University of Arizona School of Information

The University of Arizona School of Information is a multidisciplinary academic department and professional school in the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences focusing on the many aspects of information organization, management, or use and its impact on individuals and society. A combination of the School of Information Resources & Library Science and the School of Information: Science and Arts, this new department plays host to faculty and students engaged in research and education around all facets of the information sciences, without regard for disciplinary boundaries; as of March 2016, the School of Information has been invited to join the iSchools Organization, a collection of information schools dedicated to advancing the information field, thus establishing the department the first iSchool in the Southwest, as well as the only ALA-accredited library science program in the state of Arizona. The School of Information offers three undergraduate degrees, providing students with the broad knowledge and skills necessary to function in an information-based workforce.

The Bachelor of Arts in Information Science & Arts program focuses on topics such as digital aesthetics, information representation and computational art culture. The Bachelor of Arts in Information Science & e-Society program studies issues related to privacy, information manipulation and the impact of social media on daily life; the Bachelor of Science in Information Science & Technology explores topics such as machine learning, natural language processing and artificial intelligence. Undergraduate students work in or graduate to become professionals in the fields of information management, data analysis, social media marketing, web design, public relations. In the well-established Ph. D. and M. A. programs, as well as in the new M. S. in Information program, students prepare for a variety of settings to include museums, health contexts, for-profit business settings, community or organizational libraries, as well as context relative to defense and intelligence operations. The Master of Arts in Library and Information Science program focuses on information organization and culture, is the only American Library Association accredited degree program in the State of Arizona.

The new Master of Science in Information program recruits and admits applicants from a variety of different backgrounds, including sciences and engineering, social sciences and humanities. The focus of this interdisciplinary program includes computational social science, data science, machine learning, information retrieval or text mining; the Ph. D. in Information prepares researchers for careers in which they conduct original research in academia and industry. The School of Information offers graduate certificates for professionals with advanced degrees to update their knowledge and skills in: Digital Information Management Archival Studies Law Librarianship Legal Information & Scholarly Communication Medical and Community Health Information Knowledge River is an educational experience within the School of information that specializes in educating information professionals who have experience with and are committed to the information needs of Latino and Native American populations. Knowledge River fosters understanding of library and information issues from the perspectives of Latino and Native Americans and advocates for culturally sensitive library and information services to these communities.

Since its inception, this program has become the foremost graduate program for training librarians and information specialists with a concentration in Latino and Native American cultural issues. To date, over 170+ scholars have graduated from this program. Active student library organizations at the School of Information include: Library Student Organization Progressive Librarians Guild Special Libraries Association Student Chapter Special Libraries Association Arizona Chapter List of American Library Association accredited library schools

Spanish Filipino

A Spanish Filipino is a Filipino who has Spanish or Hispanic lineage born and raised in the Philippines. A Spanish Filipino is any citizen or resident of the Philippines, of Spanish or Hispanic origin, they are represented in all levels of Philippine society and are integrated politically and economically, in the private and government sector. Spanish Filipinos are present within several commerce and business sectors in the Philippines and a few sources estimate companies which comprise a significant portion of the Philippine economy are owned by Spanish Filipinos like International Container Terminal Services Inc. Manila Water, Integrated Micro-Electronics, Inc. Ayala Land, Ynchausti y Compañia, Ayala Corporation, Aboitiz & Company, Union Bank of the Philippines, ANSCOR, Bank of the Philippine Islands, Globe Telecom, Solaire Resort & Casino, to name but a few; the term Hispanic broadly refers to the people and cultures that have a historical link to Spain. It applies to countries once part of the Spanish Empire the countries of Latin America, the Philippines, Equatorial Guinea, Spanish Sahara.

The Spanish culture and Spanish language are the main traditions. Between 1565 and 1898, Hispanics from Latin America and Spain sailed to and from the Philippine Islands; this contributed to the assimilation of the Hispanics into everyday society. According to an 1818 study by the renowned German ethnologist Fëdor Jagor entitled The Former Philippines thru Foreign Eyes, not less than 1/3rd of the inhabitants of the island of Luzon were mixed with varying degrees of Spanish ancestry and the vast majority of military personnel had Latin-American origins. Spanish Philippines is the history of the Philippines from 1521 to 1898, it begins with the arrival in 1521 of European explorer Ferdinand Magellan sailing for Spain, which heralded the period when the Philippines was an overseas province of Spain, ends with the outbreak of the Spanish–American War in 1898. The Spanish East Indies were the Spanish territories in Asia-Pacific from 1565 until 1899, they comprised the Philippine Islands and the Mariana Islands, the Caroline Islands, for some time parts of Formosa and the Moluccas.

Cebu was the first seat of government transferred to Manila. From 1565 to 1821 these territories, together with the Spanish West Indies, were administered through the Viceroyalty of New Spain based in Mexico City; the Captaincy General of the Philippines was an administrative district of the Spanish Empire. The Captaincy General encompassed the Spanish East Indies which included the modern country of the Philippines and various Pacific Island possessions, such as the Caroline Islands and Guam, it was founded in 1565 with the first permanent Spanish settlements. For centuries all the political and economic aspects of the Captaincy were administered in Mexico by the Viceroyalty of New Spain, while the administrative issues had to be consulted with the Spanish Crown or the Council of the Indies through the Royal Audience of Manila. However, in 1821, after Mexico became an independent nation, all control was transferred to Madrid. In Asia, the Philippines, a former Spanish overseas province, was the lone sovereign nation representative of the Spanish language.

Spanish was the lingua franca of the country from the beginning of Spanish rule in the late 1500s until the first half of the 20th century. It held official status for nearly half a millennium before being demoted as an optional language in 1987. However, Spanish still remained a important language up until the mid-20th century but inauspicious circumstances resulted in its gradual decline over the decades. Today, despite groups rallying to revive the language and make it a compulsory subject in schools, it is used in everyday life or official settings and is spoken by less than 0.5% of the population. Philippine Spanish is a variant of Spanish spoken in the Philippines. Philippine Spanish is similar to Mexican Spanish, because of Mexican and Latin American emigration to the Spanish East Indies over the years, it is spoken among Spanish Filipinos. Chavacano or Chabacano is a Spanish-based creole language spoken in the Philippines; the word Chabacano is derived from Spanish, meaning "poor taste", "vulgar", for the Chavacano language, developed in Cavite City, Ternate and Ermita.

It is derived from the word chavano, coined by the Zamboangueño people. Six different dialects have developed: Zamboangueño in Zamboanga City, Davaoeño Zamboangueño / Castellano Abakay in Davao City, Ternateño in Ternate, Caviteño in Cavite City, Cotabateño in Cotabato City and Ermiteño in Ermita. Chavacano is the only Spanish-based creole in Asia, it has survived for more than 400 years. Among Philippine languages, it is the only one not an Austronesian language, but like Malayo-Polynesian languages, it uses reduplication. Philippine literature in Spanish is a body of literature made by Filipino writers in the Spanish language. Today, this corpus is the third largest in the whole corpus of Philippine literature, it is larger than the Philippine literature in the vernacular languages. However, because of the few additions to it in the past 30 years