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Knight Ridder

Knight Ridder was an American media company, specializing in newspaper and Internet publishing. Until it was bought by McClatchy on June 27, 2006, it was the second-largest newspaper publisher in the United States, with 32 daily newspapers sold, its headquarters were located in California. The corporate ancestors of Knight Ridder were Inc. and Ridder Publications, Inc.. The first company was founded by John S. Knight upon inheriting control of the Akron Beacon Journal from his father, Charles Landon Knight, in 1933; as anti-German sentiment increased in the interwar period, Ridder transitioned into English language publishing by acquiring The Journal of Commerce in 1926. Both companies went public in 1969 and merged on July 11, 1974. For a brief time, the combined company was the largest newspaper publisher in the United States. Knight Ridder had a long history of innovation in technology, it was the first newspaper publisher to experiment with videotex when it launched its Viewtron system in 1983.

After investing six years of research and $50 million into the service, Knight Ridder shut down Viewtron in 1986 when the service's interactivity features proved more popular than news delivery. Knight-Ridder purchased Dialog Information Services Inc. from Lockheed Corporation in August 1988. In October 1988, the company placed its eight broadcast television stations up for sale to reduce debt and to pay for the purchase of Dialog. In 1997 it bought four newspapers from The Walt Disney Company owned by Capital Cities Communications after Disney's purchase of Cap Cities for the ABC television network (The Kansas City Star, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Belleville News-Democrat and Times Leader for $1.65 billion. It was, at the time, the most expensive newspaper acquisition in history. For most of its existence, the company was based in Miami, with headquarters on the top floor of the Miami Herald building. In 1998, Knight Ridder relocated its headquarters from Miami to San Jose, Calif.. The internet division had been established there three years earlier.

The company rented several floors in a downtown high-rise as its new corporate base. In November 2005, the company announced plans for "strategic initiatives," which involved the possible sale of the company; this came after three major institutional shareholders publicly urged management to put the company up for sale. At the time, the company had a higher profit margin than many Fortune 500 companies, including ExxonMobil. In run-up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Knight Ridder DC Bureau reporters Jonathan Landay and Warren Strobel wrote a series of articles critical of purported intelligence suggesting links between Saddam Hussein, the obtainment of weapons of mass destruction, Al-Qaeda, citing anonymous sources. Landay and Strobel's stories ran in counter to reports by The New York Times, The Washington Post and other national publications, resulting in some newspapers within Knight-Ridder chain refusing to run the two reporter's stories. After the war and the discrediting of many initial news reports and Landay received the Raymond Clapper Memorial award from the Senate Press Gallery on February 5, 2004 for their coverage.

The Huffington Post headlined the two as "the reporting team that got Iraq right". The Columbia Journalism Review described the reporting as "unequaled by the Bigfoots working at higher-visibility outlets such as the New York Times, the Washington Post, the Wall Street Journal and the Los Angeles Times". After the war, their work was featured in Bill Moyers' PBS documentary "Buying The War" and was dramatized in the 2017 film Shock and Awe. On March 13, 2006, The McClatchy Company announced its agreement to purchase Knight Ridder for a purchase price of $6.5 billion in cash and debt. The deal gave McClatchy 32 daily newspapers with a total circulation of 3.3 million. However, for various reasons, McClatchy decided to resell twelve of these papers. On April 26, 2006, McClatchy announced it was selling the San Jose Mercury News, Contra Costa Times, Monterey Herald, St. Paul Pioneer Press to MediaNews Group for $1 billion. Daily newspapers owned by Knight Ridder and its predecessors – listed alphabetically by place of publication – included: A list of companies that were at one time or another owned by Knight Ridder: Vu/Text: 1982–1996.

Merged with PressLink to become MediaStream. PressLink:??–1996. Merged with Vu/Text to become MediaStream. MediaStream: 1996–2001. Acquired by NewsBank DataStar: Acquired from Radio Schweiz Ltd. merged with Dialog to form Knight Ridder Information Dialog: Merged with DataStar to form Knight Ridder Information Knight Ridder Information:??–1997, Acquired by MAID by Thomson Knight Ridder Financial Inc: 1985–1996. Acquired by Global Financial trading as Bridge Data. RealCities Network: 2004–2006. RealCities was a portal/hub website for Knight-Ridder group, it was absorbed with The McClatchy Company into McClatchy Interactive and sold to Chicago-based Centro in 2008. In 1954, Ridder Newspapers launched WDSM-TV in Superior, serving the Duluth, Minnesota market. A CBS affiliate, it switched to its present NBC affiliation a year and a half after the station's launch, it was spun off after Ridder's merger with Inc.. From 1956 to 1962, Knight co-owned a then-NBC affiliate, WCKT in Miami, with the Cox publishing family.

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Thomas Thynne, 2nd Marquess of Bath

Thomas Thynne, 2nd Marquess of Bath KG, styled Viscount Weymouth from 1789 until 1796, was a British peer. Thynne was the eldest son of Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess of Bath and Lady Elizabeth Cavendish-Bentinck, he succeeded as 2nd Marquess in 1796 on the death of his father. He was educated at Winchester College and admitted as a nobleman to St John's College, Cambridge in 1785, graduating M. A. in 1787. Between 1786 and 1790, he was MP for Weobley, he sat for Bath from 1790 to 1796. He was Lord Lieutenant of Somerset between 1819 and 1837 and was invested as a Knight of the Garter on 16 July 1823. Lord Bath married the Honourable Isabella Elizabeth Byng, daughter of George Byng, 4th Viscount Torrington, on 14 April 1794, they had eleven children: Lady Elizabeth Thynne. They have seven children. Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth. Henry Frederick Thynne, 3rd Marquess of Bath, they have four children. Lord John Thynne, they have nine children. Lady Louisa Thynne, they have thirteen children. Lord William Thynne.

Lord Francis Thynne Lord Edward Thynne, married first Elizabeth Mellish and second Cecilia Anne Mary Gore, by whom he had issue. Lord George Thynne Lady Charlotte Anne Thynne, they have seven children. Reverend Lord Charles Thynne, they have two children. Lord Bath died in 1837, aged 72, was buried at his home, Longleat House, his eldest son Thomas predeceased him by some two months and he was therefore succeeded by his second son Henry. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Thomas Thynne, 2nd Marquess of Bath

List of Air Ministry specifications

This is a partial list of the British Air Ministry specifications for aircraft. A specification stemmed from an Operational Requirement, abbreviated "OR", describing what the aircraft would be used for; this in turn led to the specification itself. So for example, OR.40 for a heavy bomber led to Specification B.12/36. Aircraft manufacturers would be invited to present design proposals to the Ministry, following which prototypes of one or more of the proposals might be ordered for evaluation. On rare occasions, a manufacturer would design and build an aircraft using their own money as a "Private Venture"; this would be offered to the Ministry for evaluation. If the aircraft generated interest in the Ministry or RAF due to performance or some other combination of features the Ministry might well issue a specification based on the Private Venture aircraft; the system of producing aircraft to a specification ran from 1920 to 1949 during which the Air Ministry was replaced by first the Ministry of Aircraft Production in 1940 and the Ministry of Supply in 1946.

The system was applied to commercial aircraft as well, two being the de Havilland Comet and Vickers Viscount. During the period, over 800 specifications were issued; each specification name followed a pattern. A leading letter was present to identify the aircraft purpose; the codes used included B for "heavy bomber", e.g. B.12/36, P for "medium bomber", e.g. P.13/36, F for "fighter", e.g. F.10/35, A for "army co-operation", e.g. A.39/34. The second part was a number identifying it in sequence and after the slash, the year it was formulated, so in the example given above, B.12/36 signifies a specification for a heavy bomber, the twelfth specification of all types issued in 1936. Specifications were not always issued in sequence. Admiralty specifications were identified by the letter N, e.g. N.21/45, experimental specifications identified by the letter E, e.g. E.28/39, with training aircraft signified by the letter T, e.g. T.23/31, unpowered aircraft, signified by the letter X, e.g. X.26/40. The letter G signified a general-purpose aircraft, e.g. G.9/45, with an M being applied to aircraft intended for more than one specific purpose, e.g. M.15/35.

The letter C was applied to military transport aircraft, e.g. C.1/42, with the letter O used for a naval reconnaissance aircraft, e.g. O.8/38 – the letter S used for the more specialised role of naval spotting, i.e. observing and reporting back the fall of naval gunfire, e.g. S.38/34 – and R for a reconnaissance type – a flying boat, e.g. R.3/33. Special purpose aircraft would be signified by a letter Q, this being used to specify aircraft such as target-tugs, radio-controlled target drones, etc. e.g. Q.32/55. Sometimes the purpose for which an aircraft is used in service would change from that for which the specification to which it was designed was issued, so there are some discrepancies and inconsistencies in designation, the Royal Navy in particular liking to specify multiple roles for its aircraft in an attempt to make the best use of the limited hangar space onboard its aircraft carriers. In this case this resulted in several types designed to specifications intended to signify the naval Spotting role being used for other purposes, e.g. S.15/33, resulting in the Blackburn Shark and Fairey Swordfish, the latter aircraft being utilised as a torpedo bomber.

S.24/37, which produced the Fairey Barracuda, again designed for spotting, the dive bomber/torpedo bomber requirements being regarded as secondary when the specification was issued, but for which roles it was exclusively subsequently used, the original spotting requirement having been made obsolete with the introduction of radar. In addition, some specifications appear to have no letter prefix at all, e.g. 1/21, the Vickers Virginia III. The names of the aircraft shown in the table are not those they carried when provided for evaluation as at this point an aircraft would be referred-to as the Manufacturer X. XX/XX, e.g. the Avro B.35/46 – this is in addition to the manufacturer's own separate internal designation for the aircraft, e.g. Avro 698. With several manufacturers submitting designs to the same specification this could result in a number of different aircraft with the same X. XX/XX designation, e.g. Handley Page B.35/46, etc. Upon acceptance of the design the final service names would be chosen by the Air Ministry when they placed a production order, in the above B.35/46 cases, where two aircraft were accepted to this specification and Victor respectively.

Upon entering service, in the absence of any already-planned variants a new type would have no Mark Number after the aircraft name, being referred to as the Manufacturer Service-name, e.g. the Avro Anson, however upon acceptance of a new variant the previous version automatically became the'Mark I', so in the example given, the previous version of the Anson retrospectively became the Avro Anson Mk I upon acceptance of an Avro Anson Mk II. Sometimes planned variants would be cancelled leading to'missing' Mark Numbers, or the extent of the changes may have justified given the new variant a new name, e.g. the Hawker Typhoon II subsequently becoming the Hawker Tempest, or the Avro Lancaster B. IV & B. V entering service as the Avro Lincoln. In a few cases the same aircraft ordered with differing engines would be allocated separate names for each variant, e.g. Hawker Typhoon and Hawker Tornado, or the Handley Page Hampden and Handley Page Hereford. Typographical des

Evan Armstrong

Evan Armstrong was a Scottish professional bantam/feather/super featherweight boxer of the 1960s and 1970s, who won the British Boxing Board of Control Scottish Area bantamweight title, BBBofC Scottish Area featherweight title, BBBofC British featherweight title, Commonwealth featherweight title, was a challenger for the BBBofC British bantamweight title against Alan Rudkin, European Boxing Union featherweight title against José Legrá, his professional fighting weight varied from 116 3⁄4 lb, i.e. bantamweight to 127 1⁄2 lb, i.e. super featherweight. Armstrong had Alzheimer's disease in life and died at the age of 74 in 2017. Professional boxing record for Evan Armstrong from BoxRec Image - Evan Armstrong

Fernando Zappia

Fernando Zappia is a former Argentine football defender. Zappia started his career with River Plate after a short spell with Lanús he joined Austrian side Wacker Innsbruck in 1978. From 1980 until 1990 Zappia played in France for a number of teams, he had two spells with AS Nancy and played for Metz and Lille OSC. Late in his career he returned to Argentina to play for Atlanta in the lower leagues. Fernando Zappia at Fernando Zappia at FC Metz at Barreaud, Marc. Dictionnaire des footballeurs étrangers du championnat professionnel français. L'Harmattan, Paris. ISBN 2-7384-6608-7

Paul de Musset

Paul Edme de Musset, born in Paris 7 November 1804, died in the same city 17 May 1880, was a French writer. Brother of Alfred de Musset, he was well known for his family, who were famous at the time, as well as for his own writings, including biographies. In 1859, two years after the death of his brother, Paul de Musset published Lui et Elle, a parody of the autobiography of George Sand, Elle et Lui, published six months and dealing with his relationship with Alfred de Musset. In 1861, he married Aimée d'Alton, involved with Alfred de Musset and whom she had been engaged to in her youth. Lui et Elle, 1859. Alfred de Musset, sa vie son œuvre 1877, Jules Lemaître, Impressions de Théâtre, 1890. Monsieur le vent et madame la pluie En voiturin: voyage en Italie et en Sicile, 1885 Voyage en Italie: Belin-leprieur et morizot éditeur, 1855 Works by Paul de Musset at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Paul de Musset at Internet Archive Imago Mundi biographical dictionary