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For the linguistic term, a level of politeness, see Javanese
Market woman with Krama in Kampong Thom
Farmer and his son wearing krama khmer scarves in Siem Reap

A krama (Khmer: ក្រមា pronounced [krɑ.ˈmaː]) is a sturdy traditional Cambodian garment with many uses, including as a scarf, bandanna, to cover the face, for decorative purposes, and as a hammock for children.[1] It may also be used as a form of weaponry. Bokator fighters wrap the krama around their waists, heads and fists; the skill level of the martial artist is signified by the colour of the krama, white being the lowest and black being the most advanced.[2] It is worn by men, women and children, and can be fairly ornate, though most typical kramas contain a gingham pattern of some sort, and traditionally come in either red or blue, it is the Cambodian national symbol.

A closely related Thai garment is known as pha khao ma (ผ้าขาวม้า) and is worn in the Isan region by locals and by ethnic Khmers.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Shiv Shanker Tiwary (2009) Encyclopaedia Of Southeast Asia And Its Tribes’’, p. 185 ISBN 978-8126138371
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2015-09-23. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Silk at Ban Sawai, Ban Chan Rom and Khwao Sinarin". Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2009-08-25. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)