The Korean Air Co. Ltd. operating as Korean Air, is the largest airline and flag carrier of South Korea based on fleet size, international destinations and international flights. The airline's global headquarters is located in South Korea. Korean Air was established on March 1, 1969 after the Hanjin Group acquired government-owned Korean Air Lines. Through their majority control of Hanjin KAL Corporation, the Cho family, the owner family of Hanjin Group is still the airline's largest, controlling, shareholder. Korean Air's international passenger division and related subsidiary cargo division together serve 126 cities in 44 countries, while its domestic division serves 13 destinations, it is among the top 20 airlines in the world in terms of passengers carried and is one of the top-ranked international cargo airlines. Incheon International Airport Terminal 2 serves as Korean Air's international hub. Korean Air maintains a satellite headquarters campus at Incheon; the majority of Korean Air's pilots, ground staff, flight attendants are based in Seoul.
Korean Air is a founding member of the SkyTeam airline alliance. It was voted Asia's best airline by Business Traveler readers in 2012. On May 1 2018, the airline launched a joint venture partnership with Delta Air Lines. Korean Air was founded by the South Korean government in 1962 as Korean Air Lines to replace Korean National Airlines, founded in 1946. On March 1, 1969, the Hanjin Group acquired the airline. Long-haul freight operations were introduced on April 26, 1971, followed by passenger services to Los Angeles International Airport on April 19, 1972. International flights to Hong Kong and Los Angeles were flown with Boeing 707s until the introduction of the Boeing 747 in 1973. In 1973, the airline introduced Boeing 747s on its Pacific routes and started a European service to Paris, France using the 707 and McDonnell Douglas DC-10. In 1975, the airline became one of the earliest Asian airlines to operate Airbus aircraft with the purchase of three Airbus A300s, which were put into immediate service on Asian routes.
Since South Korean aircraft were prohibited from flying in the airspace of North Korea and the Soviet Union at the time, the European routes had to be designed eastbound from South Korea, such as Gimpo-Anchorage-Paris. A blue-top and redesigned livery with a new corporate "Korean Air" logo featuring a stylized Taegeuk design was introduced on March 1, 1984, the airline's name changed to Korean Air from Korean Air Lines; this livery was introduced on its Fokker F28 Boeing 747-300s. It was designed in cooperation between Korean Boeing. In the 1990s, Korean Air became the first airline to use the new McDonnell Douglas MD-11 to supplement its new fleet of Boeing 747-400 aircraft; some older 747 aircraft were converted for freight service. In the 1980s, Korean Air's head office was in the KAL Building on Jung-gu, Seoul. On June 5, 2007, Korean Air said that it would create a new low-cost carrier called Jin Air in Korea to compete with Korea's KTX high-speed railway network system, which offered cheaper fares and less stringent security procedures compared to air travel.
Jin Air started its scheduled passenger service from Seoul to Jeju on July 17, 2008. Korean Air announced that some of its A300s would be given to Jin Air. By 2009, Korean Air's image had become more prestigious, differing from the airline's late-1990s image, tarnished by several fatal accidents. In mid-2010, a co-marketing deal with games company Blizzard Entertainment sent a 747-400 and a 737-900 taking to the skies wrapped in StarCraft II branding. In August 2010, Korean Air announced heavy second-quarter losses despite record high revenue. In August 2010, Hanjin Group, the parent of Korean, opened a new cargo terminal at Navoi in Uzbekistan, which will become a cargo hub with regular Incheon-Navoi-Milan flights. Korean Air owns the Hyatt in Incheon; this building in downtown Los Angeles houses the largest InterContinental Hotel in the Americas in what is the tallest building in Los Angeles. In 2013, Korean Air acquired a 44% stake in Czech Airlines, it sold the stake in October 2017. Korean Air's headquarters is located in Gangseo-gu in Seoul.
Korean Air has offices at Gimpo International Airport in Seoul. Korean Air's other hubs are at Jeju International Airport and Gimhae International Airport, Busan; the maintenance facilities are located in Gimhae International Airport. The airline had 20,540 employees as of December 2014. Korean Air serves 126 international destinations in 44 countries on 5 continents, excluding codeshares; the airline's international hub is Incheon International Airport Terminal 2. The airline flies to 13 domestic destinations; the airline operates between Incheon and 22 cities in mainland China, along with Asiana Airlines, it is one of the two largest foreign airlines to operate into the People's Republic of China. Korean Air has codeshare agreements with the following airlines: Korean Air has interline agreements with the following airlines: Korean Air is an airline partner of Skywards, the frequent-flyer program for Emirates. Skywards members can redeem miles for free flights; as of February 2020, the Korean Air fleet consists of the following aircraft: Korean Air has operated the following aircraft: At the Association of Asia Pacific Airlines Assembly in 2018, Korean Air announce
Simeone Di Cagno Abbrescia is an Italian politician, former mayor of Bari. Di Cagno Abbrescia graduated in Law at the University of Bari and, as an entrepreneur, worked in the real estate and tourism sectors, he joined Forza Italia since its foundation. He has been elected mayor of Bari in 1995, was reconfirmed in 1999, holding the position until 2004. After the 2006 elections, he was elected for the Chamber of Deputies with Forza Italia, where he was reconfirmed on the 2008 elections with The People of Freedom. In 2009 he was again the mayoral candidate of Bari, supported by the centre-right coalition, being defeated by the incumbent mayor Michele Emiliano. On 20 March 2018, the Apulian Regional Council, renewed the board of Apulian Aqueduct, appointing Di Cagno Abbrescia as new president. Files about his parliamentary activities: XV, XVI legislature
The Trelew Massacre was a mass execution of 16 political prisoners, militants of different Peronist and left organizations, in Rawson prison by the conservative military government of Argentina. The prisoners were recaptured after an escape attempt and subsequently shot down by marines led by Lieutenant Commander Luis Emilio Sosa in a simulated new attempt to escape; the marines forced the prisoners to fake a new escape executed them as revenge by the dictatorship for the successful escape of some of their comrades during the initial prison break. The massacre took place on the morning of 22 August 1972 in the Almirante Marcos A. Zar Airport, an airbase of the Argentine Navy near the city of Trelew, Chubut in Patagonia. At 18:30 on 15 August 1972, 110 captured guerrillas attempted a massive escape from the prison at Rawson, the capital of Chubut Province in Argentina. In their escape, the guerrillas shot dead one guard and another was critically wounded. Only six of the 110 inmates, which were members of the People's Revolutionary Army, Revolutionary Armed Forces and Montoneros, succeeded.
According to Galarraga, Valenzuela was shot in the head as he lay wounded by Santucho's pregnant wife. The planner and head of the operation was Mario Roberto Santucho, leader of the Workers' Revolutionary Party, although some reports claim that Marcos Osatinsky had started to plan the prison escape before the arrival of Santucho; these two leaders, along with Fernando Vaca Narvaja, Roberto Quieto, Enrique Gorriarán Merlo and Domingo Menna, made up the so-called Leakage Committee, were the only ones able to escape, thanks to a waiting Ford Falcon, get to Trelew airport where an Austral BAC One-Eleven airliner captured by a guerrilla group of supporters, whose members were passengers, waited to fly the escapees to the neighboring country of Chile ruled by socialist President Salvador Allende. Other vehicles, which should have been waiting for the rest of the escapees, weren't at the front of the prison due to a misunderstanding with the agreed-upon signals. However, a second group of 19 escapees managed to reach the airport on their own via three taxis, but arrived just in time to see the aircraft taking off.
Seeing their chance of escaping disappear, the group called a press conference, surrendered without resistance and surrendered to the Navy military personnel that surrounded the area, hoping to get a government guarantee for their lives in the presence of journalists and judicial authorities. A military patrol under the command of Lieutenant Commander Luis Emilio Sosa, deputy chief of the Naval Air Base Almirante Zar, led the recaptured prisoners via a public transport unit to that military facility. Rejecting the prisoners' request to return to Rawson Prison, Captain Sosa argued that the new site would be temporary but necessary, as the prison riot at Rawson was still going on. Judge Alejandro Godoy, the director of the Jornada newspaper, the deputy director of the El Chubut newspaper, LU17 director Hector "Pepe" Castro and lawyer Mario Abel Amaya, all of whom accompanied the prisoners as guarantors for their safety, were not allowed to enter with them under the excuse that the number of people was too large, were forced to leave.
The spectacular escape attempt and partial success of the six top guerrilla leaders, who managed to travel from Chile to Cuba, had the military government of the self-proclaimed Argentine Revolution and the public in suspense for tense days. The general feeling was that bloody reprisals would occur if the six escaped rebel leaders were not returned to Argentina; because of this perception, on the morning of 17 August, Justicialist Party sent a telegram to Minister of Interior Arturo Mor Roig stating that they demanded respect for the human rights of the political prisoners in the Rawson unit, that he would be made responsible for all the prisoners' safety and well-being. While the government of Alejandro Agustin Lanusse tried to push the Chilean president Salvador Allende into deporting the political escapees as criminals, the whole area of Rawson and Trelew were occupied by army and gendarmerie personnel, who were patrolling continuously and made additional escape attempts impossible; the air base in Trelew maintained a large force of 3,000 troops from the Navy.
In such a high tension climate, members of the Board of Chiefs of the three armed forces and ministers met on the night of 21 August at the Government House. They did not provide any information to waiting news reporters. At 03:30 on 22 August, at the Almirante Zar Naval Base, the 19 detainees were awakened and led out of their cells. According to the testimony of the three surviving prisoners, they were forced to lay face down and were gunned down by a patrol under Lieutenant Commander Luis Emilio Sosa, lieutenant Roberto Bravo. Most died on the spot; the official version of events indicated that a new escape attempt had occurred, with 16 dead and three wounded among the prisoners, but no casualties in the ranks of the Navy. That night, the government sanctioned Law 19.797, which banned any dissemination of information regarding guerrilla organizations. In the following days, there were demonstrations in major cities of Argentina, a number of bombs were placed in government offices to protest the killings.
Those killed were: Alejandro Ulla Alfredo Kohon Ana María Villarreal de Santucho'Sayo' Carlos Alberto del Rey Carlos Astudillo Clarisa Lea Place Eduardo Capello Humberto Suárez Humberto Toschi José Ricardo Mena María Angélica Sabelli (M