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Koreans

Koreans are an East Asian ethnic group native to Korea and southwestern Manchuria. Koreans live in the two Korean states: North Korea and South Korea, they are an recognized ethnic minority in China, the Philippines, Vietnam, plus in a number of Post-Soviet states, such as Russia and Uzbekistan. Over the course of the 20th century, significant Korean communities have formed in the Americas and Oceania; as of 2020, there were an estimated 8.3 million ethnic Koreans residing outside Korea. South Koreans refer to themselves as Hanguk-in, or Hanguk-saram, both of which mean "Korean country people." When including members of the Korean diaspora, Koreans use the term Han-in. Korean Americans refer to themselves as Hangukgye-Migukin. North Koreans refer to themselves as Joseon-in or Joseon-saram, both of which mean "Korean people"; the term is derived from the Joseon dynasty, a Korean kingdom founded by Yi Seonggye that lasted for five centuries from 1392 to 1910. Using similar words, Koreans in China refer to themselves as Chaoxianzu in Chinese or Joseonjok, Joseonsaram in Korean, which are cognates that mean "Joseon ethnic group".

Koreans in Japan refer to themselves as Zainichi Chousenjin, Chousenjin in Japanese or Jaeil Joseonin, Joseonin in Korean In the chorus of the South Korean national anthem, Koreans are referred to as Daehan-saram. Ethnic Koreans living in Russia and Central Asia refer to themselves as Koryo-saram, alluding to Goryeo, a Korean dynasty spanning from 918 to 1392. Modern Koreans are suggested to be the descendants of the ancient people from Manchuria and southern Siberia, who settled in the northern Korean Peninsula. Archaeological evidence suggests that proto-Koreans were migrants from Manchuria during the Bronze Age. According to most linguists and archaeologists with expertise in ancient Korea, the linguistic homeland of proto-Korean and of the early Koreans is located somewhere in Manchuria the Liao river. Koreanic-speakers present in northern Korea started to expand further south and assimilating Japonic-speakers and causing the Yayoi migration. Whitman suggests that the proto-Koreans arrived in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula at around 300 BCE and coexisted with the descendants of the Japonic Mumun cultivators.

Vovin suggests Old Korean was established in southern Manchuria and northern Korean peninsula by the Three Kingdoms of Korea period, migrated from there to southern Korea during this period by Goguryeo migrants. The largest concentration of dolmens in the world is found on the Korean Peninsula. In fact, with an estimated 35,000-100,000 dolmen, Korea accounts for nearly 70% of the world's total. Similar dolmens can be found in Manchuria, the Shandong Peninsula and the Kyushu island, yet it is unclear why this culture only flourished so extensively on the Korean Peninsula and its surroundings compared to the bigger remainder of Northeastern Asia. Stephen Pheasant, who taught anatomy and ergonomics at the Royal Free Hospital and the University College, said that Far Eastern people have proportionately shorter lower limbs than Europeans and black Africans. Pheasant said that the proportionately short lower limbs of Far Eastern people is a difference, most characterized in Japanese people, less characterized in Korean and Chinese people, the least characterized in Vietnamese and Thai people.

Neville Moray said that, for Korean and Japanese pilots, sitting height is more than 54% of their stature, with about 46% of their stature from leg length. Moray said that, for Americans and most Europeans, sitting height is about 52% of their stature, with about 48% of their stature from leg length. In a craniometric study, Pietrusewsky found that the Japanese series, a series that spanned from the Yayoi period to modern times, formed a single branch with Korea. Pietrusewsky found, that Korean and Yayoi people were highly separated in the East Asian cluster, indicating that the connection that Japanese have with Korea would not have derived from Yayoi people. Park Dae-kyoon et al. said that distance analysis based on thirty-nine non-metric cranial traits showed that Koreans are closer craniometrically to Kazakhs and Mongols than Koreans are close craniometrically to the populations in China and Japan. Studies of polymorphisms in the human Y-chromosome have so far produced evidence to suggest that the Korean people have a long history as a distinct endogamous ethnic group, with successive waves of people moving to the peninsula and two major Y-chromosome haplogroups.

Koreans show a close genetic relationship with other modern East Asians such as the Han Chinese and Japanese and with Neolithic specimens recovered from Chertovy Vorota Cave in Primorsky Krai. The reference population for Koreans used in Geno 2.0 Next Generation is 94% Eastern Asia and 5% Southeast Asia & Oceania. Korea Foundation Associate Professor of History, Eugene Y. Park said that many Koreans seem to have a genealogical memory

Gabriel Fernández (basketball)

Gabriel Diego Fernández is a former Argentine-Italian professional basketball player. In his pro career, Fernández played with numerous clubs, including Boca Juniors in the Argentine league; as a member of Argentina's junior national teams, Fernández played at the 1995 FIBA Under-19 World Cup, the 1997 FIBA Under-21 World Cup. As a member of the senior men's Argentine national team, he played at the following tournaments: the 1995 FIBA South American Championship, the 1997 FIBA South American Championship, the 1997 FIBA AmeriCup, the 1998 FIBA World Cup, the 1999 Pan American Games, the 1999 FIBA AmeriCup, the 2001 FIBA South American Championship, the 2001 FIBA AmeriCup, the 2002 FIBA World Cup, the 2003 FIBA South American Championship, the 2003 FIBA AmeriCup, the 2005 FIBA AmeriCup, he was a member of Argentina's 2004 Summer Olympic Games gold medal winning team. Pan American Club Championship Champion: South American League Champion: Argentine League All-Star Game: 2× Argentine League Champion: Spanish Cup Winner: Spanish League Champion: 1995 FIBA South American Championship: Silver 1997 FIBA South American Championship: Bronze 1999 FIBA AmeriCup: Bronze 2001 FIBA South American Championship: Gold 2001 FIBA AmeriCup: Gold 2002 FIBA World Cup: Silver 2003 FIBA South American Championship: Silver 2003 FIBA AmeriCup: Silver 2004 Summer Olympics: Gold 2005 FIBA AmeriCup: Silver FIBA Profile Euroleague.net Profile Spanish League Profile Italian League Profile Latinbasket.com Profile

Axum Airport

Axum Airport known as Emperor Yohannes IV Airport, is an airport serving Axum, a city in the northern Tigray Region of Ethiopia. The name of the city and airport may be transliterated as Aksum; the facility is located 5.5 km to the east of the city. The airport is named after Yohannes IV, the Emperor of Ethiopia from 1872 to 1889. Axum Airport resides at an elevation of 2,108 metres above mean sea level, it has one runway designated 16/34, with an asphalt concrete surface measuring 2,400 by 45 metres. It is capable of receiving large aircraft, such as the Antonov 124, which brought the Axum Obelisk back from Italy in 2005. On 2 May 1987, Douglas C-47A ET-AGT of Ethiopian Airlines was destroyed on the ground in an attack on the airport by Ethiopian Air Force MiG-23s. Media related to Axum Airport at Wikimedia Commons Accident history for AXU at Aviation Safety Network