Kirk Douglas

Kirk Douglas was an American actor, director and writer. After an impoverished childhood with immigrant parents and six sisters, he made his film debut in The Strange Love of Martha Ivers with Barbara Stanwyck. Douglas soon developed into a leading box-office star throughout the 1950s, known for serious dramas, including westerns and war films. During his career, he appeared in more than 90 films. Douglas was known for his explosive acting style, which he displayed as a criminal defense attorney in Town Without Pity. Douglas became an international star through positive reception for his leading role as an unscrupulous boxing hero in Champion, which brought him his first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor, his other early films include Young Man with a Horn, playing opposite Lauren Bacall and Doris Day, Ace in the Hole opposite Jan Sterling, Detective Story, for which he received a Golden Globe nomination as Best Actor in a Drama. He received a second Oscar nomination for his dramatic role in The Bad and the Beautiful, opposite Lana Turner, his third nomination for portraying Vincent van Gogh in Lust for Life, which landed him a second Golden Globe nomination.

In 1955, he established Bryna Productions, which began producing films as varied as Paths of Glory and Spartacus. In those two films, he collaborated with the then-relatively-unknown director Stanley Kubrick, taking lead roles in both films. Douglas has been praised for helping to break the Hollywood blacklist by having Dalton Trumbo write Spartacus with an official on-screen credit, he produced and starred in Lonely Are the Brave, considered a classic, Seven Days in May, opposite Burt Lancaster, with whom he made seven films. In 1963, he starred in the Broadway play One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, a story that he purchased and gave to his son Michael Douglas, who turned it into an Oscar-winning film; as an actor and philanthropist, Douglas received three Academy Award nominations, an honorary Oscar for Lifetime Achievement, the Presidential Medal of Freedom. As an author, he wrote ten memoirs, he is No. 17 on the American Film Institute's list of the greatest male screen legends of classic Hollywood cinema, the highest-ranked living person on the list until his death.

After surviving a helicopter crash in 1991 and suffering a stroke in 1996, he focused on renewing his spiritual and religious life. He lived with his second wife, Anne Buydens, a producer, until his death on February 5, 2020, aged 103. A centenarian, he was one of the last surviving stars of the film industry's Golden Age. Douglas was born Issur Danielovitch in Amsterdam, New York, the son of Bryna "Bertha" and Herschel "Harry" Danielovitch, his parents were Jewish immigrants from Chavusy, Mogilev Region, in the Russian Empire, the family spoke Yiddish at home. His father's brother, who immigrated earlier, used the surname Demsky, which Douglas's family adopted in the United States. Douglas grew up as Izzy Demsky and changed his name to Kirk Douglas before entering the United States Navy during World War II. In his 1988 autobiography, The Ragman's Son, Douglas notes the hardships that he, along with six sisters and his parents, endured during their early years in Amsterdam: My father, a horse trader in Russia, got himself a horse and a small wagon, became a ragman, buying old rags, pieces of metal, junk for pennies and dimes....

On Eagle Street, in the poorest section of town, where all the families were struggling, the ragman was on the lowest rung on the ladder. And I was the ragman's son. Douglas had an unhappy childhood, living with an alcoholic, physically abusive father. While his father drank up what little money they had, he and his mother and sisters endured "crippling poverty". Douglas first wanted to be an actor after he recited the poem The Red Robin of Spring while in kindergarten and received applause. Growing up, he sold snacks to mill workers to earn enough to buy bread to help his family, he delivered newspapers and during his youth he had more than forty jobs before becoming an actor. He found living in a family with six sisters to be stifling: "I was dying to get out. In a sense, it lit a fire under me." After appearing in plays at Amsterdam High School, from which he graduated in 1934, he knew he wanted to become a professional actor. Unable to afford the tuition, Douglas talked his way into the dean's office at St. Lawrence University and showed him a list of his high school honors.

He graduated with a bachelor's degree in 1939. He received a loan which he paid back by working part-time as a janitor, he wrestled one summer in a carnival to make money. Douglas's acting talents were noticed at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York City, which gave him a special scholarship. One of his classmates was Betty Joan Perske, who would play an important role in launching his film career. Bacall wrote that she "had a wild crush on Kirk," and they dated casually. Another classmate, a friend of Bacall's, was aspiring actress Diana Dill, who would become Douglas's first wife. During their time together, Bacall learned Douglas had no money, that he once spent the night in jail since he had no place to sleep, she once gave him her uncle's old coat to keep warm: "I thought he must be frozen in the winter.... He was thrilled and grateful." Sometimes, just to see him, she would drag a friend or her mother to

Ian Hargreaves

Ian Richard Hargreaves CBE is Professor of Digital Economy at Cardiff University, Wales, UK. His career in British journalism includes several beats at the Financial Times, Directorship of BBC News & Current Affairs, Editorship of The Independent and the New Statesman. In October 2010 he was invited to head an independent commission to consider "how the Intellectual Property framework supports growth and innovation" by the UK Prime Minister David Cameron; the resulting report was published in May 2011. The government declared its intention to implement the review's findings, which include a more flexible approach to copyright, in August 2011. Hargreaves was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2012 Birthday Honours for services to the creative economy and higher education. In 2015, he became a co-founder of Creative Cardiff, with Justin Lewis, he attended Burnley Grammar School on Byron Street in Burnley and Altrincham Grammar School for Boys. He was educated at Cambridge where he read English with French.

He married Elizabeth Crago in 1972. They have a son and a daughter. In 1993 he married Adele Blakebrough, CEO of the Social Business Trust and they have two daughters. 2003 Journalism: Truth or Dare? Oxford University Press. 2005 Journalism - A short Introduction, Oxford University Press Independent review of intellectual property and growth website Cardiff Centre for Journalism Studies website Moral Maze bio Community Action Network website

Tim Hovey

Tim Hovey was a former American child actor during the 1950s. He became a musician, road manager and an audio engineer for rock bands. Born in Los Angeles, Hovey was discovered by a talent agent who saw his photo in the window of a photography shop. In 1955, he made his acting debut in an episode of Lassie; that year, he made his film debut as Tiger Flaherty opposite Charlton Heston in The Private War of Major Benson. From 1955 to 1959, Hovey worked in films and television playing characters younger than his real age due to his small stature. In 1957, he was signed to a film contract with Universal-International. While working at U-I, Hovey appeared in the Westerns Slim Carter and Money and Guns, both opposite Jock Mahoney. Hovey's final onscreen appearance was in an episode of the anthology series Schlitz Playhouse of the Stars, in 1959. Despite receiving an offer to appear in a Broadway play produced and directed by Otto Preminger, Hovey chose to retire from acting. In the 1970s and 1980s, Hovey worked with computers.

He was the road manager for the rock band Grateful Dead. Hovey learned how to play the slide guitar and would play with the band on occasion. From 1971 to 1977, Hovey served as the chief audio engineer for the Grateful Dead and Kingfish, the side project of Grateful Dead guitarist Bob Weir, he is credited as co-writer of "Important Exportin' Man", on the album The Adventures of Panama Red, by the New Riders of the Purple Sage. On September 9, 1989, Hovey died of an intentional drug overdose at his home in Watsonville, California. Hovey's suicide, along with the suicides of fellow former child actors Trent Lehman and Rusty Hamer, prompted Paul Petersen to form the child actor advocacy group A Minor Consideration. Holmstrom, John; the Moving Picture Boy: An International Encyclopaedia from 1895 to 1995, Michael Russell, 1996, pp. 253–254. Best, Marc; those Endearing Young Charms: Child Performers of the Screen, South Brunswick and New York: Barnes & Co. 1971, pp. 116–121. Tim Hovey on IMDb Former Child Star Central