A kiosk was a small garden pavilion open on some or all sides common in Persia, the Indian subcontinent, in the Ottoman Empire from the 13th century onward. Today, several examples of this type of kiosk still exist in and around the Topkapı Palace in Istanbul, they can be seen in Balkan countries; the word is used in English-speaking countries for small booths offering services. In Australia they offer food service. Freestanding computer terminals dispensing information are called interactive kiosks. Etymological data points to the Middle Persian word kōšk'palace, portico' as the origin, via Turkish köşk'pavilion' and French kiosque or Italian chiosco. A kiosk is an open summer-house or pavilion having its roof supported by pillars with screened or open walls; as a building type, it was first introduced by the Seljuks as a small building attached to the main mosque, which consisted of a domed hall with open arched sides. This architectural concept evolved into a small yet grand residence used by Ottoman sultans, the most famous examples of which are quite the Tiled Kiosk and Baghdad Kiosk.
The former was built in 1473 by Mehmed II at the Topkapı Palace and consists of a two storey building topped with a dome and having open sides overlooking the gardens of the palace. The Baghdad Koshk was built at the Topkapı Palace in 1638–39, by Sultan Murad IV; the building is again domed, offering direct views onto the gardens and park of the Palace as well as the architecture of the city of Istanbul. Sultan Ahmed III built a glass room of the Sofa Kiosk at the Topkapı Palace incorporating some Western elements, such as the gilded brazier designed by Duplessis père, given to the Ottoman ambassador by King Louis XV of France; the first English contact with Turkish Kiosk came through Lady Wortley Montagu, the wife of the English ambassador to Istanbul, who in a letter written on 1 April 1717 to Anne Thistlethwayte, mentions a "chiosk" describing it as "raised by 9 or 10 steps and enclosed with gilded lattices". European monarchs adopted the building type. Stanisław Leszczyński, king of Poland and father-in-law of Louis XV, built kiosks for himself based on his memories of his captivity in Turkey.
These kiosks were used as garden pavilions serving coffee and beverages but were converted into band stands and tourist information stands decorating most European gardens and high streets. Conservatories were in the form of corridors connecting the Pavilion to the stables and consisting of a passage of flowers covered with glass and linked with orangery, a greenhouse, an aviary, a pheasantry and hothouses; the influence of Muslim and Islamo-Indian forms appears in these buildings and in the pheasantry where its higher part is an adaptation of the kiosks found on the roof of Allahabad Palace, as illustrated by Thomas Daniell. Today's conservatories incorporate many elements of Islamic architecture, although modern art forms have shifted from the classical art forms that were used in earlier times. In the Western hemisphere and in English-speaking countries, a kiosk is a booth with an open window on one side; some vendors operate from kiosks, selling small, inexpensive consumables such as newspapers, lighters, street maps, cigarettes and frozen fishing bait and confections.
In Australia, the word is used for small buildings that are used to dispense take-away food and drinks, on beaches, in shopping arcades or in parks. Since the 21st century, many of these have been upgraded and serve fancier food and barista-made coffee. An information kiosk dispenses free information in the form of maps and other literature, and/or advice offered by an attendant. An electronic kiosk houses a computer terminal that employs custom kiosk software designed to function while preventing users from accessing system functions. Indeed, kiosk mode describes such a mode of software operation. Computerized kiosks may retrieve it from a computer network; some computer kiosks provide a free, informational public service, while others serve a commercial purpose. Touchscreens, computer keyboards, pushbuttons are all typical input devices for interactive computer kiosk. Touchscreen kiosks are commercially used as industrial appliances, reducing lines, eliminating paper, improving efficiency and service.
Their uses are unlimited from refrigerators to health clubs, movie theaters and libraries. Media related to Kiosks at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of kiosk at Wiktionary
Morona Santiago is a province in Ecuador. The province was established on February 24, 1954; the capital is Macas. The provincial economy is industrially unexploited to its potential due to poor means of transportation, its economy relies on the tourist sector of the rain forest. The Sangay National Park and the indigenous town of Shuara are some of its main attractions; the province is divided into 12 cantons. The following table lists each with its population at the 2001 census, its area in square kilometres, the name of the canton seat or capital. Provinces of Ecuador Cantons of Ecuador Gobierno Provincial de Morona Santiago, official website Gobierno Provincial de Morona Santiago, official website Actividades de La Capital de Morona Santiago, Logroño Turismo
The Sal Island Super Cup is a SuperCup competition played during the season in the island of Sal, Cape Verde. The competition is organized by the Sal Regional Football Association; the regional winner competes with the cup winner. Sometimes, if a champion has a cup title, a cup club, runner-up qualifies; the first super cup competition began in 2000. Since 2012, the super cup is known as Supertaça Sança Gomes. Académico do Aeroporto has won the most number of Super Cup titles on the island; the upcoming super cup edition will feature Palmeira, to qualify as champions and Santa Maria, to qualify as a cup winner. Listed titles only Listed titles only. Italics indicate that the super cup competition is not yet held as two participants are based in the same area. Sal Island Cup Sal Island Opening Tournament Sal Island League Sports in Sal, Cape Verde Historic cup results at RSSSF