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Kofi Annan

Kofi Atta Annan was a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1997 to December 2006. Annan and the UN were the co-recipients of the 2001 Nobel Peace Prize, he was the founder and chairman of the Kofi Annan Foundation, as well as chairman of The Elders, an international organization founded by Nelson Mandela. Annan studied economics at Macalester College, international relations at the Graduate Institute Geneva, management at MIT. Annan joined the UN in 1962, he went on to work in several capacities at the UN Headquarters including serving as the Under-Secretary-General for peacekeeping between March 1992 and December 1996. He was appointed the Secretary-General on 13 December 1996 by the Security Council, confirmed by the General Assembly, making him the first office holder to be elected from the UN staff itself, he was re-elected for a second term in 2001, was succeeded as Secretary-General by Ban Ki-moon on 1 January 2007. As the Secretary-General, Annan reformed the UN bureaucracy.

He was criticized for not expanding the Security Council and faced calls for his resignation after an investigation into the Oil-for-Food Programme, but was exonerated of personal corruption. After the end of his term as UN Secretary-General, he founded the Kofi Annan Foundation in 2007 to work on international development. In 2012, Annan was the UN–Arab League Joint Special Representative for Syria, to help find a resolution to the ongoing conflict there. Annan quit after becoming frustrated with the UN's lack of progress with regards to conflict resolution. In September 2016, Annan was appointed to lead a UN commission to investigate the Rohingya crisis. Kofi Annan was born in the Kofandros section of Kumasi in the Gold Coast on 8 April 1938, his twin sister Efua Atta, who died in 1991, shared the middle name Atta, which in the Akan language means'twin'. Annan and his sister were born into one of the country's Fante aristocratic families. In the Akan names tradition, some children are named according to the day of the week on which they were born, sometimes in relation to how many children precede them.

Kofi in Akan is the name. Annan said. From 1954 to 1957, Annan attended the elite Mfantsipim school, a Methodist boarding school in Cape Coast founded in the 1870s. Annan said that the school taught him that "suffering anywhere, concerns people everywhere". In 1957, the year Annan graduated from Mfantsipim, the Gold Coast gained independence from the UK and began using the name "Ghana". In 1958, Annan began studying economics at the Kumasi College of Science and Technology, now the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology of Ghana, he received a Ford Foundation grant, enabling him to complete his undergraduate studies in economics at Macalester College in St. Paul, United States, in 1961. Annan completed a diplôme d'études approfondies DEA degree in International Relations at The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, from 1961–62. After some years of work experience, he studied at the MIT Sloan School of Management in the Sloan Fellows program and earned a master's degree in management.

Annan was fluent in English, French and some Kru languages as well as other African languages. In 1962, Kofi Annan started working as a budget officer for the World Health Organization, an agency of the United Nations. From 1974 to 1976, he worked as a manager of the state-owned Ghana Tourist Development Company in Accra. In 1980 he became the head of personnel for the office of the UN High Commission for Refugees in Geneva. In 1983 he became the director of administrative management services of the UN Secretariat in New York. In 1987, Annan was appointed as an Assistant Secretary-General for Human Resources Management and Security Coordinator for the UN system. In 1990, he became Assistant Secretary-General for Program Planning and Finance, Control; when Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali established the Department of Peacekeeping Operations in 1992, Annan was appointed to the new department as Deputy to Under-Secretary-General Marrack Goulding. Annan was subsequently appointed in March 1993 as Under-Secretary-General of that department.

On 29 August 1995, while Boutros-Ghali was unreachable on an airplane, Annan instructed United Nations officials to "relinquish for a limited period of time their authority to veto air strikes in Bosnia." This move allowed NATO forces to conduct Operation Deliberate Force and made him a favorite of the United States. According to Richard Holbrooke, Annan's "gutsy performance" convinced the United States that he would be a good replacement for Boutros-Ghali, he was appointed a Special Representative of the Secretary-General to the former Yugoslavia, serving from November 1995 to March 1996. In 2003, retired Canadian General Roméo Dallaire, force commander of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda, claimed that Annan was overly passive in his response to the imminent genocide. In his book Shake Hands with the Devil: The Failure of Humanity in Rwanda, Dallaire asserted that Annan held back UN troops from intervening to settle the conflict, from providing more logistical and material support.

Dallaire claimed that Annan failed to provide responses to his repeated faxes asking for access to a weapons depository. In 2004, ten years after the genocide in wh

State Institute of Urban Planning and Architecture

State Institute of Urban Planning and Architecture has been established in the year 2012 to provide quality education in the field of Architecture and Urban Planning. It is located in Rohtak, Haryana and is under the direct supervision of GTIS; the campus comprises four institutes namely State Institute of Design, State Institute of Film and Television, State Institute of Fine Arts and State Institute of Urban Planning and Architecture. These institutes are modelled on the lines of respective apex institutes of national importance; the Campus is being established at a capital expenditure of Rs. 300 crore by the Government of Haryana through Government Technical Institution Society, Rohtak. Each of the four individual institutes is provided with separate institute building and common central facilities including an auditorium, art gallery, knowledge centre and a cafeteria; the campus is designed by internationally renowned architect Raj Rewal and M/s RITES is the project management consultant.

10+2 examination passed or appearing under recognised Central/State Board of Secondary Education/Council for Indian School of Certificate Examination, New Delhi with English & Math as compulsory subjects. As per COA norms, the minimum 10+2 aggregate percentage should be 50% or more. Or 3 years diploma recognised by State Board of Technical Education with valid NATA score. Student Activities and Achievements in NASA Students of Architecture are members of NASA, the National Association of Students of Architecture. Through these activities, the students get opportunities to interact with their contemporaries from all over the country and to view work approaches in other architecture institutions for mutual benefit and learning. Students of SIUPA have participated in Annual NASA and Zonal NASA events since the inception of the institute in 2012; the students have won prizes in several events organized by NASA: Study tour of SIUPA students to Ahmedabad was conducted in the year 2012. The Students during the tour visited Sabarmati Ashram, Hussain Doshi Gufa, Bhadra Fort, Teen Darwaza, Akshardham Temple, Hathee Singh Temple, Jama Masjid, Indian Institute of Management and National Institute of Design.

Study tour of SIUPA students to Chandigarh was conducted in the year 2013 to enlighten them with Architectural and Planning aspects of the India's first planned city. Ar. Ajay Kaushik Ar. Ajaybahu Joshi Ar. Pardeep Kumar Ar. Supri Maheshwari Ar. Shalini Sheoran Ar. Raj RewalChairman Delhi Urban Arts Commission Ar. B. K. SenguptaProfessor, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur Ar. Alok Ranjan Professor, Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur Ar. Debashis SanyalNational Institute of Technology, Raipur Ar. Rajneesh VatsFormer Principal,Chandigarh College of Architecture Ar. Rajeev MishraPrincipal,Sir J. J. College of Architecture, Mumbai Dr. Surinder SunejaProfessor,School of Planning & Architecture New Delhi Dr. GeetamTeewariProfessor,Indian Institute of Technology Delhi Dr. Manoj AroraProfessor,Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee Dr. T. SrinivasNational Institute of Technology, Trichi Prof. Utpal SharmaCentre of Environmental Planning & Technology University, Ahmedabad State Institute of Film and Television State Institute of Fine Arts State Institute of Design Official website

Benjamin Loxley

Benjamin Loxley known as Benjamin Lockley was a prominent Philadelphia master-builder and carpenter-architect in the American Colonial Period. He was a well known American patriot army leader, he collaborated with Benjamin Franklin on some of Franklin's electrical experiments, including the kite experiment when Franklin used his house key. Loxley was born in Wakefield, England, on December 20, 1720, he was the son of his wife Elizabeth. Loxley immigrated to America, he lived with his maternal uncle on a farm near Pennsylvania, as a farm hand for two years. His uncle indentured him to W. Joseph Watkins to learn the carpenter's and cabinet making trades. Loxley was free of his commitments to Watkins in 1742, he married Watkins' sister Jane at that time. He went about to find work, he soon found. After Loxley's first wife Jane died on September 22, 1760, he remarried—on September 1, 1761—to Catherine Cox, the eldest daughter of John and Mary Cox of Upper Freehold, New Jersey. Loxley became a partner with carpenter William Henderson.

He was successful in his investments and that—with an inheritance—made him a wealthy man. Loxley became a leader of the Carpenters' Company of Philadelphia with Joseph Fox, Robert Smith, Thomas Nevell. With these three he purchased for the Carpenters' Company the lot on Chestnut Street in 1768 where Carpenters' Hall was built. Loxley volunteered much for the new American movement among the building trades, he organized the first artillery company of Philadelphia in 1755 and taught the use of cannons and small arms. He was a Captain in the American patriot army under Colonel Samuel Mifflin. In July 1776, Loxley took his company in boats down the Delaware River to an engagement with British gunboats at the Battle of Red Bank, he marched them to Amboy, New Jersey, on July 21, 1776, to prevent the British army from crossing from Staten Island. Loxley helped make many of his electrostatic machines, he assisted Franklin in his electrical experiments. Loxley provided his house key; the kite experiment became known as a variant of the "Philadelphia Experiment" of 1752.

Loxley and his wife Catherine, whom he married in 1761, had a total of twelve children, five of which lived to adulthood. He died on October 10, 1801, in Darby, Pennsylvania at the age of 80 and is interred at Mount Moriah Cemetery in Philadelphia, he lived at 177 South Second Street in Philadelphia. Member of Carpenters' Company of Philadelphia. Member of the American Philosophical Society. Member of Committee of Safety in 1774-1776. Member of Pennsylvania Hospital. Campbell, James. Recovering Benjamin Franklin: An Exploration of a Life of Science and Service. Open Court Publishing. ISBN 0812693876. Cox, Henry Miller; the Cox Family in America: A History and Genealogy of the Older Branches of the Family from the Appearance of Its First Representative in this Country in 1610. Henry Miller Cox. Crissy. Reminiscences of Carpenters' hall: in the city of Philadelphia, extracts from the ancient Minutes of the proceedings of the Carpenters' company of the city and county of Philadelphia. Crissy. Coates; the Carpenters' Company of the City and County of Philadelphia: Instituted 1724.

H. C. Coates. Griffith, John Thomas. Rev. Morgan John Rhys, "The Welsh Baptist Hero of Civil and Religious Liberty of the 18th Century". Leader Job Print. Rees, James. Foot-prints of a Letter Carrier. J. B. Lippincott & Company