A gristmill grinds grain into flour. The term can refer to both the mechanism and the building that holds it. The Greek geographer Strabo reports in his Geography a water-powered grain-mill to have existed near the palace of king Mithradates VI Eupator at Cabira, Asia Minor, before 71 BC. The early mills had horizontal paddle wheels, an arrangement which became known as the Norse wheel. The paddle wheel was attached to a shaft which was, in turn, the turning force produced by the water on the paddles was transferred directly to the runner stone, causing it to grind against a stationary bed, a stone of a similar size and shape. This dependence on the volume and speed of flow of the water meant that the speed of rotation of the stone was highly variable. Vertical wheels were in use in the Roman Empire by the end of the first century BC, and these were described by Vitruvius. The peak of Roman technology is probably the Barbegal aqueduct and mill where water with a 19-metre fall drove sixteen water wheels, giving a grinding capacity estimated at 2.4 to 3.2 tonnes per hour.
Water mills seem to have remained in use during the post-Roman period, from this time onward, water wheels began to be used for purposes other than grist milling. In England, the number of mills in operation followed population growth, limited extant examples of gristmills can be found in Europe from the High Middle Ages. An extant well-preserved waterwheel and gristmill on the Ebro River in Spain is associated with the Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda, the Cistercians were known for their use of this technology in Western Europe in the period 1100 to 1350. Geared gristmills were built in the medieval Near East and North Africa. Gristmills in the Islamic world were powered by water and wind. The first wind-powered gristmills were built in the 9th and 10th centuries in what are now Afghanistan and Iran, early mills were almost always built and supported by farming communities and the miller received the millers toll in lieu of wages. Most towns and villages had their own mill so that farmers could easily transport their grain there to be milled.
These communities were dependent on their local mill as bread was a part of the diet. Classical mill designs are usually water powered, though some are powered by the wind or by livestock, in a watermill a sluice gate is opened to allow water to flow onto, or under, a water wheel to make it turn. In most watermills the water wheel was mounted vertically, i. e. edge-on, in the water, designs incorporated horizontal steel or cast iron turbines and these were sometimes refitted into the old wheel mills
King City Secondary School
King City Secondary School, or KCSS, is a secondary education facility in King City, Canada. It is a public school administered by the York Region District School Board. The school is located at 2001 King Road, and the current principal is Catherine McGinley, the school day runs from 08,20 to 14,30. KCSS is located on a campus of about 18 acres across the street from the King City branch of King Township Public Library. Twelve acres of the property were owned by James Gillies as early as 1917, the six acres on the eastern part of the campus were purchased from the Albon family of Clearwater, Florida for C$20,000 on 28 August 1962. Before it opened, students resident in King attended Aurora High School, williams Secondary School the year KCSS opened. Major renovations to the building were implemented that year, funded with a C$668,190 grant from the Government of Canada and C$890,000 from the Government of Ontario. This resulted in the addition of a cafeteria in 1962. In 1966, a gymnasium and a library were added as an eastern wing to the main building.
In 1983, the heating system was converted to use natural gas instead of oil. In 1991, a new facility was constructed adjacent to the Tech Wing. The north courtyard was converted to a student memorial, in 2007, construction of a new science department was completed. The school has an outdoor 400 m track, which encircles a Canadian football field, on the part of its campus. Both fields serve multiple functions, including lacrosse and field, rugby union, during the summer, they are used by youth sports leagues in King City. From the summer of 2011 to the end of the 2011-2012 school year, new grass was added, the track was repaved, a fence installed around it, and multi-use goal posts suitable for football and field hockey were installed. KCSS serves a large area, since there are many sparsely populated communities in that area. Student enrollment has ranged from 750 to 1600, the primary boundary is similar to the township boundaries for King, though a small area in the northeast of King is served by schools in Aurora.
Additionally, the part of Oak Ridges, west of Yonge Street to the King town line
Shoot is a 1976 American and Canadian film directed by Harvey Hart and written by Richard Berg, based on the novel of the same name by Douglas Fairbairn. The production features Cliff Robertson, Ernest Borgnine, Henry Silva, the film tells of Rex, a gun enthusiast and military veteran who, with his buddies Lou and Zeke, go hunting in the forest. After a frustrating day of hunting in Canada that has left a group of combat veterans empty-handed, another band of hunters appears on the other side, and stares them down. Suddenly a gun goes off, and Zeke retaliates by shooting and killing one of the men on the other riverbank, after an exchange of gunfire, Major Rex and his friends win the skirmish, driving the other group off. Deciding to keep the incident a secret from the police, they round up a posse of friends, Ontario Vincent Canby, writing for The New York Times, believes the message of the film was lost. He wrote, apparently hopes to be making a statement about the mayhem that can be caused by easy access to weaponry, but most of the time the film doesnt believe in itself.
When one character says to another, I cant believe it really happened, more recently, AllMovie film critic Donald Guarisco wrote a favorable review, This Canadian drama is modest but effective stuff. Harvey Hart keeps things subtle with his direction, wrapping the film in atmospheric visuals, a result, it is worth a look to fans of offbeat 1970s cinema. Director Harvey Hart was nominated for a Golden Charybdis award at the Taormina International Film Festival in Italy in 1977, Zeke, I knew I shouldnt have come on this mother fucking trip. Deliverance Southern Comfort Shoot at the American Film Institute Catalog Shoot at the Internet Movie Database Shoot at AllMovie
The Fox (1967 film)
The Fox is a 1967 American drama film directed by Mark Rydell. The screenplay by Lewis John Carlino and Howard Koch is loosely based on the 1923 novella of the title by D. H. Lawrence. The film marked Rydells feature film directorial debut, Jill Banford and Ellen March struggle to support themselves by raising chickens on an isolated farm in rural Canada. Jill seems content with their existence, but the frustrated Ellen is less enchanted by the solitude. In the dead of winter, merchant seaman Paul Grenfel arrives in search of his grandfather, with nowhere else to go while on leave, he persuades the women to allow him to stay with them in exchange for helping with the work. Tension among the three slowly escalates when his attentions to Ellen arouse Jills resentment and jealousy, when he proposes marriage to Ellen, Jill is first outraged, hysterically fearful, even trying to bribe Paul to leave. Eventually Paul tracks and kills the fox, just before his departure, he makes love to Ellen and asks her to elope with him, but she confesses she would feel guilty if she abandoned Jill.
After Paul returns to his ship, Jill confesses her feelings for Ellen, Ellen writes to Paul, explaining that her place is with Jill and that she cannot marry him. Several weeks later, Paul returns unexpectedly as the two women are chopping down a dying oak and he offers to complete the job and warns Jill to move away from the trees potential path. In a standoff of wills, Jill refuses to move as Paul continues to chop at the tree, the falling tree crushes Jill, and she dies. Ellen sells the farm, and she and Paul set off to start a new life together, knowing that she is silently mourning the loss of Jill, Paul assures Ellen that she will be happy in her new life. Sadly and uncertainly, she asks, Will I, the film was shot on location on a farm in Laskay, Ontario and at a studio lot in Kleinburg, Ontario. The song That Night, with music by Lalo Schifrin and lyrics by Norman Gimbel, is performed by Sally Stevens, rated R at the time of its original release, it was re-edited and rated PG in 1973.
Paul Grenfel The film score was composed and conducted by Lalo Schifrin, the main theme has since acquired notoriety in France as the music for Dim tights commercials. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times called the film a quiet, powerful masterpiece and added, Do not go to see The Fox because of its subject matter, the scenes which disturbed Chicagos reactionary censors are filmed with quiet taste and an intuitive knowledge of human nature. And they are only a part of a wholly natural film. Indeed, it is the ease of the film that is so appealing. The delicately constructed atmosphere of cold and snow, of early sunsets and chill lingering in the corners, Miss Dennis has a difficult role
The Forest Rangers
The Forest Rangers was a Canadian television series that ran from 1963 to 1965. It was a co-production between CBC Television and ITC Entertainment and was Canadas first television show produced in colour, executive producer Maxine Samuels founded the show. The series ran for three seasons, a total of 104 30-minute colour episodes, early episodes of the series were broadcast in serialized form as part of a CBC childrens series entitled Razzle Dazzle, hosted by Alan Hamel and Michelle Finney. This was the first appearance in a series by Gordon Pinsent. He left the series in 1965 to star in Quentin Durgens, in 1966 the series was adapted into a comic strip by British comics artist John Gillatt, which appeared in the British comic magazine Tiger. In June 2004, there was a reunion for ex-cast and fans just south of Kleinburg, six of the ex-junior rangers appeared and Peter Tully flew in from his home in Ireland. Another reunion occurred 15 June 2013 at the studios where the show was filmed. This time nine junior rangers and Gordon Pinsent were in attendance, the shows first season was released on DVD by Imavision in early 2007.
There are two episode order lists and this episode list is in sequence by filming date order. The other list is in sequence by episode title order, some episodes were given different titles on film to those given in the TV guides of different countries
Humber River (Ontario)
The Humber River is a river in Southern Ontario, Canada. It is in the Great Lakes Basin, is a tributary of Lake Ontario and is one of two rivers on either side of the city of Toronto, the other being the Don River to the east. It was designated a Canadian Heritage River on September 24,1999 and they join north of Toronto and flow in a generally southeasterly direction into Lake Ontario at what was once the far western portions of the city. The river mouth is flanked by Sir Casimir Gzowski Park and Humber Bay Park East. The Anishinaabe, the most recent native inhabitants of the area, refer to the river as Gabekanaang-ziibi, for “leave the canoes and go back. ”During the 1600s and 1700s, popples map of 1733 shows a prominent river beside the native settlement Tejajagon assumed to be the Humber. Its name is given as the Tanaovate River, the river was known as the Toronto River. Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe gave the river the name of Humber, the Humber has a long history of human settlement along its banks.
Native settlement of the area is well documented archaeologically and occurred in three waves, the first settlers were the Palaeo-Indians who lived in the area from 10,000 to 7000 BC. The second wave, people of the Archaic period, settled the area between 7000 and 1000 BC and began to adopt seasonal migration patterns to take advantage of available plants and game. The third wave of settlement was the Woodland period, which saw the introduction of the bow and arrow. Étienne Brûlé was the first European to encounter the Humber while travelling the Toronto Carrying-Place Trail, Brûlé passed through the watershed in 1615 on a mission from Samuel de Champlain to build alliances with native peoples. The Trail became a convenient shortcut to the upper Great Lakes for traders and missionaries. A major landmark on the end of the trail in Lake Simcoe was used to describe the trail as a whole. A fort, Fort Toronto, was constructed about 1,000 metres inland from the mouth of the Humber to protect the Trail, during the 1660s this was the site of Teiaiagon, a permanent settlement of the Seneca used for trading with the Europeans.
Popples map of 1733 shows a prominent river beside Tejajagon which is assumed to be the Humber, french missionaries used the area for many years, including Jean de Brébeuf and Joseph Chaumonot in 1641, Louis Hennepin in 1678, and Rene-Robert Cavelier de La Salle in 1680. However, no permanent European settlement occurred until the arrival of Jean-Baptiste Rousseau in the late 18th century, Rousseau piloted John Graves Simcoes ship into Toronto Bay to officially begin the British era of control in 1793. Most of the British attention was focussed to the east of the Humber, settlement was scattered until after the War of 1812 when many loyalists moved to the area, who were joined by immigrants from Ireland and Scotland who chose to remain in British lands. Upon his arrival in York, Simcoe was keenly aware of the need for a lumber mill and he had constructed a sawmill on the west bank of the river near present-day Bloor Street in 1793, which was operated by John Wilson
Lester B. Pearson
He was the 14th Prime Minister of Canada from 22 April 1963 to 20 April 1968, as the head of two back-to-back Liberal minority governments following elections in 1963 and 1965. During Pearsons time as Prime Minister, his Liberal minority governments introduced universal health care, student loans, the Canada Pension Plan, the Order of Canada, and his Liberal government unified Canadas armed forces. Pearson convened the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism, and he kept Canada out of the Vietnam War, Pearson was born in Newtonbrook in the township of York, the son of Annie Sarah and Edwin Arthur Pearson, a Methodist minister. He was the brother of Vaughan Whitier Pearson and Marmaduke Pearson, the family lived in the Methodist manse at the corner of Spruce St. and Catherine St. The home still exists but is in private hands, the Methodist church in downtown Aurora became the United Church of Canada. The church was demolished following a fire in 2014. Rev. Pearson was a member of the Aurora Rugby team where young Mike apparently got his inspiration, Pearson graduated from Hamilton Collegiate Institute in Hamilton, Ontario, in 1913 at the age of 16.
Later that same year, he entered Victoria College at the University of Toronto and he was elected to the Pi Gamma Mu social sciences honour societys chapter at the University of Toronto for his outstanding scholastic performance in history and psychology. After Victoria College, Pearson won a scholarship to study at St Johns College, Oxford, at the University of Toronto, he became a noted athlete, excelling in rugby union, and playing basketball. He also played for the Oxford University Ice Hockey Club while on a scholarship at the University of Oxford, Pearson excelled in baseball and lacrosse as a youth. His baseball talents as an infielder were strong enough for a summer of semi-pro play with the Guelph Maple Leafs of the Ontario Intercounty Baseball League, Pearson toured North American with a combined Oxford and Cambridge Universities lacrosse team in 1923. After he joined the University of Toronto History Department as an instructor, he helped to coach the U of Ts football and he played golf and tennis to high standards as an adult.
When World War I broke out in 1914, Pearson volunteered for service as an orderly with the University of Toronto Hospital Unit. In 1915, he entered service with the Canadian Army Medical Corps as a stretcher bearer with the rank of private. During this period of service he spent two years in Egypt and in Greece and he spent time in the Serbian Army as a corporal and a medical orderly. Pearson learned to fly at an air training school in Hendon and he survived an aeroplane crash during his first flight. In 1918, Pearson was hit by a bus in London during a blackout and he was sent home to recuperate. It was as a pilot that he received the nickname of Mike, Pearson would use the name Lester on official documents and in public life, but was always addressed as Mike by friends and family
Royal Bank of Canada
The Royal Bank of Canada is a Canadian multinational financial services company and the largest bank in Canada. The bank serves over 16 million clients and has 80,000 employees worldwide, the company corporate headquarters are located in Toronto, Ontario. The bank was founded in 1864 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, RBC Bank was the U. S. banking subsidiary with 439 branches across six states in the Southeast, which served more than a million customers. RBC has 127 branches across seventeen countries in the Caribbean, RBC Capital Markets is RBCs worldwide investment and corporate banking subsidiary, while the investment brokerage firm is known as RBC Dominion Securities. Investment banking services are provided through RBC Bank and the focus is on middle market clients. In 2011, RBC was the largest Canadian company by revenue, and was ranked at #50 in the 2013 Forbes Global 2000 listing. The company has operations in Canada, and 40 other countries and had US$673.2 billion of assets under management in 2014, by 1869 the Merchants Bank was officially incorporated and received its federal charter in the same year.
During the 1870s and 1880s the bank expanded into the other Maritime Provinces, when both the Newfoundland Commercial Bank and Union Bank of Newfoundland collapsed on 10 December 1894, the Merchants Bank expanded to Newfoundland in 31 January 1895. As the bank grew executives changed its name to reflect its growth, in 1901, the Merchants Bank of Halifax changed its name to the Royal Bank of Canada. The centre of the Canadian financial industry had moved from Halifax to Montreal, in 1910, RBC merged with the Union Bank of Halifax. In the same year it built a branch in Winnipeg, Manitoba—designed by Carrère and Hastings. To improve its position in Ontario, RBC merged with Traders Bank of Canada in 1912 and in 1917 RBC merged with Quebec Bank, Union Bank of Canada had moved its headquarters to Winnipeg in 1912, and had built a strong presence in the Prairies. In 1935, RBC merged with Crown Saving, s and Loan Co. merged with Industrial Mortgage & Trust Co, RBC installed its first computer in 1961, the first in Canadian banking.
In the 1960s, RBC Insurance was created, in 1968, it merged with Ontario Loan and Debenture Company. In 1993, RBC merged with Royal Trust, in 1998, RBC acquired Security First Network Bank in Atlanta—the first pure Internet bank. In 2000, RBC merged merchant credit/debit card acquiring business with BMO Bank of Montreals to form Moneris Solutions, in 2013, RBC completed the acquisition of the Canadian subsidiary of Ally Financial. RBC Insurance is the largest Canadian bank-owned insurance organization, with services to five million people. It provides life, travel and auto and reinsurance products as well as creditor,1882 - Merchants Bank of Halifax opened an office in Bermuda
Group of Seven (artists)
The Group of Seven, known as the Algonquin School, was a group of Canadian landscape painters from 1920 to 1933, originally consisting of Franklin Carmichael, Lawren Harris, A. Y. Jackson, Frank Johnston, Arthur Lismer, J. E. H. MacDonald, later, A. J. Casson was invited to join in 1926, Edwin Holgate became a member in 1930, and LeMoine FitzGerald joined in 1932. Two artists commonly associated with the group are Tom Thomson and Emily Carr, although he died before its official formation, Thomson had a significant influence on the group. Emily Carr was associated with the Group of Seven. The Group was succeeded by the Canadian Group of Painters in the 1933, the Art Gallery of Ontario, in its earlier incarnation as the Art Gallery of Toronto, was the site of their first exhibition as the Group of Seven. The McMichael was founded by Robert and Signe McMichael, who began collecting paintings by the Group of Seven and their contemporaries in 1955. Tom Thomson, J. E. H. MacDonald, Arthur Lismer, Frederick Varley, Frank Johnston, in 1913, they were joined by A. Y.
Jackson and Lawren Harris. They often met at the Arts and Letters Club of Toronto to discuss their opinions and this group received monetary support from Harris and Dr. James MacCallum. Harris and MacCallum jointly built the Studio Building in 1914 in the Rosedale ravine to serve as a meeting and working place for the new Canadian art movement. MacCallum owned land on Georgian Bay and Thomson worked as a guide in nearby Algonquin Park, the informal group was temporarily split up during World War I, during which Jackson and Varley became official war artists. A further blow to the group came in 1917 when Thomson died while canoeing in Algonquin Park and he appeared to have suffered a blow to the head and showed no signs of drowning. The circumstances of his death remain mysterious, the seven who formed the original group reunited after the war. They continued to travel throughout Ontario, especially the Muskoka and Algoma regions, sketching the landscape, in 1919, they decided to make themselves into a group devoted to a distinct Canadian form of art which didnt exist yet, and began to call themselves the Group of Seven.
It is unknown who specifically chose these seven men, but it is believed to have been Harris, by 1920, they were ready for their first exhibition thanks to the constant support and encouragement of Eric Brown, the director of the National Gallery at that time. Prior to this, many believed the Canadian landscape was not worthy of being painted. Reviews for the 1920 exhibition were mixed, but as the decade progressed the Group came to be recognized as pioneers of a new, after Frank Johnston left the group in 1920 to move to Winnipeg, A. J. Casson was invited to join in 1926. Franklin Carmichael had taken a liking to him and had encouraged Casson to sketch, the Groups champions during its early years included Barker Fairley, a co-founder of Canadian Forum magazine, and the warden of Hart House at the University of Toronto, J. Burgon Bickersteth. The members of the Group began to travel elsewhere in Canada for inspiration, including British Columbia, Nova Scotia, after Samuel Gurney Cresswell and other painters on Royal Navy expeditions, these were the first artists of European descent who depicted the Arctic
H. G. Wells' The Shape of Things to Come
H. G. Wells The Shape of Things to Come is a 1979 Canadian science fiction film. Although credited to H. G. Wells, the film takes only its title and some character names from The Shape of Things to Come, the films plot has no relationship to the events of the book. The book predicts events such as a Second World War and the collapse of order until a world state is formed, whereas the film involves a high-tech future involving robots. Sometime in the future, Earth is recovering from The Robot Wars that devastated the planet seven years earlier, as scheduled, Delta 3 sends a massive cargo ship with a supply of the drug, but the ship crashes into New Washingtons dome and causes widespread destruction. Caball boards the ship anyway, and prepares it for launch, with no time to obtain any of the radiation drugs, Caball calls his son Jason to help him pilot the ship. Tagging along are Smeldeys daughter Kim, and Sparks, a teleporting pilot robot that Kim had salvaged from the wreck of the cargo ship, when they arrive, Caball convinces them of the urgency to stop Omus at all costs.
They agree to steal the Starstreak and set course to Delta 3. Shortly after launch, a malfunction forces the Starstreak to stop at Earth, while Caball conducts repairs and Kim explore the area hoping to locate an old friend of Caballs named Charley who mans a nearby refueling depot. They are unaware however, of figures that stalk them in the woods. Jason eventually finds Charley dead and notices that Kim has disappeared, meanwhile, on Delta 3, Nikki has formed a resistance force and tries to take back the Citadel – a massive tower controlled by Omus and his robot minions. Her infiltration attempt fails and Nikki can only pray that help arrives soon, the Starstreak has left Earth and achieved light speed, but enters a gravity vortex that threatens to destroy the ship. The crew eventually manages to escape the storm with Delta 3 conveniently appearing before them, upon landing, the crew finds Nikki and her people, but soon a group of Omus robots surround them. The party is greeted by a hologram of Omus and Caball demands to meet face-to-face, Omus agrees and has Caball brought before him while Jason and the others plan to sneak inside the Citadel.
Omus shows off his latest achievements to his old mentor, Caball remains unimpressed and tries to talk Omus into giving up his plan to control humanity. Omus refuses to listen and dons a transparent helmet where he shows Caball another creation – a spinning disco ball-like device that drives Caball mad with pain and eventually kills him. Once the others finally reach Omus chambers, Jason finds his father murdered, a furious Jason confronts Omus, but Omus robots take him prisoner. Thanks to Sparks, all the robots suddenly turn on their master and run out of control, allowing Jason, Jason hears from Sparks who has teleported to one Omus cargo ships and taken over the main computer system. The robot frenzy however, overloads critical systems and explosions begin to rip through the Citadel, Sparks escapes in the cargo ship, while the others make it back to the Starstreak and lift off