click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Kirk Kerkorian

Kerkor "Kirk" Kerkorian was an Armenian-American businessman and philanthropist. He was the president and CEO of Tracinda Corporation, his private holding company based in Beverly Hills, California. Kerkorian was one of the important figures in the shaping of Las Vegas and, with architect Martin Stern, Jr. described as the "father of the mega-resort". He built the world's largest hotel in Las Vegas three times: the International Hotel, the MGM Grand Hotel and the MGM Grand, he purchased the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer movie studio in 1969. Of Armenian descent, Kerkorian provided over $1 billion for charity in Armenia through his Lincy Foundation, established in 1989 and focused on helping to rebuild northern Armenia after the 1988 earthquake. Kerkorian provided money to ensure that a film based on the history of the Armenian Genocide would be made; the resulting film, called "The Promise," premiered in April 2017 in the United States. In 2000 Time magazine named him the 10th largest donor in the US. Kerkorian was declared an honorary citizen of Armenia by President Robert Kocharyan in September 1998.

He was bestowed the title of National Hero of Armenia, the highest state award, by Kocharyan in May 2004. Kerkor Kerkorian was born on June 6, 1917 in Fresno, California, to immigrant parents of Armenian origin. Armenian was his first language and he "didn't learn the English language until he hit the streets." His family moved to Los Angeles following the depression of 1920–21. Dropping out of school in eighth grade, Kerkorian became a skilled amateur boxer under the tutelage of his older brother Nish Kerkorian, fighting under the name "Rifle Right Kerkorian" to win the Pacific amateur welterweight championship. Kirk Kerkorian had an older sister, Rose Kerkorian. Sensing the onset of World War II, not wanting to join the infantry, Kerkorian learned to fly at the Happy Bottom Riding Club in the Mojave Desert—adjacent to the United States Army Air Corps's Muroc Field, now Edwards Air Force Base. In exchange for flying lessons from pioneer aviator Pancho Barnes, he agreed to milk and look after her cattle.

On gaining his commercial pilot's certificate in six months, Kerkorian learned that the British Royal Air Force was ferrying Canadian-built de Havilland Mosquitos over the North Atlantic to Scotland. The Mosquito's fuel tank carried enough fuel for 1,400 miles, while the trip directly was 2,200 miles. Rather than take the safer Montreal–Labrador–Greenland–Iceland–Scotland route; the fee was $1,000 per flight. Although accounts claim the risk was that one in four planes failed to make it, the actual rate was closer to one in forty. In May 1944, Kerkorian and his Wing Commander John de Lacy Wooldridge rode the wave and broke the old crossing record. Wooldridge got to Scotland in 46 minutes. In two and a half years with RAF Ferry Command, Kerkorian delivered 33 planes, logged thousands of hours, traveled to four continents and flew his first four-engine plane. After the war, having saved most of his wages, Kerkorian spent $5,000 on a Cessna, he worked as a general aviation pilot, made his first visit to Las Vegas in 1944.

After spending much time in Las Vegas during the 1940s, Kerkorian quit gambling and in 1947 paid $60,000 for Trans International Airlines, a small air-charter service that flew gamblers from Los Angeles to Las Vegas. He bid on some war surplus bombers, using money on loan from the Seagram family. Gasoline, airplane fuel, was in short supply at the time, so he sold the fuel from the planes' tanks, paid off his loan, still had the airplanes, he operated the airline until 1968. In 1962, Kerkorian bought 80 acres in Las Vegas, across the Las Vegas Strip from the Flamingo, for $960,000; this purchase led to the building of Caesars Palace. In 1967, he bought 82 acres of land on Paradise Road in Las Vegas for $5 million and, with architect Martin Stern, Jr. built the International Hotel, which at the time was the largest hotel in the world. Presley brought in some 4,200 customers, every day, for 30 days straight, breaking in the process all attendance records in the county's history. Kerkorian's International Leisure bought the Flamingo Hotel.

After he purchased the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer movie studio in 1969, Kerkorian opened the original MGM Grand Hotel and Casino, larger than the Empire State Building and the largest hotel in the world at the time it was finished. On November 21, 1980, the original MGM Grand burned in a fire, one of the worst disasters in Las Vegas history; the Clark County Fire Department reported 84 deaths in the fire. After only 8 months the MGM Grand reopened. Three months after the MGM fire, the Las Vegas Hilton caught fire, killing eight people. In 1986, Kerkorian sold the MGM Grand hotels in Las Vegas and Reno for $594 million to Bally Manuf

Speedy Ghost to Town

Speedy Ghost to Town is a Merrie Melodies 1967 animated short starring Daffy Duck and Speedy Gonzales. It is the first cartoon released under the newly reopened animation department of Warner Bros. in 1967, as from 1964 to 1967, all Looney Tunes cartoons were developed at DePatie–Freleng Enterprises and Format Productions instead. It is the first Warner Bros. cartoon to be directed by Alex Lovy. The cartoon marked a dramatic turning point for the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series, making extensive use of limited animation similar to that of Filmation and Hanna-Barbera cartoons from the same time period, simplistic backgrounds and character designs, a more limited sound effects library. Speedy and his friend Miguel visit a ghost town in the desert, followed by Daffy. There, Speedy unveils what appears to be gold and a map to the location of the mine where more can be found. Daffy notices, attempts to take the map. Daffy's next attempt involves setting up a phone with explosives. Speedy answers it when it rings, but hands it to Daffy, saying he has a call.

Speedy teases him, "What's the matter, epa loco? You got the wrong number?" He takes off, Daffy in hot pursuit. Daffy finds him in a barrel, throws a grenade in, he sticks his head through a hole in the fence, catching Speedy by the tail, but Miguel drops a horseshoe on him. Further antics ensue, including Daffy having a taxidermy bull head fall on him like a mask and Speedy acting as a matador, Speedy hiding behind different-shaped bottles, only to get catsup in his eye on the last. Speedy and Miguel head to the mine, where Daffy tries to throw dynamite in, to blow them up. Daffy demands that Speedy give up the cart, which he does. However, it is not gold, but cheese! Daffy really does go crazy, bouncing away and laughing hysterically; when Miguel asks "Gee whiz, what's the matter with the loco duck?", Speedy shrugs, "I dunno. I guess maybe he don't like cheese." Speedy Ghost to Town on IMDb

Joe McGann

Joseph McGann is an English actor. His roles include the lead role of Charlie Burrows, the "housekeeper" in the TV comedy series The Upper Hand and in Night and Day, he is a television reporter on the BBC's South Today programme, reporting on local events in the south of England. McGann was born in Liverpool to a metallurgist father and a teacher mother, he had a twin brother, who died at birth. His three younger brothers – Paul and Stephen – are actors. Together with Stephen and Mark, he starred in Tom and Harry, a play by Ray and Michael Cooney at the Duke of York's Theatre, in 1995; that same year, all four brothers starred in the BBC drama The Hanging Gale. In 1989, he portrayed Lord Glozelle in the BBC version of Prince Caspian; the following year, he started playing the role of Charlie Burrows in the long-running ITV sitcom The Upper Hand, alongside Diana Weston and Honor Blackman. During this period, he appeared in All Creatures Great and Small and Dangerfield. In 1992, he voiced "Masklin" in the TV adaptation of Truckers, the first of Terry Pratchett's three books in The Nome Trilogy.

He featured as Grimes at the Chichester Festival Theatre in the 2003 stage musical adaptation of the novel The Water Babies. He participated on 16 December 2007 playing one of the three Magi in BBC Three's Nativity, his main solo song was "Lady Madonna", singing to the newly-born Jesus, lying in a shopping trolley in a pub garage. McGann appeared on tour with Fiddler on the Roof playing the paterfamilias, Tevye, in 2008 but left the show 2 months before the tour ended due to an arm injury sustained on stage. In 2009, he appeared on BBC's Celebrity MasterChef alongside Linda Barker and Ninia Benjamin and dropped out in the semi-finals. In May-June 2009, he appeared as Richard in "Lost Monsters" by Laurence Wilson at Liverpool's Everyman Theatre; as of 2011, he can be seen guest presenting STV's daily magazine show, The Hour, alongside regular host Michelle McManus. In 2012, he was cast as Ray Say in a UK touring production of The Fall of Little Voice; however he dropped out of the tour midway through with understudy Phil Andrews taking over his role for the remainder of the tour.

In October 2015, he joined the cast of Elf: The Musical, playing the role of Walter Hobbs at the Dominion Theatre. It was announced in 2019 that McGann had joined the cast of Hollyoaks as the father of long standing character Tony Hutchinson. Joe McGann on IMDb Frank Carlyle chats to Joe McGann for Mersey Radio

Haugh, Lincolnshire

Haugh is a hamlet and civil parish in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated about 2 miles south-west from the town of Alford. Haugh is listed with 37 households; the parish church is dedicated to Saint Leonard and is a Grade I listed building dating from the 11th century, with additions, a restoration in 1873. It is built of greenstone with red-brick patching; the blocked north door is late 12th-century, with the south door 14th-century. On the south wall there is an alabaster wall plaque to Sir Charles Bolle, who died in 1690, on the north wall a large wall monument to Sir John Bolle, who died in 1606. Manor Farmhouse is a red-brick Grade II listed country house and former seat of the Bolle family, now a farmhouse dating from the mid-16th century with additions. Media related to Haugh, Lincolnshire at Wikimedia Commons

Paul S. Devrouax

Paul S. Devrouax was an African-American architect in Washington, D. C.. He founded the architectural design firm of Devrouax+Purnell, helped design the Verizon Center, Nationals Park, the Walter E. Washington Convention Center, the D. C. headquarters of Freddie Mac and Pepco. He co-designed the African-American Civil War Memorial, provided design adjustments to the Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial, he was born in October 1942 to in New Orleans, Louisiana, to Paul Devrouax, Sr. and Freddie Warner Devrouax. He had two brothers and Charles, was raised in New Orleans and Los Angeles, California, he graduated in 1966 with a degree in architecture from Southern University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Devrouax was drafted into the United States Army, was promoted to the position of sergeant in the 6th Armored Cavalry Regiment. In 1968, he was stationed at Fort Meade in Maryland. On April 5, 1968, his unit was deployed in D. C. to restore order in the wake of Jr. assassination riots. Devrouax married Brenda Stallworth on September 9, 1972.

The couple had Lesley. With African American architect Marshall E. Purnell, he founded Devrouax+Purnell Architects and Planners, PC, in 1978, he was elected president of the National Organization of Minority Architects in 1980, the Washington Project for the Arts in 1988. In 1986, Devrouax designed the Frank D. Reeves Municipal Building for the D. C. city government, a structure which helped revitalized the U Street NW historic neighborhood. He designed the renovation of the Reverend Jesse Jackson's apartment home at the Rittenhouse Building in LeDroit Park in Washington, D. C. in 1990. In 1995, Devrouax+Purnell won the design for one of Freddie Mac's headquarters building in McLean, Virginia, they were the first African American architects to design a headquarters for a Fortune 500 company. Five years Devrouax+Purnell became the first African American owned architectural firm to design a corporate headquarters in downtown Washington, D. C. when they won the design competition for the new Pepco building.

Devrouax helped design the Verizon Center, finished in 1997, Nationals Park, completed in 2008. He helped lead the design team for the Walter E. Washington Convention Center, which opened in 2003. In 2009, Devrouax+Purnell's design was one of six chosen as finalists for the National Museum of African American History and Culture. Devrouax worked on several important national monuments, he and landscape architect Edward D. Dunson designed the site for the African-American Civil War Memorial in 1998. In 2004, Devrouax helped build the Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial in Washington, D. C, he and members of his firm made design refinements to the memorial, made presentations to federal and city agencies with design approval over the memorial, helped develop and approve construction documents. Devrouax died of a heart attack at his home in Washington, D. C. on March 22, 2010. Devrouax + Purnell Architects and Planners, PC

Arg max

In mathematics, the arguments of the maxima are the points, or elements, of the domain of some function at which the function values are maximized. In contrast to global maxima, which refer to the largest outputs of a function, arg max refers to the inputs, or arguments, at which the function outputs are as large as possible. Given an arbitrary set X, a ordered set Y, a function, f: X → Y, the arg max over some subset, S, of X is defined by a r g m a x x ∈ S ⊆ X f:=. If S = X or S is clear from the context S is left out, as in a r g m a x x f:=. In other words, arg max is the set of x, for which f attains the function's largest value. Arg max may contain multiple elements. For example, if f is 1−|x| f attains its maximum value of 1 only at the point x = 0. Thus, a r g m a x x =; the arg max operator is different than the max operator. The max operator, when given the same function, returns the maximum value instead of the point or points that reach that value. Like arg max, max may be the empty set or a singleton, but unlike arg max, max may not contain multiple elements: for example, if f is 4x2 − x4 a r g m a x x =, but max x = because the function attains the same value at every element of arg max.

Equivalently, if M is the maximum of f the arg max is the level set of the maximum: a r g m a x x f = =: f − 1 We can rearrange to give the simple identity f = max x f. If the maximum is reached at a single point this point is referred to as the arg max, arg max is considered a point, not a set of points. So, for example, a r g m a x x ∈ R = 5, since the maximum value of x is 25, which occurs for x = 5. However, in case the maximum is reached at many points, arg max needs to be considered a set of points. For example a r g m a x x ∈ cos ⁡ = {\displaystyle {\und