Konstantin Chernenko

Konstantin Ustinovich Chernenko was a Soviet politician and the fifth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He led the Soviet Union from 13 February 1984 until his death on 10 March 1985. Born to a poor family from Siberia, Chernenko joined Komsomol in 1929 and became a full member of the party in 1931. After holding a series of propaganda posts, in 1948 he became the head of the propaganda department in Moldavia, serving under Leonid Brezhnev. After Brezhnev took over as First Secretary of the CPSU in 1964, Chernenko rose to head the General Department of the Central Committee, responsible for setting the agenda for the Politburo and drafting Central Committee decrees. In 1971 Chernenko became a full member of the Central Committee, in 1978 he was made a full member of the Politburo. After the death of Brezhnev and his successor Yuri Andropov, Chernenko was elected General Secretary in February 1984 and made Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in April 1984.

Due to his failing health, he was unable to fulfill his official duties. He died in March 1985 after leading the country for only 13 months, was succeeded as General Secretary by Mikhail Gorbachev. Chernenko was born to a poor family in the Siberian village of Bolshaya Tes on 24 September 1911, his father, Ustin Demidovich, worked in copper mines and gold mines while his mother took care of the farm work. Chernenko joined the Komsomol in 1929, became a full member of the Communist Party in 1931. From 1930 to 1933, he served in the Soviet frontier guards on the Soviet–Chinese border. After completing his military service, he returned to Krasnoyarsk as a propagandist. In 1933 he worked in the Propaganda Department of the Novosyolovsky District Party Committee. A few years he was promoted to head of the same department in Uyarsk Raykom. Chernenko steadily rose through the Party ranks, becoming the Director of the Krasnoyarsk House of Party Enlightenment in 1939 the Deputy Head of the Agitprop Department of Krasnoyarsk Territorial Committee, in 1941 Secretary of the Territorial Party Committee for Propaganda.

In the 1940s he established a close relationship with Fyodor Kulakov. In 1945, he acquired a diploma from a party training school in Moscow, in 1953 he finished a correspondence course for schoolteachers; the turning point in Chernenko's career was his assignment in 1948 to head the Communist Party's propaganda department in the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic. There, he met and won the confidence of Leonid Brezhnev, the first secretary of the Moldavian SSR from 1950 to 1952 and future leader of the Soviet Union. Chernenko followed Brezhnev in 1956 to fill a similar propaganda post in the CPSU Central Committee in Moscow. In 1960, after Brezhnev was named chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, Chernenko became his chief of staff. In 1964, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev was deposed, succeeded by Brezhnev. During Brezhnev's tenure as Party leader, Chernenko's career continued successfully, he was nominated in 1965 as head of the General Department of the Central Committee, given the mandate to set the Politburo agenda and prepare drafts of numerous Central Committee decrees and resolutions.

He monitored telephone wiretaps and covert listening devices in various offices of the top Party members. Another of his jobs was to sign hundreds of Party documents daily, a job he did for the next 20 years. After he became General Secretary of the Party, he continued to sign papers referring to the General Department. In 1971, Chernenko was promoted to full membership in the Central Committee: Overseeing Party work over the Letter Bureau, dealing with correspondence. In 1976, he was elected secretary of the Letter Bureau, he became Candidate in 1977, in 1978 a full member of the Politburo, second to the General Secretary in the Party hierarchy. During Brezhnev's final years, Chernenko became immersed in ideological Party work: heading Soviet delegations abroad, accompanying Brezhnev to important meetings and conferences, working as a member of the commission that revised the Soviet Constitution in 1977. In 1979, he took part in the Vienna arms limitation talks. After Brezhnev's death in November 1982, there was speculation that the position of General Secretary would fall to Chernenko, but he was unable to rally enough support for his candidacy within the Party.

KGB chief Yuri Andropov, more mindful of Brezhnev's failing health, succeeded to the position. Yuri Andropov died after just 15 months in office. Chernenko was elected to replace Andropov though Andropov himself stated he wanted Gorbachev to succeed him. Additionally, Chernenko was terminally ill himself. Despite these factors, Yegor Ligachev writes in his memoirs that Chernenko was elected general secretary without a hitch. At the Central Committee plenary session on 13 February 1984, four days after Andropov's death, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers and Politburo member Nikolai Tikhonov moved that Chernenko be elected general secretary, the Committee duly voted him in. Arkady Volsky, an aide to Andropov and other general secretaries, recounts an episode that occurred after a Politburo meeting on the day following Andropov's demise: As Politburo members filed out of the conference hall, either Andrei Gromyko or Dmitriy Ustinov is said to have put his arm round N

List of Indiana State University people

This is a list of notable current and former faculty members and non-graduating attendees of Indiana State University in Terre Haute, Indiana William Albert Jones George Pliny Brown William Wood Parsons, LL. D. DePauw University Linnaeus Neal Hines, M. A. Cornell University Ralph Noble Tirey, M. A. Indiana University Dr. Raleigh Warren Holmstedt, Ph. D. Columbia Teachers College, Columbia University Dr. Alan Carson Rankin, D. S. Sc. Syracuse University Dr. Richard George Landini, Ph. D. University of Florida Dr. John Moore, Ph. D. Pennsylvania State University Dr. Lloyd W. Benjamin III Ph. D. University of North Carolina Dr. Daniel J. Bradley Ph. D. Michigan State University Dr. Deborah J. Curtis Ph. D. Indiana State University William Ashbrook James Chesebro Robert Clouse Jeffrey S. Harper Kenneth T. Henson Leroy Lamis, sculptor Charles Nicol Edward A. Pease Michael Shelden, biographer Todd Whitaker Gerry Dick, host of Inside INdiana Business Tony George and team owner, Indy Racing League Jim Lewis, Disney Vacation Club Bill Lister, Senior VP and GM, Roche Diagnostics Will Weng, New York Times H.

R. Cox, discovered Rocky Mountain spotted fever treatment and several typhus vaccines Jill Bolte Taylor, "The Singing Scientist", one of 2008 Time magazine's "100 Most Influential People" J. Buzz Von Ornsteiner, forensic psychologist, television personality Birch Bayh, US Senator, Indiana. Crook, US Representative, Indiana 3rd District Brad Ellsworth, US Representative, Indiana 8th District Clarence C. Gilhams, US Representative, Indiana 12th District Brian D. Kerns, US Representative, Indiana 7th District William Larrabee, US Representative for Indiana 6th and 11th Districts D. Bailey Merrill, US Representative, Indiana 8th District John T. Myers, US Representative, Indiana 7th District Edward A. Pease, US Representative, Indiana 7th District Everett Sanders, US Representative, Indiana 5th District. S. District Court for the Southern District of Indiana, tenure 1979-1994. S. District Court for the Northern District of Indiana, tenure 1973-2009. Kenneth L. Peek, Jr. Lieutenant General, United States Air Force, former 8 AF Commander Chuck Smith, Woodmere, Ohio, 2009–Present Charles "Chuck" Johnson, Vincennes University Ronald L. Vaughn, University of Tampa Max P. Allen, President, McKendree College Isaac K. Beckes, President Vincennes University Eugene W. Bohannon, President University of Minnesota, Duluth Isaac M. Burgan, President Paul Quinn College Elmer Burritt Bryan, President of Colgate University, Ohio University, Franklin College Lotus Coffman, President of the University of Minnesota Myron Coulter, Western Carolina University Lewis C.

Dowdy, sixth President and first Chancellor of North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University John R. Gregg, 20th President, Vincennes University Richard E. Helton, Vincennes University Martin David Jenkins, Morgan State University Eldon Johnson, University of New Hampshire John Edward McGilvrey, First President Kent State University Caleb Mills, Second Indiana Superintendent of Public Instruction, Walter P. Morgan, President Western Illinois University, Edison E. Oberholtzer and President, University of Houston M. Victoria Schuller, OSF, University of Albuquerque Lou Anna K. Simon, Michigan State University Phillip Summers, Vincennes University Sandra Westbrooks and Senior Vice President of Academic Affairs, Chicago State University, Dr. Herbert Wey, Chancellor Appalachian State University Birch Bayh, coach, At

Waikato River Trails

The Waikato River Trails is a combined walk- and cycleway along the Waikato River. Conceived and started by local politicians and trustees, in 2009 the trails became one of the seven Quick Start Projects that form the beginning of the New Zealand Cycle Trail; the trail is proposed to be 100 km long, out of which 50 km existed before the NZCT scheme was created. In mid-2011, work on the last sections of the cycle trail project sections was begun, while the official grand opening occurred early November 2011; the trails are located in the Waikato Region along the Waikato River. They pass through the districts of South Waikato and Taupo. At present, seven trails exist, they are: Arapuni Village to Arapuni Dam, Arapuni Dam to Jones Landing, Whakamaru Dam to Whakamaru Reserve, Ongaroto Bluffs Trail, Whakamaru Christian Camp to Snowsill, Dunham Creek Mobility Trail and the Atiamuri Trail The Whakamaru Christian Camp to Snowsill trail is 3 km long and takes around half an hour to walk. The Whakamaru Camp is a great place to camp at.

In September 2003, the South Waikato Economic Development Trust established a Waikato River Trail Management Group. The Waikato River Trails Trust managing the trail was incorporated on 3 February 2006. In 2004, a 3 km trail from Arapuni Dam to Jones Landing was opened, marking the start of the construction project. On 10 November 2009, Prime Minister John Key launched the construction of the first New Zealand Cycle Trail project at the Little Waipa Reserve adjacent to the Waikato River; this site, on Horahora Road, has now gone down in history as the spot where turf was first turned on the first of seven of the Government’s Quick Start projects. The first contract was signed in April 2010, assigning $3.4 million from the cycle trail fund to construct the last 41 km of the 100 km distance. In addition, it is estimated that in-kind work was donated to a total of $1.5 million. The opening was scheduled to be in time for the 2010 World Rowing Championships at Lake Karapiro, near Cambridge, New Zealand from 29 October – 7 November.

The trail is conservatively attract about 20,000 people per year, with much of the visitors coming from the Auckland and Waikato regions. The trail was envisaged as a walking track only; when users started cycling the sections, opened, the scope was widened for the trail to be of dual use for pedestrians and cyclists. For cycling, the target market is family off-road usage with a mountain biking grade of 2–3. One section of the trail at Dunham Creek is suitable for wheelchair access; as of early 2010, 30 km of trails are open for use, 23 km are built but yet to be opened, 6 km are under construction and a further 41 km are planned to be constructed during 2010. As at 2 September 2011 – The section of the WRT between the Mangakino Lakefront Reserve, the new swing bridge over the Mangakino Stream is nearing completion. From the swing bridge, the trail is completed through to the Whakamaru Reserve and onward to the Whakamaru Dam; the trust planted 6,000 native trees as part of riparian restoration along the trail, as well as erecting 18 km of fencing to protect the river from direct impacts of dairy farming.

At 425 km, the Waikato River is New Zealand's longest river. The Waikato River has spiritual meaning for various local Māori tribes including the large Tainui, who regard it as a source of their mana or pride. There are several hydro lakes along this stretch of the Waikato River: Lake Atiamuri was formed behind the Atiamuri Power Station. Lake Whakamaru was formed behind the Whakamaru Power Station. Lake Maraetai is a scenic lake of 4.4 km2 close to the town of Mangakino. At the lakefront reserve in Mangakino you will find the iconic Bus Stop Cafe. There is free camping for tents and campervans. BBQ, power and toilets available. Lake Waipapa is located. Lake Arapuni is formed by the Arapuni Dam. Lake Karapiro was the last of the eight hydroelectric power stations built on the Waikato River, created in 1947; the Arapuni Suspension Bridge, a popular tourist destination with a span of 152 m, is located just downstream from the Arapuni Power Station. The Taniwha is a Multi Sport Event utilising the WRT.

Distances from 7–88 km for bikers and walkers this great event runs in November. Mercury Energy, the owner and operator of the hydroelectric generating stations on the Waikato River, is a major sponsor of the Waikato River Trails Trust. Waikato River Trails website New Zealand Cycle Trail website