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Klara Hitler

Klara Hitler was the mother of Adolf Hitler. Born in the Austrian village of Spital, Waldviertel, Austrian Empire her father was Johann Baptist Pölzl and her mother was Johanna Hiedler. Klara came from old peasant stock, was hard-working, energetic and conscientious. According to the family physician, Dr. Eduard Bloch, she was a quiet and affectionate woman. In 1876, 16-year-old Klara was hired as a household servant by her relative Alois Hitler, three years after his first marriage to Anna Glasl-Hörer. Although Alois' biological father is unknown, after his mother, Maria Schicklgruber, married Johann Georg Hiedler, Alois was designated as Hiedler's son. Klara's mother was Hiedler's niece Johanna Hiedler, who married Johann Baptist Pölzl, making Klara and Alois first cousins once removed. After the death of Alois's second wife Franziska Matzelsberger in 1884, Klara and Alois married on 7 January 1885 in a brief ceremony held early in the morning at Hitler's rented rooms on the top floor of the Pommer Inn in Braunau am Inn.

Alois went to work for the day at his job as a customs official. Their first son, was born four months on 17 May 1885. Ida followed on 23 September 1886. Both infants died of diphtheria during the winter of 1886–87. A third child, was born and died in 1887. A fourth son, was born 20 April 1889. In 1892, Klara Hitler and her family took the train to Passau, where they settled down for the next two years. Edmund was born there on 24 March 1894. Paula followed on 21 January 1896. Edmund died of measles on 28 February 1900, at the age of five. Of her six children with Alois, only Adolf and Paula survived to adulthood. Klara Hitler's adult life was spent keeping house and raising children, for whom, according to Smith, Alois had little understanding or interest, she was devoted to her children and, according to William Patrick Hitler, was a typical stepmother to her stepchildren, Alois, Jr. and Angela. She was a devout Roman Catholic and attended church with her children; when Alois died in 1903, he left a government pension.

Klara sold the house in Leonding and moved with young Adolf and Paula to an apartment in Linz, where they lived frugally. In 1906, Klara Hitler discovered a lump in her breast but ignored it. After experiencing chest pains that were keeping her awake at night, she consulted the family doctor, Eduard Bloch, in January 1907, she had been busy with her household, she said. Bloch chose not to inform Klara that she had breast cancer and left it to her son Adolf to inform her. Bloch told Adolf that his mother had a small chance of surviving and recommended that she undergo a radical mastectomy; the Hitlers were devastated by the news. According to Bloch, Klara Hitler "accepted -- with fortitude. Religious, she assumed that her fate was God's will, it would never occur to her to complain." She underwent the mastectomy at Sisters of St. Mercy in Linz whereupon the surgeon, Karl Urban, discovered that the cancer had metastasized to the pleural tissue in her chest. Bloch informed Klara's children. Adolf, in Vienna ostensibly to study art, moved back home to tend to his mother, as did his siblings.

By October, Klara Hitler's condition had declined and her son Adolf begged Bloch to try a new treatment. For the next 46 days, Bloch performed daily treatments of iodoform, a experimental form of chemotherapy. Klara Hitler's mastectomy incisions were reopened and massive doses of iodoform-soaked gauze were applied directly to the tissue to "burn" the cancer cells; the treatments were painful and caused Klara's throat to paralyze, leaving her unable to swallow. The treatments proved to be futile and Klara Hitler died at home in Linz from the toxic medical side-effects of iodoform on 21 December 1907. Klara was buried in Leonding near Linz. Adolf Hitler, who had a close relationship with his mother, was devastated by her death and carried the grief for the rest of his life. Bloch recalled that "In all my career, I have never seen anyone so prostrate with grief as Adolf Hitler." In his autobiography Mein Kampf, Hitler wrote that he had "honored my father, but loved my mother" and said that his mother's death was a "dreadful blow."

Decades in 1940, Hitler showed gratitude to Bloch, Jewish, for treating his mother, by allowing him to emigrate with his wife from Austria to the United States, a privilege allowed to few other Jews in Austria. In 1941 and 1943, Bloch was interviewed by the Office of Strategic Services to gain information about Hitler's childhood, he said that Hitler's most striking feature was his love for his mother:While Hitler was not a mother's boy in the usual sense, I never witnessed a closer attachment. Their love had been mutual. Klara Hitler adored her son, she allowed him his own way whenever possible. For example, she admired his watercolor paintings and drawings and supported his artistic ambitions in opposition to his father at what cost to herself one may guess. Bloch expressly denied the claim. In his memory, Hitler was the "saddest man I had seen" when he was informed about his mother's imminent death, he remembered Klara as a "pious and kind" woman. "Sie würde sich im Grabe herumdrehen, wenn sie wüsste, was aus ihm geworden ist."

Office of Strategic Services, Hitler Source Book, Interview With Dr. Eduard Bloch March 5, 1943 In 1934, Hitler honored Klara by naming a street in Passau after her. On 28 March 2012, the t

Brut y Tywysogion

Brut y Tywysogion known as Brut y Tywysogyon, is one of the most important primary sources for Welsh history. It is an annalistic chronicle that serves as a continuation of Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Historia Regum Britanniae. Brut y Tywysogion has survived as several Welsh translations of an original Latin version, which has not itself survived; the most important versions are the one in Robert Vaughan's Peniarth MS. 20 and the less complete one in the Red Book of Hergest. The version entitled Brenhinoedd y Saeson combines material from the Welsh annals with material from an English source; the Peniarth MS. 20 version begins in 682 with a record of the death of Cadwaladr and ends in 1332. The entries for the earlier years are brief records of deaths and events such as eclipses, plagues or earthquakes, but entries give much more detail; the main focus is on the rulers of the kingdoms of Gwynedd and Deheubarth, but ecclesiastical events are mentioned, such as the bringing of the date of celebrating Easter in the Welsh church into line with Rome by "Elbodius", Bishop of Bangor, in 768.

Events in England, Ireland and sometimes France are briefly chronicled. The original monastic annals are thought to have been written at Strata Florida Abbey, but may have been kept at the old abbey at Llanbadarn Fawr in the 11th century. Annals from other abbeys were used in the composition. At least one of the Welsh translations is thought to have been written at Strata Florida. John Edward Lloyd, The Welsh Chronicles Ian R. Jack, Medieval Wales Thomas Jones, ed. Brut y Tywysogyon: Red Book of Hergest Version Thomas Jones, ed. Brut y Tywysogyon: Peniarth MS. 20 Version Chronicle of the Princes Brut y Tywysogion, Llyfr Coch Hergest/Red Book of Hergest Version Brut y Tywysogion, Peniarth MS 20 Version Brut y Tywysogion

Lisette Lapointe

Lisette Lapointe is a Quebec politician and teacher, who sat in the Quebec National Assembly first as a Parti Québécois MNA and as an Independent. She is now mayor of Saint-Adolphe D'Howard, she is the widow of Jacques Parizeau, former Premier of Canada. She was first elected to the National Assembly of Quebec as a candidate for the Parti Québécois in the provincial riding of Crémazie in the 2007 general election. Prior to her entry into politics, following in the footsteps of her husband, Lapointe worked as a teacher at the secondary level, she was the director of a health and safety organization in the automobile industry, a journalist at a Mascouche newspaper and was the political aide for the Minister of Social Development and the former MNA of L'Assomption. After the 2007 elections, she was named on April 25, 2007 the PQ's critic in employment and social solidarity. On June 6, 2011, Lapointe and caucus mates Louise Beaudoin and Pierre Curzi resigned from the Parti Québécois to sit as independents over the PQ's acceptance of a bill changing the law to permit an agreement between the City of Québec and Quebecor Inc. concerning the construction of an arena in Quebec City.

In November 2011, several media outlets reported that she joined the new sovereigntist party Option nationale, led by fellow former PQ caucus member Jean-Martin Aussant. However, while she has bought a membership card from the party, she retained her membership in the Parti Québécois, continued to sit as an independent. On March 4, 2012 she announced that she would not run for re-election and left the National Assembly at the September 2012 provincial election. "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours. National Assembly of Quebec