Burung Petala Processions
The Burung Petala Processions referred to a series of imperial parade to commemorate the circumcision ceremony of the Kelantanese nobility. During the grand cavalcade, the prince and his royal entourage were celebrated around Kota Bharu via a large bird-like processional cart, notably the grand chariot of 1933 known as Burung Petala Indra and tandu Burung Petalawati of 1923; the processions were held three times between 1919 and 1933. The celebrations rooted from the historical grand parades observed during the pre-Islamic era of the northern coast of Malay Peninsula; as noted from the old records from Chi Tu, the Chinese ambassador of the kingdom would be paraded under a similar fashion upon their arrival to the city state. This originated from the custom that holds every state delegations should be celebrated akin as the return of the gods from the heavenly abode; the kingdom managed to obtained strong diplomatic relationship with ancient China derived from the epic celebrations for its delegations.
As the coming of Islam transformed the isthmian Malay society, so did the function and philosophy of the procession, inherited to commemorate Islamic elements and belief system. The birds were mobilised for official use, including during the enthronement of the prince, arrival of state delegations and during royal circumcision celebrations. While not in use, the bird would be nestled in a special chamber, with a courtier delegated with a task of conducting rituals to guard her "spirit"; the procession was recorded in great detail upon the arrival of the British colonial administrator in Kelantan from 1909. There are several variants of the bird in Pattani and Kelantan, including Burung Gagak Suro, Merak Mas and Burung Singa. In the traditional Malay custom, a child would be carried on the shoulder of his dad from his abode to the place where his circumcision will be held, but for the more affluent Malay families, the ceremony would be more lavish, the child would be transported on a processional carrier, in a form of boat or a small mosque-like structure by a group of men, a philosophical correspondence of a rite of passage from boys to men.
More elaborate practise of the celebration would include a march of men with weapons, musical performance and ceremonial foods being included in the parade. Based on the record by Ghulam-Sarwar Yousof, it was narrated that the sultan had a dream about the Burung Petala Wati, the traditional guardian of Kelantan. Following the account, he ordered the construction of the mystical Thunderbird for his prince. Another version of the origin of Petala Wati denotes a far more secular account, as it was believed that the construction of the ark was to illustrate the grandeur of the Kelantanese monarch and to please the British colonial resident at that time, who were intrigued by the local Malay culture and folklore; the design of the chariot emulated many ornamental figures derived from ancient Malay mythology and the tales from Malay hikayats. Based on the narration by Paul J. Coatalen in his interview with a local Malay Bomoh about a parallel Kelantanese imperial vessel, he asserts that the ceremonial vehicle is a symbol of Malay mysticism adopted based upon the legendary promise made between the ancestors of the Kelantan king with a loyal warrior known as Isma Dewa Pekerma Raja.
While based on the record between Coatalen and Haji Mubin Sheppard in “Processional Birds Of Kelantan” and “The Giant bird”, he asserted that there was a strong correlation between the Royal barge of Pertala Sri Kelantan with the Hindu epics, deriving Helang, Burung Camar Laut and Jentayu as a source of identity and inspiration. This was owed from the fact that the Malayalised Hindu literature was celebrated during the period and the tales of Hikayat Maharaja Wana, Isma Dewa Perkerma Raja were transmitted into the form of Malay theater and Wayang kulit, thus become a norm by the Kelantanese Malay society. Based on Coatalen, despite the design and the name of Hindu mythologies were adopted in the bird art, it doesn't necessary bear any Hindu religious syncretism, instead the adoption was for cosmetic factors, he added, it would take 3 months to built each of the Petala Birds. The last of the birds was built long after the end of the World War II constructed as a display upon the request of the National Museum of Malaysia.
The tandu was named Pertala Indra Maha Sakti and completed in 1963, constructed by the son of one of the assistant craftsman that built the earlier royal birds, Mohamed Noor bin Daud. The resurrected bird was by far dwarfed in comparison of all her predecessors, nonetheless fine details in the woodcraft remains. Being the sole surviving Kelantanese artist with such expertise, it was emulated based on the artisan's childhood memory of helping his father constructing the bird; as of 2017, the sculpture is stored in the Kelantan Heritage Trust in Kota Bharu. The Burung Petala Indra of 1933 stands 20 feet tall, it was constructed for Tengku Yunus, a 12-year-old, the third son of the crown prince, Raja Zainal Abidin. Reid, a photographer for The Straits Times Annual in Kelantan noted that several large trees in Kota Bharu have to be removed earlier, in order to maneuver the colossal monument during the celebration. A painted 10 foot square wooded pavilion was erected above colossal bird replica, holding with its Singgora-styled roof.
A pair of ornamental crest carved with naga motives are attached onto each bargeboard and the roof tiers. The pavilion can carry up to 6 passengers inside
The Deutscher Wetterdienst or DWD for short, is the German Meteorological Office, based in Offenbach am Main, which monitors weather and meteorological conditions over Germany and provides weather services for the general public and for nautical, aviational or agricultural purposes. It is attached to the Federal Ministry of Digital Infrastructure; the DWDs principal tasks include warning against weather-related dangers and monitoring and rating climate changes affecting Germany. The organization runs atmospheric models on their supercomputer for precise weather forecasting; the DWD manages the national climate archive and one of the largest specialized libraries on weather and climate worldwide. The DWD was formed in 1952. In 1954, the Federal Republic of Germany joined the World Meteorological Organization. In 1975 the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts was formed for numerical weather prediction up to ten days in advance. In 1990, following the reunification, the weather services of the German Democratic Republic were incorporated in the DWD.
Since the 1990s, the DWD has continuously reduced the number of manned weather stations, which entailed substantial staff cutbacks. The DWD does not expect a reduction in forecast quality, given techniques like weather radar or satellites, which have improved weather data collection; the German Meteorological Office runs a global hydrostatic model of its own, the GME, using a hexagonal icosahedral grid since 2002. They developed the High Resolution Regional Model in 1999, run within the operational and research meteorological communities and run with hydrostatic assumptions; the German non-hydrostatic Lokal-Modell for Europe has been run since 2002, an increase in areal domain became operational on September 28, 2005. Since March 2009, the DWD operates a NEC SX-9 with a peak performance of 109 teraFLOPS to help in the weather forecasting process. Since 2005, the DWD has been publishing regional warnings against heat with the aim to reduce heat related fatalities; this decision was made because of the hot summer in 2003, when estimated 7000 people died from direct or indirect effects of the heat.
Additionally it sends out sea weather reports as radioteletype and faxes. Since 2006, the pollen warnings can be subscribed to for free on the DWD web site. Within its duty of primary meteorological information, the DWD offers a free daily weather report for Germany which can be subscribed to by email on their official website. DWD offers free access to its climate data; the Deutsche Wetterdienst is attached to the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure and thus linked to the German federal and local governments, to the business community, to the industrial world in terms of cooperation and consulting. Its work is based on the German Meteorological Office Act; the DWD consists of 2600 occupants. Besides the DWD central in Offenbach, there are regional centers in Hamburg, Leipzig, Essen and Munich. Additionally, it runs Germany's densest network of meteorological measurement points with 183 full-time meteorological stations, as well as about 1784 extraordinal weather stations run by volunteering amateurs.
Official website DWD on Top500.org
Kelantan is a state of Malaysia. The capital and royal seat is Kota Bharu; the honorific of the state is Darul Naim. Kelantan is positioned in the north-east of Peninsular Malaysia, it is bordered by Narathiwat Province of Thailand to the north, Terengganu to the south-east, Perak to the west and Pahang to the south. To the north-east of Kelantan is the South China Sea. Kelantan is located in the north-eastern corner of the peninsula. Kelantan, said to translate as the "Land of Lightning", is an agrarian state with green paddy fields, rustic fishing villages and casuarina-lined beaches. Kelantan is home to some of the most ancient archaeological discoveries in Malaysia, including several prehistoric aboriginal settlements. Due to Kelantan's relative isolation and rural lifestyle, Kelantanese culture differs somewhat from Malay culture in the rest of the peninsula. There are a number of suggestions for the origin of the name Kelantan. One theory proposes that the word Kelantan comes from a modified version of the word gelam hutam, i.e. the Malay word for the cajuput, or swamp tea tree.
Other theories claim that the name comes from the Malay word kilatan,'shiny/glittery' or kolam tanah,'clay pool'. Kelantan was called Kalantan by the Siamese. Another quoted suggestion is that'Kelantan' derived from the Indian'Kolaan Thana' or'Kolaam Thana', which meant'Land of Kolaan' or'Land of Kolaam', the term'kolaan' or'kolaam' referring to the floor paintings/diagrams in the numerous Hindu temples which dotted the land in the ancient days.'Kolaan Thana' or'Kolaam Thana' became'Kelantan' to fit in better with the speaking dialect of the local people. Kelantan's early history is not clear, but archaeological findings show Kelantan's evidence as a human settlement in prehistoric times. Early Kelantan had links to the Funan Kingdom, the Khmer Empire, Sri Vijaya and Siam. Around 1411, Raja Kumar, the ruler of Kelantan, became independent of Siam, Kelantan became an important centre of trade by the end of the 15th century. In 1499, Kelantan became a vassal state of the Malacca Sultanate. With the fall of Malacca in 1511, Kelantan was divided up and ruled by petty chieftains, paying tribute to Patani the supreme Malay Kingdom of the eastern peninsula.
By the early 17th century, most of these Kelantan chiefs became subject to Patani. The legendary Cik Siti Wan Kembang was said to have reigned over Kelantan sometime between the 16th and 17th centuries. Around 1760, Long Yunus, an aristocratic warlord of Patani origin succeeded in unifying the territory of present-day Kelantan and enthroned by his father-in-law Ku Tanang Wangsa, Regent of Terengganu as Yang di-Pertuan Muda or Deputy Ruler of Kelantan. Long Yunus was succeeded in 1795 by his son-in-law Tengku Muhammad Sultan Mansur of Terengganu; the enthronement of Tengku Muhammad by Terengganu was opposed by Long Yunus' sons, thus triggering a war against Terengganu by Long Muhammad, the eldest son of Long Yunus. The pro-Terengganu faction was defeated in 1800 and Long Muhammad ruled Kelantan with the new title of Sultan as Sultan Muhammad I; the death of childless Long Muhammad triggered another civil war among claimants to the throne. His nephew and son of Long Tan, Long Senik Mulut Merah, triumphed over his uncles and cousins and assumed the throne in 1835 as Sultan Muhammad II.
Sultan Muhammad II leveraged on his loose alliance with Siam to form the modern Kelantan state, centered in his new fort on the eastern bank of the Kelantan river, which became Kota Bharu in 1844. Under the terms of the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909, the Thais relinquished their claims over Kelantan, Terengganu and Perlis to Great Britain, Kelantan thus became one of the Unfederated Malay States with a British Adviser. Kelantan was where the Japanese first landed during their invasion of Malaya, on 8 December 1941. In 1943, Kelantan became a province of Thailand. Kelantan reverted to British protection upon the end of World War 2 in August 1945. Kelantan became part of the Malayan Union in 1946 and the Federation of Malaya on 1 February 1948, together with other Malayan states attained independence on 31 August 1957. On 16 September 1963, Kelantan became one of the states of Malaysia. Rising high on the slopes of Gunung Korbu, the second highest peak in Peninsular Malaysia, the Nengiri River flows east to merge first with the Galas, with the Lebir — the latter born in the wilds of Taman Negara National Park — before turning decisively northwards and emptying into the shallow waters of the South China Sea.
From Kuala Krai the conjoined streams become the Kelantan River, a broad, mud-coloured stream which dominates the fertile coastal plains and defines the geography of the region. The Kelantan River valley is a fertile rice-bowl, rich in hardwoods and rubber and lush with tropical fruits. For centuries, Kelantan was all but separated from the rest of the country by the Titiwangsa Mountains, a mountain range running from north to south through the peninsula. Weeks of hard travel were required to reach Kelantan; the "easy way" to Kelantan was to sail around the peninsula, braving pirates. For this reason Kelantan's history involves the sea, boats. Today, many of its people are much tied to the sea. A discussion with many coastal residents will confirm that their ancestors, as far back a
Malaysian Indians or Indian Malaysians, consist of people of Indian descent—particularly Tamil Indians from Tamil Nadu—who were born in or immigrated to Malaysia. Most are descendants of those. There is a possibility that the first wave of migration from South Asia towards Southeast Asia happened during Asoka's invasion towards Kalinga and Samudragupta's expedition towards the South. Today, they form the third largest group in Malaysia after the Malays and the Chinese. Malaysian Indians form the 5th largest community of Overseas Indians in the world. Within Malaysia, they represent the third largest group, after Chinese, they are simply referred to as "Indian" in Malaysia, Orang India or Hindu in Malay, "Yin du ren" in Chinese. Malaysia's Indian population is notable for its class stratification, with large elite and lower income groups and diverse racial differences within its fold. Malaysian Indians make up a disproportionately large percentage of professionals per capita - constituting 15.5% of Malaysia's professionals in 1999.
As of a census taken in 1984, up to 38% of the nation's medical professional workforce consists of Malaysian Indians. In 1970, the per capita income of Malaysian Indians was 76% higher than that of the Malay majority. Despite somewhat fruitful attempts by the Malaysian government to redistribute wealth since the 1970s, Malaysian Indians still earn a 27% higher per capita income than that of the dominant Malay community as seen in data released in 2005. A substantial number of Malaysian Indians however remain among the poorest in the country. Ancient India exerted a profound influence over Southeast Asia through trade, religious missions and other forms of contact. Pre-colonial Malaysia was part of'Indianised Kingdoms' such as Srivijaya and the Majapahit, which formed part of a cultural region known as Greater India; the Arab and Indian traders had travelled this region including the southern tip of South East Asia the peninsula with maritime trade, the Sailendra kings of Java originating from Kalinga were able to take control of the Peninsular and part of southern Siam.
The kings welcomed Buddhist missionaries from India, accepting their teaching of the Mahayana sect, which spread through their territories. However and northeastern Thailand continued to adhere to the Hinayana teachings of the Theravada sect, introduced by missionaries sent by the emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BC. Another theory of the introduction of Buddhism after Indian arrived in the peninsula is that after Kalinga conquered lower Burma in the 8th century their influence spread down the peninsula; the ancient Indian Kalinga was located in southeastern India occupying modern day Orissa and northern Andhra Pradesh. In the 7th century an Indonesian kingdom was named Kalingga after the aforementioned Kalinga in India. Chinese sources mention this kingdom as a center for Buddhist scholars around 604 before it was overshadowed by the Sanjaya or Mataram Kingdom; the most famous Kalingga ruler is Ratu Sima. There is evidence of the existence of Indianised kingdoms such as Gangga Negara, Old Kedah, Srivijaya since 1700 years ago.
Early contact between the kingdoms of Tamilakkam and the Malay peninsula had been close during the reigns of the Pallava dynasty and Chola dynasty. The trade relations the Tamil merchants had with the ports of Malaya led to the emergence of Indianised kingdoms like Kadaram and Langkasugam. Furthermore, Chola king Rajendra Chola I sent an expedition to Kadaram during the 11th century conquering that country on behalf of one of its rulers who sought his protection and to have established him on the throne; the Cholas had the Bay of Bengal. Three kinds of craft are distinguished by the author of the Periplus – light coasting boats for local traffic, larger vessels of a more complicated structure and greater carrying capacity, lastly the big ocean-going vessels that made the voyages to Malaya and the Ganges. In Malacca Sultanate, the Chitty people, played a huge role in Malacca's administration of the local ports such as Raja Mudaliar, Syahbandar of Malacca and Bendahara Tun Mutahir, a famous Bendahara of the Malaccan Sultanate.
Following the Portuguese colonisation of Malacca in 1511, the Portuguese government encouraged their explorers to bring their married Indian women who were converted to Roman Catholic Christianity, under a policy set by Afonso de Albuquerque Viceroy of India. These people were East Indians. Kuparis who were of mixed Samvedic Brahmin and Portuguese descent arrived, their children intermarried with Malay population, losing their ethnic identities. British acquisition of Penang and Singapore - the Straits Settlements from 1786 to 1824 started a steady inflow of Indian labour; this consisted of traders, plantation labourers and colonial soldiers. Apart from this there was substantial migration of Indians to work in the British colonial government, due to their general good command of the English language; the establishment of the plantations and the need for cheap labour led to an influx of Indian migrants working under the indenture Kangani system in the 19th and early 20th century. Some, after the Kangani system ended in the early 20th century paid for their own passage to Malaya.
These migrant workers were Tamils, with some Telugus, Malay
Kuala Lumpur the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, or known as KL, is the national capital and largest city in Malaysia. As the global city of Malaysia, it covers an area of 243 km2 and has an estimated population of 1.73 million as of 2016. Greater Kuala Lumpur known as the Klang Valley, is an urban agglomeration of 7.25 million people as of 2017. It is among the fastest growing metropolitan regions in Southeast Asia, in both population and economic development. Kuala Lumpur is the cultural and economic centre of Malaysia, it is home to the Parliament of Malaysia, the official residence of the Malaysian King, the Istana Negara. The city once held the headquarters of the executive and judicial branches of the federal government, but these were relocated to Putrajaya in early 1999. However, some sections of the political bodies still remain in Kuala Lumpur. Kuala Lumpur is one of the three Federal Territories of Malaysia, enclaved within the state of Selangor, on the central west coast of Peninsular Malaysia.
Since the 1990s, the city has played host to many international sporting and cultural events including the 1998 Commonwealth Games and the 2017 Southeast Asian Games. Kuala Lumpur has undergone rapid development in recent decades, is home to the tallest twin buildings in the world, the Petronas Towers, which have since become an iconic symbol of Malaysian development. Kuala Lumpur has a comprehensive road system supported by an extensive range of public transport networks, such as the Mass Rapid Transit, Light Metro, Bus Rapid Transit, commuter rail, an airport rail link. Kuala Lumpur is one of the leading cities in the world for tourism and shopping, being the tenth most-visited city in the world in 2017; the city houses three of the world's ten largest shopping malls. Kuala Lumpur has been ranked by the Economist Intelligence Unit's Global Liveability Ranking at No. 70 in the world, No. 2 in Southeast Asia after Singapore. EIU's Safe Cities Index of 2017 rated Kuala Lumpur 31st out of 60 on its world's safest cities list, safer than Beijing or Shanghai.
Kuala Lumpur was named as one of the New7Wonders Cities, has been named as World Book Capital 2020 by UNESCO. Kuala Lumpur means "muddy confluence" in Malay. One suggestion is. Doubts however have been raised on such a derivation as Kuala Lumpur lies at the confluence of Gombak River and Klang River, therefore should rightly be named Kuala Gombak as the point where one river joins a larger one or the sea is its kuala, it has been argued by some that Sungai Lumpur is in fact Gombak River, although Sungai Lumpur is said to be another river joining the Klang River a mile upstream from the Gombak confluence, or located to the north of the Batu Caves area. It has been proposed that Kuala Lumpur was named Pengkalan Lumpur in the same way that Klang was once called Pengkalan Batu, but became corrupted into Kuala Lumpur. Another suggestion is that it was a Cantonese word lam-pa meaning'flooded jungle' or'decayed jungle'. There is no firm contemporary evidence for these suggestions other than anecdotes.
It is possible that the name is a corrupted form of an earlier but now unidentifiable forgotten name. It is unknown who named the settlement called Kuala Lumpur. Chinese miners were involved in tin mining up the Selangor River in the 1840s about ten miles north of present-day Kuala Lumpur, Mandailing Sumatrans led by Raja Asal and Sutan Puasa were involved in tin mining and trade in the Ulu Klang region before 1860, Sumatrans may have settled in the upper reaches of Klang River in the first quarter of the 19th century earlier. Kuala Lumpur was a small hamlet of just a few houses and shops at the confluence of Sungai Gombak and Sungai Klang before it grew into a town, it is accepted that Kuala Lumpur become established as a town circa 1857, when the Malay Chief of Klang, Raja Abdullah bin Raja Jaafar, aided by his brother Raja Juma'at of Lukut, raised funds from Malaccan Chinese businessmen to hire some Chinese miners from Lukut to open new tin mines here. The miners landed at Kuala Lumpur and continued their journey on foot to Ampang where the first mine was opened.
Kuala Lumpur was the furthest point up the Klang River to which supplies could conveniently be brought by boat. Although the early miners suffered a high death toll due to the malarial conditions of the jungle, the Ampang mines were successful, the first tin from these mines was exported in 1859. At that time Sutan Puasa was trading near Ampang, two traders from Lukut, Hiu Siew and Yap Ah Sze arrived in Kuala Lumpur where they set up shops to sell provisions to miners in exchange for tin; the town, spurred on by tin-mining, started to develop centred on Old Market Square, with roads radiating out towards Ampang as well as Pudu and Batu where miners started to settled in, Petaling and Damansara. The miners formed gangs among themselves. Leaders of the Chinese community were conferred the title of Kapitan Ci
Nasi lemak is a Malay fragrant rice dish cooked in coconut milk and pandan leaf. It is found in Malaysia, where it is considered the national dish. In Indonesia it can be found in several parts of Sumatra. Nasi lemak can be found in the Bangsamoro region of Mindanao prepared by Filipino Moro, it is considered one of the most famous dishes for a Malay-style breakfast. It is not to be confused with nasi dagang, sold in the Malaysian east coast states of Terengganu and Kelantan, although both dishes are served for breakfast. However, because nasi lemak can be served in a variety of ways, it is eaten throughout the day. Nasi lemak was mentioned in a book "The Circumstances of Malay Life", written by Sir Richard Olof Winstedt in 1909. With roots in Malay culture and Malay cuisine, its name in Malay means "oily or fatty rice", but is taken in this context to mean "rich" or "creamy"; the name is derived from the cooking process whereby rice is soaked in coconut cream and the mixture steamed. The rice is cooked with pandan leaves that gives it a distinctive flavour.
Traditionally, nasi lemak is served with a hot spicy sauce, includes various garnishes, including fresh cucumber slices, small fried anchovies, roasted peanuts, hard-boiled or fried egg. As a more substantial meal, nasi lemak may be served with an additional protein dish such as ayam goreng, sambal sotong, small fried fish, on special occasions rendang daging stewed in coconut milk and spices). Other accompaniments include stir fried water convolvulus, spicy pickled vegetables salad acar. Traditionally most of these accompaniments are spicy in nature. Nasi lemak is eaten in Malaysia and Singapore. More consumed as breakfast in both countries, it is sold at hawker food centres and roadside stalls in Malaysia and Singapore. In Indonesia, nasi lemak is a favourite local breakfast fare. In Palembang, it is a favourite local dish with the name "nasi gemuk". In palembangnese Malay, "gemuk" has the same meaning as "lemak"; this unique dish comes wrapped in banana leaves, newspaper or brown paper, or in some shops is served on a plate.
However, owing to its popularity there are restaurants which serve it as a noon or evening meal, making it possible for the dish to be eaten all day. Nasi lemak kukus which means "steamed nasi lemak" is another name given to nasi lemak served with steamed rice. In Malaysia, nasi lemak can be found in a pasar malam with a variety of dishes. On 31 January 2019, Google released a Google Doodle celebrating nasi lemak. In March 2016, nasi lemak was mentioned as one of the 10 healthy international breakfast foods by TIME magazine; this opinion however, might be misleading, since the writer might be referring to its "healthier" and smaller version and in comparison to large American breakfast. A single, full size serving of nasi lemak with additional fried chicken, meat or fish, can be between 800 and well over 1,000 calories; the savoury coconut milk-infused rice contains saturated fat, an ingredient connected to health problems, including diabetes. In Malaysia and Singapore, nasi lemak comes in many variations as they are prepared by different chefs from different cultures.
The original nasi lemak in Malaysia is arguably a typical Southern and Central Peninsular Malaysia breakfast, is considered of Malay origin. However, due to the popularity of the dish, it is regarded as a national dish; the rice cooked in coconut milk is common in Southeast Asia. This is the same process used to make similar rice dishes from their neighbouring country Indonesia, which are nasi uduk from Jakarta, nasi gurih from Aceh and Javanese nasi liwet. However, there are differences in taste because knotted leaves of Pandan screwpine are steamed with the rice to impart flavour and fragrance. Less other spices such as ginger and herbs like lemon grass may be added for additional fragrance. Nasi lemak in the Northern West Peninsular tends to include curry; the sambal tends to range from fiery hot to mildly hot with a sweet under taste. Nasi lemak is not as popular as the indigenous nasi berlauk, nasi dagang, nasi kerabu in North East Peninsular Malaysia, it is regarded as a speciality imported dish in Sarawak.
Hotels feature nasi lemak on their menu with elaborate dishes, such as beef rendang and the addition of other seafood. Hawker centres in Singapore and Malaysia wrap them in banana leaves to enhance the flavour. Roadside stalls sell them ready packed, known as "nasi lemak bungkus", with minimal additions that cost between RM 1.50 – 6.00 per pack. Seafood outlets serve the basic nasi lemak to accompany barbecued seafood. There are Malaysian Chinese and Malaysian Indian versions, Singaporean Malay and Singaporean Chinese versions; some people suggest. If not prepared properly, it could ruin the dish, since Malaysians love food, hot and spicy. A good deal of spirited and good-natured debate exists around this point; this traditional favourite offers sambal, ikan bilis and boiled egg. This is the most traditional version. Nasi lemak stalls can be found serving them with fried egg, sambal kerang - a local favourite, sambal squids, sambal fish, chicken
Wakaf Bharu is a small town in Tumpat district, northern Kelantan, Malaysia. Beside the mosque and several surau, there is a church in Wakaf Bharu. Examples of housing estates in Wakaf Bharu area are Kawasan Perumahan SBJ, Taman Sri Palas and Taman Sri Delima, 16250 Wakaf Bharu Kelantan. More than 90 percent at this area are Malays and Muslims. Wakaf Bharu becomes crowded on Friday because there is a well-known market called "Friday Market" near "Pasar Besar Wakaf Bharu" or Wakaf Bharu Big Market. Two primary schools called "Sekolah Kebangsaan Wakaf Bharu" and "Sekolah Sri Wakaf Bharu" and a secondary school called "Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Wakaf Bharu" are located here; the town is served by Wakaf Bharu railway station of Keretapi Tanah Melayu. Wakaf Bharu station is in fact the major disembarkation station for passengers headed towards Kota Bharu, as Kota Bharu itself has no rail service