Toyama Atsuko

Toyama Atsuko is a former bureaucrat in the Japanese Ministry of Education, Sport and Technology. She is a trustee of the Tokyo Organizing Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games, the head of the Mt. Fuji World Heritage Center in Shizuoka. Toyama was born in Kuwana, Japan, she grew up in Shizuoka. She graduated from Tokyo University. After graduation in 1962 Toyama joined the Ministry of Education, Sport and Technology, she was one of the first women to become a bureaucrat there, rising to head departments and bureaus. She worked in higher education, became the director-general of the higher education bureau. After leaving government work, she became the ambassador to Turkey in June 1996 and the director of the National Museum of Western Art in April 2000. Toyama was the Minister of Education, Sport and Technology in the first Koizumi Cabinet in 2001, she worked there for two and a half years, until 2003. During her tenure Toyama released a plan to reform Japan's national universities by reorganizing internal structures and make thirty of Japan's universities "world-class".

There were changes to how researchers obtain funding, including the newly established "Centers of Excellence", which made academic departments compete for funding. The "Toyama plan" was built on work. Toyama was the president of the New National Theater Foundation, the Toyota Foundation, the Panasonic Foundation and the Japan Ikebana Art Association. Toyama taught at the National Institution for Academic Degrees and Quality Enhancement of Higher Education and the International Research Center for Japanese Studies. In April 2013 Toyama was awarded the Grand Cordon of the Rising Sun. In 2017 she became the head of the Mt. Fuji World Heritage Center in Shizuoka. Toyama is a trustee of the Tokyo Organizing Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Toyama, Atsuko. Koshikata no ki: Hitosuji no michi o ayunde gojunen. Kamakurashunjusha. ISBN 9784774005942. OCLC 848060489.] Tōyama, Atsuko. Kō kawaru gakkō kō kawaru daigaku. Tōkyō: Kōdansha. ISBN 4062123215. OCLC 55864164. Toyama, Atsuko. Toruko seiki no hazama de.

日本放送出版協会. ISBN 4140806494. OCLC 675831637


Scarisbrick is a village and civil parish in West Lancashire, England. The A570, the main road between Ormskirk and Southport, runs through Scarisbrick, much of the village lies along it; as a result, it does not have a traditional village centre, though the junction with the A5147 is close to the geographic centre. Scarisbrick means "Skar's slope" and comes from the Old Norse Skar + -es + brekka, it is thought that the personal name is Danish, though the second element suggests Norwegian settlement. The "slope" may refer to a slight incline between two streams near the site of Scarisbrick Hall; the name was recorded as Scharisbrec c.1200, Skaresbrek in 1238, Scarisbrick c.1240. In its early history, travellers tended to avoid Scarisbrick parish. Martin Mere, a large lake with associated marshlands and peat bogs, made the immediate area quite difficult to cross. Much of the flat land between Southport and Liverpool is polder reclaimed from the lake; the modern-day hamlets of Barrison Green, Carr Cross, Hurlston and Snape Green were formed from the early farms and settlements that did arise in the area.

Scarisbrick still contains many artefacts from its past. The Old School House, constructed in 1809, has served several roles in its history and now contains two residences. A pillbox constructed during World War II can be found near a bridge over the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, it was from Pinfold, where the canal is closest to Southport, that William Sutton picked up waterway passengers for transport to his "Original Hotel", known better as "Duke's Folly" - the foundation of Southport. The canal now is used for recreational purposes; the only Catholic church there, St Elizabeth's, was founded by the Marquis of Casteja and was named after his wife. There are many other churches there as well. "Wheelwrights House", a former workshop located on Southport Road, is another of the many listed buildings in Scarisbrick. According to the United Kingdom Census 2011, Scarisbrick parish had a population of 3,554 people living in 1,505 households, with an even distribution between males and females; the parish covers an area of 3,207 hectares, giving a population density of 1.1 inhabitants per hectare.

The increase in population from 3,204 in 2001 represents a growth rate of 10.9% over ten years. A majority of 97.2% of residents were born in the United Kingdom, 96.8% identified as being of "White British" ethnicity. Religion was recorded as 78.5% Christian, with 14.5% of residents being of no religion, 6.1% declining to state. Of the 2,695 residents aged between 16 and 74, 67.7% were regarded as economically active, of those 4.7% were unemployed. Scarisbrick is situated on the A570 road, which runs northwest through the parish between Ormskirk and Southport for a distance of 4.7 miles. The A5147 road, which runs north from Maghull through Halsall, terminates at its junction with the A570 at Scarisbrick. There are two B roads, the B5242 which leads towards Burscough, the B5243 which provides an alternative route into Southport; the nearest motorway links are junction 3 of the M58, about 4.4 miles to the southeast at Bickerstaffe, junction 27 of the M6, about 7.9 miles due east at Wrightington.

Arriva North West operate several bus services in Scarisbrick. The 385 and 375 are hourly services from Southport to Wigan; the half-hourly 300 service from Southport to Liverpool passes through Scarisbrick. Bescar Lane railway station, which opened in 1855, is managed by Northern on the Manchester to Southport Line; as of May 2015, trains operate eight times a day Monday–Saturday in each direction, travelling westbound to Southport and eastbound to Manchester stations via Wigan Wallgate. There are no train services at Bescar Lane on Sundays. During the 2013–14 financial year, the station was used by an estimated 3,146 passengers. Heathey Lane Halt, a station on the Barton branch of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, was situated on the boundary between Scarisbrick and Halsall, just to the north of the B5243 road bridge; the station was in operation between 1907 and 1938, the line itself closed in 1952. Derek Acorah, spirit medium and television personality known for his work on the series Most Haunted, lived in Scarisbrick.

Michael Hastings, Baron Hastings of Scarisbrick, CBE, life peer educated at Scarisbrick Hall School. John Lennon, singer-songwriter and co-founder of the Beatles, employed as a labourer at Mill Brow waterworks in 1959. Johnny Mitchell, former professional American football player, coaches American sports at Scarisbrick Hall School. Samuel Nevill, first Bishop of Dunedin in New Zealand and former curate of Scarisbrick. St John Plessington, priest educated at Scarisbrick Hall, canonised as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales in 1970. Will Sergeant and guitarist with Echo & the Bunnymen, lives in Scarisbrick. James Valiant, cricketer of the Morris Dancers public house, died of wounds during World War I. Scarisbrick Hall Scarisbrick Hall School St Mark's Church, Scarisbrick Listed buildings in Scarisbrick Aspinwall Duggan, Mona. A History of Scarisbrick. Carnegie Publishing. ISBN 1-85936-040-8. Edwards, Margaret. Scarisbrick in Times Past. Countryside Publications. ISBN 0-86157-267-X. Sca