The Kronos Quartet is an American string quartet based in San Francisco. They have been in existence with a rotating membership of musicians for over forty years; the quartet covers a broad range of musical genres, including contemporary classical music. More than 900 works have been written for them; the quartet was founded by violinist David Harrington in Washington. Its first performance was in November 1973. Since 1978, the quartet has been based in California; the longest-running combination of performers had Harrington and John Sherba on violin, Hank Dutt on viola, Joan Jeanrenaud on cello. In 1999, Joan Jeanrenaud left Kronos because she was "eager for something new". In June 2013, Zeigler was replaced by Sunny Yang. With over forty studio albums to their credit and having performed worldwide, they were called "probably the most famous'new music' group in the world" and were praised in philosophical studies of music for the inclusiveness of their repertoire. By the time the quartet celebrated their twenty-fifth anniversary in 1999, they had a repertoire of over 600 works, which included 400 string quartets written for them, more than 3,000 performances, seven first-prize ASCAP awards, Edison Awards in classical and popular music, had sold more than 1.5 million records.
When Kronos turned 30, in 2003, they decided on a commissioning process for composers under the age of 30, in the hope of bringing some of the talented young composers to light. The program, called the Under 30 Project, is now run in cooperation with Carnegie Hall, Cal Performances at the University of California and the Montalvo Arts Center; the first recipient was Alexandra du Bois, followed by Felipe Perez Santiago, Dan Visconti. To celebrate the fortieth year of the organization, the Kronos Quartet decided to return to Seattle, the city in which they first played, work in collaboration with Seattle's Degenerate Art Ensemble to create a piece incorporating music and video, they celebrated their 40th anniversary with a sold-out performance at Zellerbach Hall, UC Berkeley, in December 2013. The same year, Michael Giacchino, a soundtrack composer who names his pieces with puns, published a piece named after them as a part of the soundtrack to Star Trek Into Darkness, for a scene that takes place on the fictional planet "Kronos".
Over 900 pieces have been created for the Kronos Quartet, which has a long history of commissioning new works. They have worked with many minimalist composers including John Adams, Arvo Pärt, George Crumb, Henryk Górecki, Steve Reich, Roberto Paci Dalò, Philip Glass, Terry Riley, Kevin Volans; some of Kronos' string-quartet arrangements were published in 2007. Kronos covers a broad range of musical genres: Mexican folk, pre-classical early music, movie soundtracks and tango. Kronos has recorded adaptations of Jimi Hendrix's "Purple Haze", Sigur Rós's "Flugufrelsarinn", Television's "Marquee Moon", Raymond Scott's "Dinner Music for a Pack of Hungry Cannibals", Bob Dylan's "Don't Think Twice, It's All Right". Kronos has worked with a variety of global musicians, including Bollywood playback singer Asha Bhosle. Kronos has performed live with the poet Allen Ginsberg, Astor Piazzolla, The National, the Modern Jazz Quartet, Tom Waits, David Bowie, Paul McCartney and Björk, has recorded with Nelly Furtado, Rokia Traoré, Joan Armatrading, Brazilian electronica artist Amon Tobin, Texas yodeler Don Walser, Faith No More, Tiger Lillies and David Grisman.
On the 1998 Dave Matthews Band album Before These Crowded Streets, Kronos Quartet performed on the tracks "Halloween" and "The Stone". They recorded for the 2007 Nine Inch Nails remix album, Year Zero Remixed doing a rendition of the track "Another Version of the Truth"", they performed Lee Brooks' score for the short film 2081, based on the Kurt Vonnegut short story "Harrison Bergeron." In 2009, the quartet contributed an acoustic version of Blind Willie Johnson's "Dark Was the Night" for the AIDS benefit album Dark Was the Night produced by the Red Hot Organization. In 2017, the quartet performed as featured artists on the songs "Lost Light" and "Journey" on the soundtrack to the videogame Destiny 2. Le Diapason d'Or de Mai 1997 Osvaldo Golijov's The Dreams and Prayers of Isaac the BlindRolf Schock Prize1999 Royal Swedish Academy of Music for Musical Arts in MusicMusical America 2003 Musicians of the YearGrammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance 2004 Alban Berg: Lyric SuiteGrammy Award for Best Small Ensemble Performance 2018 Laurie Anderson: LandfallNational Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences 2005 The Recording Academy President's Merit AwardPolar Music Prize 2011.
The announcement of the award said "For 40 years, the Kronos Quartet has been revolutionizing the potential of the string quartet genre when it comes to both style and content."WOMEX Awards 2018 WOMEX Artist Award – Since the in
Engineers Without Borders Australia is an Australian non-profit organisation with 20 active chapters, operating nationally and internationally with the published aim of improving the quality of life of disadvantaged communities through education and the implementation of sustainable engineering projects. EWB Australia was established in 2003 by a group of engineers from Melbourne who were motivated to take action on the developmental front through engineering. In its declaration of aims on its website, EWB Australia outlines four principal areas of focus: Clean Water and Hygiene Appropriate Housing Clean Energy Digital AccessEWB espouses a rights-based approach to sustainable development and advocates the creation of systemic change through humanitarian engineering; the EWB declares support for the UN Sustainable Development Goals, whose 17 goal areas it regards as replacing the Millennium Development Goals, using them as part of the framework through which it operates in partnership with developing communities.
The organisation offers assistance to entrepreneurs, ranging from problem identification to the design and support of solutions, with an emphasis on education and training. EWB engages with engineering students, professionals in the industry as well as the broader community in three key areas: Programs and Advocacy. In its 2005 Conference held at the University of Melbourne, "necessary steps and actions to foster effective development at the grass roots, identify the social, cultural and environmental aspects of development work" were tabled for debate. At its Engage 2009 National Conference, prominent reporter Eric Campbell gave a talk entitled'Reporting on the World'; the 2011 Conference was held at Fremantle with a focus on "undergraduate engineering experience, with engineering academics from all around the world presenting on their research and practice". In 2017 EWB granted an Innovation Award to students at the University of Canterbury, EWB Australia official website EWB Monash Chapter EWB YouTube channel
Arno Breitmeyer was a German sport official. He began his sports career as a successful competition rower. In 1933 he became editor of the sports section of the Völkischer Beobachter. Arno Breitmeyer joined the NSDAP in May 1933, he rose to become an important sports official of the Third Reich. Breitmeyer was first adviser and vice president of the Reich Sports Office during Hans von Tschammer und Osten's tenure as Reichs Sports Leader. Arno Breitmeyer was commissioned by von Tschammer to write an extensive illustrated report on the organized sports activities in the Third Reich. Breitmeyer was assisted by Adolf Hitler's personal photographer Heinrich Hoffmann in the venture; the first volume was printed in 1934 by the publishing house of the German Sports Aid Funds. Only volume one and two of a planned series of illustrated four volumes were published; the purpose of this book was to advertise the importance of physical exercise among the National Socialists. This propaganda work has many pictures and information about the various Nazi organizations, i.e. SA, NSKK, Bund Deutscher Mädel, Hitler Jugend, etc.
At von Tschammer's death in 1943 Arno Breitmeyer became the leader. There is some controversy regarding Arno Breitmeyer's attitude towards the Nazi regime; some sources claim that he was known for his anti-Semitic views. Other sources, state that he joined the Nazi party early, displaying Nazi zeal, in order to protect his wife, of Jewish origin. Breitmeyer was an Oberregierungsrat candidate to be a member of the Reichstag in 1938. At the time of his death in 1944 he was an SA Brigadeführer, ranked as Generalmajor. Breitmeyer was succeeded as Reichssportführer by Karl Ritter von Halt. Arno Breitmeyer & P. G. Hoffmann, Sport und Staat. Im Auftrage des Reichssportführers, Selbstverlag des Hilfsfonds für den Deutschen Sport, 1934.. German Jewish Sport 1898–1938 and the Anti-Semitic Discourse