Kruševac

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Kruševac
Град Крушевац
City
City of Kruševac
Ks panorama1.jpg
Lazarica Church.jpg Zgrada okružnog načelstva u Kruševcu 2.JPG
Clockwise, from top: Panorama of Kruševac, County Authorities Building, Lazarica Church
Flag of Kruševac
Flag
Coat of arms of Kruševac
Coat of arms
Location of the city of Kruševac within Serbia
Location of the city of Kruševac within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°35′N 21°19′E / 43.583°N 21.317°E / 43.583; 21.317Coordinates: 43°35′N 21°19′E / 43.583°N 21.317°E / 43.583; 21.317
Country  Serbia
Region Šumadija and Western Serbia
District Rasina
Founded 1371
Founded by Lazar of Serbia
Settlements 101
 • Mayor (SNS)
Area[1]
Area rank 20th
 • Administrative 854 km2 (330 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Rank 7th
 • Urban 73,316
 • Administrative 128,752
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 37000
Area code +381(0)37
Car plates
Website www.krusevac.rs

Kruševac (Serbian: Крушевац [krûʃeʋat͡s] (About this sound listen)) is a city and the administrative center of the Rasina District in central Serbia. It is located in the valley of West Morava, on Rasina river. According to the 2011 census, the administrative area has a population of 128,752, while the city urban area has 73,316.

The city was founded in 1371, by Prince Lazar of Serbia (1371–1389), who used it as his seat.

History[edit]

The etymology is derived from the Serbian word for "river stone", krušac which was largely used for a building at that time.

Kruševac was founded in 1371, as a fortified town in the possession of Lord Lazar Hrebeljanović, the Lazarica Church (or Church of St, Stephen) was built by Lazar between 1375–78, in the Morava architectural style.[3] It is mentioned in one of Lazar's edicts in 1387, as his seat, when he affirmed the rights of Venetian merchants on Serbian territory; in preparation for the Battle of Kosovo (1389) against the Ottoman Empire, the Serbian army assembled in the city. The site of Lazar's palace is marked by a ruined enclosure containing a fragment of the tower of his spouse Princess Milica, and, according to legend, tidings of the defeat were brought to her by crows from the battlefield, after the battle, the city was held by Princess Milica as her seat. The little that remains of Lazar's city is the Kruševac Fortress, which was declared a Cultural Monument of Exceptional Importance in 1979.[4] Several old Ottoman houses were left at the beginning of the 20th century, besides an old Turkish fountain and bath, which was known as Alacahisar (Aladža Hisar) during Ottoman rule between 1427–1833 (nominally to 1867) when Kruševac was the seat of the Sanjak of Kruševac, the Ottoman rule was interrupted during Austrian occupations between 1688–1690 and 1717–1739.

A large monument dedicated to the fallen Serbs at the Battle of Kosovo was sculpted by Petar Ubaković (1852–1910). A part of the monument is also a statue of the famous blind Serbian poet Filip Višnjić.

During World War II there was a mass executions of patriots and antifascists on hill Bagdala. Largest execution was in summer of 1943, at place of executions now is a monument named Slobodište (from the serbian word "sloboda" what means freedom). Kruševac was liberated on 14. october when chetnik collaborators and Germans together left the city.

Kruševac had a large progress during period of SFRY, that period, large number of factories were built and Kruševac become one of strongest industrial centrals in Serbia and Yugoslavia. Machine factory IMK 14. oktobar Kruševac emploed around 7 000 workers.

But large Kruševac industry have not survived the NATO bombing and post-Milošević transition; in 2002 alone 5 factories went bankrupt.[5] From 2002 to 2014 27 factories closed and around 11,000 workers lost their jobs[6], the unemployment rate in Kruševac is 39%.[7]

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the city urban area, the city administrative area includes the following 101 settlements:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1948 87,853 —    
1953 94,827 +1.54%
1961 103,190 +1.06%
1971 118,016 +1.35%
1981 132,972 +1.20%
1991 138,111 +0.38%
2002 131,368 −0.45%
2011 128,752 −0.22%
Source: [8]

According to the 2011 census results, the city of Kruševac has a total population of 128,752 inhabitants, the ethnic composition of the city administrative area:

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 122,529
Roma 2,461
Montenegrins 282
Macedonians 200
Croats 107
Yugoslavs 86
Total 128,752

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2015):[9]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 354
Mining 12
Processing industry 6,825
Distribution of power, gas and water 706
Distribution of water and water waste management 733
Construction 1,235
Wholesale and retail, repair 4,943
Traffic, storage and communication 1,520
Hotels and restaurants 767
Media and telecommunications 328
Finance and insurance 406
Property stock and charter 22
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 854
Administrative and other services 409
Administration and social assurance 1,902
Education 2,095
Healthcare and social work 2,947
Art, leisure and recreation 478
Other services 664
Total 27,201

Politics[edit]

Seats in the city parliament won in the 2016 local elections:

Party Seats
Serbian Progressive Party 53
Socialist Party of Serbia 8
Democratic Party 4
United Serbia 4
Independent MP 1

Sports[edit]

The city's main football club is FK Napredak Kruševac, who regularly play in the Serbian SuperLiga.

Famous residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kruševac is twinned with:

Other forms of co-operation and city friendship similar to the twin/sister city programmes:

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  3. ^ Filip Jovanovic i Djordje Banovic. "Istorija – Crkva Lazarica – Kruševac – Srpska Pravoslavna Crkva". Lazarica.rs. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  4. ^ Monuments of Culture in Serbia: ЦРКВА СВ.СТЕФАНА ЛАЗАРИЦА СА КРУШЕВАЧКИМ ГРАДОМ (SANU) (in Serbian) (in English)
  5. ^ http://krusevacgrad.rs/svi-nasi-porazi-vecina-krusevackih-restrukturasa-zavrsila-u-stecaju/
  6. ^ http://krusevacgrad.rs/svi-nasi-porazi-vecina-krusevackih-restrukturasa-zavrsila-u-stecaju/
  7. ^ http://www.blic.rs/vesti/politika/pajtic-krusevac-dotakao-dno-za-vreme-vlasti-sns/ed111nx
  8. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2016" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  10. ^ "AllCorfu.Com: Corfu's Twin Cities". allcorfu.com. Retrieved 25 February 2010. 

External links[edit]