Kissimmee is the largest city and county seat of Osceola County, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 59,682, it is a Principal City of the Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had a 2010 population of 2,134,411. This area was named Allendale, after Confederate Major J. H. Allen who operated the first cargo steamboat along the Kissimmee River – the Mary Belle, it was renamed Kissimmee when incorporated as a city in 1883. The etymology of the name Kissimmee is debated, apart from general agreement that it is Native American in origin, its growth can be credited to Hamilton Disston of Philadelphia, who based his four-million acre drainage operation out of the small town. Disston had contracted with the financially wobbly state of Florida to drain its southern lands, for which he would own half of all he drained; this deal made Disston the largest single landowner in the United States. Disston's dredging and land speculation required a small steamboat industry to transport people and goods along the new waterway.
The Kissimmee shipyard was responsible for building most of these large steamships, which were just one jump ahead of civilization—with Kissimmee as the jumping off point. Concurrently, the South Florida Railroad was growing and extended the end of its line from Sanford down to Kissimmee, making the town on Lake Tohopekaliga a transportation hub for Central Florida. On February 12, 1885, the Florida Legislature incorporated the Kissimmee City Street Railway, but the heyday of Kissimmee was short-lived. Expanding railroads began to challenge the steamships for carrying freight and passengers. By 1884, the South Florida Railroad, now part of the Plant System, had extended its tracks to Tampa; the Panic of 1893 was the worst depression the U. S. had experienced up to crushing land speculation and unsound debt. Hamilton Disston closed his Kissimmee land operation. Consecutive freezes in 1894 and 1895 wiped out the citrus industry; the freezes, combined with South Florida's growth and the relocation of steamship operations to Lake Okeechobee, left Kissimmee dependent on open range cattle ranching.
Kissimmee had a population of 4,310 in 1950. At that point there was some citrus packing as well as the ranching. Ranching remained an important part of the local economy until the opening of nearby Walt Disney World in 1971. After that and development supplanted cattle ranching to a large measure; however though the Disney facility took over much of the open range cattle lands, cattle ranches still operate nearby in the southern part of Osceola County. On August 13, 2004, Hurricane Charley passed through Kissimmee with winds in excess of 100 miles per hour, damaging homes and buildings, toppling trees and cutting electrical power to the entire city. Kissimmee Utility Authority restored power to 54 percent of the residents in the first 72 hours. Service was restored to all customers on August 28. Three weeks after Hurricane Charley, the area was struck by Hurricane Frances, followed by Hurricane Jeanne three weeks after Frances. Kissimmee is located at 28°18′14″N 81°24′46″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.32 square miles, of which 16.7 square miles is land and 0.6 square miles is water.
Kissimmee and the city of St. Cloud are the only incorporated settlements in the county; the cities lie in proximity to each other along U. S. Highways 192 and 441. A large geographical area of unincorporated Osceola County refers to their area as Kissimmee; this includes most of the 192 corridor west of the city border to Highway 27, areas north of the city to Hunters Creek, areas south of the city to Poinciana. Drained by the Kissimmee River, the city is situated on the northwest shore of Lake Tohopekaliga in central Florida. Shingle Creek considered the headwaters of the Everglades runs through the city. Shingle Creek features a popular canoe/kayak trail that runs from Steffe Landing on US 192 and ends in Lake Tohopekaliga; the downtown area lies near the intersection of U. S. Highway 17/92 and U. S. Highway 192; the downtown of Kissimmee does not possess any big skyscrapers. The biggest and the tallest building in the downtown is the Osceola County courthouse; the main thoroughfare follows along Highway 17/Highway 92 through the city's center and is a combination of three streets: Main Street, Broadway Street, Emmett Street.
The downtown area consists of restaurants, small shops, historic residences. The University of Central Florida has a business incubator located in the area, an important part of the economic engine downtown; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild and sunny winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Kissimmee has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. In the 2010 census, Kissimmee had a population of 59,682; the racial and ethnic composition was 58.9% Hispanic or Latino, 26.2% non-Hispanic White, 9.6% non-Hispanic African American, 2.8% Hispanic black, 0.6% Native American, 3.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.4% Non-Hispanic from some other race and 4.7% two or more races. Compared to the previous census of 2000, there were 47,814 people, 17,121 households, 11,813 families residing in the city; the population densi
Ofer Grosbard is a clinical psychologist, cultural researcher, Israeli writer and lecturer at Tel Aviv University. Grosbard was born in Tel Aviv, raised in a revisionist family, his father David emigrated from Lithuania to Israel and was the commander of Tel Aviv district of the Irgun and a member of its chief command, his mother who emigrated from Berlin is pediatrician. Grosbard studied in "Bilu" elementary religious school but as his family were not religious he continued his studies in secular high school; as a soldier he fought in the Yom Kippur war. After his military service he was enrolled to the Technion and graduated the faculty of Computer Engineering, he studied Psychology and completed his first degree at Haifa University and his second degree in the child's clinical psychology department at Tel Aviv University. He earned his Ph. D. in Conflict Analysis and Resolution from the School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution at George Mason University. Grosbard was a research associate in the Strategic Research and Policy Center, Israel's National Defense College.
He teaches at the International Masters in Diplomacy and Security Studies at Tel Aviv University and created a "Dialogue" website between his Israeli and international students and the Muslim world. Grosbard is married to a guidance counsellor at a high school, they are living in Haifa. License for Insanity – a novel telling the story of an adolescent girl, hospitalized in a Psychiatric adolescent ward and undergoes there psychoanalysis; the novel describes her friends in her therapy. The Arab Within – a psychological – political novel which tries to explore the emotional roots of the Israeli – Arab conflict, it won the Israel Writers Association’s book of the year prize, 2000. Israel on the Couch – represents the peace process as an emotional - psychological process rather than rational one. Menachem Begin – The Absent Leader – a biography which uses psychological tools in order to understand his life and deeds; the book argues – contrary to the convention – that his depression prior to the First Lebanese War was the reason for the escalation of the war and not that his failure in this war brought his depression.
The book won The Menachem Begin Heritage Center Research Prize, 2004. Grosbard wrote the four volumes of the "Cultural Code" series which deals with cross-cultural education and was published by Ben Gurion University. Cracking the Cultural Code – deals with the different way of thinking of the two main cultures in our world – the western which tends to be modern-individual and the eastern, traditional-collective. Relying on many examples from parent-child relations the book explains how these two thinking modes shape creative and democratic way of thinking within children. Dialogue – 123 therapeutic tales from traditional societies and their resolution – presents a dialogue between eastern and western cultures concerning educational difficulties; the book is based on real conversations between the lecturer and his students who presented their cases at the Academic Arab College for Education in Haifa. The Quran for Educating the Child – integrates modern psychology and the Quran in order to help Muslim parents to solve every day educational difficulties with their children.
This book and its web version "Quranet" were chosen to represent Israel at the Israel President’s Conference, 2008. Babylon – A Guide to the East-West Encounter – teaches both cultures to understand each other and to "talk" in the other's cultural language, it is based on examples from negotiations between Israel and America from one side and the Arab world from the other side. Ofer Grosbard website Quranet website The "Dialogue" website The Cross-Cultural Bridge – Ofer Grosbard's Blog in "Hebrew Psychology on the Web" Quranet project in President's Conference website List of Grosbard's publication in The Israel National Library
Najas marina is a species of aquatic plant known by the common names spiny water nymph, spiny naiad and holly-leaved naiad. It is an widespread species, reported across Europe, Africa, the Americas and many oceanic islands, it can be found in many types of freshwater and brackish aquatic habitat, including bodies of alkaline water. Najas marina is an annual producing a slender, branching stem up to 40 or 45 centimeters in maximum length; the evenly spaced leaves are up to 4 centimeters long, 1 to 3 millimeters wide, edged in tiny sawlike teeth. The leaf has prickles along its midvein. Minute flowers occur in the leaf axils; the plant is dioecious, with male and female flower types occurring on separate individuals. A long list of varietal and subspecific names have been proposed over the years. At present, only 9 are accepted: Najas marina subsp. Arsenariensis L. Triest - Algeria Najas marina var. brachycarpa Trautv. - China and Kazakhstan Najas marina subsp. Commersonii L. Triest - Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion Najas marina var. grossidentata Rendle - Korea and Manchuria Najas marina var. intermedia Rendle - Spain, Africa, the Middle East, Sri Lanka Najas marina var. marina Najas marina subsp.
Marina Najas marina subsp. Sumatrana L. Triest - Sumatra Najas marina var. zollingeri Rendle - Bali One fossil seed of Najas marina has been extracted from borehole samples of the Middle Miocene fresh water deposits in Nowy Sacz Basin, West Carpathians, Poland. Jepson Manual Treatment Photo gallery
Mary Dingman was an American social and peace activist, who served as a staff member of the YWCA USA and World YWCA to develop programs to improve the working conditions of women and children in the workforce. Traveling throughout the world, beginning in 1917, she organized programs in the United States and Asia. In 1931, she joined the pacifist movement and serve as chair of the Peace and Disarmament Committee of the Women's International Organisations for a decade. Turning her attention to the need for world cooperation, she pressed for the formalization of the United Nations, serving as a delegate to the first United Nations conference, she was employed as a child welfare advocate by the UN from 1948 until her retirement in 1954. Mary Agnes Dingman was born on April 9, 1875 in Newark, New Jersey to Nettie Clyde and James Alva Dingman, she was the oldest child in the large family which moved to the village of Spring Valley, New York before her fifth birthday. Her father from Canada was a physician and a devout Methodist, who encouraged his children toward humanitarian service, inspiring Dingman and her younger sister, Helen, in their careers.
Dingman was a student at Northfield Seminary in Northfield and after graduating in 1895, entered the normal school at New Paltz, New York. Earning her teaching certificate in 1899, she continued her education at Teachers College, Columbia University, attaining her bachelor's degree in 1910. Upon completion of her education, Dingman moved to Wellesley, where she was employed at Dana Hall School, as an economics and history teacher from 1910 to 1914. In 1914, she was hired by the YWCA USA to coordinate assistance programs for the Industrial Department, which aided women working in factories. In 1917, she was selected to go to France and assist with surveying and creating a plan to address the concerns of women working in munitions factories. While the women made up of refugees, were provided with food and lodging by the French War Department, they had few conveniences. Dingman established fifteen Foyers des Allies, or social centers, to provide the women workers with books, writing materials and a communal area in which to socialize when they were not working.
At the end of World War I, Dingman became responsible for establishing YWCA clubs throughout Belgium and France. Over the next several years, she established organizations in over twenty locations, she was awarded the Adolphe Max Bourgmestre de Bruxelles Medal by Belgium and in 1919 was honored by the French government with the Jeanne D'Arc Liberatrice du Territoire and La Victoire Restaure le Droit plaques for her service. In 1921, Dingman moved to London and became the Chief Industrial Secretary of the World YWCA. In 1923, she remained there for two years, she found conditions in the textile industry similar to those which had existed in England during the Industrial Revolution, with low wages, unsafe conditions, a labor force dominated by women and children. Working with a group of women and the Shanghai Municipal Council, regulations were drafted to change the existing labor laws, but they were not adopted because of clashes between the Kuomintang and the civil authorities. In 1930, when the World YWCA relocated to Geneva, Dingman moved to Switzerland and the following year began to work with pacifist organizations.
Over the course of her fourteen years as Secretary, she traveled to more than forty countries throughout Australia and New Zealand, East Asia and Europe, creating educational programs for women factory workers. She trained YWCA personnel to oversee the initiatives, which were developed after analyzing each country's labor regulations and safety measures; the World YWCA, offered space in its Geneva headquarters to a newly formed umbrella organization, the Peace and Disarmament Committee of the Women's International Organisations in 1931 and provided clerical assistance for the committee through Evelyn Beresford Fox. Fox would become Dingman's colleague, as well as her life-long companion. Dingman was elected to head the PCDWIO and represented the organization at the World Disarmament Conference held in 1932. In 1935, she was re-elected to the presidency and resigned her post with the YWCA, she spoke at the League of Nations in 1936 and traveled as a lecturer on disarmament. In December 1939, she was arrested in Italy and held without charge for twenty-four hours while US officials sought her release.
With the outbreak of World War II, Dingman returned to the United States in 1939, settling in Berea, near her sisters Helen and Jeanette, mother of future Nobel Prize winner, John B. Fenn, she left the presidency of the PDCWIO, though she continued to lecture and tour, speaking on pacifism and improving international relations on behalf of the YWCA. Beginning in 1944, she worked to establish the United Nations, having advocated for an international body to replace the League of Nations since 1941; as a field worker for the Women's Action Committee for Victory and Lasting Peace, she lectured to bring public awareness for the organization and advocating for congressional authorization. She attended the inaugural conference of the World Federation of United Nations Associations in 1946 and in 1948 was appointed a consultant by the UN to work on behalf of the International Union for Child Welfare, she worked for the UN until 1954, when she retired. Dingman died on March 1961 in Berea, Kentucky, her papers form a collection in the Schlesinger Library of the Radcliffe Institute at Harvard University
James Lee Reese is a farmer and politician from the U. S. state of Oklahoma. Appointed by Republican Governor Mary Fallin as Oklahoma Secretary of Agriculture, Reese was sworn into office on January 10, 2011, he acted as Fallin's chief advisor on policy development and implementation related to agriculture and forestry. Reese serves concurrently in Oklahoma City as the commissioner of the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture. Reese graduated with an associate degree in drafting and design from the community college Northern Oklahoma College at Tonkawa in Kay County, he procured a Bachelor of Science degree in engineering technology from Oklahoma State University at Stillwater. Reese attended the United States Department of Agriculture Supervisory Academy at Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas. Reared on a wheat and dairy farm, Reese has maintained since 1978 his own farming enterprise at Nardin near Blackwell, Oklahoma. In 1986, he was elected to the Oklahoma House of Representatives, which he served from 1987 to 2001.
Reese retired from the state legislature when he was selected to serve as the Oklahoma State Executive Director for the United States Department of Agriculture, Farm Service Agency under the administration of U. S. President George W. Bush; as executive director, Reese delivered federal agriculture programs to Oklahoma farmers and ranchers through more than 60 county offices across the state. Reese served in that position for eight years. In 2008, Oklahoma House Speaker Chris Benge selected and appointed him as his Policy Advisor to the Speaker of the House. Secretary Reese is a long-time agricultural and rural advocate and feels that Oklahoma agriculture is a vital part of Oklahoma's economy. Reese has four children: Joanna. Reese is an active member of these professional and civic organizations: Oklahoma Farm Bureau, Leadership Oklahoma Class IX/Board Member of Leadership Oklahoma, board chairman and member of Nardin First United Methodist Church, Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation Citizens Academy.
Reese has received the Oklahoma Farm Bureau Meritorious Service Award, Oklahoma Farmer's Union Outstanding Service Award, NFIB Small Business Award, George B. Schwabe Award for Outstanding Leadership, Oklahoma School Administrators Dedication Award and the Oklahoma State Troopers Award. On November 15, 2010, newly elected Governor Mary Fallin announced the selection of Reese as her Secretary of Agriculture. Reese was sworn in as the 4th Secretary of Agriculture on January 10, 2011, following Fallin's inauguration. Fallin appointed Reese to serve concurrently as the Commissioner of the State Department of Agriculture. Governor-elect Mary Fallin names Jim Reese Secretary of Agriculture, Office of Governor-elect Mary Fallin, 11-15-2010 Fallin picks Secretary of Agriculture, Tulsa World, by Randy Krehbiel, 11-16-2010
The National Security Council is the advisory and coordinating body of the Government for national defence, security system, emergency response system and other issues of national security. Prime Minister is ex officio president of the Council. In the case of war or emergency, the Council becomes National Executive Staff of Defence. National Centre for Crisis Management of the Republic of Slovenia provides administrative and technical support for the Council and Secretariat Executive Group. Secretariat coordinates preparations for its sessions. Secretariat Executive Group provides technical support for the Secretariat. Members are representatives of: Intelligence and Security Service of the Ministry of Defence Police Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Directorate for Common Foreign and Security Policy Slovenian Intelligence and Security Agency Information Security Administration