Konami Holdings Corporation is a Japanese entertainment and gambling conglomerate. It operates as video game developer and publisher company. Konami operates health and physical fitness clubs across Japan. Konami's video game franchisee include Metal Gear, Silent Hill, Contra, Gradius, Yu-Gi-Oh!, Suikoden and Pro Evolution Soccer. Additionally, Konami owns Bemani, known for Dance Dance Revolution and Beatmania, as well as the assets of former game developer Hudson Soft, known for Bomberman, Adventure Island, Bloody Roar and Star Soldier. Konami is the twentieth-largest game company in the world by revenue; the company originated in 1969 as a jukebox rental and repair business in Toyonaka, Japan, by Kagemasa Kōzuki, who remains the company's chairman. The name Konami is a portmanteau of the names Kagemasa Kozuki, Yoshinobu Nakama, Tatsuo Miyasako. Konami is headquartered in Tokyo. In the United States, Konami manages its video game business from offices in El Segundo and its casino gaming business from offices in Paradise, Nevada.
Its Australian gaming operations are located in Sydney. As of March 2019, it owns 22 consolidated subsidiaries around the world; the company was founded on March 21, 1969, was incorporated under the name Konami Industry Co. Ltd. on March 19, 1973. The company's founder and chairman, Kagemasa Kozuki, ran a jukebox rental and repair business in Toyonaka, Osaka before transforming the business into a manufacturer of amusement machines for video arcades, their first coin-operated video game was released in 1978, they began exporting products to the United States the following year. Konami began to achieve success with hit arcade games such as 1981's Frogger and Super Cobra, many of which were licensed to other companies for stateside release, including Stern Electronics and Gremlin Industries, they established their U. S. subsidiary, Konami of America, Inc. in 1982. It was during this period that Konami began expanding their video game business into the home consumer market following a brief stint releasing video games for the Atari 2600 in 1982 for the U.
S. market. The company would release numerous games for the MSX home computer standard in 1983, followed by the Nintendo Entertainment System in 1985. Numerous Konami franchises were established during this period on both platforms, as well as the arcades, such as Gradius, Twin Bee, Ganbare Goemon and Metal Gear. Due to the success of their NES games, Konami's earnings grew from $10 million in 1987 to $300 million in 1991. In June 1991, Konami's legal name was changed to Konami Co. Ltd. and their headquarters would be relocated to Minato, Tokyo in April 1993. The company started supporting the 16-bit video game consoles during this period, starting with the Super NES in 1990, followed by the PC Engine in 1991 and the Sega Genesis in 1992. After the launch of the Sega Saturn and PlayStation in 1994, Konami became a business divisional organization with the formation of various Konami Computer Entertainment subsidiaries, starting with KCE Tokyo and KCE Osaka in April 1995, followed by KCE Japan in April 1996.
Each KCE subsidiary would end up creating different intellectual properties such as KCE Tokyo's Silent Hill series and KCE Japan's Metal Gear Solid series. In 1997, Konami started producing rhythm games for arcades under the Bemani brand and branched off into the collectible card game business with the launch of the Yu-Gi-Oh! Trading Card Game. In July 2000, the company's legal English name was changed to Konami Corporation, but the Japanese legal name remained the same; as the company transitioned into the developing video games for the sixth-generation consoles, they branched out into the health and fitness business with the acquisitions of People Co. Ltd and Daiei Olympic Sports Club, Inc. which became Konami subsidiaries. In August 2001, Konami invested in another video game developer, Hudson Soft, which became a consolidated subsidiary after Konami accepted new third-party shares issued by them. In March 2006, Konami merged all their video game development divisions into a new subsidiary known as Konami Digital Entertainment Co. as the parent company became a pure holding company.
Their headquarters were relocated to Minato, Tokyo, in 2007. The absorption of Hudson Soft in 2012 resulted in the addition of several other franchises including: Adventure Island, Bloody Roar, Far East of Eden and Star Soldier. In April 2015, Konami delisted itself from the New York Stock Exchange following the dissolution of their Kojima Productions subsidiary. In a translated interview with Nikkei Trendy Net published in the following month, the newly appointed CEO of Konami Digital Entertainment, Hideki Hayakawa, announced that Konami would shift their focus towards mobile gaming for a while, claiming that "mobile is where the future of gaming lies." The trade name of the company was changed from Konami Corporation to Konami Holdings Corporation during the same month. In 2017, Konami announced that they would be reviving some of the company's other well-known video game titles following the success of their Nintendo Switch launch title Super Bomberman R. Konami Holdings Corporation Konami Digital Entertainment Co. Ltd.
Konami Sports & Life Co. Ltd. Konami Amusement Co. Ltd. Konami Real Estate, Inc. KPE, Inc. Konami Manufacturing and Service, Inc. Konami Facility Service, Inc. KME Co. Ltd. Takasago Electric In
The Radical Party was a political party in Italy. For decades, it was a bastion of liberalism and radicalism in Italy and proposed itself as the strongest opposition to the Italian political establishment, seen as corrupt and conservative. Although it never reached high shares of vote and never participated in government, the party had close relations with the other parties of the Italian left—from the Republicans and the Socialists to the Communists and Proletarian Democracy—and opened its ranks to members of other parties through dual membership; the party's longtime leader was Marco Pannella, who served as a member of the Chamber of Deputies and the European Parliament, leading the party in most of the elections it contested. In 1989, the PR was transformed into the Transnational Radical Party. During the 1990s, the Radicals had formed a succession of electoral lists, without having a structured party and sometimes dividing themselves between competing lists; the latest incarnation of the party is the Italian Radicals, founded in 2001.
The PR was founded in 1955 by the left wing of the Italian Liberal Party as the ideal continuation of the historical Radical Party, active from 1877 to 1925, emphasising liberal and secular issues such as separation of church and state and the full implementation of the Constitution. Leading members of the new party included Bruno Villabruna, Mario Pannunzio, Ernesto Rossi, Leo Valiani, Guido Calogero, Giovanni Ferrara, Paolo Ungari, Eugenio Scalfari and Marco Pannella. After a temporary disbandment, the PR was re-founded by Pannella and Gianfranco Spadaccia in 1963 and came to political success in the 1976 general election, when it entered Parliament with four deputies: Pannella, Emma Bonino, Adele Faccio and Mauro Mellini. In the 1979 general election, the party won 3.5% of the vote and elected 18 deputies and two senators, its best result ever. The relative success of the party was a consequence of the new line impressed by Pannella who moved the party's focus to issues like divorce and abortion by winning three referenda on those issues in 1974 and 1981.
In 1979, following the first European Parliament direct election, the PR was involved with Coordination of European Green and Radical Parties and its unsuccessful efforts to create a single pan-European platform for green and radical politics. In the 1980s, the party focused more on European issues. Pannella was a member of the European Parliament since 1979 and led the party into new battles against hunger and in favour of further European integration. In 1989, the party was transformed into the Transnational Radical Party, a non-governmental organization working at the United Nations and coordinating the efforts of several national parties and groupings in support of human rights; the Radicals continued to participate in elections through the Antiprohibitionists on Drugs list, the Rainbow Greens, the Pannella List, the Bonino List and the Bonino-Pannella List. In 2001 they re-organised themselves as a party with the Italian Radicals and Bonino served in two governments. Pannella died after a long illness in 2016.
The PR gave expression to the transformation of Italian society towards more liberal behaviour and ideas in the post-war period. An anti-clerical party, it placed itself within the libertarian left working for the unity of all the parties of the Italian left and proposing the adoption of an American-style electoral system based on first-past-the-post voting and the transformation of Italian institutions toward a presidential system), but often being rejected by certain areas of the left itself those linked with the Italian Communist Party, due to the Radicals' strong support of anti-communism, economic liberalism and a belief in social, political and sexual freedoms; the party was known for its strong belief in direct democracy and for its promotion of referendums. In the 1960s, the PR launched the Italian League for Divorce, which succeeded in marshalling together the secular parties into a unified political alliance and getting the law on divorce approved. During the 1970s, the PR succeeded in starting up the Women's Liberation Movement by supporting the activities of the Italian Centre for Sterilisation and Abortion and by giving its support to the Italian Revolutionary Homosexual United Front, one of the first Italian homosexual associations.
All the aforementioned groups, as well as many others, were part of the Radical movement, always organised as a federation of single-issue associations rather than a united party. The Italian League for Divorce found large unification in the 1974 Referendum on the topic of Divorce Law; the first law that would legalize divorce within Italy was passed three years prior, the referendum was initiated by Gabrio Lombardo with support of the Christian Church as a reactionary opposition to its passage. The campaigning done for a no vote, in opposition to the Christian Democrats, was led by unofficial party leader Marco Pannella, a fierce champion for the rights of woman; this led to further connections with left wing groups within Italy at the time, such as the Italian Socialist Party and Italian Communist Party. Because of the enormous campaigning effort done by Pannella, when the Divorce Referendum resulted in around 60% of citizens voting in favor of protecting divorce laws, this success was considered one completed by the Radical Party, thus emboldening the LID.
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The Grave Stele of Hegeso, most sculpted by Callimachus, is renowned as one of the finest Attic grave stelae surviving today. Dated from ca. 410 - ca. 400 BCE, it is made of Pentelic marble. It stands 1.49m high and 0.92m wide, in the form of a naiskos, with pilasters and a pediment featuring palmette acroteria. The relief on display at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens was found in 1870 in the Kerameikos in Athens, which now houses a replica of it. In its current condition, it is complete, but has been restored around its edges; the plinth has broken off and there is slight damage on the head of Hegeso. The main shows a mature Athenian woman wearing a chiton and himation, seated on a chair with her feet resting on an elaborate footstool. In her left hand, she holds an open pyxis, in her right she holds a piece of jewelry, painted, at which she is directing her gaze. Opposite her, on the left, stands a maidservant wearing a tunic and a headdress described as either a snood or sakkos.
The maidservant is presenting the pyxis, on the knees of Hegeso. On the epistyle there is an epitaph, ΗΓΗΣΩ ΠΡΟΞΕΝΟ, stating that the deceased is Hegeso, daughter of Proxenios. In general, stelae can be seen as a retrospective funerary art, that articulate a society's ideals of social living through their depiction of a domestic sphere. Compared to other non-civic art of the oikos, such as non-funerary red-figure painted pottery, stelae were more fixed/permanent monuments, displayed outdoors for public viewing, are constructed by a family for a specific person, making them far more expensive and exclusive than pottery. While their medium and style associate stelae with the polis, their iconography is of the oikos; this paradox, as well as the prominence of women on gravestones, has led many scholars to focus on an analysis of the virtues designated to different genders on the stelae. During the early fifth century BCE, Athenians adopted a simpler style of tomb markers and there was a sharp decline in the amount of difference in wealth between individuals or families, reflected by grave goods.
Death had a unifying factor up until the beginning of the Peloponnesian War in 431. Around this time, sculptors once again began creating grave monuments with considerable skill and quality. Periboloi, or family grave enclosures, were used more in the fourth century to emphasize sentiments of democracy and family ideals/values. However, these ostentatious representations ended abruptly in 317, when Demetrios of Phaleron banned any more elaborate mausolea. A peribolos tomb has a high wall facing onto a road, which retains the earth fill piled behind it; the front wall is far higher than the three rubble walls surrounding the rectangular burial area, which contain the graves and provide space for family gatherings at funerals or other celebrations for the dead. Since people on the street could only view the front wall, families created a facade of careful and elaborate masonry work shown in the reliefs of the funerary markers that would face the street in a row above, just behind the front wall.
From the interior of the plot, one could only see the cut backs of the stelae. Closterman has analyzed the iconography from classical Athenian tombstones within the periboloi plots, found that these stelae most do not focus on representing dead individuals, but rather display "the ideal roles of the family in the context of the civic world." As one can see from the modern replica in the Kerameikos, the monument of Hegeso would have been viewed within a peribolos tomb, facing the Street of Tombs on the left of the stele for Koroibos of Melite, a deme in the west of Athens. Though his rosette stele only lists Koroibos, his sons, grandson in the inscription, most label Hegeso as the wife of Koroibos; the ambiguity in the inscription and depiction could have been purposeful, so that Hegeso could memorialize not just one woman, but instead represent the qualities of all the unnamed wives of male descendants from the Koroibos stele. Since Athenians measured the level of public responsibility a citizen felt for the polis by his private actions, a citizen would feel motivated to create stelae in periboloi in order to convey persistent care for family members by displaying them together in a row, connecting numerous generations.
Furthermore, the size and quality of Hegeso's stele indicate that her family was more wealthy and important than most. While Hegeso's relief may show a purely domestic scene, the virtues it honors may not have been for private consumption. Rather than celebrating the individual lives of certain women, the presence of stelae similar to that of Hegeso serve to define the female within a recognized social framework. From 450 BCE on, Athenian citizens had a much greater vested interest in displaying his mother's status, in part due to the law by Pericles stating that any Athenian citizen needed to have a mother, the daughter of another citizen; this law gave more importance to the child-bearing role of women as well as the importance of marriage and familial relationships, since marrying non-Athenian women was so discouraged. While Pericles' citizenship law did not change anything in terms of women's roles or freedoms, it codified their place in the hierarchy of the entire polis, which could be the underlying motive for Athenians during this time to represent such private, family virtues on publicly viewed stelae Hegeso's chiton and himation are transparent, but do not cling to her with any so
John Rae was the son of William Rae, burgess of Edinburgh. He served heir 7 February 1666, he was educated at the University of Glasgow and graduated with an M. A. in 1651. At the Restoration he was minister of Symington in the Presbytery of Biggar being admitted between 4 May and 2 November 1658, he was deprived by the Act of Parliament 11th June, of Privy Council 1 October 1662. He became one of the most zealous of the Covenanting preachers. Around the beginning of 1670, he was apprehended for preaching and baptizing in houses and sent to Edinburgh, he lay successively in the Canongate jail, in Stirling Castle, Dumbarton Castle, till about the time of the granting of the second indulgence in September 1672, when he was liberated. By this indulgence, he was allowed to exercise his ministry within the parish of Cumbraes, but he declined to accept of this ensnaring boon, associated with Mr John Welsh and others in preaching in the fields. Along with John Welsh and others, went about from place to place "holding conventicles, marrying and dispensing the Lord's Supper."
For nine years he assiduously carried on these earnest labours. In July 1674, he was publicly put to the horn. In 1681 he was sent to the Edinburgh Tolbooth. On 15 February 1683 he was apprehended in Edinburgh, on 15 September next year, the Council ordered him to be sent to the Bass Rock, he was sent at the same time as Sir Hugh Campbell but neither he nor Hugh's son Sir George Campbell was permitted to ride in a coach or on a horse someone provided. Like Mr John Blackadder, he lay there, his mortal remains were interred in the churchyard of North Berwick. Inq. Ret. Gen. 4962 Kirkton's and Wodrow's Histories Crichton's Memoirs of Blackadder Attribution: This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "M'Crie, Thomas, D. D. the younger". The Bass rock: Its civil and ecclesiastic history. Edinburgh: J. Greig & Son. 1847
Gunnel Gummeson, was a Swedish school teacher, last seen travelling in Northern Afghanistan with her American fiancé Peter Winant in 1956. The extensive investigations were hampered by official corruption and codes of loyalty to clan chiefs. None of the sightings were confirmed, the case has never been solved. Gunnel Gummeson was a teacher from Hultsfred in Småland who moved to Nora in Bergslagen when she was 2 years old. After having worked as a volunteer social worker in India, she decided to return to Sweden by land travel together with her boyfriend Peter Winant, who had previous experience in travelling in Afghanistan. On 20 May 1956, she posted a letter to her parents in the post office of Kabul, where she informed them about her travelling plans. A couple of days the couple was seen disembarking a truck in the city of Shibarghan in the Northern provinces. According to witness statements, they followed one of their fellow passengers; the last confirmed. The father of Peter Winant, Frederick Winant, made investigations which indicated that they had been seen continuing on their way to Herat.
He complained to the government. Three governors were fired, 10,000 riders were sent out and so many people were arrested that the jails became overcrowded, according to the reports of the Swedish embassy advisor Lennart Petri. None of the information after they left Shibarghan was confirmed and reports that they had been seen in Qaisar were disregarded by Afghan authorities. In 1961, the investigations was finished and the foreign minister of Afghanistan gave a formal statement concluding that both were to have been murdered in Shibarghan. In May 1963, the cabinet secretary of the Swedish foreign office, Leif Belfrage, received a confidential, personal letter from the USA ambassador, J. Graham Parsons, with the information that Gunnel Gummeson was being kept in captivity as the daughter-in-law of a wealthy clan chief in Qaisar, Kala Khan; the source of this information was a pashtun, a secret Christian convert, who had acquired the information during his military service and passed it on to an American priest.
According to the pashtun, referred to in the diplomatic correspondence as "Joe", it was common knowledge in Maimana that Winant had been killed and that Gummeson had been sold to the khan. The public was loyal to the khan, the province governor had been bribed. Asked by the American priest, "Joe" travelled to Maimana territory dressed as a toy merchant, entered the summer camp of Kala Khan and there met a blond boy with European features, his attempts to contact the mother failed and he was forced to flee. The Swedish foreign office and ambassador Dick Hichens-Bergström took the information and discussed a rescue operation by helicopter. In June, King Zahir Shah sent a team of 175 elite soldiers dressed as road workers to search through every village and nomad camp for Gummeson; the only blonde western woman they found, was a Russian who assured them that she was voluntarily and married. The Gummeson case attracted a lot of attention and media coverage and was mentioned in contemporary travel guides.
The newspaper Aftonbladet sent crime reporter Börje Heed to Afghanistan to track Gummeson. The last report about the case was an article in Aftonbladet from 1967, in which two tourists, who had read about the case, reported that they had seen an unusually blond boy in north west Afghanistan; the fate of Gunnel Gummeson and Peter Winant remains unknown. On 8 February 1977, Gummeson was declared presumed dead by the court of Lindesberg; the Gunnel Gummeson case was the inspiration of a novel by Gert Holmertz: Muren i Maimana SAK förlag/Premiss förlag. In this novel, the theory about Gunnel Gummeson having survived the death of Peter Winant and of having been sold as the daughter-in-law to the clan chief Kala Khan is fictionalized. In the novel, Gunnel Gummeson is raped by the son of Kala Khan after the murder of Winant and, after having become pregnant, is forced to marry her attacker, she is offered to return to Sweden on condition that she leave her child behind, but unable to leave her child, she accept to remain in Afghanistan, grows accustom to living in purdah, thereby never discovered by any search team.
Aurora Nilsson List of people who disappeared Notes BibliographyTorgny Sommelius, Den märkvärdiga resan hem, 1959, Strängvy Lee Mortimer: Women confidential, J. Messner, 1960 Börje Heed: Flygande reporter - 1961 https://www.adst.org/OH%20TOCs/Davies,%20Richard%20Townsend.toc.pdf
Eurocreme is a European company based in London, that specializes in the production and distribution of gay pornographic films featuring twinks, although it has released a number of series devoted to men of more diverse appearance. The company was founded by director Max Lincoln. In 2004, the company set up a joint venture with Netherlands-based distributor Eurocreme BV, which used the "Eurocreme Sales" brand to market a portfolio of bareback-sex movies from AVI Production, released under various brand names. In late 2008, both companies split their affairs but still are partnered in a United States-based distribution joint venture, Euro Media Distributors. In 2009, Eurocreme partnered with Alphamalemedia.com, a UK-based muscle studio owned by porn star Trojan Rock. This partnership enabled the company to offer a large portfolio of product to appeal to a wide audience. In April 2010, Eurocreme announced; this announcement sparked widespread speculation that Eurocreme was adopting a diversification strategy.
Best known for the films directed by Lincoln, Simon Booth, Marc Reardon and Maxwell B, Eurocreme produces eleven separate brands. Of these, the flagship remains the "Boy" series, most "CountryBoy" and "DirtyBoy". Eurocreme's other brands include the series Rudeboiz, which shows more intense gay sex between rough British young men, known as chavs. Eurocreme has released a number of titles under the "Indieboyz" label, devoted to sex between young men styled in the indie-pop fashion popular in the UK. Performers in the "Hung Ladz" brand have larger-than-average penises; the company has branched into mainstream film making with the release of VGL – Hung!, directed by Maxwell B. The company owns and operates a number of free and commercial websites, including: eurocreme.com eurocremestore.com eurocreme.tv rudeboiz.com clubeurocreme.com It various brands include: List of film production companies List of pornographic movie studios Eurocreme's website Euro Media Distribution site Eurocreme TV site Eurocreme Store site Eurocreme Blog site Max Lincoln's Blog site AlphaMale Media website