Lansing is a village in Cook County, United States. Lansing is a southern suburb of Chicago; the population was 28,331 at the 2010 census. Lansing is located at 41°33′57″N 87°32′45″W, it is 6.9 miles south of the Chicago city limits at 138th Street, 25.6 miles from the Chicago Loop. Lansing is bordered by Glenwood and Thornton to the west, Calumet City and South Holland to the north, Lynwood to the south, by Munster and Hammond in Indiana to the east. According to the 2010 census, Lansing has a total area of 6.848 square miles, of which 6.79 square miles is land and 0.058 square miles is water. Lansing sits on an ancient shoreline of Lake Michigan; this shoreline runs along Ridge Road. The current Mayor of Lansing is Patty Eidam; the Village Clerk is Vivian Payne. The Village administrator is Dan Podgorski. Lansing is represented in the United States Congress by Representative Robin Kelly, of Illinois' 2nd congressional district, as well as Senators Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth in the United States Senate.
The first family to settle in Lansing was that of August Hildebrandt in 1843. Henry and John Lansing settled the area in 1846, incorporated in 1893. Early settlement in the village was by Dutch and German immigrants. Industrial development of the surrounding Calumet region attracted immigrants from Ireland and Eastern Europe to the village in the 20th century; these settlement patterns are reflected in Lansing's current demographics. As of the census of 2010, there were 28,331 people, 11,416 households, 7,774 families residing in the village; the population density was 4,188.7 people per square mile. There were 11,748 housing units at an average density of 1,736.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 58.93% White, 31.59% African American, 0.02% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 6.11% from other races, 2.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.48% of the population. There were 11,416 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.9% were non-families.
27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.06. In the village, the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males. The median income for a household in the village was $47,554, the median income for a family was $56,901. Males had a median income of $45,186 versus $29,152 for females; the per capita income for the village was $22,547. About 3.5% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over. College Visible Music College Chicago Branch Public high schools Thornton Fractional South Private high schools Illiana Christian High School is an accredited high school affiliated with Christian Schools International.
American School of Correspondence Public primary and middle schools Memorial Junior High School Nathan Hale Elementary School Heritage Middle School Oak Glen Elementary School Reavis Elementary School Coolidge Elementary School Private primary and middle schools Saint Ann Elementary School Lansing Christian School Saint John Lutheran School Eagle Academy Tom Gorzelanny, pitcher for the Milwaukee Brewers, spent part of his childhood in Lansing Curtis Granderson, outfielder for the New York Mets, graduated from Thornton Fractional South High School Tony Lema, one of professional golf's most popular players and personalities, was killed in a 1966 plane crash in Lansing Harry Smith, former co-anchor for CBS' The Early Show and the host of A&E's Biography series Pierre Thomas, running back for the New Orleans Saints, graduated from Thornton Fractional South High School Jack E. Walker, Illinois politician, practiced law in Lansing. Walker was convicted of bribery in federal court involving a bill involving the ready-mix concrete business.
He was paroled because of his health. Walker died at St. Margaret's Hospital in Hammond, Indiana In the history of the Lansing Police Department, one officer has been killed while on duty. Lansing Municipal Airport North Creek Woods Village of Lansing official website Lansing Public Library Lansing's Neighborhood Network Cable Channel 4 Lan-Oak Park District, Lansing's park district Lansing Area Chamber of Commerce Thornton Fractional School District 215 Sunnybrook School District 171 Lansing School District 158 Lansing Municipal Airport
Indiana is a U. S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana is the 17th most populous of the 50 United States, its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U. S. state on December 11, 1816. Indiana borders Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, Kentucky to the south and southeast, Illinois to the west. Before becoming a territory, various indigenous peoples and Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years. Since its founding as a territory, settlement patterns in Indiana have reflected regional cultural segmentation present in the Eastern United States. Indiana has a diverse economy with a gross state product of $359.12 billion in 2017. Indiana has several metropolitan areas with populations greater than 100,000 and a number of smaller industrial cities and towns. Indiana is home to professional sports teams, including the NFL's Indianapolis Colts and the NBA's Indiana Pacers, hosts several notable athletic events, such as the Indianapolis 500 and Brickyard 400 motorsports races.
The state's name means "Land of the Indians", or "Indian Land". It stems from Indiana's territorial history. On May 7, 1800, the United States Congress passed legislation to divide the Northwest Territory into two areas and named the western section the Indiana Territory. In 1816, when Congress passed an Enabling Act to begin the process of establishing statehood for Indiana, a part of this territorial land became the geographic area for the new state. A resident of Indiana is known as a Hoosier; the etymology of this word is disputed, but the leading theory, as advanced by the Indiana Historical Bureau and the Indiana Historical Society, has "Hoosier" originating from Virginia, the Carolinas, Tennessee as a term for a backwoodsman, a rough countryman, or a country bumpkin. The first inhabitants in what is now Indiana were the Paleo-Indians, who arrived about 8000 BC after the melting of the glaciers at the end of the Ice Age. Divided into small groups, the Paleo-Indians were nomads, they created stone tools made out of chert by chipping and flaking.
The Archaic period, which began between 5000 and 4000 BC, covered the next phase of indigenous culture. The people developed new tools as well as techniques to cook food, an important step in civilization; such new tools included different types of spear knives, with various forms of notches. They made ground-stone tools such as woodworking tools and grinding stones. During the latter part of the period, they built earthwork mounds and middens, which showed that settlements were becoming more permanent; the Archaic period ended at about 1500 BC, although some Archaic people lived until 700 BC. The Woodland period commenced around 1500 BC. During this period, the people created ceramics and pottery, extended their cultivation of plants. An early Woodland period group named the Adena people had elegant burial rituals, featuring log tombs beneath earth mounds. In the middle portion of the Woodland period, the Hopewell people began developing long-range trade of goods. Nearing the end of the stage, the people developed productive cultivation and adaptation of agriculture, growing such crops as corn and squash.
The Woodland period ended around 1000 AD. The Mississippian culture emerged, lasting from 1000 AD until the 15th century, shortly before the arrival of Europeans. During this stage, the people created large urban settlements designed according to their cosmology, with large mounds and plazas defining ceremonial and public spaces; the concentrated settlements depended on the agricultural surpluses. One such complex was the Angel Mounds, they had large public areas such as plazas and platform mounds, where leaders lived or conducted rituals. Mississippian civilization collapsed in Indiana during the mid-15th century for reasons that remain unclear; the historic Native American tribes in the area at the time of European encounter spoke different languages of the Algonquian family. They included the Shawnee and Illini, they were joined by refugee tribes from eastern regions including the Delaware who settled in the White and Whitewater River Valleys. In 1679, French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was the first European to cross into Indiana after reaching present-day South Bend at the Saint Joseph River.
He returned the following year to learn about the region. French-Canadian fur traders soon arrived, bringing blankets, tools and weapons to trade for skins with the Native Americans. By 1702, Sieur Juchereau established the first trading post near Vincennes. In 1715, Sieur de Vincennes built Fort Miami at Kekionga, now Fort Wayne. In 1717, another Canadian, Picote de Beletre, built Fort Ouiatenon on the Wabash River, to try to control Native American trade routes from Lake Erie to the Mississippi River. In 1732, Sieur de Vincennes built a second fur trading post at Vincennes. French Canadian settlers, who had left the earlier post because of hostilities, returned in larger numbers. In a period of a few years, British colonists arrived from the East and contended against the Canadians for control of the lucrative fur trade. Fighting between the French and British colonists occurred throughout the 1750s as a result; the Native American tribes of Indiana sided with th
Interstate 94 in Indiana
Interstate 94 is a part of the Interstate Highway System that runs from Billings, Montana, to Port Huron, Michigan. I-94 enters Indiana from Illinois in the west, in Munster and runs eastward through Hammond and Portage, before entering Michigan northeast of Michigan City; the interstate runs for 45.75 miles through the state. The landscape traversed by I-94 include urban areas of Northwest Indiana, wooded areas, farmland; the section of I-94 between the Illinois state line and Lake Station is named the Borman Expressway. I-94 enters Indiana from Illinois running concurrently with I-80 on the Borman Expressway, in Munster; the freeway heads towards the east as a ten-lane interstate entering the City of Hammond. The road has an interchange with Calumet Avenue, which US 41 is concurrent with towards the north of the interchange. After the Calumet interchange is an interchange with Indianapolis Boulevard, which carries US 41 south of this interchange and SR 152 to the north. East of Indianapolis Boulevard the interstate passes over Norfolk Southern Railroad tracks, before having an interchange with Kennedy Avenue.
After Kennedy Avenue, the freeway passes to the north of industrial properties, before having an interchange at SR 912 known as Cline Avenue. Between Kennedy Avenue and SR 912 is one of the highest average annual daily traffic in the state at 163,912 vehicles. At the interchange with Cline Avenue, the Borman Expressway becomes an eight-lane interstate, it leaves Hammond and enters the City of Gary. East of SR 912 the interstate has an overpass over railroad tracks, before having an interchange with Burr Street. After Burr Street the highway passes near woodland, as a ten-lane interstate; the freeway has an interchange with Broadway. The interstate has an interchange with I-65. Central Avenue has an incomplete interchange, eastbound exit and westbound entrance, with the interstate, accessed through ramps at I-65 exit. East of Central Avenue the freeway becomes a six-lane interstate passing near wooded areas, with farmland; the highway enters Lake Station and has an interchange with US 6. East of the interchange with US 6, the Borman Expressway has an interchange with the Indiana Toll Road.
I-80 heads east of the toll road. The Borman Expressway name ends at the toll road interchange; the freeway passes before leaving Lake Station and entering Portage. In Portage the interstate passes over US 20 and begins to parallel US 20, before having an interchange with SR 249. East of SR 249 the highway leaves Portage and enters Burns Harbor, before passing under SR 149. I-94 has a cloverleaf interchange with US 20, before entering Porter. While passing through Porter, the highway passes over a Norfolk Southern railroad track. After Porter the road enters Chesterton and has an interchange with SR 49. East of SR 49 the freeway leaves Chesterton entering rural Porter County, before entering LaPorte County; the interstate has an interchange with US 421 just south of Michigan City. The road curves to the northeast, bypassing Michigan City to the southeast, having an interchange with US 20. After US 20, I-94 passes over a Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad track, before leaving the Michigan City area and entering Michigan.
The segment of freeway between US 20 and the Michigan state line has the lowest AADT on I-94 in the state of Indiana, at 37,179 vehicles. The expressway now known as the Borman was known as the Tri-State Highway, construction of the expressway began in 1949; the designation went through the Kingery Expressway, linked with the Tri-State Tollway in Illinois. It was designated SR 420 in Indiana. US 6 diverged at Calumet Avenue south, ran on Calumet Avenue and Ridge Road. At various times, the expressway was extended from Indianapolis Boulevard to Burr Street to Georgia Street east of Broadway, to the Toll Road; some time after the enactment of the Interstate Highway System, the expressway was designated as I-80, I-90, I-294, the I-94 designation was applied to the Indiana Toll Road west of where its interchange with the Borman was built. The expressways were renumbered around 1965, to avoid the implication that through-traffic must change roads to stay on I-90 or I-94, resulting in I-90 being moved to the Indiana Toll Road, I-94 being moved to the Borman, I-294 being cut back to the Tri-State Tollway and no longer entering Indiana.
US 6 was extended along the Borman to Ripley Street at that time. The Borman Expressway is named after Frank Borman, commander of the Apollo 8 space mission, born in Gary; the eastern section of I-94 in Indiana was completed last, after the nearby Michigan section had been completed, leading to what was called in the interim the "Cornfield Roadblock". Reconstruction of the Borman commenced in 2004; the reconstruction of both the Kingery and the Borman aimed to reduce the delays encountered on the highway. The reconstructed portion of the Borman is eight lanes wide, with additional collector-distributor lanes between interchanges. Construction between the Illinois state line and exit 11 was completed in 2007; the Interstate 65 Interchange Modification Project continued into 2009, including replacing the pavement of the Borman to Central Avenue. The Borman and Cline Avenue interchange is a partial cloverleaf interchange. Two flyover ramps allow southbound Cline Avenue traffic to merge onto the eastbound Borman Expressway, northbound Cline Avenue traffic to merge onto the westbound Borman.
The remaining ramps utilize the cloverleaf design. On Saturday, September 13, 2008, at 9:00 a.m. CDT, all l
U.S. Route 6
U. S. Route 6 called the Grand Army of the Republic Highway, honoring the American Civil War veterans association, is a main route of the U. S. Highway system. While it runs east-northeast from Bishop, California to Provincetown, the route has been modified several times; the highway's longest-lasting routing, from 1936 to 1964, had its western terminus at Long Beach, California. During this time, US 6 was the longest highway in the country. In 1964, the state of California renumbered its highways, most of the route within California was transferred to other highways; this dropped the highway's length below that of US 20. US 6 is a diagonal route, whose number is out of sequence with the rest of the U. S. Highway grid in the western US; when it was designated in 1926, US 6 only ran east of Pennsylvania. Subsequent extensions replacing the former U. S. Route 32 and U. S. Route 38, have taken it south of US 30 near Chicago, Illinois, US 40 near Denver, Colorado, US 50 at Ely, US 70 near Los Angeles, due to its north–south alignment in that state.
US 6 does not serve a major transcontinental corridor, unlike other highways. George R. Stewart, author of U. S. 40: Cross Section of the United States of America considered US 6, but realized that "Route 6 runs uncertainly from nowhere to nowhere, scarcely to be followed from one end to the other, except by some devoted eccentric". In the famous "beat" novel On the Road by Jack Kerouac, protagonist Sal Paradise considers hitchhiking on US 6 to Nevada, but is told by a driver that "there's no traffic passes through 6" and that he'd be better off going via Pittsburgh; the modern US 6 in California is a short, two-lane, north–south surface highway from Bishop to the Nevada state line. Prior to a 1964 highway renumbering project, US 6 extended to Long Beach along what is now US 395, California 14, Interstate 5, Interstate 110/California 110, California 1. Despite the renumbering having removed all freeway portions, it is still part of the California Freeway and Expressway System. US 6's former routing included a short segment of the famous Arroyo Seco Parkway.
US 6 begins at US 395 in Bishop and heads north between farms and ranches in the Chalfant Valley at the base of the 14,000-foot western escarpment of the White Mountains. After about 30 miles Benton is reached, which has a gas station. California 120 begins here, heading west past Mono Lake through Lee Vining, over Tioga Pass, through Yosemite National Park to the San Joaquin Valley. US 6 continues north to the Nevada state line. From the California border, US 6 heads northeast through the semidesert Queen Valley with Boundary Peak, Nevada's highest summit, Montgomery Peak in California on the right; these twin peaks are the northmost high summits of the White Mountains, both over 13,000 ft. The highway climbs into the Pinyon-Juniper zone and crosses Montgomery Pass 7,167 ft. From the pass, US 6 descends into barren shadscale desert, passing Columbus Salt Marsh on the left merging with US 95 from Coaldale Junction to Tonopah. Nevada Test and Training Range begins about 15 mi southeast of Tonopah.
Just east of Tonopah, US 6 continues east across a series of desert mountain ranges and valleys, including the Monitor Range. At Warm Springs, State Route 375 known as the "Extraterrestrial Highway", departs to the southeast and US 6 assumes a northeasterly alignment across the Reveille, Pancake and White Pine Ranges. Rainfall increases eastward, so valleys become less barren and peaks over 11,500 ft add scenic interest. Ely is the largest city on Route 6 in Nevada. US 50 joins Route 6 at Ely. East of Ely, Routes 6/50 cross the Schell Creek Range, known for verdant forests and meadows, for a large deer and elk population; the highway descends to Spring Valley crosses the Snake Range at Sacramento Pass, north of Nevada's second-highest mountain, Wheeler Peak, where a branch road accesses Great Basin National Park. Beyond the pass, US 6 passes just north of Baker, a Mormon farming community, reaches the Utah state line. US 6 enters and leaves Utah concurrent with US 50. However, the two routes are different through the state.
US 50 is the shorter route. US 6 is the former route of US 50. US 6 forms an arch-shaped route with Spanish Fork at the apex. US 6 is now concurrent with Interstate 70 for a significant portion of its length from the Utah state line to Denver. Within the city limits, US 6 follows Denver's 6th Avenue; the highway travels north and it follows Interstate 76 for most of its length east of Denver. It is unsigned; the highest altitude along US 6 is 11,990 feet at Loveland Pass, where it crosses the Continental Divide. It continues down Clear Creek Valley until it reaches I-70, where it is overlapped until I-70 leaves Clear Creek Valley. US 6 continues into Denver, where it turns into a freeway with six lanes. East of Denver, it continues east while joined with I-76 until it reaches Sterling, where it diverges from the interstate; the last town in Colorado that it passes is Holyoke. From the Colorado state line, US 6 starts going southeast; the first town it goes into is Imperial. US 6 conjoins with US 34 near Culbertson.
US 6 moves to the northeast, through Hastings. At Hastings, US 34 moves north. US 6 parallels Interstate 80 north of Milford. At Lincoln, US 6 becomes West "O" Street Cornhusker Highway and moves north of I-80 outside of the city, paralleling I-80 to Gretna. There US 6 moves due north an
Interstate 80 in Illinois
Interstate 80 is a part of the Interstate Highway System that runs from San Francisco, California, to Teaneck, New Jersey. I-80 enters Illinois from Iowa in the west, southwest of Rapids City and runs eastward through East Moline, LaSalle and Joliet, before entering Indiana in Lansing; the interstate runs for 163.41 miles through the state. In the 1920s, two state highways followed the general alignment. In 1932 US 6 was extended through Illinois. Construction started in 1957 and I-80 was completed in 1968. In the early 1990s Illinois wanted to reroute I-80 in the Quad Cities area. At the same time the section of I-80, concurrent with I-294 was reconstructed; the portion of I-80, concurrent with the Kingery Expressway was rebuilt in the mid-2000s. Interstate 80 extends from west to east across the northern portion of the state through the population centers of Quad Cities and the south Chicago suburbs; the freeway is maintained by Illinois Department of Transportation, with Illinois State Toll Highway Authority maintaining the section of I-80, concurrent with the Tri-State Tollway.
The busiest section of the freeway is between the IL 83 interchanges in Lansing. 181,200 vehicles used the freeway on average each day in 2011. I-80 contains between a minimum of four lanes and a maximum of ten lanes total; the majority of the highway runs through urban areas. I-80 enters Illinois on the Fred Schwengel Memorial Bridge over the Mississippi River, southwest of Rapids City. After leaving the bridge the interstate has a folded diamond interchange with IL 84; the highway heads south, as a four-lane interstate, passing along the east side of the Quad Cities. Eastbound I-80 traffic has access to an Illinois Welcome Center; the road has a cloverleaf interchange with the western terminus of I-88. After the interchange with I-88, the highway crosses over Rock River; the interstate has a diamond interchange with U. S. Route 6, before having an interchange with I-74 in East Moline. At this interchange, I-80 turns leaving the Quad Cities area. East of Quad Cities the interstate passes through rural farmland as a four-lane interstate.
The road passes south of Geneseo, with the city having one interchange at IL 82. The road passes south of Atkinson, before passing over a railroad track. After crossing over the railroad tracks the interstate has an interchange with IL 78, north of Annawan; the interstate continues towards the east having a folded diamond interchange with IL 40, before having rest areas on both sides of the roadway. The highway passes on the north side of Princeton, having an interchange with IL 26, near a commercial part of the city. I-80 passes over US 34, before leaving Princeton and having an interchange with the northern terminus of I-180; the interstate has a rural interchange with IL 89, before entering LaSalle. In LaSalle the highway, has a diamond interchange with 103 Road, just north of the Illinois Valley Regional Airport; the highway has an interchange with IL 251, with commercial properties around the interchange. I-80 has an interchange with IL 351, just south of the Mitchells Grove Nature Preserve, before having an interchange with I-39/US 51.
After the interchange with I-39, I-80 leaves LaSalle, heading towards the east passing through rural farmland. Between 12th road and 14th Road the interstate passes the AASHO Road Test site, one of old test loops used for testing different types of road surfaces in the 1950s; the interstate has an interchange with IL 23, near many commercial businesses. After IL 23 the freeway leaves Ottawa and crosses over the Fox River, before having an interchange with IL 71; the road passes through rural farmland. In Morris the roadway curves toward the northeast, having an interchange with IL 47, near many commercial properties; the highway leaves Morris, passing through farmland, having a rural interchange with a county road. Both directions of I-80 have a rest area before entering Minooka. In Minooka the interstate curves the east, before turning back towards the northeast and leaving the village; the road enters Will County by curving towards the northeast. The interstate curves towards the east, before having an interchange with I-55.
After I-55, I-80 enters Joliet. The road has an interchange with IL 7, before passing near residential; the road crosses over the Des Plaines River on the Des Plaines River Bridge. After the river the freeway has an interchange with US 52/IL 53; the interstate has an interchange with a city street, before crossing over a railroad tracks. After the railroad tracks the freeway has a diamond interchange with another city street; the road has a folded diamond interchange with US 30, before passing southeast of Potawatomi Woods County Forest Preserve. While passing through the preserve the roadway becomes a six-lane interstate; the interstate has an interchange with the southern terminus of the Veterans Memorial Tollway. The residential properties end and the highway passes through a more industrial area, before passing through the Yankee Woods. After the preserve the interstate has an interchange with I-57. I-80 joins the Tri-State Tollway heading towards the east as a ten-lane tollway; the tollway passes over a rail yard, before having an interchange with IL 1.
After IL 1 the roadway narrows to passes through the Thornton Quarry. The interstate passes under the Chicago Southland Lincoln Oasis, before passi
Illinois Route 83
Illinois Route 83 is a major north–south state road in northeast Illinois. It stretches from U. S. Route 30 by Lynwood and Dyer, north to the Wisconsin border by Antioch at Highway 83; this is a distance of about 92 miles. Illinois 83 passes through Cook County, DuPage County, Lake County, it begins as part of Glenwood-Dyer Road in Lynwood, follows Torrence Avenue though Lansing, 147th Street/Sibley Blvd though Calumet City, Harvey, Dixmoor north on Cicero, northwest on Cal Sag Road through Cook County. It becomes known as the Kingery Highway through DuPage County, follows Busse Road, Oakton Street and Elmhurst Road in northern Cook County. In Lake County it is named McHenry Road in Buffalo Grove, Ivanhoe Road north of Mundelein, Barron Blvd. in Grayslake and Milwaukee Avenue in Lake Villa. Illinois 83 ranges from a width of two thru lanes at either terminus to six lanes through DuPage County, it is the main north–south arterial route falling between Interstates 355 and 294 for the central portion of its routing.
SBI Route 83 was modern. In 1941 it was changed to the Lynwood-to-Antioch routing, replacing Illinois Route 52 and Illinois Route 54. In 1998, Illinois 83 was routed north onto 127th Street, from Cal Sag Road; the renumbering was part of a major reconstruction project of the Illinois Route 50 intersection with Interstate 294. As part of sign replacement accompanying the renumbering, Illinois 83 was added to the northbound Illinois 50 exit from southbound I-294, as the new northbound Illinois 50 ramp leads directly to Illinois 83 first. However, Illinois 83 overlaps Illinois 50 southbound at the center of the interchange, so southbound Illinois 50 traffic joins Illinois 83 at the end of the ramp; this is not reflected in the current signage on the tollway. A $13.4 million construction project was completed in northern Lake County by improving a 4-mile section of Illinois 83 from Petite Lake Road to the Wisconsin state line. Improvements included adding a center turn lane and intersection modernizations at Grass Lake Road, Illinois Route 173, North Avenue.
The project was completed in fall 2010. Illinois Highway Ends: Illinois Route 83
Danville is a city in and the county seat of Vermilion County, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 33,027. Danville was founded in 1827 on 60 acres of land donated by Guy W. Smith and 20 acres donated by Dan W. Beckwith; the sale of lots was set for April 10, 1827 and advertised in newspapers in Indianapolis and the state capital of Vandalia. The first post office was established in May of the same year in the house of Amos Williams, organizer of Vermilion and Edgar Counties and a prominent Danville citizen. Williams and Beckwith drew up the first plat map. Beckwith was moved to Indiana as a young man, he died in 1835 of pneumonia contracted on a horseback ride back from Washington. Danville became a major industrial city in the late early twentieth centuries. From the 1850s to the 1940s, Danville was an important coal mining area; the coal formation underlying eastern Illinois and western Indiana is named the "Danville Member," after the area where it was first discovered. With the closure of the mines and many factories, Danville's economic base suffered in the latter half of the 20th century.
The former mines were converted into lakes, creating fishing and recreation opportunities at parks such as Kickapoo State Recreation Area and Kennekuk Cove County Park. Danville is located 120 miles south of Chicago, 35 miles east of Champaign-Urbana, 90 miles west of Indianapolis, Indiana. Illinois Route 1, U. S. Route 136, U. S. Route 150 intersect in Danville. Lake Vermilion is located on the northwest side of town. According to the 2010 census, Danville has a total area of 17.967 square miles, of which 17.89 square miles is land and 0.077 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in Danville have ranged from a low of 17 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −26 °F was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 112 °F was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.99 inches inches in February to 4.70 inches inches in June. Danville is the principal city of the Danville Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Danville and Vermilion County.
As of the census of 2000, there were 33,904 people, 13,327 households, 8,156 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,994.0 people per square mile. There were 14,886 housing units at an average density of 875.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 70.19% White, 24.37% African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.20% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.09% from other races, 1.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.57% of the population. There were 13,327 households out of which 28% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.8% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.01. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males. The median income for a household in the city is $30,431, the median income for a family is $39,308. Males have a median income of $31,027 versus $22,303 for females; the per capita income for the city is $16,476. 18.1% of the population and 13.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 26.8% are under the age of 18 and 10.5% are 65 or older. According to the United States Bureau of Economic Analysis, Danville is the cheapest place to live in the United States; the City of Danville maintains 17 parks, including Harrison Park Golf Course and FETCH Dog Park in Espenschied Park. Danville's main shopping center is the Village Mall, opened in 1975. Additional retail has spread north on Route 1/Vermilion Street since the early 90s, ranging from traditional big-box stores and retail infill and redevelopment of abandoned shopping centers.
Retail in the community has increased after a large influx of redevelopment and green development happened in 2013 with the addition of Meijer and the Kohl's Plaza. 1967–1971: Al Gardner 1971–1975: Rolland E. Craig 1975–1985: David S. Palmer, namesake of David S. Palmer Arena 1985: Wilbur Scharlau, appointed acting mayor by city council following Palmer's death 1985–1986: Hardin W. Hawes, appointed acting mayor following Scharlau's resignation 1986–1987: Wilbur Scharlau, appointed mayor following resignation of Hawes 1987–2003: Robert E. Jones, namesake of Danville Municipal building 2003–2018: Scott Eisenhauer, namesake of Danville Public Works Building 2018-present: Rickey Williams Jr. appointed Acting Mayor by the city council, following Eisenhauer’s resignation. Elected to full term on April 2, 2019. Defeated Former Vermilion County Board Chairman James McMahon, Alderman Steve Nichols, Donald Crews; the City of Danville website maintains the complete list