SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Kourion

Kourion or Latin: Curium, was an important ancient city-state on the southwestern coast of Cyprus. In the twelfth century BCE, after the collapse of the Mycenaean palaces, Greek settlers arrived on this site. In the seventeenth century, Kourion suffered from five heavy earthquakes, but the city was rebuilt; the acropolis of Kourion, located 1.3 km southwest of Episkopi and 13 km west of Limassol, is located atop a limestone promontory nearly 100 metres high along the coast of Episkopi Bay. The Kourion archaeological area lies within the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia and is managed by the Cyprus Department of Antiquity; the earliest identified occupation within the Kouris River valley is at the hilltop settlement of Sotira-Teppes, located 9 km northwest of Kourion. This settlement dates to the Ceramic Neolithic period. Another hilltop settlement from the same era has been excavated at Kandou-Koupovounos on the east bank of the Kouris River. In the Chalcolithic period settlement shifted to the site of Erimi-Pamboules near the village of Erimi.

Erimi-Pamboules was occupied from the conclusion of the Ceramic Neolithic through the Chalcolithic period. Occupation in the Early Cypriot period is uninterrupted from the preceding Chalcolithic period, with occupation continuing along the Kouris River Valley and the drainages to the west. Sotira-Kaminoudhia, located to the northwest of Sotira-Teppes, on the lower slope of the hill, was settled, it dates from the Late Chalcolithic to EC I. In the ECIII-LC IA a settlement was established 0.8 km east of Episkopi at Episkopi-Phaneromeni. The Middle Cypriot is a transitional period in the Kouris River Valley; the settlements established during the MC flourished into urban centres in the Late Cypriot II-III Episkopi-Bamboula. In the Late Cypriot I-III the settlements of the Middle Cypriot period developed into a complex urban centre within the Kouris Valley, which provided a corridor in the trade of Troodos copper, controlled through Alassa and Episkopi-Bamboula. In the MCIII-LC IA a settlement was occupied at Episkopi-Phaneromeni.

Episkopi-Bamboula, located on a low hill 0.4 km west of the Kouris and east of Episkopi, was an influential urban centre from the LC IA-LCIII. The town flourished in the 13th century BCE before being abandoned c.1050 BCE. The Kingdom of Kourion was established during the Cypro-Geometric period though the site of the settlement remains unidentified. Without Cypro-Geometric settlement remains, the primary evidence for this period is from burials at the Kaloriziki necropolis, below the bluffs of Kourion. At Kaloriziki, the earliest tombs date to the 11th century BCE. with most burials dating to the Cypriot-Geometric II. These tombs McFadden's Tomb 40, provide a picture of an prosperous community in contact with mainland Greece. Although Cyprus came under Assyrian rule, in the Cypro-Archaic period the Kingdom of Kourion was among the most influential of Cyprus. Damasos is recorded as king of Kourion on the prism of Esarhaddon from Nineveh. Between 569 and ca. 546 BCE Cyprus was under Egyptian administration.

In 546 BCE Cyrus I of Persia extended Persian authority over the Kingdoms of Cyprus, including the Kingdom of Kourion. During the Ionian Revolt, king of Kourion, aligned himself with Onesilos, king of Salamis, the leader of a Cypriot alliance against the Persians. In 497 Stasanor betrayed Onesilos in battle against the Persian general Artybius, resulting in a Persian victory over the Cypriot poleis and the consolidation of Persian control of Cyprus. In the Classical Period the earliest occupation of the acropolis was established, though the primary site of settlement is unknown. King Pasikrates of Kourion is recorded as having aided Alexander the Great in the siege of Tyre in 332 BCE. Pasikrates ruled as a vassal of Alexander but was deposed in the struggles for succession amongst the diadochi. In 294 BCE the Ptolemies consolidated control of Cyprus, Kourion came under Ptolemaic governance. In 58 BCE the Roman Council of the Plebs passed the Lex Clodia de Cyprus, annexing Cyprus to the province of Cilicia.

Between 47 and 31 BC, Cyprus returned to Ptolemaic rule under Marc Antony and Cleopatra VII, reverting to Roman rule after the defeat of Antony. In 22 BC, Cyprus was separated from the province of Cilicia, being established an independent senatorial province under a proconsul. Under the Romans, Kourion possessed a civic government functioning under the oversight of the provincial proconsul. Inscriptions from Kourion attest elected offices that including: Archon of the City, the Council, Clerk of the Council and People, the Clerk of the Market, various priesthoods including priests and priestesses of Apollo Hylates, priesthoods of Rome. In the first to third centuries, epigraphic evidence attests a thriving elite at Kourion, as indicated by a floruit of honorific decrees and dedications in honor of the emperor, civic officials and provincial proconsuls. In the first and second centuries, Mitford suggests excessive expenses by the Council of the City and Peoples of Kourion on such honors, resulting in the sanctions and oversight of expenditures by the proconsul during the Trajanic restorations of the Sanctuary of Apollo Hylates.

Local participation in the imperial cult is demonstrated not only by the presence of a high priesthood of Rome, but the presence of a cult of Apollo Caesar, a ve

Rupert Penry-Jones

Rupert William Penry-Jones is an English born actor, known for his performances as Adam Carter in Spooks, Clive Reader in Silk, DI Joseph Chandler in Whitechapel, Mr Quinlan in the American horror series The Strain. Penry-Jones was born in London, the son of Welsh actor Peter Penry-Jones and English actress Angela Thorne, his brother, Laurence Penry-Jones, is an actor turned ambulance driver, married to actress Polly Walker. On BBC One's Who Do You Think You Are?, broadcast in August 2010, it was revealed that Penry-Jones' maternal grandfather, had served with the Indian Army Medical Corps at the Battle of Monte Cassino and that his earlier ancestors had a long-standing connection with the Indian Army. Penry-Jones discovered that he had Anglo-Indian ancestry from the early 19th century. Penry-Jones was educated at Dulwich College in Dulwich, until age 17 when he was enrolled at Bristol Old Vic Theatre School. In 1995, he appeared with his mother on television in Cold Comfort Farm, he made his London stage debut at the Hackney Empire theatre in 1995 playing Fortinbras to Ralph Fiennes's Hamlet in an Almeida production of Hamlet.

He was cast as Richard in the premiere staging of Stephen Poliakoff's Sweet Panic at Hampstead Theatre in 1996. The following year he appeared in both The Paper Husband at Hampstead Theatre and as the upper-class Pip Thompson in a revival of Arnold Wesker's Chips with Everything on the Lyttelton stage at the Royal National Theatre. In 1998, he created the role of the Boy in Edward Albee's The Play About the Baby at the Almeida Theatre. In 1999, he joined the Royal Shakespeare Company at Stratford-upon-Avon, playing the title role in Don Carlos at The Other Place theatre and Alcibiades in Timon of Athens at the Royal Shakespeare Theatre. Both productions transferred to the Barbican Centre in London in 2000, where his performance as Don Carlos won the Ian Charleson Award. At the West Yorkshire Playhouse, Leeds, in 2001 he was cast as Robert Caplan in J. B. Priestley's thriller "time-play" Dangerous Corner opposite Dervla Kirwan; the production transferred for a four-month run at the Garrick Theatre in London's West End.

From July to October 2003 at the National's Cottesloe Theatre he played the leading role of Louis XIV in Nick Dear's historical drama Power. He returned to the theatre at the end of 2009 playing the role of Carl in Michael Wynne's new play The Priory at the Royal Court Theatre, from 19 November 2009 to 16 January 2010. On television, he has played barrister Alex Hay in C4's ten-part serial North Square in 2000. In 2004, he joined the cast in series 3 of the BBC's BAFTA-winning series Spooks, he played the lead role of section leader Adam Carter for four series before leaving the show in 2008. He won ITV3 Crime Thriller Awards for his role in Spooks in 2008, he went on to play the role of Captain Wentworth in ITV's adaptation of Persuasion. In 2008, he starred with Bradley Whitford and Neve Campbell in Burn Up playing an oil executive who becomes embroiled in the politics surrounding global warming and oil stocks, he played Richard Hannay in the BBC adaptation of The 39 Steps, screened at Christmas 2008.

In February 2009, he took the lead in an ITV drama, Whitechapel, a three-part thriller based on the copycat killings of Jack the Ripper. Whitechapel was the highest-performing new drama in 2009. A second series of the show based around the Kray twins was broadcast in autumn 2010; the fourth and last series aired in September 2013. He was scheduled to appear alongside other celebrities in Soccer Aid 2010, but broke a bone in his knee during training, putting him in a plaster cast and ruling him out of the final match on 6 June 2010. Penry-Jones was cast opposite Maxine Peake in a legal drama Silk created by Peter Moffat; the show revolves around two barristers, played by Penry-Jones and Peake who are competing to become QCs. Series 2 aired in 2012 and Series 3 premiered on 24 February 2014, he joined the cast of the film A Little Chaos with Kate Winslet as Antoine. The film was directed by Alan Rickman, he finished filming the anticipated Stan/Playmaker Media's new series, The Commons, which will air in 2020.

Penry-Jones married Irish actress Dervla Kirwan following a three-year engagement. They met in a theatre production, Dangerous Corner, in 2001, they have two children. Theatre Record and its annual Indexes 1996 Jane Eyre-St. John Rivers Rupert Penry-Jones on IMDb Rupert Penry-Jones at the bbc.co.uk official Spooks website. Rupert Penry-Jones interview: Sunday Times 15 June 2008 Rupert Penry Jones Network Maxine Peake to star in BBC1 legal drama Silk at guardian.co.uk

East Main Street Commercial Historic District (Statesboro, Georgia)

The East Main Street Commercial Historic District in Statesboro, Georgia is a historic district, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989. It included 16 contributing buildings: all eight buildings comprising the north side of East Main Street on the block from Siebold Street to Oak Street, eight buildings on the south side of that block, from Oak Street returning to an alley before Siebold Street is reached; the three-story Beaux Arts-style Bank of Statesboro building at East Main and Siebold is one of two "outstanding" buildings in the district. It has Corinthian pilasters on its second and third floors; the other is the Art Moderne Georgia Theatre. Statesboro was the subject of a wider survey of historic resources completed at the same time as the NRHP nomination for the district. Media related to East Main Street Commercial Historic District at Wikimedia Commons