click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Klickitat County, Washington

Klickitat County is a county located in the U. S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,318; the county seat and largest city is Goldendale. The county is named after the Klickitat tribe of the Yakama Native Americans. Klickitat County was created out of Walla Walla County on December 20, 1859. Samuel Hill was an early promoter of the area, promoting better roads and building local landmarks such as a war memorial replica of Stonehenge and a mansion that would become the Maryhill Museum of Art; the Sam Hill Memorial Bridge across the Columbia River is named after him. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,904 square miles, of which 1,871 square miles is land and 33 square miles is water. Cascade Mountains Columbia River U. S. Route 97 State Route 14 State Route 142 Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge Gifford Pinchot National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 19,161 people, 7,473 households, 5,305 families living in the county.

The population density was 10 people per square mile. There were 8,633 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 87.56% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 3.47% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 5.02% from other races, 2.75% from two or more races. 7.81 % of the population were Latinos of any race. 17.7 % were of German, 14.0 % 11.1 % English and 9.6 % Irish ancestry. 90.3 % spoke 7.8 % Spanish as their first language. There were 7,473 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.00% were non-families. 23.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.99. The age distribution was 27.10% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 27.00% from 45 to 64, 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,267, the median income for a family was $40,414. Males had a median income of $36,067 versus $21,922 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,502. About 12.60% of families and 17.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.50% of those under age 18 and 15.10% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,318 people, 8,327 households, 5,626 families living in the county; the population density was 10.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 9,786 housing units at an average density of 5.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 87.7% white, 2.4% American Indian, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 5.6% from other races, 3.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 10.7% of the population.

In terms of ancestry,Of the 8,327 households, 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.4% were non-families, 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 45.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $37,398 and the median income for a family was $46,012. Males had a median income of $43,588 versus $31,114 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,553. About 13.7% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.9% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over. Bingen Goldendale White Salmon Appleton BZ Corner Husum Wahkiacus Klickitat is located in Washington's 3rd congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+2 and has been represented by Republican Jaime Herrera Beutler since 2011.

In state government the county is part of the fourteenth district and is represented by representative Gina McCabe and Norm Johnson in the Washington House of Representatives and Curtis King in the Washington State Senate. In Presidential elections Klickitat is something of a swing county. In 1988 Michael Dukakis narrowly won the county with 49.15% of the vote. Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush all won the county twice. In 2008 Democrat Barack Obama won Klickitat County over Republican John McCain by only 21 votes or percentage wise 48.85% to 48.64%. In 2012 Republican candidate Mitt Romney won the county by a greater margin than in the previous election, with 51.74% of the vote compared to President Obama’s 44.75%, Donald Trump doubled Romney's margin in 2016. National Register of Historic Places listings in Klickitat County, Washington Official County website Klickitat County, Washington at HistoryLink.org

Wishmaster: The Prophecy Fulfilled

Wishmaster: The Prophecy Fulfilled is a 2002 Canadian fantasy slasher film directed by Chris Angel and starring Michael Trucco, Tara Spencer-Nairn, Jason Thompson, Victor Webster, Kimberly Huie, John Novak. It is the final installment of the Wishmaster series; as in the previous films, an evil genie is released from his prison and must grant three wishes to the person who awakens him in order to release the race of Djinn from Hell and allow them to take over the Earth. Painter Sam and his girlfriend Lisa have just moved in together, when he has a terrible accident that leaves him paraplegic when the bones in his lower legs are fractured. Due to his condition, Sam grows more distant from Lisa, ruminating on his and Lisa's inability to have sex, believing that she is having an affair with their lawyer Steven. Sensing Sam's growing distance from Lisa, Steven offers Lisa a jewel he found hidden away in an antique desk; the jewel, unknown to Steven, is the Djinn's cell. Lisa inadvertently awakens the Djinn, which takes his form.

The Djinn/Steven begins making advances on Lisa to trick her into making wishes. She first wishes for the case on Sam's condition to be won; the Djinn calls the opposing attorney and forces him to torture himself until he signs a settlement for 10 million dollars. The Djinn next takes Lisa out to a restaurant called The Palace to celebrate the winning of the case, asking her what she wishes for the most; when she says she wishes Sam could walk again, the Djinn grants this wish, enabling Sam to walk, but not repairing the injuries that left him paralyzed. They next go to Steven's place. While getting more for them to drink, the Djinn hears Lisa wish she could love "Steven" for who he is. Aware that his true form will lose her forever, he is unable to grant the third wish right away; the Djinn spends much time trying to decipher human love in order to "make" Lisa love him, in the process he develops feelings for her. An angel attempts to kill Lisa to prevent the third wish from being granted to her, which would cause the release of all Djinn and an ensuing armageddon.

However, Steven sends her away to safety. The angel and the Djinn fight, with the Djinn winning the battle and killing the angel. Steven arrives at Lisa's house and they sex in the living room. Lisa realizes she does not love Steven. Steven asks Lisa emphatically if she "truly for who " in an attempt to make her grant the third wish; the Djinn brethren make their presence known. Using his magic to make the upstairs a looping maze, Steven brings Lisa back to the bedroom and reveals his true form to her, offering Lisa a choice: take his hand as the second in command when the Djinn race takes over the world, or to be cast down to another dimension of Hell. Sam tries to save the day with the angel's sword, but is stabbed by the Djinn. While the Djinn is still attempting to convince Lisa to take his hand, Sam signals Lisa to push the Djinn through the blade, sticking out of Sam. Lisa does so, both the Djinn and Sam perish. Lisa makes it out of the house and looks back at it, remembering the happier times that she and Sam shared.

Tara Spencer-Nairn as Lisa Burnley Michael Trucco as Steven Verdel Jason Thompson as Sam John Novak as The Dijnn Victor Webster as Hunter John Benjamin Martin as Douglas Hollister Kimberly Huie as Tracy Mariam Bernstein as Jennifer Mandy Hochbaum as Shopper Jennifer Pudavick as Waitress The film was shot back to back with its predecessor Wishmaster 3: Beyond the Gates of Hell with only a weekend separating the two. Both films were shot in Winnipeg, Canada. In a scene where the Djinn shows Lisa an illusion of paradise, they are standing on a pond in Assiniboine Park, a notable locale for the city; the Assiniboine Park Pavilion can be seen just above the tree line in the background of the scene. On Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 20% based on reviews from 5 critics. Wishmaster: The Prophecy Fulfilled on IMDb

Samuel Plimsoll

Samuel Plimsoll was an English politician and social reformer, now best remembered for having devised the Plimsoll line. Samuel Plimsoll was born in Bristol and soon moved to Whiteley Wood Hall, Sheffield spending part of his childhood in Penrith, Cumberland. Leaving school at an early age, he became a clerk at Rawson's Brewery, rose to be manager. In 1853, he attempted to become a coal merchant in London, he was reduced to destitution. He himself told how for a time he lived in a common lodging for seven shillings and two pence a week. Through this experience, he learnt to sympathise with the struggles of the poor, when his good fortune returned, he resolved to devote his time to improving their condition, his efforts were directed against what were known as "coffin ships": unseaworthy and overloaded vessels heavily insured, in which unscrupulous owners risked the lives of their crews. In 1867, Plimsoll was elected as the Liberal Member of Parliament for Derby, endeavoured in vain to pass a bill dealing with the subject of a safe load line on ships.

The main problem was the number of powerful ship-owning MPs in Parliament. In 1872, he published a work entitled Our Seamen. Accordingly, on Plimsoll's motion in 1873, a Royal Commission was appointed, in 1875 a government bill was introduced, which Plimsoll, though regarding it as inadequate, resolved to accept. On 22 July, Benjamin Disraeli, announced that the bill would be dropped. Plimsoll lost his self-control, applied the term "villains" to members of the House, shook his fist in the Speaker's face. Disraeli moved that he be reprimanded, but on the suggestion of Lord Hartington agreed to adjourn the matter for a week to allow Plimsoll time for thought. Plimsoll made an apology. Many people, shared his view that the bill had been stifled by the pressure of the shipowners, popular feeling forced the government to pass a bill which in the following year was amended into the Merchant Shipping Act; this gave stringent powers of inspection to the Board of Trade, the mark that indicates the safe limit to which a ship may be loaded became known as Plimsoll's mark or line.

Plimsoll was re-elected for Derby at the general election of 1880 by a great majority, but gave up his seat to William Vernon Harcourt, believing that the latter, as Home Secretary, could advance sailors' interests more than any private member. Offered a seat by 30 constituencies, Plimsoll was an unsuccessful candidate in Sheffield Central in 1885, he did not re-enter the house, became estranged from the Liberal leaders by what he regarded as their breach of faith in neglecting the question of shipping reform. He was for some years the honorary president of the National Sailors' and Firemen's Union, drew attention to the horrors of the cattle-ships, where animals were transported under appalling and over-crowded conditions, he visited the United States to try to secure the adoption of a less bitter tone towards England in the historical textbooks used in American schools. He died in Folkestone on 3 June 1898, is buried in St Martin's churchyard, Kent. Plimsoll married his first wife, Eliza Ann, daughter of Hugh Railton of Chapeltown, near Sheffield, in 1858.

In Census 1871 they were enumerated in Hastings where Eliza Ann is recorded as being blind in her right eye and deaf in her left ear. She died in Australia in 1882. There were no children by this marriage, he married his second wife, Harriet Frankish, daughter of Mr. Joseph Armitage Wade, J. P. of Hull and Hornsea, in 1885. By this marriage there were six children, of whom a son, Samuel Richard Cobden Plimsoll, two daughters survived him. In 1873, the Samuel Plimsoll, an iron hulled full-rigged merchant sailing ship, was launched at the shipyard of Walter Hood & Co. in Aberdeen, Scotland for the Aberdeen White Star Line. She was assigned the official British Reg. No. 65097 and the signal MKDH. In 1899, she caught fire in the Thames River and had to be scuttled, but was refloated and repaired in 1900. In 1902, she was dismasted and damaged on voyage to Port Chalmers, Australia. Towed to Sydney and subsequently to Fremantle, she was reduced to hulk status the following year. In the 1920s, Plimsoll shoes were named for their similarity in appearance to the Plimsoll line on boats.

In Whitehall Garden, a Victoria Embankment garden, there is a monument to Samuel Plimsoll in front of the railings. British writer Nicolette Jones published The Plimsoll Sensation, a acclaimed biography – getting the idea for it from living in 1995 in Plimsoll Road in Finsbury Park, north London, but knowing hardly anything about whom it was named after. Samuel Plimsoll appears in the third series of the BBC historical television drama The Onedin Line, portrayed by actor David Garfield. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Orme, Eliza. "Plimsoll, Samuel". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. "Our Seamen: An Appeal" by Samuel Plimsoll, 1873, at The Internet Archive "The sailor's friend", The Economist, Jul 6th 2006 "The Plimsoll Sensation", The British Library, Jul 7th 2006# "The Bottom Line About Mr. Plimsoll", The Observer, 25 June 2006 Review of "The Plimsoll Sensation" in Bookworm on the Net, 2 July 2006 Re: Monument in Whitehall Garden.

London Parks & Gardens Trust, London Gardens Online. See under heading'Fuller Information', paragraph'The south-western sections..'." Hansard 1803

Afghanistan–France relations

Afghanistan–France relations refers to the diplomatic relations between Afghanistan and France. Afghanistan and France established diplomatic relations in 1922. In 1923, France opened a diplomatic legation in Kabul as well as an office for the French Archaeological Delegation for Afghanistan. Relations between both nations were underdeveloped. In 1928, Afghan King Amanullah Khan paid an official visit to France. In January 1943, during World War II, France closed its diplomatic legation in Kabul; as a result, Afghanistan closed its diplomatic legation in Paris in 1944 when Vichy France declined Afghanistan's diplomatic legation dual accreditation to France and Switzerland. Soon after the war, both nations re-opened their legations and upgraded them to embassies in 1949. In 1965, Afghan King Mohammed Zahir Shah paid an official visit to France and met with President Charles de Gaulle. In 1968, French Prime Minister Georges Pompidou paid an official visit to Afghanistan. In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan during the Soviet–Afghan War.

For the next 25 years, relations between both nations became nearly nonexistent due to the fact that when the Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan in 1989, the Taliban soon came to power and governed the country until 2002 when NATO forces invaded the country after the September 11 attacks in New York City. Since the NATO led War in Afghanistan, France has participated in multiple military excursions and battles throughout the country. In 2002, France re-established diplomatic relations with the Afghan government under President Hamid Karzai. Under the International Security Assistance Force, France has played a leading role of providing security within the North-East part of Afghanistan in the Kapisa Province. Presidential visits from Afghanistan to France King Amanullah Khan King Mohammed Zahir Shah President Hamid Karzai Presidential visits from France to Afghanistan Prime Minister Georges Pompidou President Nicolas Sarkozy President François Hollande Throughout the years, both nations have signed numerous bilateral agreements such as an Agreement of Cooperation between the University of Paris and Kabul University.

In 2015, trade between Afghanistan and France totaled €27.8 million Euros. France's three main exports to Afghanistan are agrifood products, pharmaceuticals and plastic products. Afghanistan has an embassy in Paris. France has an embassy in Kabul. Calais Jungle

Xyzzy (computing)

Xyzzy is a magic word from the Colossal Cave Adventure computer game. In computing, the word is sometimes used as a metasyntactic variable or as a video game cheat code, the canonical "magic word". Modern usage is from one of the earliest computer games, Colossal Cave Adventure, in which the idea is to explore a cave with many rooms, collecting the treasures found there. By typing "xyzzy" at the appropriate time, the player could move between two otherwise distant points; as Colossal Cave Adventure was both one of the first adventure games and one of the first interactive fiction pieces, hundreds of interactive fiction games included responses to the command "xyzzy" in tribute. The origin of the word "xyzzy" has been the subject of debate. According to Rick Adams, the sequence of letters "XYZZY" has been used as a mnemonic to remember the process for computing cross products. Crowther, author of Colossal Cave Adventure, states that he was unaware of the mnemonic, that he "made it up from whole cloth" when writing the game.

Xyzzy has been implemented as an undocumented no-op command on several operating systems. The 32-bit version, AOS/VS, would respond "Twice as much happens". On several computer systems from Sun Microsystems, the command "xyzzy" is used to enter the interactive shell of the U-Boot bootloader. Early versions of Zenith Z-DOS had the command "xyzzy" which took a parameter of "on" or "off". Xyzzy by itself would print the status of the last "xyzzy on" or "xyzzy off" command; when booting a Cr-48 from developer mode, when the screen displays the "sad laptop" image, pressing xyzzy produces a joke BSOD screen. According to Brantley Coile, the Cisco PIX firewall had a xyzzy command that said "Nothing happens." He put the command into the Coraid VSX to escape the CLI and get into the shell. It would announce "Foof! You are in a directory. There are files here." The new California Coraid management, made development to change the string to "/exportmode" and get rid of the "Foof!" Message Since regaining ownership of the Coraid software, the command is being returned to the system and now, in VSX release 8, the response is ">>Foof!<< You are in a debris room.".

Within the low-traffic Usenet newsgroup alt.xyzzy, the word is used for test messages, to which other readers customarily respond, "Nothing happens" as a note that the test message was received. In the Internet Relay Chat client mIRC and Pidgin, entering the undocumented command "/xyzzy" will display the response "Nothing happens"; the string "xyzzy" is used internally by mIRC as the hard-coded master encryption key, used to decrypt over 20 sensitive strings from within the mirc.exe program file. A "deluxe chatting program" for DIGITAL's VAX/VMS written by David Bolen in 1987 and distributed via BITNET took the name xyzzy, it enabled users on linked DECnet nodes to communicate via text in real time. There was a compatible program with the same name for IBM's VM/CMS.xYzZY is used as the default boundary marker by the Perl HTTP::Message module for multipart MIME messages, was used in Apple's AtEase for workgroups as the default administrator password in the 1990s. Gmail lists XYZZY as a capability.

It takes no arguments, responds with "OK Nothing happens." The Hewlett-Packard 9836A computer with HPL 2.0 programming language has XYZZY built into the HPL language itself with the result of "I see no cave here." When used. The same message is returned from HP 3458A and HP 3245A instruments when queried with XYZZY via the HPIB bus. In most versions of the Ingres dbms, "select xyzzy" returns "Nothing happens." However, "select xyzzy" returns "Nothing happens to Wim". The xyzzy function has been part of the Ingres product since at least version 5, but was removed from the main codeline sometime in the early 2000s. While talking to one of the members of the Ingres development team, Wim de Boer, at that time the secretary of the Ingres Users Group Nederland, mentioned the removal of this Easter egg; this developer, a frequent speaker on the events organised by the IUGN, somehow managed to put the function back into the product and—especially for Wim—added handling for the'wim' value of the parameter.

The popular Minesweeper game under older versions of Microsoft Windows had a cheat mode triggered by entering the command xyzzy pressing the key sequence shift and enter, which turned a single pixel in the top-left corner of the entire screen into a small black or white dot depending on whether or not the mouse pointer is over a mine. This easter egg was present in all Windows versions through Windows XP Service Pack 3, but under Windows 95, 98 and NT 4.0 the pixel was visible only if the standard Explorer desktop was not running. The easter egg does not exist in versions after Windows XP SP3. In the game Zork, typing xyzzy and pressing enter produces the response: "A hollow voice says'fool'"; the command produces a humorous response in other Infocom games and text adventures, leading to its usage in the title of the interactive fiction competition, the XYZZY Awards. In Dungeons and Dragons Online, Xy'zzy is the nigh-invulnerable raid boss in the Hound of Xoriat adventure. In the PC version of the popular Electronic Arts game Road Rash, the cheat mode is enabled by typing the key string "xyzzy" in the middle of the race.

In Primordia, one is able to get a bonus short scene featuring a shout-out to Colossal Cave Adventure as a form of non-playable text

Michael Glover (author)

Michael Glover is an author, London-based poet, art critic, fiction writer and magazine editor. Michael Glover was educated at Firth Park Grammar School and read English at Queens’ College, Cambridge. Glover is the Poetry Editor of The Tablet and a senior art critic and feature writer for The Independent, he has been a regular reviewer and commentator upon the world of poetry for The Times, the New Statesman and The Economist. He has written about poetry in performance for the Financial Times, he is a London correspondent for ArtNews, New York City. In 2009 he established The Bow-Wow Shop, a free-to-access, online poetry magazine, archived by the British Library, he wrote the Headlong Into Pennilessness memoir about growing up in a working-class suburb of Sheffield in the 1950s. Sebastian Barker, former chairman of the Poetry Society and Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, called it "charming and fascinating". Bill Hamilton, literary agent of author Hilary Mantel, describes it as a "vivid and true" picture of the kinds of life endured by tens of thousands of working-class families struggling to make ends meet in Northern Britain in the post-war austerity years.

Measured Lives Impossible Horizons A Small Modicum of Folly The Bead-Eyed Man Amidst All This Debris For The Sheer Hell Of Living Only So Much Hypothetical May Morning Messages to Federico Headlong into Pennilessness Great Works: Encounters with Art Playing Out in the Wireless Days 111 Places in Sheffield You Should Not Miss Late Days Official blog www.bowwowshop.org.uk