CBS Corporation is an American mass media corporation focused on commercial broadcasting and television production, with most of its operations in the United States. The current President and Acting CEO is Joseph Ianniello. Sumner Redstone, owner of National Amusements, controls CBS by way of his majority ownership of the company's Class A voting stock, it is the world's eighth largest entertainment company in terms of revenue after The Walt Disney Company, NBCUniversal, WarnerMedia, Bertelsmann and Sony Corporation. The company began trading on the NYSE on January 3, 2006; until the corporation was known as Viacom, is the legal successor to said company. A new company, keeping the Viacom name, was spun off from CBS. CBS, not Viacom, retains control of over-the-air television broadcasting, TV production and distribution, pay-cable, basic cable, recording owned by the larger company. CBS has its headquarters in the CBS Building, Manhattan, New York City, United States. Viacom was created in 1971 as the television syndication division of CBS, was spun off in 1971.
However, in 1999, Viacom acquired its former parent, by this time named CBS Corporation Westinghouse Electric. The prior CBS Corporation owned CMT and The Nashville Network, which remained Viacom properties after the 2005 split, but the prior CBS did not own UPN, Paramount Television, Paramount Parks, or Simon and Schuster. In March 2005, Viacom announced plans of looking into splitting the company into two publicly traded companies, amid issues of the stock price stagnating. On June 14, 2005, the Viacom Board of Directors approved the split of the company into two firms; the CBS Corporation name would be revived for one of the companies, to be headed by longtime television executive Leslie Moonves, would include CBS, UPN, Infinity Broadcasting, Viacom Outdoor, Showtime Networks, Paramount's television studio. The split was structured such that the new Viacom was spun off from the old Viacom, renamed CBS Corporation. In a sense, this was a repeat of the 1971 spinoff. However, in this case, CBS retained all of the prior firm's broadcast TV assets, including its various syndication companies.
With the split, the two new companies began trading on the NYSE on January 3, 2006. Investors anticipated Viacom benefiting from the split, but instead, it dropped 20 percent, while CBS rose 9 percent. Announced in January 2006, CBS and DIC Entertainment signed a multi-year deal in which DIC bought the Saturday morning airtime as "CBS's Saturday Morning Secret Slumber Party". In June 2006, DiC added a production partner AOL's KOL. Thus, this block would be called "KOL's Saturday Morning Secret Slumber Party on CBS". On January 24, 2006, CBS Corporation, Warner Bros. announced that they were to create a new broadcast network, The CW Television Network. The network debuted on September 18, 2006; the network formally debuted on September 20 with the 2 hour premiere of America's Next Top Model. The network is the result of a merger of The WB and UPN. CBS Corporation and Time Warner each own 50% of the network. Tribune Broadcasting and CBS Corporation will contribute its stations as new network affiliates.
Three days after the announcement of The CW, on January 27, CBS announced that it was selling its Paramount Parks division. On May 23, 2006, CBS Corporation sold Paramount Parks to the Cedar Fair Entertainment Company. With this acquisition, Cedar Fair became the third-largest theme park operator. On June 30, 2006, Cedar Fair announced that it has completed its acquisition of Paramount Parks from CBS Corporation in a cash transaction valued at US$1.24 billion. The transaction included a 10-year license that allowed Cedar Fair to use the Paramount name in the parks through the 2017 season. On February 7, 2007, CBS announced it was selling seven stations in Providence, Rhode Island, Texas, Salt Lake City and West Palm Beach, Florida to Cerberus Capital Management for US$185 million, it sold another station, WFRV-TV in Green Bay and its satellite station, WJMN-TV in Escanaba, Michigan, to Liberty Media on February 13, 2007. News reports estimate the deal at about US$234 million. CBS is swapping the stations and US$170 million in cash for 7.59 million shares of CBS common stock held by Liberty Media.
On February 26, CBS announced that it will invest in Electric Sheep, a virtual world content developer. CBS hired Electric Sheep to develop some projects, including the creation of "The L-Word in Second Life". CBS shot a commercial within the virtual world Second Life to promote its show Two and a Half Men. Another project that Electric Sheep was working on for CBS was a Star Trek-themed area in Second Life. By investing in Electric Sheep, CBS hoped to expand its activity "beyond the living room". On March 20, CBS/CSTV had acquired an online high school sports network. On April 12, CBS Corporation announced the creation of the CBS Interactive Audience Network. On May 30, CBS Interactive bought Last.fm for £140 million. On May 15, 2008, CBS Interactive announced that it had agreed t
24th Young Artist Awards
The 24th Young Artist Awards ceremony, presented by the Young Artist Association, honored excellence of young performers under the age of 21 in the fields of film, theater and radio for the year 2002, took place on March 29, 2003 at the Sportsmen's Lodge in Studio City, California. Established in 1978 by long-standing Hollywood Foreign Press Association member, Maureen Dragone, the Young Artist Association was the first organization to establish an awards ceremony set to recognize and award the contributions of performers under the age of 21 in the fields of film, television and music. ★ Bold indicates the winner in each category. ★ Tyler Hoechlin - Road to Perdition - DreamWorks/20th Century Fox Jamie Bell - Nicholas Nickleby - MGM/UA Rory Culkin - Signs - Buena Vista Nicholas Hoult - About A Boy - Universal/Studio Canal Lil' Bow Wow - Like Mike - 20th Century Fox Matthew O'Leary - Frailty - Lions Gate Mark Rendall - Touching Wild Horses - Animal Tales Productions ★ Alexa Vega - Spy Kids 2: The Island of Lost Dreams - Buena Vista Amanda Bynes - Big Fat Liar - Universal Pictures America Ferrera - Real Women Have Curves - Newmarket Films/HBO Films Kristen Stewart - Panic Room - Columbia Pictures Evan Rachel Wood - Little Secrets - Columbia Tristar/Samuel Goldwyn ★ Marc Donato - White Oleander - Warner Brothers Liam Aiken - Road To Perdition - DreamWorks/20th Century Fox Emile Hirsch - The Emperor's Club - Universal Pictures Eric Lloyd - The Santa Clause 2 - Walt Disney Pictures Daniel Logan - Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones - 20th Century Fox Andrew Sandler - Minority Report - 20th Century Fox Dylan Smith - One Hour Photo - Fox Searchlight Pictures ★ Eva Amurri - The Banger Sisters - Fox Searchlight Pictures Agnes Bruckner - Murder By Numbers - Warner Brothers Chea Courtney - Dragonfly - HBO Films Everlyn Sampi - Rabbit-Proof Fence - Miramax Erin Sanders - Never Never - Independent ★ Tyler Patrick Jones - Red Dragon - Universal Pictures Angus T. Jones - The Rookie - Walt Disney Pictures Dominic Scott Kay - Minority Report - 20th Century Fox Malcolm David Kelley - Antwone Fisher - Fox Searchlight Pictures Trung Hieu Nguyen - Green Dragon - Columbia Tristar ★ Caitlin EJ Meyer - Little Secrets - Columbia Tristar/Samuel Goldwyn Abigail Breslin - Signs - Buena Vista Emily Osment - Spy Kids 2: The Island of Lost Dreams - Buena Vista Tianna Sansbury - Rabbit-Proof Fence - Miramax Sophie Vavasseur - Evelyn - MGM/UA ★ Jeremy Sumpter - Just A Dream - Showtime Jon Foster - Murder in Greenwich - USA Network Jake Goldsbie - The Red Sneakers - Showtime Tyler Hynes - Tagged: The Jonathan Wamback Story - CTV Max Morrow - The Christmas Shoes - CBS Josh Zuckerman - I Was A Teenage Faust - Showtime ★ Clara Bryant - Tru Confessions - Disney Channel Kimberly J. Brown - My Sister's Keeper - CBS Dakota Fanning - Taken - Sci-Fi Channel Jodelle Micah Ferland - The Christmas Child - CMT Maggie Grace - Murder in Greenwich - USA Network Sabrina Wiener - Gotta Kick It Up!
- Disney Channel ★ Ryan Merriman - Taken - Sci-Fi Channel Brandon Hammond - Our America - Showtime Daniel Magder - Mom's On Strike - ABC Sean Marquette - Hidden Hills - NBC Roderick Pannell - Our America - Showtime Anton Yelchin - Taken - Sci-Fi Channel ★ Hallee Hirsh - My Sister's Keeper - CBS Jenna Boyd - Mary Christmas - PAX Holliston Coleman - Miss Lettie and Me - TNT Lindsay Felton - Anna's Dream - PAX Hannah Lochner - The Interrogation of Michael Crowe - Court TV ★ Gregory Smith - Everwood - WB Jake Epstein - Degrassi: The Next Generation - CTV Jonathan Malen - Screech Owls - YTV Frankie Muniz - Malcolm in the Middle - Fox TV Pablo Santos - Greetings from Tucson - WB Martin Spanjers - 8 Simple Rules - ABC Kyle Sullivan - All That - Nickelodeon ★ Masiela Lusha - The George Lopez Show - ABC Kaley Cuoco - 8 Simple Rules - ABC Lisa Foiles - All That - Nickelodeon Christel Khalil - The Young and the Restless - CBS Renee Olstead - Still Standing - CBS Scarlett Pomers - Reba - WB Shadia Simmons - Strange Days at Blake Holsey High - NBC ★ Steven Anthony Lawrence - Even Stevens - Disney Channel Taylor Abrahamse - Doc - PAX Justin Berfield - Malcolm in the Middle - Fox TV Hector Escalante - American Family - PBS Mitch Holleman - Reba - WB Aaron Meeks - Soul Food - Showtime Max Morrow - Monk - ABC Jake Thomas - Lizzie McGuire - Disney Channel ★ Emily Hart - Sabrina the Teenage Witch - WB Katie Boland - The Zack Files - Fox Family Nicole Dicker - Screech Owls - YTV Lauren Frost - Even Stevens - Disney Channel Sara Paxton - Greetings from Tucson - WB Gigi Sumpter - Strong Medicine - Lifetime Emma Taylor-Isherwood - Strange Days at Blake Holsey High - NBC ★ Dylan Cash - General Hospital - ABC Patrick Allen Dorn - The Bold and the Beautiful - CBS Luis Armand Garcia - The George Lopez Show - ABC Demetrius Joyette - Doc - PAX TV Austin Majors - N.
Y. P. D. Blue - ABC Charlie Stewart - Life with Bonnie - ABC ★ Sasha Pieterse - Family Affair - WB Kristen Alderson - One Life to Live - ABC Taylor Atelian - According to Jim - ABC Vivien Cardone - Everwood - WB Dee Dee Davis - The Bernie Mac Show - FOX Karle Warren - Judging Amy - CBS ★ Alex Black - Charmed - WB Seth Adkins - CSI: Miami - CBS Raja Fenske - CSI: Miami - CBS Jason Fuchs - Law & Order: Special Victims Unit - NBC David Henrie - Without a Trace - CBS Myles Jeffrey - Touched by an Angel - CBS Cody McMains - Everwood - WB Kyle Saunders - Adventure Inc. - WB ★ Sara Paxton - CSI: Crime Scene Investigation - CBS Ashley Edner - Judging Amy CBS Jamie Lauren - The Practice - ABC Joy Lauren - The Division - Lifetime Barbara Mamabolo - The Zack Files - Fox Family Melissa Mitchell - New Unsolved Mysteries - Lifetime Kay Panabaker - ER - NBC ★ Christopher Massey - The Parkers - UPN Robert Clark - Strange Days at Blake Holsey High - NBC Bobby Edner - Do Over - WB Steven Anthony Lawrence - Frasier - NBC Miles Marisco - Malcolm in the Middle - FOX ★ Amy Castle - Li
Michael Easton is an American television actor, poet and photographer. Easton has made appearances on television shows such as The Practice, he had a recurring role on the science fiction television series Mutant X. He played the dual lead role in the 1996 thriller series Two, as well as starring roles in two science fiction series: VR.5 and Total Recall 2070. Additionally, Easton has appeared on soap operas, first starting out in the role of Tanner Scofield on NBC's Days of Our Lives from 1991 to 1992, he went on to a two-year stint as vampire Caleb Morley on Port Charles from 2001 until its cancellation in 2003. Easton portrayed John McBain on the ABC soap opera One Life to Live from October 2003 until the series ended in January 2012. Michael Easton, with other One Life to Live actors, such as Roger Howarth, Kristen Alderson, Kassie DePaiva and Florencia Lozano, appeared on sister soap opera General Hospital. Easton reprised his One Life to Live role of John McBain from March 2012 - March 2013 and his Port Charles/General Hospital role of Caleb Morley from February to March 2013.
Easton exited his General Hospital roles due to legal issues regarding Prospect Park's revival of One Life to Live. Easton was slated to return to General Hospital at some point in a new role, since at the time Prospect Park held the rights to all One Life to Live characters. TV Guide reported that because ABC did not want to risk any further legal disputes with Prospect Park concerning the characters, the only way to avoid such disputes might be to have the former One Life to Live actors portray "characters that in no way resemble the current ones" in order to stay on General Hospital. Easton returned to General Hospital in May 2013 as Dr. Silas Clay. On July 29, 2015, it was confirmed. On February 2, 2016, it was announced, his first airdate was to be March 18, 2016. It was pushed back due to ABC airing the funeral of former First Lady Nancy Reagan to March 21, 2016, his new character was revealed on Friday, March 18, 2016. as Hamilton Finn. Easton is a screenwriter and graphic novelist. Eighteen Straight Whiskeys Eighteen Straight Whiskeys is a collection of poetry.
The first printing in 1997 and a second in 2002 both sold out. A third, signed Collector’s Edition with thirty new poems is scheduled for release by Bowery Press in September 2018. Described by the Hollywood Reporter as “A 96-page collection of hard-edged musings on drinking and drugs…not flowery paeans to romance, lost love, or lyrical pastoral introspections”, the collection is a chronicle on the aftermath of grief and a young man coming to terms with himself. Easton began writing the collection over a four-month period in the summer of 1994, while living in Paris after his mother’s death; when she was diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 1992, he took two years off from a growing acting career to help with her care, would read to her during rounds of chemotherapy. Raised with a shared love of literature and poetry, graduating with dual degrees at UCLA, he always wanted to be a writer and said his mother was an enormous source of support and encouragement. “Having her faith in me was like carrying around the Hammer of Thor,” he recalled.
Inspired and influenced by greats such as Dylan Thomas, Charles Bukowski and Raymond Carver, Irish, took the title Eighteen Straight Whiskeys from fellow Celt Thomas—it was one of the last things the Welsh writer said before he died. Soul Stealer Soul Stealer is a graphic novel series about a Frankenstein-like protagonist, who searches for his lost love Oxania over the span of several centuries; the horror-fantasy trilogy was illustrated by artist Christopher Shy and released by Blackwatch Comics, with a foreward by Peter Straub. Keith Howell of Intelligent Designs described as “One of the most profoundly moving stories I’ve read”, while Aint It Cool News named it “Graphic Novel of the Year” in 2010. Credence In 2013, Easton released Credence with Blackwatch Comics; the story takes place in present-day New York City in the life of Danny Credence, a self-destructive, morally corrupt, methadone-addicted loner who has failed at both marriage and fatherhood. He’s left with only his career and family legacy as the most decorated detective in the city, is the only one disturbed enough to hunt an depraved serial killer, terrorizing its streets.
Writing in Ain't It Cool News, Keith Howell said, "Easton excels at delivering the inner darkness of human depravity while finding subtle ways to pierce the shadow with the sharp light of beauty. It's one more example of Easton pushing the boundaries of the box of public expectations, it delivers the goods like a solid police drama, but with a deeper spiritual resonance of how the bad choices we make drive the direction of our lives."Easton released a video and special preview edition of the sequel novel, with art by Steven Perkins, at San Diego Comic Con in 2015. The Green Woman Easton co-wrote The Green Woman for Vertigo Comics with award-winning horror writer Peter Straub; the artwork was by John Bolton. The story follows Fielding "Fee" Bandolier—the main character of Straub's Blue Rose Trilogy, as Fee plans to retire from his serial-killer career. At the same time, New York Detective Bob Steele is determined to hunt Fee down and capture him, in a final attempt at his own redemption; the two characters end up meeting at The Green Woman, an abandoned, run-down pub in the Midwest and end up facing worse horror than either had imagined, confront their fates.
Straub's novels have received several notable honors, including the Bram Stoker Award, World Fantasy Award, International Horror
Katherine Virginia "Kassie" DePaiva is an American actress and singer. She is best known for her role as Bobby Joe in the horror film Evil Dead II and her work in American daytime soap operas, she is known for her portrayal of Blair Cramer on ABC's One Life to Live. Other roles included Chelsea Reardon on Guiding Light, her current role as Eve Donovan on NBC's Days of Our Lives. DePaiva began her career at 18 as a solo artist at the Grand Ole Opry. After her stint in Nashville, she attended both Indiana University and UCLA, studying theatre, dropping out before graduation to entertain USO troops in Asia, she appeared as a contestant on the CBS game show Body Language, teaming with soap opera star Catherine Hickland. DePaiva made her debut in daytime originating the role of Chelsea Reardon on Guiding Light. On Monday, November 29, 1993, she began portraying her most notable role, the part of Blair Daimler Cramer on One Life to Live portrayed by half-Asian actress, Mia Korf, she first appeared Friday, December 17, 1993, was with OLTL for nearly 19 years until the series was canceled.
DePaiva's pairing with the character Todd Manning struck a cord with viewers. In 2012, she reprised her role of Blair for several guest stints on ABC's daytime serial General Hospital. In January 2014, Soap Opera Digest confirmed that DePaiva had joined the cast of the NBC serial Days of Our Lives as Eve Donovan. DePaiva made her debut on July 18, 2014. In September 2015, DePaiva was let go from the soap, with her last appearance on February 2, 2016. DePaiva returned full-time on October 27, 2017. DePaiva has been married to fellow One Life to Live actor James DePaiva since May 31, 1996, gave birth to their son, James Quentin DePaiva, on May 12, 1997, she was married to Richard C. Hankins. In August 2016, DePaiva announced she had been diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia the month prior. Todd Manning and Blair Cramer Official website The Kassie DePaiva Page Kassie DePaiva on IMDb
American Broadcasting Company
The American Broadcasting Company is an American commercial broadcast television network, a flagship property of Walt Disney Television, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company. The network is headquartered in Burbank, California on Riverside Drive, directly across the street from Walt Disney Studios and adjacent to the Roy E. Disney Animation Building, But the network's second corporate headquarters and News headquarters remains in New York City, New York at their broadcast center on 77 West 66th Street in Lincoln Square in Upper West Side Manhattan. Since 2007, when ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Broadcasting, ABC has reduced its broadcasting operations exclusively to television; the fifth-oldest major broadcasting network in the world and the youngest of the Big Three television networks, ABC is nicknamed as "The Alphabet Network", as its initialism represents the first three letters of the English alphabet, in order. ABC launched as a radio network on October 12, 1943, serving as the successor to the NBC Blue Network, purchased by Edward J. Noble.
It extended its operations to television in 1948, following in the footsteps of established broadcast networks CBS and NBC. In the mid-1950s, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, a chain of movie theaters that operated as a subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Leonard Goldenson, the head of UPT, made the new television network profitable by helping develop and greenlight many successful series. In the 1980s, after purchasing an 80 percent interest in cable sports channel ESPN, the network's corporate parent, American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. merged with Capital Cities Communications, owner of several print publications, television and radio stations. In 1996, most of Capital Cities/ABC's assets were purchased by The Walt Disney Company; the television network has eight owned-and-operated and over 232 affiliated television stations throughout the United States and its territories. Some of the ABC-affiliated stations can be seen in Canada via pay-television providers, certain other affiliates can be received over-the-air in areas within the Canada–United States border.
ABC News provides news and features content for select radio stations owned by Citadel Broadcasting, which purchased the ABC Radio properties in 2007. In the 1930s, radio in the United States was dominated by three companies: the Columbia Broadcasting System, the Mutual Broadcasting System, the National Broadcasting Company; the last was owned by electronics manufacturer Radio Corporation of America, which owned two radio networks that each ran different varieties of programming, NBC Blue and NBC Red. The NBC Blue Network was created in 1927 for the primary purpose of testing new programs on markets of lesser importance than those served by NBC Red, which served the major cities, to test drama series. In 1934, Mutual filed a complaint with the Federal Communications Commission regarding its difficulties in establishing new stations, in a radio market, being saturated by NBC and CBS. In 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the practices of radio networks and published its report on the broadcasting of network radio programs in 1940.
The report recommended that RCA give up control of either NBC NBC Blue. At that time, the NBC Red Network was the principal radio network in the United States and, according to the FCC, RCA was using NBC Blue to eliminate any hint of competition. Having no power over the networks themselves, the FCC established a regulation forbidding licenses to be issued for radio stations if they were affiliated with a network which owned multiple networks that provided content of public interest. Once Mutual's appeals against the FCC were rejected, RCA decided to sell NBC Blue in 1941, gave the mandate to do so to Mark Woods. RCA converted the NBC Blue Network into an independent subsidiary, formally divorcing the operations of NBC Red and NBC Blue on January 8, 1942, with the Blue Network being referred to on-air as either "Blue" or "Blue Network"; the newly separated NBC Red and NBC Blue divided their respective corporate assets. Between 1942 and 1943, Woods offered to sell the entire NBC Blue Network, a package that included leases on landlines, three pending television licenses, 60 affiliates, four operations facilities, contracts with actors, the brand associated with the Blue Network.
Investment firm Dillon, Read & Co. offered $7.5 million to purchase the network, but the offer was rejected by Woods and RCA president David Sarnoff. Edward J. Noble, the owner of Life Savers candy, drugstore chain Rexall and New York City radio station WMCA, purchased the network for $8 million. Due to FCC ownership rules, the transaction, to include the purchase of three RCA stations by Noble, would require him to resell his station with the FCC's approval; the Commission authorized the transaction on October 12, 1943. Soon afterward, the Blue Network was purchased by the new company Noble founded, the American Broadcasting System. Noble subsequently acquired the rights to the American Broadcasting Company name from George B. Storer in 1944. Meanwhile, in August 1944, the West Coast division of the Blue Network, which owned San Francisco radio station KGO, bought Los Angeles station KECA f
General Hospital is an American daytime television medical drama. It is listed in Guinness World Records as the longest-running American soap opera in production and the second longest-running drama in television in American history after Guiding Light. Concurrently, it is the world's third longest-running scripted drama series in production after British serials The Archers and Coronation Street, as well as the world's second-longest-running televised soap opera still in production. General Hospital premiered on the ABC television network on April 1, 1963. Same-day broadcasts as well as classic episodes were aired on SOAPnet from January 20, 2000, to December 31, 2013, following Disney-ABC's decision to discontinue the network. General Hospital is the longest-running serial produced in Hollywood, the longest-running entertainment program in ABC television history, it holds the record for most Daytime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Drama Series, with 13 wins. The show was created by husband-and-wife soap writers Frank and Doris Hursley, who set it in a general hospital, in an unnamed fictional city.
In the 1970s, the city was named New York. From its beginning, General Hospital starred John Beradino and Emily McLaughlin, both actors stayed with the show until their deaths in 1996 and 1991 respectively, they were joined a year by Rachel Ames who remains to date the longest serving actress on an ABC soap opera, having been continuously on the show from 1964 to 2007. General Hospital was the second soap to air on ABC. In 1964, a sister soap was created for The Young Marrieds. General Hospital spawned a primetime spinoff with the same name in the United Kingdom from 1972 to 1979, as well as the daytime series Port Charles and the primetime spin-off General Hospital: Night Shift in the United States. Taped at The Prospect Studios, General Hospital aired for a half-hour until July 23, 1976; the series was expanded from 30 minutes to 45 minutes on July 26, 1976, to a full hour on January 16, 1978. Since the late 1970s, most of the storylines have revolved around the Quartermaines and the Spencers.
From 1979 to 1988, General Hospital had more viewers than any other daytime soap opera. It rose to the top of the ratings in the early 1980s in part thanks to the monumentally popular "supercouple" Luke and Laura, whose 1981 wedding brought in 30 million viewers and remains the highest-rated hour in American soap opera history; the soap opera is known for its high-profile celebrity guest stars who have included, among others, Roseanne Barr, James Franco and Elizabeth Taylor. In 2007, the program was listed as one of Time magazine's "100 Best TV Shows of All-TIME." On April 23, 2009, General Hospital began broadcasting in high definition, making it the first ABC soap opera to make such a transition. The serial aired its 14,000th episode on February 23, 2018. General Hospital became the oldest American soap opera on September 17, 2010, following the final broadcast of CBS' As the World Turns. On April 14, 2011, ABC announced the cancellation of both All My Children and One Life to Live, leaving General Hospital as the last remaining soap opera airing on the network after January 13, 2012.
The show celebrated its 50th anniversary on April 1, 2013. General Hospital was created by Frank and Doris Hursley and premiered on April 1, 1963; the first stories were set on the seventh floor of General Hospital, in an unnamed midsize Eastern city. "They had this concept of the show that it was like a big wagon wheel – the spokes would be the characters and the hub would be the hospital," John Beradino reflected to Entertainment Weekly in 1994. Launched in 1963, the first stories were set at General Hospital in an unnamed midsized Eastern city; the name of the city, Port Charles, would not be mentioned until 1976 by headwriters Eileen and Robert Mason Pollock. Storylines revolved around his friend, Nurse Jessie Brewer. Jessie's turbulent marriage to the much-younger Dr. Phil Brewer was the center of many early storylines. In 1964 Audrey March, a flight attendant and sister of Nurse Lucille, came to town, was the woman who won Steve's heart. By the end of the 1970s, General Hospital was facing dire ratings when executive producer Gloria Monty was brought in to turn the show around.
Monty is credited with creation of the first supercouple, Luke Spencer and Laura Webber, played by Anthony Geary and Genie Francis. The end of their hour wedding on November 17, 1981, was the most-watched event in daytime serial history. During the 1980s, the series featured several high-profile action and some science fiction-based storylines. Location shooting at sites including Mount Rushmore in South Dakota. After Gloria Monty first left the series in 1987, General Hospital entered into a transitional phase that lasted until Wendy Riche took the position of executive producer in 1992. Under Riche, the show gained critical acclaim for its sensitive handling of social issues. In 1994, Riche started an annual Nurses' Ball, a fundraiser and AIDS awareness event both on the show and in real life; that year, a heart transplant storyline involves the death of eight-year-old B. J
Starr Manning is a fictional character from the daytime drama One Life to Live. Born onscreen on January 8, 1996, the role was portrayed by infant children. In 1998, Starr was aged when young actress Kristen Alderson debuted in the childhood role, which retconned the character's birth year to 1992. Following the cancellation of One Life to Live and its conclusion in 2012, Alderson carried the role over to ABC's last remaining soap opera, General Hospital, winning a Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Younger Actress for the portrayal in 2013. Alderson is the second One Life to Live actor after Gerald Anthony to win an Emmy for a crossover role to General Hospital. Starr is the oldest child of Blair Cramer. Starr and younger brother, are the only two characters biologically related to both longtime One Life to Live rivals Victoria Lord and Dr. Dorian Cramer Lord; the character's most significant storylines featured her dealing with her parents' volatile relationship, her early adolescent friendship with Matthew Buchanan, portrayed by Alderson's real-life brother and her close friendship with Langston Wilde, as well as her romantic relationships with Cole Thornhart and James Ford on One Life to Live and Michael Corinthos on General Hospital.
The role of Starr was originated by child actors and Natalie Jamnik who appeared in the role from in January 1996 upon the character's birth onscreen. The Jamnik sisters departed from the series in January 1998 and Meghan Rayder appeared in the role throughout February 1998. Kristen Alderson first made her debut in the role of Starr Manning on March 20, 1998 on One Life to Live. After a 3-year stint, in April 2001, Alderson signed a 5-year contract making her at the time the youngest performer in daytime television to appear in a contract role. In the spring of 2009, rumors began to circulate that Alderson was about to leave the series due to her not getting along with co-star, Brandon Buddy who played Cole Thornhart. However, Alderson revealed in an interview that both rumors were false. Upon the serial's cancellation, it was announced that production company Prospect Park would continue production of the series, along with ABC's other cancelled soap opera All My Children as web series. In October 2011, it was reported that Alderson was in negotiations to continue with the soap opera online.
However, Soaps In Depth confirmed that Alderson and her brother, had declined the offer to continue with the series, would be relocating to California. Two days before the airing of One Life to Live's series finale on ABC, the network announced that Alderson, several other co-stars including her onscreen parents Kassie DePaiva and Roger Howarth would be reprising their roles on the last remaining ABC soap opera, General Hospital. Alderson began taping her first scenes on January 27 and several days revealed through Twitter that she had signed a three-year deal, it was announced that Van Hughes would reprise his role as Cole. Alderson would make her first appearance during the week of February 20, with she and Hughes first appearing on February 24. In January 2013, news broke that Alderson and other One Life to Live co-stars, airing on General Hospital were to depart or "at least temporarily exit". One Life to Live was in the process of being brought back by Prospect Park's The Online Network, according to Zap2it, "Prospect Park realizes these three characters could help draw fans to the new One Life There are ongoing talks between ABC and Prospect Park about the characters returning to General Hospital at some point, which could be fine with as they want to go much younger with their soaps."
However, it was confirmed that Starr would not appear on either soap opera until a contractual agreement is signed. At the time, Prospect Park owned the rights to all One Life to Live characters; as a result, Alderson made her final appearance as Starr on General Hospital on March 20, 2013. She returned to the series in May as Kiki Jerome; as a child, Starr is known for her mischievous behavior, exacerbated by her parents' chaotic relationship. Still as strong-willed as Starr nonetheless settles down during her teen years. Alderson described Starr as being stubborn when she does not get things her way or when someone goes against what she believes is right. "When Starr was younger, she was a brat and if she wanted something, she would fight until she got it," Alderson said. Though Starr mellows out during her teen years, a 2010 storyline in which another girl threatens her relationship with Cole forces the character to revert to her old ways. Alderson said, "Lately, we haven't seen that side of her.
The fans were missing that spunk and backbone, so they'll be excited to see Starr back in her element. She's going to fight for what she believes in." In a 2009 interview, Michael Fairman highlighted that Starr changed a lot after becoming a teenage mother. Alderson said that the storyline helped her mature and allowed the maturation of the character. Starr shares similarities with both her parents. Much like her mother, when Starr is distraught, she leans on the nearest man; this is displayed on two separate occasions when Starr falls for other guys due to her relationship with Cole being in shambles. In 2007, the series produced "Prom Night: The Musical", a number of mu