Hötorget is a city square in the center of Stockholm. During the daytime it is the site of a fruit and vegetable market, except on Sundays, when flea markets are arranged. To its east lies the Royal Concert Hall, to its south lies Filmstaden Sergel, one of the largest multiscreen cinemas in inner-city Stockholm, the Hötorgshallen food market halls, to the west lies the Haymarket by Scandic hotel. Southeast of the square are the five high-rise office buildings Hötorgsskraporna. To the north is the Kungshallen food court. Hötorget Metro station is decorated with light blue tiles; the station kept its "vintage" style, in contrast to other more modern stations on the same line, retaining its original construction arrangements and materials such as tiles, illumination, etc. There is an illuminated art installation on the ceiling of the station; the platforms of Hötorget Metro station make a brief appearance in Madonna's "Ray of Light" music video. Hötorget art is within painted art in Sweden a derogatory name for 20th century art where the artist did not follow elite principles for sellable art, such as making multiple copies of artworks, following simple peoples preferences etc.
Hötorget art is art which don't assign a value. Such art was sold on Hötorget by artists to common people. Media related to Hötorget at Wikimedia Commons
Norrmalm is a city district in Stockholm, part of the larger Norrmalm borough. The southern part of the district, Lower Norrmalm known as City, constitutes the most central part of Stockholm, while Upper Norrmalm is more residential; the name Norrmalm is first mentioned in 1288. In 1602 Norrmalm became an independent city with its own mayor and administration called Norra Förstaden; the town was short-lived and in 1635 it was incorporated with Stockholm again. Norrmalm is today considered to be the central part of Stockholm. In the 1950s and 1960s, large parts of southern Norrmalm were torn down to build a new and modern city; the demolitions were carried out swiftly and many Stockholmers still miss "old Klara". Among the new features created as a result of the clearances were the large plaza at Sergels torg and the Klara Tunnel. Norrmalmstorg Hötorget Kungsträdgården Stockholm Central Station Media related to Norrmalm at Wikimedia Commons Norrmalm travel guide from Wikivoyage
Stina Wirsén Hedengren, Swedish author and illustrator, born 1968 in Älvsjö, a suburb of Stockholm, Sweden. Stina Wirsén, educated at Konstfack in Stockholm 1985–1992, was the in-house illustrator at Dagens Nyheter between 1990–2010. During this period she was the head of the papers illustration department for several years. After 2010 she's been working as author. Over the years she has received several awards for her illustrations. With her illustrations, Stina Wirsén switches between different genres; that applies to her children’s books. She’s been illustrating ABC-books for the youngest, text- and picture books, she is married to art director Pompe Hedengren. Since 2000 Stina Wirsén holds workshops internationally; the focus is on children between the ages of 2-6 years. She’s been working with children and pictures/images in for instance Abu Dhabi, Bologna, Umeå, Stockholm etc. Åhléns City - A 25 meter wide, hand drawn, fashion illustration for the beauty section at the department store in central Stockholm.
The illustration was drawn straight on to the Swedish handmade tiles at the tile factory in Askersund. Stamps for the Swedish Post Office - A series of 8 stamps picturing creations by different Swedish fashion designers. UN Human Rights - A series of graphic illustrations of UN’s Human Rights applied on 14 miljon copies of the Swedish telephone directory; the series was exhibited at the UN headquarters in New York during the 50-year anniversary of the Human Rights. Save the Children, Sweden - both non-profit and commissioned work, e.g. illustrations to articles in their quarterly magazine BARN. Google ”doodle” illustration on the theme diversity published/applied on Google first page worldwide on the Swedish National Day 2015. Sven-Harrys konstmuseum 2014 - Around the turn of this millennium there was an explosive progress on the Swedish fashion scene; the exhibition ”Svenskt Mode: 2000 – 2015” at Sven-Harrys Konstmuseum in Stockholm depicts the fast and conceptual change during this eventful period of time with a big collection of key garments from Swedish fashion designers and fashion illustrations by Stina Wirsén and Liselotte Watkins.
Bror Hjorts Hus 2013 - Solo exhibition with the main focus on illustrations from children’s books, but several fashion- and portrait illustration. Svenska Ambassaden i Tokyo 2012 - A big Swedish design exhibition during Tokyo Design Week. A collaboration between the Swedish Institute, Svensk Form and the Swedish Embassy in Tokyo. Nationalmuseum 2010 - The exhibition ”Handgjort”. An exhibition with focus on the hand drawn line. A dialog between Stina Wirsén’s illustrations and illustrations from the Swedish National Galley’s own collection, for instance work by Rafaell, Angelica Kauffmann, John Bauer, Antoine Watteau and Matthias Grünewald. Konstnärshuset 2009 - Solo exhibition of reportage illustrations from Stockholm’s bar- and restaurant life. Dunkers Kulturhus 2015 - Picture book and fashion sketches in connection with Swedish fashion designer Bea Szenfeld’s solo exhibition. Jag har fått en klocka! 1991 Sakboken 1995 Djurboken 1995 Liten och stor 1995 Tussas Kalas 1996 Siffror och Nuffror 1997 Hedvig!
Hedvig och sommaren med steken Hedvig och Hardemos prinsessa Hallå därinne! 2010 En stjärna vid namn Ajax Systern från havet Full cirkus på Sockerbullen 2012 Jag 2012 Liten - a book about children’s vulnerability and the responsibility of the grownups. Commissioned by the Swedish Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority 2015 Rut och Knut lagar mat Rut och Knut ställer ut Rut och Knut gräver ut Rut och Knut klär ut sig Rut och Knut börjar träna Rut och Knut och lilla Tjut ABC med Rut och Knut Lilla ABC med Rut och Knut Supershow med Rut och Knut Vems byxor? 2005 Vem är arg? 2005 Vem bestämmer? 2006 Vem blöder? 2006 Vems mormor? 2007 Vem är ensam? 2007 Vem är söt? 2008 Vem är borta? 2008 Vem är bäst? 2009 Vem sover inte? 2009 Vem är död? 2010 Vems kompis? 2010 Vems bebis? 2011 Vem städar inte? 2011 Vem kommer nu? 2012 Vem är sjuk? 2012 Vem är var? 2012 Vems hus? 2015 Vem är stor? 2016 Vems syskon? 2016The "Vem?" books were made into an animated series in 2010 and are broadcast on Sveriges Television. En liten skär och många små brokiga Dela!
2013 Titta! 2014 Bygga! 2014 Nej! 2015 Rita! 2015 En liten skär och alla bråkiga brokiga The Society of Newspaper Design 1997 The Society of Scandinavian Illustrators 2001 Stockholms Stads Kulturpris Nordiska Tecknares Pris - Guld, Silver Award of Excellence by Society of Newspaper Design Elsa Beskow-plaketten 2000 for ”Rut och Knut ställer ut” Expressens Heffaklump 2007 for ”Supershow med Rut och Knut” KOLLA! Svenska Tecknares Pris Stina Wirsén website Brokiga website Japanese Brokiga website
Animation is a method in which pictures are manipulated to appear as moving images. In traditional animation, images are drawn or painted by hand on transparent celluloid sheets to be photographed and exhibited on film. Today, most animations are made with computer-generated imagery. Computer animation can be detailed 3D animation, while 2D computer animation can be used for stylistic reasons, low bandwidth or faster real-time renderings. Other common animation methods apply a stop motion technique to two and three-dimensional objects like paper cutouts, puppets or clay figures; the effect of animation is achieved by a rapid succession of sequential images that minimally differ from each other. The illusion—as in motion pictures in general—is thought to rely on the phi phenomenon and beta movement, but the exact causes are still uncertain. Analog mechanical animation media that rely on the rapid display of sequential images include the phénakisticope, flip book and film. Television and video are popular electronic animation media that were analog and now operate digitally.
For display on the computer, techniques like animated GIF and Flash animation were developed. Animation is more pervasive. Apart from short films, feature films, animated gifs and other media dedicated to the display of moving images, animation is heavily used for video games, motion graphics and special effects. Animation is prevalent in information technology interfaces; the physical movement of image parts through simple mechanics – in for instance the moving images in magic lantern shows – can be considered animation. The mechanical manipulation of puppets and objects to emulate living beings has a long history in automata. Automata were popularised by Disney as animatronics. Animators are artists; the word "animation" stems from the Latin "animationem", noun of action from past participle stem of "animare", meaning "the action of imparting life". The primary meaning of the English word is "liveliness" and has been in use much longer than the meaning of "moving image medium"; the history of animation started long before the development of cinematography.
Humans have attempted to depict motion as far back as the paleolithic period. Shadow play and the magic lantern offered popular shows with moving images as the result of manipulation by hand and/or some minor mechanics. A 5,200-year old pottery bowl discovered in Shahr-e Sukhteh, has five sequential images painted around it that seem to show phases of a goat leaping up to nip at a tree. In 1833, the phenakistiscope introduced the stroboscopic principle of modern animation, which would provide the basis for the zoetrope, the flip book, the praxinoscope and cinematography. Charles-Émile Reynaud further developed his projection praxinoscope into the Théâtre Optique with transparent hand-painted colorful pictures in a long perforated strip wound between two spools, patented in December 1888. From 28 October 1892 to March 1900 Reynaud gave over 12,800 shows to a total of over 500.000 visitors at the Musée Grévin in Paris. His Pantomimes Lumineuses series of animated films each contained 300 to 700 frames that were manipulated back and forth to last 10 to 15 minutes per film.
Piano music and some dialogue were performed live, while some sound effects were synchronized with an electromagnet. When film became a common medium some manufacturers of optical toys adapted small magic lanterns into toy film projectors for short loops of film. By 1902, they were producing many chromolithography film loops by tracing live-action film footage; some early filmmakers, including J. Stuart Blackton, Arthur Melbourne-Cooper, Segundo de Chomón and Edwin S. Porter experimented with stop-motion animation since around 1899. Blackton's The Haunted Hotel was the first huge success that baffled audiences with objects moving by themselves and inspired other filmmakers to try the technique for themselves. J. Stuart Blackton experimented with animation drawn on blackboards and some cutout animation in Humorous Phases of Funny Faces. In 1908, Émile Cohl's Fantasmagorie was released with a white-on-black chalkline look created with negative prints from black ink drawings on white paper; the film consists of a stick figure moving about and encountering all kinds of morphing objects, including a wine bottle that transforms into a flower.
Inspired by Émile Cohl's stop-motion film Les allumettes animées, Ladislas Starevich started making his influential puppet animations in 1910. Winsor McCay's Little Nemo showcased detailed drawings, his Gertie the Dinosaur was an early example of character development in drawn animation. During the 1910s, the production of animated short films referred to as "cartoons", became an industry of its own and cartoon shorts were produced for showing in movie theaters; the most successful producer at the time was John Randolph Bray, along with animator Earl Hurd, patented the cel animation process that dominated the animation industry for the rest of the decade. El Apóstol was a 1917 Argentine animated film utilizing cutout animation, the world's first animated feature film. A fire that destroyed producer Federico Valle's film studio incinerated the only known copy of El Apóstol, it is now considered a lost film. In 1919, the silent animated short Feline Follies was released, marking the debut of Felix the Cat, being the first animated character in the silent film era to win a high level of popularity.
The earliest extant feature-length animated film is The Adve
Carl Milles was a Swedish sculptor. He was married to artist Olga Milles and brother to Ruth Milles and half brother to the architect Evert Milles. Carl Milles sculpted the Gustaf Vasa statue at the Stockholm Nordic Museum, the Poseidon statue in Gothenburg, the Orpheus group outside the Stockholm Concert Hall, the Fountain of Faith in Falls Church, Virginia, his home near Stockholm, Millesgården, is now a museum. Milles was born Carl Wilhelm Andersson, son of lieutenant Emil "Mille" Andersson and his wife Walborg Tisell, at Lagga outside Uppsala in 1875. In 1897 he made what he thought would be a temporary stop in Paris on his way to Chile, where he was due to manage a school of gymnastics. However, he remained in Paris, where he studied art, working in Auguste Rodin's studio and gaining recognition as a sculptor. In 1904 he and Olga moved to Munich. Two years they settled in Sweden, buying property on Herserud Cliff on Lidingö, a large island near Stockholm. Millesgården was built there between 1906 and 1908 as the sculptor's private residence and workspace.
It was turned into a foundation and donated to the Swedish people in 1936. In 1931, American publisher George Gough Booth brought Milles to Cranbrook Educational Community, in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, to serve as his sculptor in residence. Part of Booth's arrangement with his principal artists was that they were expected to create major commissions outside the Cranbrook environment. In 1938, for the 300th anniversary of the founding of New Sweden, the country commissioned a sculpture by Milles featuring a replica of the Kalmar Nyckel, the ship which brought the Swedish colonists to America; the sculpture is located at Fort Christina in Wilmington, near the landing site where the colonists arrived in 1638. In America he is best known for his fountains. Milles's fountain group The Wedding of the Waters in St. Louis symbolizes the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers merging just upstream. Commissioned in 1936 and unveiled in May 1940 to a crowd of about 3000 people, the fountain caused a local uproar because of its playful, irreverent and nearly cartoonish figures, because Milles had conceived the group as a wedding party.
Local officials insisted. Outside Detroit's Frank Murphy Hall of Justice is a Carl Milles statue, The Hand of God, sculpted in honor of Frank Murphy, Detroit Mayor, Michigan Governor, United States Supreme Court Associate Justice; the statue was placed on a pedestal with the help of sculptor Marshall Fredericks. The statue was commissioned by the United Automobile Workers, paid for by individual donations from UAW members; the Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research, an annual award for research on entrepreneurship, consists of a replica statuette of The Hand of God and a prize of 100,000 euros. Milles's sculptures sometimes offended American sensibilities, he had a'fig leaf' maker on retainer. Photographs of his sculptures, taken for a monograph on Milles, are now held in the Carl Milles Photograph Collection, c. 1938–1939, in the Ryerson & Burnham Libraries at the Art Institute of Chicago. Milles and his wife returned to Sweden in 1951, lived in Millesgården every summer until Milles's death in 1955.
They spent winters in Rome. Milles and his wife, who died in 1967 in Graz, are buried in a small stone chapel, designed by Milles, at Millesgården; because Swedish law requires burial on sacred ground, it took the assistance of the reigning Gustaf VI Adolf to allow this resting place. Aganippe Fountain, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, 1951-55 Aviator Monument, Stockholm, 1931 Fountain of Faith, National Memorial Park cemetery, Falls Church, Virginia, 1939-52 Gustav Vasa Statue, Nordic Museum, Stockholm, 1905-07 and 1925 Folkung Fountain, Old Square, Linköping, 1924–27 Louis De Geer, Old Square, Norrköping, 1945 Sten Sture Monument, Uppsala, 1902–25 Vision of Peace, City Hall, Saint Paul, Minnesota, 1932–36 Bronze doors, Finance Building, Pennsylvania State Capitol Complex, Pennsylvania, 1938 Diana Fountain, Matchstick Palace, Stockholm, 1927–28 Europe and the Bull Fountain, Old Square, Halmstad, 1924–26 Exterior sculpted decor of Sweden's Royal Dramatic Theatre, Stockholm, 1903–08 God on the Rainbow, Nacka, 1995 Greendale War Memorial for Veterans of All Wars, Massachusetts, 1948 Man and Nature, lobby of 1 Rockefeller Plaza, Rockefeller Center, New York City, 1937–41 Man and Pegasus, Castle Park, Malmö, 1949 Maritime Goddess, Helsingborg, 1921–23 Meeting of the Waters, monumental fountain, St. Louis, Missouri, 1936–40 Monument to Johannes Rudbeckius, Västerås, 1923 Numerous works at Cranbrook Educational Community, Bloomfield Hills, including Mermaids & Tritons Fountain, 1930, Sven Hedin on a Camel, 1932, Jonah and the Whale Fountain, 1932, Orpheus Fountain, 1936.
On a Sunday Morning, monumental fountain, Ingalls Mall, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1939–41 Orpheus Group, in front of Stockholm Concert Hall, 1926–36 Playing Angels, Pennsylvania, 1950 Poseidon Fountain, Götaplatsen, Gothenburg, 1925–31 Saint Martin of Tours, Kansas City, Missouri, 1950-55 Sjöguden, Stockholm, 1913 Spirit of Transportation, Detroit Civic Center, Michigan, 1952 Sun Singer, Stockholm, 1926
A chancellor is a leader of a college or university either the executive or ceremonial head of the university or of a university campus within a university system. In most Commonwealth and former Commonwealth nations, the chancellor is a ceremonial non-resident head of the university. In such institutions, the chief executive of a university is the vice-chancellor, who may carry an additional title, such as "president & vice-chancellor"; the chancellor may serve as chairman of the governing body. In many countries, the administrative and educational head of the university is known as the president, principal or rector. In the United States, the head of a university is most a university president. In U. S. university systems that have more than one affiliated university or campus, the executive head of a specific campus may have the title of chancellor and report to the overall system's president, or vice versa. In both Australia and New Zealand, a chancellor is the chairman of a university's governing body.
The chancellor is assisted by a deputy chancellor. The chancellor and deputy chancellor are drawn from the senior ranks of business or the judiciary; some universities have a visitor, senior to the chancellor. University disputes can be appealed from the governing board to the visitor, but nowadays, such appeals are prohibited by legislation, the position has only ceremonial functions; the vice-chancellor serves as the chief executive of the university. Macquarie University in Sydney is a noteworthy anomaly as it once had the unique position of Emeritus Deputy Chancellor, a post created for John Lincoln upon his retirement from his long-held post of deputy chancellor in 2000; the position was not an honorary title, as it retained for Lincoln a place in the University Council until his death in 2011. Canadian universities and British universities in Scotland have a titular chancellor similar to those in England and Wales, with day-to-day operations handled by a principal. In Scotland, for example, the chancellor of the University of Edinburgh is Anne, Princess Royal, whilst the current chancellor of the University of Aberdeen is Camilla, Duchess of Rothesay.
In Canada, the vice-chancellor carries the joint title of "president and vice-chancellor" or "rector and vice-chancellor." Scottish principals carry the title of "principal and vice-chancellor." In Scotland, the title and post of rector is reserved to the third ranked official of university governance. The position exists in common throughout the five ancient universities of Scotland with rectorships in existence at the universities of St Andrews, Aberdeen and Dundee, considered to have ancient status as a result of its early connections to the University of St Andrews; the position of Lord Rector was given legal standing by virtue of the Universities Act 1889. Rectors appoint a rector's assessor a deputy or stand-in, who may carry out their functions when they are absent from the university; the Rector chairs meetings of the university court, the governing body of the university, is elected by the matriculated student body at regular intervals. An exception exists at Edinburgh, where the Rector is elected by staff.
In Finland, if the university has a chancellor, he is the leading official in the university. The duties of the chancellor are to promote sciences and to look after the best interests of the university; as the rector of the university remains the de facto administrative leader and chief executive official, the role of the chancellor is more of a social and historical nature. However some administrative duties still belong to the chancellor's jurisdiction despite their arguably ceremonial nature. Examples of these include the appointment of new docents; the chancellor of University of Helsinki has the notable right to be present and to speak in the plenary meetings of the Council of State when matters regarding the university are discussed. Despite his role as the chancellor of only one university, he is regarded as the political representative of Finland's entire university institution when he exercises his rights in the Council of State. In the history of Finland the office of the chancellor dates all the way back to the Swedish Empire, the Russian Empire.
The chancellor's duty was to function as the official representative of the monarch in the autonomous university. The number of chancellors in Finnish universities has declined over the years, in vast majority of Finnish universities the highest official is the rector; the remaining universities with chancellors are University of Åbo Akademi University. In France, chancellor is one of the titles of the rector, a senior civil servant of the Ministry of Education serving as manager of a regional educational district. In his capacity as chancellor, the rector awards academic degrees to the university's gradua
Gert Wingårdh is a Swedish architect whose company, Wingårdh arkitektkontor, maintains an international practice. Gert Wingårdh was born 1951 into a wealthy family in Skövde, Västergötland county, as the only child, his father owned the family's house was built on a limestone mountain. Both cement and limestone are materials Wingårdh has used in his work; when Wingårdh was ten the family moved to Gothenburg. After moving to Gothenburg he was bullied by other children for a while; as a teenager he took interest in cinema. Wingårdh still lives in metropolitan Gothenburg, near Marstrand in Kungälv Municipality with his family, his home, an old cottage in the picturesque setting of an ancient village, contrast with the modernist style and skyscrapers with squares and sharp edges that he designs in his professional life. Wingårdh studied economics, art history and architecture in the 1970s at Gothenburg University and Chalmers University of Technology, has in interviews stated that it was a visit to the Pantheon, that made him decide to become an architect.
Before deciding to become an architect he had plans to be an art-gallery owner. He received his degree in architecture from Chalmers in 1975. Gert Wingårdh started as an interior decorator in the 1970s. After graduating he joined an architectural firm for a short while before setting up his own office in 1977, he had his big breakthrough as a regular architect with the Öijared Executive Country Club outside Gothenburg in 1988. The building rendered him a Kasper Salin Prize, he has had a number of Germany in recent years. Wingårdh is the creator of the Swedish embassies in Washington and Berlin. Most of his realized buildings, can be found in Sweden and in particular in the area of metropolitan Gothenburg. In 2007 Wingårdh won a major international competition for a large new shopping centre in Malmö, in the same year seven of the twelve hottest architecture projects in the capital Stockholm – listed by a Swedish national daily – was designed by Wingårdh. Several spectacular projects have created considerable attention but remained unexecuted, such as a conference centre in Östersund, Jämtland, on the top of a mountain, called Breath of Life.
Features developed in these experimental projects do return in built projects such as the curved glass facade, realized in the shopping mall Emporia in Malmö 2011. Because of his skills, his way of attract the media attention and the many prizes he has received, he is considered the most renowned living Swedish architect, his role as a public figure is not without controversy, though. He has for example been known to be an advocate of skyscrapers which has made him a subject of critique from some colleagues, he became PhD at Chalmers University of Technology in 1999 and received the Prince Eugene Medal in 2005. In 2007 Gert Wingårdh was appointed adjunct professor in building design at the architecture faculty at Chalmers; the Wingårdh office has circa 150 employees. Gert Wingårdh started as a Postmodernist in the 1980s, as one of the architects who broke away from the strong Functionalist norm that held sway over Scandinavia longer than in other countries, he is known to pick up new trends in architecture and interpret them with a personal expressive language which integrates the surrounding landscapes into the projects: "His buildings do not stubbornly adhere to one style but are a response to the task in hand and the surrounding environmental conditions.
Swedens rich tradition of building with wood and a strong ecological awareness are combined with high tech expertise". Wingårdh has himself described his architecture as ”high organic”, combining high tech with organic architecture, he has been described as a ”maximalist” rather than a ”minimalist”, his buildings being ”a kind of modern baroque”. He has shown influences from and kinship with such different architects as Frank Lloyd Wright, Hans Scharoun, Carlo Scarpa, Frank Gehry and Peter Zumthor. Another paradoxical description states that his buildings are both ”playful” and ”strict”. A feature of Wingårdh's is to surprise the visitors of the buildings—keeping the entrance of a building low and ”heighten the sense of space and drama when entering the main rooms”, he has a good knowledge of details as well as an understanding of intricate building structures which requires good knowledge of sociological processes and human behaviour. His building for the Öijared Executive Country Club, was awarded the Kasper Salin Prize in 1988, the Astra Zeneca R&D Site, Mölndal, was awarded the same prize in 1993.
He received the ECSN European Award for Excellence in Concrete in 2002 for the Arlanda air traffic control tower. Other buildings include the Universeum Science Centre and the auditorium and Student Union at Chalmers University of Technology, the latter received the Kaspar Salin Prize, and in 2006 the Aranäs Senior High School in Kungsbacka was awarded the same prestigious prize. He was awarded the Prince Eugen Medal for architecture in 2005. In 2006 Wingårdh was nominated for the Mies van der Rohe Award for Mimer's house in Kungälv. House of Sweden was awarded the American Architecture Awards by the Chicago Athenaeum 2007; the Washington embassy received the Kasper Salin Prize 2007, making it Wingårdh's fifth Kasper Salin Prize—which places him in a league of his own among Swedish architects. At the 2008 World Architecture Festival in Barcelona Wingårdh was declared the ”clear winner” in the shopping category for the K:fem building in Vällingby, Stockholm. At the 2012 World Architecture Festival in Singapore, Victoria Tower in Stockholm was the winner