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The Kingdome was a multi-purpose stadium in Seattle's SoDo neighborhood. Owned and operated by King County, the Kingdome opened in 1976 and was best known as the home stadium of the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League, the Seattle Mariners of Major League Baseball, the Seattle SuperSonics of the National Basketball Association; the stadium served as both the home outdoor and indoor venue for the Seattle Sounders of the North American Soccer League and hosted numerous amateur sporting events and other events. The Kingdome measured 660 feet wide from its inside walls; the idea of constructing a covered stadium for a major league football or baseball team was first proposed to Seattle officials in 1959. Voters rejected separate measures to approve public funding for such a stadium in 1960 and 1966, but the outcome was different in 1968. Construction began in 1972 and the stadium opened in 1976 as the home stadium of the Sounders and Seahawks; the Mariners moved in the following year, the SuperSonics moved in the next year, only to move back to the Seattle Center Coliseum in 1985.

The stadium hosted several major sports events, including the Soccer Bowl in August 1976, the Pro Bowl in January 1977, the Major League Baseball All-Star Game in July 1979, the NBA All-Star Game in 1987, the NCAA Final Four in 1984, 1989, 1995. During the 1990s, the Seahawks' and Mariners' respective ownership groups began to question the suitability of the Kingdome as a venue for each team, threatening to relocate unless new, publicly funded stadiums were built. At issue was the fact that neither team saw their shared tenancy as profitable, as well as the integrity of the stadium's roof as highlighted by the collapse of ceiling tiles onto the seating area before a scheduled Mariners game; as a result, public funding packages for new, purpose-built stadiums for the Mariners and Seahawks were approved in 1995 and 1997, respectively. The Mariners moved to Safeco Field, now known as T-Mobile Park, midway through the 1999 season, the Seahawks temporarily moved to Husky Stadium after the 1999 season.

The Kingdome was demolished by implosion on March 26, 2000. King County paid off the bonds used to build and repair the Kingdome in 2015, 15 years after its demolition. In 1959, Seattle restaurateur David L. Cohn wrote a letter to the Seattle City Council suggesting the city needed a covered stadium for a major professional sports franchise. A domed stadium was thought to be a must due to Seattle's frequent rain. At the time, the city had Husky Stadium and Sick's Stadium for collegiate football and minor league baseball but both were deemed inadequate for a major league team. In 1960, the city council placed a $15 million bond issue measure on the ballot to fund construction of a stadium, but voters rejected it due to doubt the stadium could be built within that budget, lack of a guarantee the city would have a team to play in the stadium. By 1966, the National Football League and the American League were both considering granting the city an expansion franchise, as a result the King County Council placed another bond issue measure on the ballot, rejected by voters.

In 1967, the American League granted Seattle an expansion franchise that would be known as the Seattle Pilots. The league stated Sick's Stadium was not adequate as a major-league stadium, stipulated that as a condition of being awarded the franchise, bonds had to be issued to fund construction of a domed stadium that had to be completed by 1970; the Pilots were supposed to begin play in 1971 along with the Kansas City Royals. However, when Senator Stuart Symington of Missouri got wind of those plans, he demanded both teams begin play in 1969; the American League had birthed the Royals and Pilots as a result of the Kansas City Athletics moving to Oakland, Symington would not accept the prospect of Kansas City waiting three years for baseball's return. In February 1968, as part of the Forward Thrust group of bond propositions, King County voters approved the issue of $40 million in bonds to fund construction of the "King County Multipurpose Domed Stadium." That year a committee considered over 100 sites throughout Seattle and King County for the stadium, unanimously decided the best site would be on the grounds of Seattle Center, site of the 1962 World's Fair.

Community members decried the idea, claiming the committee was influenced by special interest groups. The Pilots began play as planned in 1969, but Sick's Stadium proved to be a problematic venue for fans and visiting players alike, it soon became apparent that it was inadequate for temporary use; the Pilots only drew 677,000 fans that season, not nearly enough to break and a petition by stadium opponents brought the Sick's Stadium project to a halt. The Pilots' ownership group ran out of money by the end of the season, with the stadium plans in limbo, the team was forced to declare bankruptcy. Despite efforts by Seattle-area businessmen to buy the team as well as an attempt to keep the team in Seattle through the court system, the Pilots were sold to Milwaukee businessman Bud Selig, who relocated the team to Wisconsin and renamed it the Milwaukee Brewers a week before the start of the 1970 season; the push to build the domed stadium continued despite the lack of a major league sports team to occupy it.

In May 1970 voters re

Lynching of Joe Coe

Joe Coe known as George Smith, was an African-American laborer, lynched on October 10, 1891, in Omaha, Nebraska. Overwhelmed by a mob of one thousand at the Douglas County Courthouse, the twelve city police officers stood by without intervening. Afterward, the mayor called the lynching "the most deplorable thing that has happened in the history of the country." Coe was a married man with two children. On October 7, 1891, Lizzie Yates, a five-year-old white child who lived in North Omaha, accused Coe of assaulting her. Before the verdict was passed rumors swept through Omaha about Coe getting away with the crime, about the girl dying, about Coe receiving a small punishment. A crowd of men was gathered at the old Douglas County Courthouse the day when Coe was brought in, to witness an unrelated, scheduled hanging, an official execution. Rumors flew around Omaha that the girl had died, the guilty party was in jail, was only going to be punished with 20 years' incarceration; the next day, a mob of several hundred to 1,000 men formed in downtown Omaha early on October 10 and overwhelmed the police at the courthouse.

Councilman Moriarty led the men against the courthouse. Leaders drove Coe to the assumed victim's house in the Near North Side neighborhood to be identified by the parents; the mother said she had seen Coe roaming around the house, although she would not swear that it was him. When the mob brought Coe back to the courthouse to be lynched, James E. Boyd, the governor of Nebraska, the county sheriff both appealed to the men to disperse. Instead, by midnight a crowd of 1,000 to 10,000 people had gathered at the courthouse; the mob dragged him through city streets. He was already dead when he was hung from a streetcar wire at 17th and Harney Streets. Omaha mayor Richard C. Cushing condemned the lynching as "the most deplorable thing that has happened in the history of the country." Seven men were arrested for the crime, including the chief of police and the manager of a large dry goods store. A mob gathered outside the jail and threatened to destroy it unless the suspects were freed on bail but the County Attorney was determined to refuse them.

The following day when Coe's body was set for public viewing at a downtown mortuary, six thousand spectators filed by. Hucksters sold pieces of the lynching rope as souvenirs. Ten days after the lynching, the Douglas County Assistant Coroner testified in court that Smith died of "fright", rather than of the wounds inflicted on him by the mob; those wounds included sixteen wounds to three vertebrae broken in his spine. Despite this, the coroner testified, "he heart was so contracted and the blood was in such a condition that the doctor was satisfied that the man was scared to death." County Attorney Mahoney said. The grand jury decided not to prosecute. Crime in Omaha Mass racial violence in the United States Racial tension in Omaha, Nebraska Civil Rights Movement in Omaha, Nebraska George Smith at Find A grave "A History of Omaha's First Recorded Lynching" by Adam Fletcher Sasse for

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 327

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 327 of the United States Reports: In re Yamashita, 327 U. S. 1 Canizio v. New York, 327 U. S. 82 Case v. Bowles, 327 U. S. 92 Hulbert v. Twin Falls County, 327 U. S. 103 United States v. Johnson, 327 U. S. 106 Estep v. United States, 327 U. S. 114 Hannegan v. Esquire, Inc. 327 U. S. 146 Meyer v. Fleming, 327 U. S. 161 Martino v. Michigan Window Cleaning Co. 327 U. S. 173 Mabee v. White Plains Publishing Co. 327 U. S. 178 Oklahoma Press Publishing Co. v. Walling, 327 U. S. 186 Griffin v. Griffin, 327 U. S. 220 Bigelow v. RKO Radio Pictures, Inc. 327 U. S. 251 American Surety Co. of N. Y. v. Sampsell, 327 U. S. 269 Ashcraft v. Tennessee, 327 U. S. 274 Commissioner v. Tower, 327 U. S. 280 Lusthaus v. Commissioner, 327 U. S. 293 Duncan v. Kahanamoku, 327 U. S. 304 Social Security Bd. v. Nierotko, 327 U. S. 358 United States v. Petty Motor Co. 327 U. S. 372 NLRB v. Cheney Cal. Lumber Co. 327 U. S. 385 Holmberg v. Armbrecht, 327 U. S. 392 Poff v. Pennsylvania R. Co. 327 U.

S. 399 Commissioner v. Wilcox, 327 U. S. 404 Nippert v. Richmond, 327 U. S. 416 United States v. American Union Transport, Inc. 327 U. S. 437 Boutell v. Walling, 327 U. S. 463 Wilson v. Cook, 327 U. S. 474 Duggan v. Sansberry, 327 U. S. 499 Commissioner v. Fisher, 327 U. S. 512 United States v. Pierce Auto Freight Lines, Inc. 327 U. S. 515 Cherry Cotton Mills, Inc. v. United States, 327 U. S. 536 Macauley v. Waterman S. S. Corp. 327 U. S. 540 United States ex rel. TVA v. Welch, 327 U. S. 546 S. R. A. Inc. v. Minnesota, 327 U. S. 558 Kennecott Copper Corp. v. State Tax Comm'n, 327 U. S. 573 AFL v. Watson, 327 U. S. 582 Jacob Siegel Co. v. FTC, 327 U. S. 608 M. Kraus & Bros. Inc. v. United States, 327 U. S. 614 United States v. Carbone, 327 U. S. 633 Lavender v. Kurn, 327 U. S. 645 McAllister Lighterage Line, Inc. v. United States, 327 U. S. 655 Elgin, J. & E. R. Co. v. Burley, 327 U. S. 661 Bell v. Hood, 327 U. S. 678 North American Co. v. SEC, 327 U. S. 686 Williams v. United States, 327 U. S. 711 Heiser v. Woodruff, 327 U.

S. 726 United States v. Rice, 327 U. S. 742 United States Ex Rel. Nitkey v. Dawes, et al. 327 U. S. 788 Supreme Court of the United States United States Supreme Court cases in volume 327 United States Supreme Court cases in volume 327 United States Supreme Court cases in volume 327

1991 Tour de France, Stage 12 to Stage 22

The 1991 Tour de France was the 78th edition of Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Tour began in Lyon with a prologue individual time trial on 6 July and Stage 12 occurred on 18 July with a mountainous stage from Pau; the race finished on the Champs-Élysées in Paris on 28 July. 18 July 1991 — Pau to Jaca, 192 km 19 July 1991 — Jaca to Val-Louron, 232 km 20 July 1991 — Saint-Gaudens to Castres, 172.5 km 21 July 1991 — Albi to Alès, 235 km 22 July 1991 — Alès to Gap, 215 km 23 July 1991 — Gap to Alpe d'Huez, 125 km 24 July 1991 — Le Bourg-d'Oisans to Morzine, 255 km 25 July 1991 — Morzine to Aix-les-Bains, 177 km 26 July 1991 — Aix-les-Bains to Mâcon, 160 km 27 July 1991 — Lugny to Mâcon, 57 km 28 July 1991 — Melun to Paris Champs-Élysées, 178 km

Dyfnwal Moelmud

Dyfnwal Moelmud was accounted as an early king and lawmaker among the Welsh, credited with the codification of their standard units of measure. He figures as a legendary king of the Britons in Geoffrey of Monmouth's pseudohistorical History of the Kings of the Britons. In Geoffrey's account, Dyfnwal was the son of Cloten, the King of Cornwall, he restored order after the "Civil War of the Five Kings", his family were a cadet branch of the dynasty of Brutus, the dominant line having ended with Porrex I before the civil war. Dyfnwal was the King of Cornwall during the war created in the power vacuum left by Porrex I, he was more courageous than all the other kings in the war. He defeated the king of Loegria. In response, king of Cambria, Staterius, king of Albany, allied together and destroyed much of Dyfnwal's land; the two sides were stalemated. Dyfnwal took 600 of his men and himself and dressed themselves in the armour of the dead enemies, they led a charge deep into enemy lines. After this battle, Dyfnwal pillaged their lands.

Following the defeat of the rival kings, Dyfnwal created a crown like that of his predecessors and claimed the throne of Britain. He created a set of rules for the kingdom called the Molmutine Laws, which nearly ended robbery within his kingdom and lasted for many centuries, he reigned in peace and prosperity for forty years died and was buried in the Temple of Concord, a tribute to his laws, which resided in Trinovantum. His death sparked another civil war between his two sons and Brennius. Welsh units Lloyd, John Edward. "Moelmud, Dyfnwal". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co


Eretnids was an Anatolian beylik that succeeded the Ilkhanid governors in Anatolia and that ruled in a large region extending between Caesarea and Amaseia in Central Anatolia between 1328 and 1381. The dynasty was founded by Eretna, an officer of Uyghur origin in the service of Ilkhanid governors of Anatolia. Although short-lived, the Beylik of Eretna left important works of architecture; the name of Eretna may be derived from Sanskrit word Ratna "Jewel" or Tuvan "Ertine" "treasure, value, appreciate, treasure, cherish". The dynasty's founder, was a Mongol officer of Uyghur origin in the service of Timurtash, the Ilkhanid governor of Anatolia. After his master unsuccessfully revolted in 1327 to ally with the Mamluks in response to the fate of his father Chupan, Ilkhan Abu Said appointed Eretna a governor of Anatolia. Eretna, who established his own beylik with the title of Sultan under the protection of the Mamluk Sultanate knew Arabic and was considered a scholar. After Eretna's death, his lands were nibbled away by the Ottomans in the west and the Aq Qoyunlu in the east due to internal disputes between the Eretnids.

The Beylik's last ruler, Muhammad II, was replaced by his vizier Kadi Burhan al-Din who reigned in the same region for another eighteen years, a period some sources consider as a continuation of the same institutional structure, while other sources treat as being separate. Ala al-Din Eretna ibn Jafar 1336–1352 Giyath al-Din Muhammad 1352–1366'Ali 1366–1380 Muhammad Çelebi 1380 Kadi Burhan al-Din List of Shia Muslim dynasties