries. Following the end of Roman administration in 410, further linguistically Germanic tribal groups moved into the area, as testified by both archaeological evidence and Late Anglo-Saxon textual sources; the primary ethnic group to settle in the area appears to have been the Jutes: they established their Kingdom in East Kent and may have been under the dominion of the Kingdom of Francia. It has been argued that an East Saxon community settled in West Kent, but was conquered by the expanding kingdom of East Kent in the sixth century.

The earliest recorded King of Kent was Æthelberht, who, as Bretwalda, wielded significant influence over other Anglo-Saxon kings in the late sixth century. The Christianization of the Anglo-Saxons began in Kent during Æthelberht's reign with the arrival of the monk Augustine of Canterbury and his Gregorian mission in 597. Kent was one of the seven kingdoms of the so-called Anglo-Saxon heptarchy, but it lost its independence in the 8th century when it became a sub-kingdom of Mercia. In the 9th century it became a sub-kingdom of Wessex, in the 10th century it became part of the unified Kingdom of England, created under the leadership of Wessex, its name has been carried forward since as the county of Kent. Knowledge of Anglo-Saxon Kent comes from scholarly study of Late Anglo-Saxon texts such as the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and the Ecclesiastical History of the English People, as well as archaeological evidence such as that left by early medieval cemeteries and settlements, toponymical evidence.

In the Romano-British period, the area of modern Kent that lay east of the River Medway was a civitas known as Cantiaca. Its name had been taken from an older Common Brittonic place-name, Cantium used in the preceding pre-Roman Iron Age, although the extent of this tribal area is unknown. During the late third and fourth centuries, Roman Britain had been raided by Franks, Saxons and Scots; as the closest part of Britain to mainland Europe, it is that Kent would have experienced many attacks from seafaring raiders, resulting in the construction of four Saxon Shore Forts along the Kentish coast: Regulbium, Rutupiae and Portus Lemanis. It is likely that Germanic-speaking mercenaries from northern Gaul, known as foederati, would have been hired to supplement official Roman troops during this period, with land in Kent as payment; these foederati would have assimilated into Romano-British culture, making it difficult to distinguish them archaeologically. There is evidence that over the fourth and early fifth centuries, rural villas were abandoned, suggesting that the Romano-British elite were moving to the comparative safety of fortified urban centres.

However, urban centres witnessed decline. In 407, the Roman legions left Britain in order to deal with incursions into the Empire's continental heartlands. In 410, the Roman Emperor Honorius sent a letter to his British subjects announcing that they must thenceforth look after their own defence and could no longer rely on the imperial military to protect them. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, produced in late Anglo-Saxon England and not considered an accurate record of events in the fifth century, in 418 many Romans left Britain via Kent, taking much of their wealth with them; this may represent a memory of a genuine exodus of the Roman aristocracy. According to archaeologist Martin Welch, the fifth century witnessed "a radical transformation of what became Kent, politically and in terms of physical landscape". Both literary and archaeological records show the migration of linguistically Germanic peoples from northern Europe into Britain during this century. There remains much debate as to the scale of this migration.

The fate of the Romano-British is debated. In Kent, it is that some the Romano-British population remained, as the Roman name for the area, influenced the name of the new Anglo-Saxon kingdom, the Cantware; the Germanic migration to Britain is noted in textual sources from the late Anglo-Saxon period, most notably Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, a "king of the Britons" known as Vortigern invited two Germanic leaders and Horsa, to Britain to help defend against Pictish raiders. After arriving at Ebba's Creek in Kent in 449, Hengist and Horsa led the defeat of the Picts before turning on the British and invi


A transceiver is a device comprising both a transmitter and a receiver that are combined and share common circuitry or a single housing. In radio terminology, a transceiver means a unit which contains both a transmitter. From the beginning days of radio the receiver and transmitter were separate units and remained so until around 1920. Amateur radio or "ham" radio operators can build their own equipment and it is now easier to design and build a simple unit containing both of the functions: transmitting and receiving. All modern amateur radio equipment is now a transceiver but there is an active market for pure radio receivers for shortwave listening operators. An example of a transceiver would be a CB radio. On a wired telephone, the handset contains the transmitter and receiver for the audio and in the 20th century was wired to the base unit by tinsel wire; the whole unit is colloquially referred to as a "receiver". On a mobile telephone or other radiotelephone, the entire unit is a transceiver, for both audio and radio.

A cordless telephone uses an audio and radio transceiver for the handset, a radio transceiver for the base station. If a speakerphone is included in a wired telephone base or in a cordless base station, the base becomes an audio transceiver in addition to the handset. A modem is similar to a transceiver, in that it sends and receives a signal, but a modem uses modulation and demodulation, it demodulates a signal being received. Transceivers are called Medium Attachment Units in IEEE 802.3 documents and were used in 10BASE2 and 10BASE5 Ethernet networks. Fiber-optic gigabit, 10 Gigabit Ethernet, 40 Gigabit Ethernet, 100 Gigabit Ethernet utilize transceivers known as GBIC, SFP, SFP+, QSFP, XFP, XAUI, CXP, CFP. 4P4C, de facto standard connector for telephone handsets Duplex, two-Way communications capability Radar beacon Transponder § Optical communications This article incorporates public domain material from the General Services Administration document "Federal Standard 1037C". U. S. Patent 0,716,136, John Stone Stone, "Apparatus for transmitting and receiving space telegraph signals" 7 MHz SSB transceiver

Something's Gotten Hold of My Heart

"Something's Gotten Hold of My Heart" is a song written by Roger Greenaway and Roger Cook. Recorded by David and Jonathan, Gene Pitney in 1967, the latter's version of the song reached No. 5 on the UK Singles Chart in December 1967, but failed to chart in the United States. The song was subsequently covered by a number of other acts including Cilla Black, Allison Durbin on her 1968 album I Have Loved Me a Man, Terry Reid, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds on their 1986 album of covers Kicking Against the Pricks, it was sung in French by Herbert Léonard in 1968 with the title "Quelque chose tient mon cœur" and in Italian by Pitney himself with the title "Uomo, non sai". It achieved its greatest success in 1988. Recorded by Almond alone for his 1988 album The Stars We Are, the single version reunited it with its best known singer Gene Pitney; the music video for this version was filmed on-location in Las Vegas. Marc Almond recorded the song as a solo track for his album The Stars We Are and was released as a follow up to this single Tears Run Rings.

By Gene Pitney had heard of Almond's version and offered to re-record it with him, as a duet. This version replaced the solo version, put on the B-side of the single; the duet reached number one on the UK singles chart in January 1989. The song was covered by Vicky Leandros in 1968, along with a Greek version the same year titled "To Mistiko Sou" on her Greek album Vicky which became a hit; the same year in French by Herbert Léonard "Quelque chose en moi tient mon cœur". In 1987 cover this song with alternative lyrics the band Window Speaks in the album Heartland. Following Marc Almond's success across Europe, in 1989 Leandros released a 12-inch remix of "To Mistiko Sou" in Greece which topped the Greek charts. Since its release, both the English and Greek versions of the song have appeared on various Leandros compilations worldwide. In 2010, Greek singer Maro Lytra covered Leandros' Greek version of the song produced by Dimitris Kontopoulos, released it as the second single off her upcoming album.

In 1986, the song was covered by Nick The Bad Seeds on the album Kicking Against the Pricks. In 2012, the song was covered by Joe McElderry and is featured on his fourth studio album, Here's What I Believe. In 1990, The Shadows recorded an instrumental cover of the song on their studio album Reflection. Pate Mustajärvi recorded the Finnish version Sydän syrjällään as a duet with Sakari Kuosmanen in 1995. Finnish lyrics were by Juice Leskinen; the song appeared on the B-side of the single Emmanuelle. The song was featured in the 2015 movie, The Lobster, where it was performed by Garry Mountaine and Olivia Colman. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics