click links in text for more info


Kryptonians are a fictional extraterrestrial race of humanoids within the DC Comics universe that originated on the planet Krypton. The term originated from the stories of Superman; the stories use "Kryptonian" as an adjective to refer to anything created by or associated with the planet itself or the cultures that existed on it. Members of the dominant species of the planet Krypton are indistinguishable from humans in terms of their appearance. In some continuities Kryptonians are difficult to clone because their DNA is so complex that human science is not advanced enough to decipher it; the cellular structure of Kryptonians allows for solar energy to be absorbed at high levels. On the planet Krypton, whose parent star has been depicted as an ancient red supergiant with a low energy output, their natural abilities were the same as humans; when exposed to a young yellow star like Earth's Sun, much smaller than their own sun and with a vastly higher energy output, their bodies are able to absorb and process so much energy that it manifests as vast superhuman powers.

All Kryptonians were killed when the planet exploded shortly after the infant Kal-El was sent to Earth. In some continuities, he is the planet's only survivor. Kal-El can lead an alter ego as Clark Kent. In both Silver Age and Modern Age continuity, Kryptonians have more than one ethnic group, such as dark-skinned Kryptonians from Krypton's Vathlo Island that resemble Earth humans of Sub-Saharan African descent and a group from the continent of Twenx that resemble Earth Asian and Latino peoples. In the first stories about Superman's origins, all Kryptonians possess on their homeworld the same powers Superman has on Earth. In depictions, their abilities are attributed to the differences between Earth's gravity and that of Krypton and the different radiation of the stars they orbit. Kryptonians use solar energy from yellow, orange or white stars on the cellular and molecular levels to gain superhuman abilities; the light of dwarf stars and quasars grants Kryptonians different abilities. Some stories show that Kryptonians have bioelectric fields that surround their bodies and protect them from harm and which are the means by which Kryptonians fly.

Certain individuals have sometimes been depicted with "tactile telekinesis". The abilities of Kryptonians develop. Mating between Kryptonians and other species is difficult because Kryptonian DNA is so complex as to be nearly incompatible with that of other species; the only notable exception is represented by the original native Daxamite population. Breeding between Kryptonian explorers and this race created a new Kryptonian hybrid race that could interbreed with a larger number of humanoid races—including Earth humans. No other races are yet known to exhibit the same degree of compatibility of the native Daxamites. However, in some continuations humans are not only able to reproduce with Kryptonians, but are able to create fertile offspring with them. Superpowered Kryptonians are vulnerable to kryptonite, radioactive remnants of Krypton and black holes. Kryptonians are a culturally and technologically advanced people. Self-grown crystals, both natural and synthetic, which covered the vast majority of their planet's surface gave their homeworld a bluish hue when viewed from space and underlay Kryptonian technology.

Small crystals can hold vast amounts of information. The Fortress of Solitude is portrayed as a recreation of Krypton's surface and a storehouse for all the knowledge that the Kryptonian race had obtained. A pictographic crest or symbol represents House. According to the Superman movie and sequels, a shape similar to the Latin letter "S" represents the House of El, for example. Superman wears this same symbol on his costume, which therefore serves a dual purpose: it displays his Kryptonian heritage, as well as functioning as the "S" for Superman. Male Kryptonians are identified by hyphenated names, which identify both them and their houses, such as "Jor-El" and "Kal-El". Female Kryptonians take their father's name as their last name. For example, Kal-El's mother is named Lara Lor-Van, taken from her father's name; the different Houses were broken up into a loosely-based caste system as well. The Religious, Artist and Science castes had representation on the ruling council, while the Worker caste did not.

The different castes lived in buildings with different architectural styles that represented various styles throughout Krypton's history. The severe xenophobia of Kryptonian society conveniently explains Kal-El's being the first Kryptonian to leave the planet. Non-superpowered Kryptonians are genetically dependent to their home planet, he was devoid of any Kryptonian minerals, because any such minerals would turn to kryptonite upon leaving Krypton's atmosphere. Kryptonians are evolutionarily related to the also-severely xenophobic Daxamites; the Daxamites remain that way up through the 31st century. Kryptonian law did not believe in capital punishment. Instead, the worst criminals were

National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics

The National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics is a college athletics association for small colleges and universities in North America. For the 2018–2019 season, it has 251 member institutions, of which two are in British Columbia, one in the U. S. Virgin Islands, the rest in the conterminous United States; the NAIA, whose headquarters is in Kansas City, sponsors 26 national championships. The CBS Sports Network called CSTV, serves as the national media outlet for the NAIA. In 2014, ESPNU began carrying the NAIA Football National Championship. In 1937, Dr. James Naismith and local leaders staged the first National College Basketball Tournament at Municipal Auditorium in Kansas City—one year before the first National Invitation Tournament and two years before the first NCAA Tournament; the goal of the tournament was to establish a forum for small colleges and universities to determine a national basketball champion. The original eight-team tournament expanded to 32 teams in 1938. On March 10, 1940, the National Association for Intercollegiate Basketball was formed in Kansas City, Missouri.

In 1952, the NAIB was transformed into the NAIA, with that came the sponsorship of additional sports such as men's golf and outdoor track and field. Football in the NAIA was split based on enrollment; the 1948 NAIB national tournament was the first intercollegiate postseason to feature a black student-athlete, Clarence Walker of Indiana State under coach John Wooden. Wooden had withdrawn from the 1947 tournament; the association furthered its commitment to African-American athletes when, in 1953, it became the first collegiate association to invite black colleges and universities into its membership. In 1957, Tennessee A&I became the first black institution to win a collegiate basketball national championship. In 1959 Southern University became the first HBCU to win the NAIA Baseball championship; the NAIA began sponsoring intercollegiate championships for women in 1980, the second coed national athletics association to do so, offering collegiate athletics championships to women in basketball, cross country, gymnastics and outdoor track and field, softball and diving, tennis and volleyball.

The National Junior College Athletic Association had established a women's division in the spring of 1975 and held the first women's national championship volleyball tournament that fall. In 1997, Liz Heaston became the first female college athlete to play and score in a college football game when she kicked two extra points during the 1997 Linfield vs. Willamette football game. Launched in 2000 by the NAIA, the Champions of Character program promotes character and sportsmanship through athletics; the Champions of Character conducts clinics and has developed an online training course to educate athletes and athletic administrators with the skills necessary to promote character development in the context of sport. In 2010, the association opened the doors to the NAIA Eligibility Center, where prospective student-athletes are evaluated for academic and athletic eligibility, it delivers on the NAIA’s promise of integrity by leveling the playing field, guiding student-athlete success, ensuring fair competition.

Membership – The NAIA was the first association to admit colleges and universities from outside the United States. The NAIA began admitting Canadian members in 1967. Football – The NAIA was the first association to send a football team to Europe to play. In the summer of 1976, the NAIA sent Henderson State and Texas A&I to play 5 exhibition games in West Berlin, Nuremberg and Paris; the NAIA sponsors 14 sports. The NAIA recognizes three levels of competitions: "emerging", "invitational", "championship"; the association conducts, or has conducted in the past, championship tournaments in the following sports. Men's Basketball Division I Division II Women's Basketball Division I Division II The NAIA men's basketball championship is the longest-running collegiate National Championship of any sport in the United States; the tournament was the brainchild of creator of the game of basketball. The event began in 1937 with the inaugural tournament at Municipal Auditorium in Kansas City, Missouri; the 2017 men's championship marked the 80th edition of what has been tabbed College Basketball’s Toughest Tournament.

The tournament has awarded the Chuck Taylor Most Valuable Player award since 1939, as well as the Charles Stevenson Hustle Award, the basis for Pete Rose's nickname, given to him by Whitey Ford. Basketball is the only NAIA sport in which the organization's member institutions are aligned into divisions. Effective with the 2020–21 academic year, the NAIA will return to a single division for both men's and women's basketball. Gymnastics Men's Women's Ice Hockey Water Polo The NAIA has 21 member conferences, including 9 that sponsor football, the Association of Independent Institutions. Central States Football League Mid-States Football Association (MSF

The Greyness of Autumn

The Greyness of Autumn is a short comedy film following the life of Danny McGuire, an ostrich living in Glasgow. The film was produced by Quick Off The Mark Productions and marked the directorial debut for Chris Quick. Danny McGuire is an ostrich, his life seems to be stable with a decent job and a girlfriend of many years. However, on the first day of autumn, Dannys life is turned upside down when he learns that his job is being outsourced to India; that same night, his girlfriend tells him that she has met another man and is leaving him. Distraught by the events of the day, Danny turns to his flat mate Nelson at the local pub but their conversation is cut short when a fight breaks about between the pub landlord Barry and Nelson. Danny slips away unnoticed from the bar and heads home to drown his sorrows. Upon his way home, Danny unexpectedly walks into the path of a mugger who holds him at knifepoint demanding his shoes. Despite attempts to inform the mugger that he has no shoes, Danny is knocked out by a punch to the face.

After reflecting on recent events over a bottle of whiskey, Danny soon comes to realise that he can't escape the vicious cycle known as'The Greyness of Autumn' and realises that society will never accept him for being different and that Danny could only be free if he ended his life. The film was released on 28 December 2012 and had its first public screening in April 2013 at the Centre for Contemporary Arts in Glasgow where it was shown alongside The Priest with Two Guns by Rodney Reynolds. Both films coincidentally had Duncan Airlie James in the leading role. Throughout 2013, the film appeared at a number of festivals in the United Kingdom including the Edinburgh Short Film Festival and the Deep Fried Film Festival. Internationally, the film was screened in various countries including the United States where it featured in the Big Little Comedy Festival, it was shown at the Dublin Short Film & Music Festival in Ireland. The Greyness of Autumn received positive reviews from critics. In the United Kingdom, MovieScramble said: "The fact that there are more than a few memorable moments in the film is a testament to the quality of the writing.

A nicely paced, bone dry comedy, a splendid way to spend fourteen minutes." The London Film Review and ScreenCritix both gave the film 4 out of 5 stars with Edmond Guy adding: "The director did a fantastic job of bringing human elements to a prop. A feat in itself." Internationally, the film received high praise with Mark Bell of Film Threat in the United States saying: "The Greyness of Autumn is an odd duck of a film. On the one hand, it is a bleak, downward spiral for Danny. On the other hand, it's all that. Which is what makes this entertaining because if it was just another dramatic story about a guy whose life goes to shit, it wouldn’t be that interesting". Canadian review site Pretty Clever Films wrote: "Quick is alarmingly funny; the film serves up a copious amount of black comedy. The film is intriguing because it’s so strange." In 2014, the film returned to the festival circuit appearing in the Southern Colorado Film Festival and the Portobello Film Festival. In November, the film screened at the Barossa Film Festival in South Australia.

In 2015, the film returned to Australia for the People of Passion Festival where it picked up the Best Short Comedy accolade. In 2013, the producers of the film considered a bid for the character Nelson to represent the United Kingdom at the 2014 edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. A support page was launched on Facebook but no song materialised and the bid was abandoned. On December 12, 2014, it was announced on the website of Quick Off The Mark Productions that writing had begun on a possible sequel to The Greyness of Autumn entitled Autumn Never Dies. A crowd funding campaign was launched on Kickstarter on 17 August 2015 to raise funds for the production and lasted for 30 days; the campaign raised £1,505 from 44 backers including former Gamesmaster host Dominik Diamond. The film is due for release in 2016; the Greyness of Autumn on IMDb British Film Council Listing

Elijah Hayward

Elijah Hayward was a lawyer in the U. S. State of Ohio who represented his county in the Ohio House of Representatives, sat on the Ohio Supreme Court for a short time, was Commissioner of the General Land Office, he was historian. Elijah Hayward was born in 1786 in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, he was descended from Thomas Hayward, one of the original proprietors of Bridgewater, who immigrated from England in 1634. His mother's ancestor came on the same ship passage. Hayward attended the village schools, in 1801 entered Bridgewater Academy, where he learnt English grammar and arithmetic for three months. Starting in late 1801, Hayward worked in stores in West Bridgewater, Plymouth. In 1803, he went to Hanover, he became partner with David Kingman in 1807, married his daughter, Eliza Kingman, February 19, 1809. He traveled to England on one of his ships, the Belfast, in 1812, returned to the U. S. in June of that year after hearing of the death of his partner and father-in-law Kingman. In Hanover, he decided to pursue the study of law at the office of esq..

His studies were delayed by the need to attend to his father-in-law's estate, including a return to London for a lawsuit. He returned to East Bridgewater to study under Nahum Mitchell. In the autumn of 1819, having studied law off and on for four and one half years, Hayward immigrated to Cincinnati, where he opened an office, he established a partnership with David Wade. In 1825, he was elected to represent Hamilton County in the Ohio House of Representatives, serving until 1829 in the 24th to 27th General Assemblies. In 1830, the two houses of the Ohio Legislature, in joint session, elected Hayward as a judge of the Ohio Supreme Court for a seven-year term, he only served a part of that year when he accepted an appointment from President Jackson as Commissioner of the General Land Office in Washington D. C. Hayward resigned in 1835, after his wife died, returned to Ohio and the practice of law. In April, 1851, Hayward was named State librarian by Ohio Governor Reuben Wood, he served until May 1854.

Judge Hayward was a dedicated genealogist, who would spend weeks at a time copying the records of Plymouth Colony and towns of Massachusetts. He was elected a corresponding member of the Massachusetts Historical Society in 1854, he was a member of the Royal Society of Northern Antiquaries of Copenhagen. He was elected a corresponding member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society in 1852, elected honorary vice-president for Ohio in 1855, his principal employment in years was in preparing briefs before the Ohio Supreme Court. He adhered to the Puritanism of his ancestors, before rejecting it to accept the Roman Catholic faith, he died in McConnelsville, Morgan County, Ohio in 1864. Hayward left one son, George Hayward, born Hanover, July 14, 1817. Vose Huntoon, Daniel Thomas. "Elijah Hayward". Memorial Biographies of the Society: 1864-1871. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society. Pp. 41–47. Ohio General Assembly. Manual of legislative practice in the General Assembly. State of Ohio.

Taylor, William Alexander. Ohio statesmen and annals of progress: from the year 1788 to the year 1900... State of Ohio. Gilkey, Elliott Howard, ed.. The Ohio Hundred Year Book: a Handbook of the Public Men and Public Institutions of Ohio... State of Ohio. Williamson, James A.. The Public Domain, its History, with Statistics. Government Printing Office. P. 166. "Elijah Hayward". The Supreme Court of Ohio & The Ohio Judicial System. Retrieved 2011-08-29. Elijah Hayward at Find a Grave

Shaving soap

Shaving soap is a hard soap, used to produce lather with using a shaving brush. The lather it produces is used to coat the face during shaving, softening the hair in preparation for shaving. While shaving soap produces plenty of dense and long-lasting lather, its use in modern times is less widespread and has been overtaken by various types of shaving cream. Hard shaving soaps in their modern form have existed since at least the early 19th century. Williams has been produced since 1840, a US patent for a shaving scuttle for use with a hard soap was granted in 1867. Shaving sticks have existed at least since the mid-19th century. Traditional shaving soap is sold as a round puck, either with a rounded bottom intended for use with a shaving scuttle or a flat bottom for use in a mug. High-end soaps may be sold with their own dishes made of either wood or ceramic, be formed to fit the dish with which the puck is sold. Shaving soap may be formed in a stick, sold either in a plastic tube or wrapped in foil or paper.

Shaving soap is more sold as rectangular bars. A hard shaving soap is used with a shaving brush to create lather for shaving. For soap in the form of a puck or bar, the brush is first soaked in water and swirled vigorously over the surface of the soap, causing moist soap to coat the brush's bristles; the brush is transferred either to a separate bowl or to the shaver's face to be lathered. Shaving sticks are used by rubbing the exposed end of the stick across the shaver's face, coating the face with soap; the soap is lathered with a moistened brush. Owing to their compact form and ease of use, shaving sticks are popular for use while traveling. Shaving soap is produced like a traditional soap with an ingredient selection oriented to producing a stable, slick lather, its manufacture differs from normal bath soap in that both potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide may be used as saponification agents. Sodium hydroxide creates a harder soap such as is used in pucks, where potassium hydroxide facilitates creation of a softer soap which loads on the brush more easily.

Tallow has been a popular ingredient in shaving soaps and is still in use in some traditional products. Palm oil is used as a substitute for tallow where animal fats are not desired. Other oils such as coconut oil are used. Component fatty acids such as stearic acid are used in shaving soaps for the properties which they contribute; the primary advantages of shaving soap over aerosol shaving creams is the additional hydration provided by shaving soaps. Shaving soaps are approved by the Transportation Security Administration and other airport security agencies as permitted in carry-on luggage. There is furthermore little risk of accidental discharge of the product during transport; the principal disadvantages of shaving soap is lack of space. Creating the lather and preparing the face is more time-consuming than with other shaving creams. In addition, use of a shaving mug and optionally a lather bowl, consumes more space and takes more time than most shaving creams do. Shaving soaps cost more when the shaving mug and soap is purchased.

These costs can be reduced by using mugs and bowls found in the kitchen, or purchased for a small amount at resale stores. Though shaving soaps may cost more when buying the soap and equipment, over a longer period of time, shaving soaps are comparable in cost, or cheaper than many shaving creams. Furthermore, shaving soaps have less ecological impact with respect to aerosol shaving creams. Aftershave Barber Bay rum Beard Burma-Shave Colognes Head shaving Leg shaving List of cleaning products Razors Saltwater soap Shaving cream Straight razor Schoen, Linda Allen, ed.. The AMA Book of Skin and Hair Care. J. B. Lippincott Company. ISBN 0380018713

The Tomb (2007 film)

HP Lovecraft's The Tomb is a 2007 American horror film directed by Ulli Lommel and starring Victoria Ullmann, Christian Behm, Gerard Griesbaum, Michael Barbour. It is based on H. P. Lovecraft's 1917 story, "The Tomb". However, the plot of the film is unrelated to the Lovecraft short story; the film was compared to the 2004 movie and the series was mentioned on the box art. The film is known as The Tomb, but the title on the DVD case is HP Lovecraft's The Tomb. However, on the film itself, the title is given as "H. P. Lovecraft The Tomb", with no apostrophe or's'. Tara and Billy awake in a dark basement or warehouse and covered with wounds; as they explore the empty surroundings, they find other wounded people who die in horrible ways at the hands of "The Puppetmaster," a sinister villain who plays a deadly game with them in which there will be only one survivor. H. P. Lovecraft is mentioned several times during the course of the film by some characters, the'Puppetmaster' is referred to as'Charles Dexter Ward' and one of his victims as'Pickman'.

However these passing references to Lovecraftian characters are irrelevant to the serial killer plot played out on screen. Production of HP Lovecraft's The Tomb took place during August 2005 in Marina Del Rey, California, at a warehouse on Princeton Drive that has since been demolished; the scenes at the "Palm Desert Motel" were shot on an indoor set at the same warehouse. Exteriors were shot in the high desert near California. Co-executive producer Jeff Frentzen is wearing the black gloves of the killer throughout the film; the Tomb on IMDb Movie trailer