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Koç Holding

Koç Holding A.Ş. is the largest industrial conglomerate in Turkey, only company in the country to enter the Fortune Global 500 list. The company, headquartered in Nakkaştepe, Istanbul. is controlled by the Koç family, one of Turkey's wealthiest families. The company was formed in 1963 when founder Vehbi Koç, who established his first firm in 1926, combined all of the companies bearing his name into Koç Holding; the first firm, to become Koç Holding was established in 1926 by Vehbi Koç. In 1963, Koç combined all of the companies bearing his name into Koç Holding. In 1984, Vehbi Koç handed his position as chairman of the board over to his son Rahmi M. Koç. In September 1988, the company moved its headquarters from Fındıklı, Istanbul, to Nakkaştepe on the Anatolian part of Istanbul. On April 4, 2003, Rahmi Koç retired and handed his position over to his eldest son Mustafa V. Koç. Rahmi Koç retained the title of a seat on the board of directors. In February 2015, Levent Çakıroğlu replaced Turgay Durak as CEO.

In 2016 Q1, Omer Koc became the chairman of the board following the death of Mustafa V. Koç; the shares of 16 Koç Group companies are traded on the Istanbul Stock Exchange. Automotive: Passenger cars, commercial vehicles, farm tractors and equipment, components Construction: Shipbuilding, insulation materials, water heaters, contracting Defence: İronclad, Coast Guard Search & Rescue vessels Durable Goods: refrigerators, washing machines, tumble dryers, dishwashers and cookers, air conditioners, PCs, small household appliances including vacuum cleaners, furniture Education: Koç School and Koç University were established by the Vehbi Koç Foundation. Energy: Liquefied petroleum gas distribution, LPG storage, Petroleum storage, refining, pressure reducing and heating equipment, electricity production and special gases distribution, iron ore and zinc mining Food: Pasta and processed meats, dairy products, tomato paste and preserved foods, livestock farm, vegetable seeds and shopping mall chain, Do-It-Yourself hypermarkets, real estate development and management Financial: Banking, asset management, leasing, consumer finance International trade: International trade activities, representation, trade finance Information technologies: Systems integration, services and outsourcing, managed network services, ISP and VISP services, application services provider for infrastructure services, B2B and B2C platforms, training and e-learning, cable TV operator, venture capital projects Tourism: Marina operation, accommodation and beverage, patisserie products, travel agency, duty-free operations, car rental Official website

Meri Bahen

Meri Bahen called My Sister is a 1944 Bollywood film. It was the fourth highest grossing Indian film of 1944. Produced by New Theatres, Ltd. Calcutta, directed by Hemchander Chunder, it starred K. L. Saigal, Sumitra Devi, Akhtar Jehan, Chandrabati Devi and Tulsi Chakraborty; the music direction was by Pankaj Mullick with lyrics by Pandit Bhushan. The film is cited as Saigal's best film at New Theatres technically. Set against the backdrop of WW II in Calcutta, it was the story of a schoolteacher and his young sister; the film followed his rise to fame as a singer and the changes in his relationships following a bomb-raid. K. L. Saigal as Ramesh Sumitra Devi as Krishna Akhtar Jehan as Bimala, Ramesh's sister Chandrabati Devi as Rekha Tulsi Chakraborty as Choudhary The film had music composed by Pankaj Mullick assisted by Biran Bal and Hiten Bannerji, with lyrics by Pandit Bhushan; the singers were K. L. Saigal, Pankaj Mullick, Rekha Mullick, Ila Ghosh and Utpala Sen. According to Vijay Ranchan, Pankaj had composed two versions of the song "Piya Milan Ko Jaana" in Kapalkundala, directed by Phani Majumdar.

Mullick used one version of the song in Ila Ghosh's voice. All music composed by Pankaj Mullik Meri Bahen on IMDb

IRC +10420

IRC+10420 known as V1302 Aql, is a yellow hypergiant star located in the constellation of Aquila at a distance of 4-6 kiloparsecs of the Sun. IRC+10420 was first identified in the 1969 Infrared Catalogue of 2.2 micron sources. It was noted as a unusual object after being detected at 20 microns as one of the brightest sources in the sky with a large infrared excess, was compared to Eta Carinae during one of its outbursts, it was discovered to be a strong source of OH maser emission. It was formally catalogued as variable star V1302 Aquilae. Identification on historical photographic plates showed possible irregular variations of about a magnitude before 1925, followed by a smooth gradual increase in brightness from magnitude 15 to brighter than magnitude 14 by 1976; some authors had grouped IRC+10420 with the proto-planetary nebulae because of the surrounding nebulosity, but it was recognised as a luminous supergiant. Despite being one of the most luminous stars known, 500,000 times brighter than the Sun, IRC+10420 cannot be seen with the naked eye and needs a telescope to be observed.

IRC+10420's spectrum has changed from late F to early A in recent decades without experiencing changes in its luminosity. This suggests IRC+10420 is a former red supergiant, evolving blueward on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram to become a Luminous Blue Variable, or Wolf–Rayet star. Models suggest it started its life as a 40-50 solar masses star that lost most of its mass due to strong stellar winds leaving it with just 10 solar masses and that the star - which has a high surface temperature - is enshrouded in the matter it has expelled appearing as a fake photosphere, so IRC+10420 appears with a spectral type as humans see just the expelled dust and gas it has blown out during its life and not the star itself. IRC+10420 is surrounded by a reflection nebula with a mass of 30-40 solar masses, made by the material expelled by the strong stellar winds of its central star; this nebula has been studied with the help of the Hubble Space Telescope, showing a complex structure that includes arcs and condensations and, compared to the one surrounding the red hypergiant VY Canis Majoris.

The star and its surrounding material have been compared to IRAS 17163-3907. Volk, Bruce J.. "A study of several F and G supergiant-like stars with infrared excesses as candidates for proto-planetary nebulae". Astrophysical Journal. 346: 265. Bibcode:1989ApJ...346..265H. Doi:10.1086/168007. Oudmaijer, René D.. C.. "The spectral energy distribution and mass-loss history of IRC+10420". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 280: 1062. Bibcode:1996MNRAS.280.1062O. Doi:10.1093/mnras/280.4.1062. Humphreys, Roberta M.. "The Circumstellar Environments of the Cool Hypergiants: Implications for the Mass Loss Mechanism". Revista Mexicana de Astronomía y Astrofísica. 30: 6–11. Bibcode:2007RMxAC..30....6H. ISSN 0185-1101. Humphreys, Roberta M.. "Crossing the Yellow Void: Spatially Resolved Spectroscopy of the Post–Red Supergiant IRC +10420 and Its Circumstellar Ejecta". The Astronomical Journal. 124: 1026. ArXiv:astro-ph/0205247. Bibcode:2002AJ....124.1026H. Doi:10.1086/341380. Humphreys, Roberta M.. "HST and Infrared Images of the Circumstellar Environment of the Cool Hypergiant IRC + 10420".

Astronomical Journal. 114: 2778. Bibcode:1997AJ....114.2778H. Doi:10.1086/118686

List of political parties in Mongolia

This article lists political parties in Mongolia. Before 2008, Mongolia had a winner-takes-all voting system, which meant that there could be large differences in the composition of the parliament between elections, that strict party discipline was not encouraged. In the 2008 parliamentary elections, a block voting system was used. In the 2012 elections, 48 seats were chosen at the local level, 28 were chosen proportionally by party. Elections results were delayed due to a controversy over accuracy of the results. In the 2016 elections, after a new change of the electoral law, the then-governing Democratic Party lost to a landslide victory of the Mongolian People's Party. Motherland Party Republican Party People's Party Mongolian Social Democratic Party Mongolian Communist Party Tsagaan Khas Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj of the Democratic Party won the 2009 presidential election, defeating Nambaryn Enkhbayar of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party by a narrow margin. Mongolian Democratic Party - merged into Mongolian National Democratic Party Party of National Progress of Mongolia - merged into Mongolian National Democratic Party Politics of Mongolia List of political parties by country Elections in Mongolia

Michael Thomas Sadler

Michael Thomas Sadler was a British Tory Member of Parliament whose Evangelical Anglicanism and prior experience as a Poor Law administrator in Leeds led him to oppose Malthusian theories of population and their use to decry state provision for the poor. Michael Sadler entered the British House of Commons at the behest of the 4th Duke of Newcastle, returned by the pocket borough of Newark as an'Ultra' opponent of Catholic emancipation, but he devoted much effort in Parliament to urging the extension of the Poor Law to Ireland. In 1832, in the last session of the unreformed House of Commons he brought forward a Bill to regulate the minimum age and maximum working hours of children in the textile industry, he chaired a Select Committee on the Bill which heard evidence from witnesses on overwork and ill-treatment of factory children. No legislation had resulted before the Reform Act passed and in the election which followed Sadler stood for Leeds but failed to be elected. Parliamentary leadership of the factory reform movement passed to Lord Ashley.

Publication of the evidence gathered by Sadler's Select Committee had a considerable effect on public opinion: the effect of Sadler's Bill and Committee on the Whig government was to persuade them that new factory legislation was required but that this should be based upon evidence gathered on a sounder basis. When he died, contemporaries mentioned his work on Ireland and poverty as well as his ten-hour bill, but only the latter is now remembered. Michael Sadler was born in Snelston, Derbyshire, on 3 January 1780, the son of James Sadler a minor local squire, he was educated at home. In 1800 on the death of his mother he moved to Leeds to work with an elder brother. Sadler and his brother were linen-drapers, his biographer reports that his family were Anglicans but his mother was sympathetic to Methodism adding that "He had always entertained a decided preference for the Church of England, but after his marriage he became more regular and undeviating in his attendance on her ordinances."with no indication of the nature of the pre-marital irregularities and deviations.

One of his earliest publications was An Apology for Methodists written in 1797 and in 1831 the Leeds Mercury published a letter from a Methodist dignitary to the superintendent of the Leeds circuit which advised Methodists not to vote for Sadler because he had been insufficiently active in the anti-slavery cause "to say nothing of the ambition which has made him court the High Church and despise us". A correspondent in the Leeds Intelligencer confirmed that Benjamin Sadler had once been a Methodist circuit-steward and Michael had gone to chapel with him, but denied that Michael had been a Methodist. Religious affiliation was not a matter of private conscience but had political implications: Dissenters objected to paying for the Established Church, were therefore favourable to any reform which might address this, antagonistic to any steps which might increase the burden. A specific local instance of this arose in Leeds: additional Anglican churches were built in Leeds parish. Sadler was shouted down.

His interests lay outside business. These latter activities the last, gave him a familiarity with the habits, the wants, the sufferings of the poor, a concern with them which stayed with him for the rest of his days, he became active in politics. In 1817, he wrote a pamphlet First Letter to a Reformer countering the argument of a recent MP for Yorkshire that corruption and the power of the Crown were increasing and should be decreased, that this showed the necessity for Parliamentary reform, he was a founder member of the Leeds Literary and Philosophical Society, in 1825 delivered there a course of lectures on the Poor Laws. He disagreed with the orthodox authorities of the age on economics and poverty such as David Ricardo and Malthus, believing that their views tended to a destruction of traditional society; as for his own views on these topics, he told a political dinner in 1826 " I.. Simply sum them up in these terms, namely: – To extend the utmost possible degree of human happiness to the greatest possible number of human beings.

To do this, seems to me to require far less of art than of benevolence.

Alan Baxter (author)

Alan RichardBaxter is a British-Australian author of supernatural thrillers and dark fantasy, a teacher of kung fu. Baxter was born in 1970 in Crawley, Sussex, UK; when he was aged 7, his family moved to Surrey where Baxter remained until emigrating permanently to Australia in 1999 after two years of world travel. His first novel, the dark fantasy/horror thriller RealmShift, was self-published in 2006. Baxter set up independent publisher Blade Red Press in 2008 and re-released RealmShift along with the sequel, MageSign. In 2010 both RealmShift and MageSign were republished by Gryphonwood Press. Baxter is the author of the dark urban fantasy trilogy, Bound and Abduction, published by HarperVoyager Australia in 2014, forthcoming from Ragnarok Publications in the US from December 2016. Baxter has more than 70 short stories published in a variety of journals and anthologies in Australia, the US, the UK and France including Fantasy & Science Fiction, Beneath Ceaseless Skies, Daily Science Fiction, Wily Writers and Midnight Echo, among many others, more than twenty anthologies, including the Year's Best Australian Fantasy & Horror.

Baxter's first collection of short fiction, Crow Shine, is to be published by Ticonderoga Publications in September 2016. In 2011 Baxter was nominated for a Ditmar Award Best New Talent Award and his 2013 story, Not The Worst Of Sins, was nominated for the Ditmar Award in the Best Short Story category in 2014. Baxter's novel Bound: Alex Caine Book 1 was nominated for the 2014 Best Novel Ditmar Award and Obsidian: Alex Caine Book 2 was nominated for the 2014 Aurealis Award for Best Horror Novel, his novelette, The Darkness in Clara, was nominated for the 2014 Ditmar Award for Best Novelette or Novella. Baxter had two short story nominations in the 2014 Australian Shadows Awards, for Mephisto and Shadows of the Lonely Dead, winning the Award for Shadows of the Lonely Dead. Baxter won the Australian Shadows Paul Haines Award for Long Fiction in 2015 for In Vaulted Halls Entombed. Ghost of the Black: A'Verse Full of Scum Dark Rite, with David Wood Hidden City Devouring Dark RealmShift MageSign Running Wild from the Hunt Stand-Off The Balance Omnibus Edition Bound Obsidian Abduction Blood Codex, with David Wood Anubis Key, with David Wood Primordial, with David Wood Overlord, with David Wood Alan Baxter's website Bibliography Alan Baxter at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database