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Kuban is a geographic region of Southern Russia surrounding the Kuban River, on the Black Sea between the Don Steppe, the Volga Delta and the Caucasus, separated from the Crimean Peninsula to the west by the Kerch Strait. Krasnodar Krai is referred to as "Kuban", both and unofficially, although the term is not exclusive to the krai and accommodates the republics of Adygea, Karachay-Cherkessia, parts of Stavropol Krai; the settlement of Kuban and of the adjacent Black Sea region occurred for over a century, was influenced by the outcomes of the conflicts between Russia and Turkey. In the mid-18th century, the area was predominantly settled by the mountainous Adyghe tribes. After the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774, the population of the area started to show more pro-Russian tendencies. In order to stop Turkish ambitions to use Kuban region to facilitate the return of the Crimea, Russia started to establish a network of fortifications along the Kuban River in the 1770s. After the Russian annexation of the Crimea, right-bank Kuban, Taman in 1783, the Kuban River became the border of the Russian Empire.

New fortresses were built on the Kuban in the 1780s–1790s. Until the 1790s, these fortresses and the abandoned Cossack settlements on the Laba River and in Taman remained the only indication of Russian presence in the area. More intensive settlement started in 1792–1794, when Black Sea Cossack Host and Don Cossacks were re-settled to this area by the Russian government in order to strengthen the southern borders. In the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries, the right bank of the Kuban River was settled. At the same time, first settlements appear on the coast of the Black Sea and on the plain between the Kuban and Bolshaya Laba Rivers. During the second half of the 19th century, the settlement rate intensified, the territory was administratively organized into Kuban Oblast and Black Sea Okrug; the location of the territory along the border had a significant effect on its administrative division, which incorporated the elements of civil and military governments. Kuban Cossacks Kuban People's Republic Kuban-Black Sea Soviet Republic Kuban Soviet Republic Ukrainians in the Kuban FC Kuban Krasnodar PBC Lokomotiv-Kuban Holodomor Cossacks of the Kuban Азаренкова, А.

С.. Ю.. С.. Основные административно-территориальные преобразования на Кубани. Краснодарское книжное издательство. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-11-28

Defence Research and Development Organisation

The Defence Research and Development Organisation is an agency of the Government of India, charged with the military's research and development, headquartered in New Delhi, India. It was formed in 1958 by the merger of the Technical Development Establishment and the Directorate of Technical Development and Production of the Indian Ordnance Factories with the Defence Science Organisation, it is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Government of India. With a network of 52 laboratories, which are engaged in developing defence technologies covering various fields, like aeronautics, electronics, land combat engineering, life sciences, materials and naval systems, DRDO is India's largest and most diverse research organisation; the organisation includes around 5,000 scientists belonging to the Defence Research & Development Service and about 25,000 other scientific and supporting personnel. The DRDO was established in 1958 by amalgamating the Defence Science Organisation and some of the technical development establishments.

A separate Department of Defence Research and Development was formed in 1980 which on administered DRDO and its 50 laboratories/establishments. Most of the time the Defence Research Development Organisation was treated as if it was a vendor and the Army Headquarters or the Air Headquarters were the customers; because the Army and the Air Force themselves did not have any design or construction responsibility, they tended to treat the designer or Indian industry at par with their corresponding designer in the world market. If they could get a MiG-21 from the world market, they wanted a MiG-21 from DRDO. DRDO started its first major project in surface-to-air missiles known as Project Indigo in 1960s. Indigo was discontinued in years without achieving full success. Project Indigo led to Project Devil, along with Project Valiant, to develop short-range SAM and ICBM in the 1970s. Project Devil itself led to the development of the Prithvi missile under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme in the 1980s.

IGMDP was an Indian Ministry of Defence programme between the early 1980s and 2007 for the development of a comprehensive range of missiles, including the Agni missile, Prithvi ballistic missile, Akash missile, Trishul missile and Nag Missile. In 2010, defence minister A. K. Antony ordered the restructuring of the DRDO to give'a major boost to defence research in the country and to ensure effective participation of the private sector in defence technology'; the key measures to make DRDO effective in its functioning include the establishment of a Defence Technology Commission with the defence minister as its chairman. The programmes which were managed by DRDO have seen considerable success with many of the systems seeing rapid deployment as well as yielding significant technological benefits. DRDO has achieved many successes since its establishment in developing other major systems and critical technologies such as aircraft avionics, UAVs, small arms, artillery systems, EW Systems and armoured vehicles, sonar systems and control systems and missile systems.

The DRDO is responsible for the ongoing Light Combat Aircraft. The LCA is intended to provide the Indian Air Force with a modern, fly by wire, multi-role fighter, as well as develop the aviation industry in India; the LCA programme has allowed DRDO to progress in the fields of avionics, flight control systems, aircraft propulsion and composite structures, along with aircraft design and development. The DRDO provided key avionics for the Sukhoi Su-30MKI programme under the "Vetrivel" programme. Systems developed by DRDO include radar warning receivers and display computers. DRDO's radar computers, manufactured by HAL are being fitted into Malaysian Su-30s; the DRDO is part of the Indian Air Force's upgrade programmes for its MiG-27 and Sepecat Jaguar combat aircraft, along with the manufacturer Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. DRDO and HAL have been responsible for the system design and integration of these upgrades, which combine indigenously developed systems along with imported ones. DRDO contributed subsystems like the Tarang radar warning receiver, Tempest jammer, core avionics computers, brake parachutes, cockpit instrumentation and displays.

HAL AMCA: Aeronautical Development Agency of DRDO is responsible for the design and development of the fifth generation aircraft. In 2015, 700 ADA employees were working on the project along with 2,000 employees of DRDO. Avatar Apart from the aforementioned upgrades, DRDO has assisted Hindustan Aeronautics with its programmes; these include the HAL Dhruv helicopter and the HAL HJT-36. Over a hundred LRU's in the HJT-36 have come directly from the LCA programme. Other duties have included assisting the Indian Air Force with indigenisation of spares and equipment; these include both mandatory as well as other items. The DRDO has developed two unmanned aerial vehicles – the Nishant tactical UAV and the Lakshya Pilotless Target Aircraft; the Lakshya PTA has been ordered by all three services for their gunnery target training requirements. Efforts are on to develop the PTA further, with an improved all digital flight control system, a better turbojet engine; the Nishant is a hydraulically launched short-ranged UAV for the tactical battle area.

It is being evaluated by the Indian Navy and the Indian Paramilitary forces as well. The DRDO is going ahead with its plans to develop a new class of UAVs; these draw upon the experience gained via the Nishant programme, will be more capable. Referred to by the HALE and MALE designati

Delta and the Bannermen

Delta and the Bannermen is the third serial of the 24th season of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, first broadcast in three weekly parts from 2 to 16 November 1987. In the serial, aliens called the Bannermen track down the Chimeron Queen Delta to a Welsh holiday camp in 1959 so they can kill her. On an alien planet the genocide of the Chimeron by the merciless Bannermen led by Gavrok is complete; the last survivor, Chimeron Queen Delta, escapes clutching the future of her species. She reaches a space tollport where the Navarinos, a race of shape-changing tourist aliens, are planning a visit to the planet Earth in 1959 in a spaceship disguised as an old holiday bus, she stows aboard, meeting Mel, while the Seventh Doctor follows in the TARDIS. The Doctor and Mel won the trip as a prize for arriving in the Navarino spaceport in time to be declared the ten billionth customers; as the tourist vehicle departs, the Bannermen arrive to hunt down the fugitive, they kill the tollmaster.

The holiday vehicle from Nostalgia Tours collides with an Earth satellite and is diverted off track, landing at a holiday camp in South Wales rather than Disneyland. They reach. Delta's egg hatches into a bright green baby; the Chimeron Queen supports this development with the equivalent of royal jelly given to bees. Delta captures the heart of Billy, the camp's mechanic, to the chagrin of Ray, who loves Billy herself. Ray confides her situation to the Doctor, they stumble across a bounty hunter making contact with the Bannermen to tell them of the Chimeron's whereabouts. Gavrok and his troops soon arrive. Delta and Billy head off for a picnic while the Doctor busies himself coordinating things back at the camp. Meanwhile, the Bannermen have destroyed the Navarino bus with all its passengers. Two American CIA agents and Weismuller, appear on the scene, tracking the missing satellite. Gavrok booby-traps the TARDIS in an attempt to kill the Doctor. A battle ensues with Gavrok and his Bannermen against the Doctor and his crew: Ray & Billy, Goronwy, Mr. Burton and the two CIA agents.

The Bannermen are foiled by honey, Goronwy's bees and by the amplified scream of the Chimeron child Princess—a sound, painful to Bannermen. Goronwy explains to Billy the purpose of royal jelly in the lifecycle of the honeybee, provoking the mechanic to consume Delta's equivalent that she has been feeding her daughter, in the hope of metamorphosing into a Chimeron; as Gavrok and the Bannermen attack Shangri-La, the amplified scream of the Chimeron princess traumatises the attackers, including Gavrok, who becomes so stunned that he falls into the booby-trap he placed on the TARDIS and is killed. Delta and Billy leave together with the child, the two agents watch on with surprise and Goronwy winks knowingly as the Doctor and Mel slip away. Working titles for this story included The Flight of the Chimeron; the eventual title is a reference to the British band the Bunnymen. The character Ray was created as a new companion for the Doctor as Bonnie Langford had announced she would be leaving the series at the end of the season.

The serial, with the working title, The Flight Of The Chimeron, was scheduled to end the season. However, as the serial neared production, Langford had not decided whether she would leave at the end of Season 24 or during Season 25; that fact plus the rescheduling of Delta and the Bannermen to earlier in the season and the decision by script editor Andrew Cartmel to create another replacement companion named Alf, led to the abandonment of the idea of Ray as a new companion. The scenes at the Shangri-La holiday camp were shot on location at Butlin's Barry Island in Wales; the soundtrack of this serial contained. The songs featured in the serial were: "Rock Around the Clock". McCoy can be seen wearing his glasses in certain long shots of him riding a motorcycle; the motorbike itself a Vincent, made by British manufacturer Vincent Motorcycles. The guitar McCoy is seen hugging at the end of the story is a Squier Stratocaster by Fender, although the model is not one available at the time the story was set.

Features guest appearance by Ken Dodd, Don Henderson, Hugh Lloyd, Richard Davies, American stage and screen actor Stubby Kaye. Morgan Deare played Senator Waldo Pickering in the audio play Minuet in Hell and Arthur in the new series episode "Rosa". Simon Brew of Den of Geek thought the story was "fun nonsense." Paul Cornell, Martin Day and Keith Topping enjoyed the serial, describing it as "confident and hugely enjoyable from beginning to end". They praised Bonnie Langford's performance, found Ken Dodd to be "OK" but thought Don Henderson played it too straight. David J. Howe and Stephen James Walker found the serial to be more whimsical than the preceding story but more successful, "all in all, a enjoyable romp." Radio Times' Mark Baxton declared: "It's mad as cheese and about as scary as an episode of Play Away. It doesn't feel like Doctor, but just once in a while the show can afford to go mad."In 2015, Steven Moffat endorsed the fan theory that Goronwy is a future incarnation of the Doctor, said that the idea fit well with the Doctor's line about retiring to become a beekeeper in "The Name of the Doctor".

A novelisation of this serial, written by Malcolm Kohll, wa

Virginia State Route 151

State Route 151 is a primary state highway in the U. S. state of Virginia. The state highway runs 35.22 miles from U. S. Route 29 at Buffalo Hill north to US 250 at Critzers Shop. SR 151 traverses the Blue Ridge foothills of western Nelson County, where the highway provides access to the Wintergreen Resort. SR 151 begins at an intersection with US 29 at the hamlet of Buffalo Hill north of Amherst in northern Amherst County; the state highway heads north as two-lane Patrick Henry Highway. SR 151 passes through the village of Clifford, which contains the historic homes Brick House and Winton; the state highway curves around Turkey Mountain and enters Nelson County by crossing the Piney River. SR 151 intersects SR 56 at a wye intersection. SR 151 and SR 56 run concurrently northeast through Hendersons Store to Roseland, where SR 56 splits northwest to ascend the spine of the Blue Ridge Mountains. To the north of the intersection, SR 151 crosses the Tye River at Lanes Ford; the state highway passes through Jonesboro and follows Hat Creek to its source at Horseshoe Mountain, which the highway crosses via a curvaceous route at Brent Gap.

SR 151 descends to the village of Wintergreen at the head of the Rockfish Valley. At SR 664, the primary access highway to the four-season Wintergreen Resort, SR 151's name changes to Rockfish Valley Road, which follows the South Fork of the Rockfish River past the Devil's Backbone Brewing Company brewpub and the historic home River Bluff. North of the village of Nellysford, SR 151 intersects SR 6 at Martins Store near the confluence of the Rockfish River's forks; the two highways follow the North Fork of the river to its source at the confluence of several creeks near Avon, where SR 6 splits north as Afton Mountain Road toward Afton. SR 151 continues northeast along Critzers Shop Road, which enters Albemarle County shortly before reaching the route's northern terminus at US 250 at Critzers Shop. Virginia Highways Project: VA 151

Fact (band)

FACT was a Japanese post-hardcore band, formed in December 1999 in Ibaraki Prefecture. Clean and screamed singing styles are both used, gang vocals are present in many choruses. Though a Japanese band, the lyrics to most of the band's songs are written in English; the members have hidden their faces during every video since 2009 wearing traditional Japanese Noh masks during the time they supported their second album, but abandoned the imagery in videos the next year in favor of either or concealing their faces. They were signed to Maximum10, an indie-rock imprint of the Avex Group until they disbanded in 2015; the band was formed from members of other bands in the Tokyo area. They began to tour the local music scene in and around Chiba and Tokyo. Tomohiro played bass and sang with support from Kazuki and Takahiro but, in 2002, main vocal duties as well as a third guitar were added when Hironobu joined. Hironobu had been a member of the band Second Base along with Kazuki before either of them joined Fact.

Continuing onward as a group, the band traveled to the United States California for a short tour in 2003. In 2006, they released their first full-length album Never Turn Out the Light to Keep Myself on Japan's Bullion Records; the band signed a record deal sometime between 2008 and 2009 with Vagrant Records to release Fact, their worldwide début album. A single from the album, "A Fact of Life", was released with an accompanying video in early 2009. In support of the album, the band toured the U. S. accompanying American bands, including post-hardcore A Skylit Drive, metalcore Greeley Estates, metal Iwrestledabearonce, metal Memphis May Fire and post-hardcore Senses Fail. Their tour was abruptly cut short after a car collision early on, injuring drummer Eiji, but another U. S. tour was rescheduled soon after. Their third full-length album, In the Blink of an Eye, was released on 13 January 2010, its first single, "Slip of the Lip" was released online with an accompanying music video; the album débuted at number six on the Japanese Oricon weekly charts, becoming their first album to reach the top ten.

The band returned to the UK in support of In The Blink of an Eye for a second tour of the country between 24 May and 4 June 2010, with a headlining show at London's O2 Academy Islington and playing as the support act for the American electronic-rock duo Breathe Carolina during the rest of the dates. Their single "A Fact of Life" was featured in Konami's rhythm music game Jubeat. In 2011, they released the singles "Attack Me If You Dare", "Error" and "The Shadow of Envy", all of which were featured in their extended-play album Eat Your Words. On 11 January 2012, the band released their fourth album, which features their newest member, Adam, on guitar. On 27 January 2014 the band released a new single titled Disclosure; the song is the first single off fifth record titled, available in Japan on 5 March 2014 and worldwide shortly after. And over a year their sixth and final record titled KTHEAT was released; this continued their hardcore punk stylistic direction present on Witness. However, after the release the band decided to go on permanent hiatus.

From the hiatus formed two bands, with Hironobu Onose fronting the melodic hardcore band "Shadows" and Adam Graham fronting the dark alternative rock band "Joy Opposites." All band members are credited by either stage name. Takahiro Nakinashi – drums FACT has been described as Post-hardcore; however with the release of their second album, their style seemed to follow elements of melodic hardcore much more than the precursor. They incorporate elements of metalcore and mathcore, with latter appearing after the release of their third album "In the Blink of an Eye." Their fourth record saw an incorporation of much more electronic elements. On their fifth and sixth records, Witness and KTHEAT, they approached their sound from a more traditional hardcore punk perspective. Most of their compositions consist of melodic lead vocals accompanied by gang vocals, rhythmically complex guitar riffs, technical drumming with emphasis on double bass, changing time signatures, fast upbeat tempos ranging from 180-220 bpm.

List of artists under the Avex Group List of post-hardcore bands List of Universal Records artists, the band's official website Fact at AllMusic

The Great Scout & Cathouse Thursday

The Great Scout & Cathouse Thursday is a 1976 comedy film directed by Don Taylor starring Lee Marvin, Oliver Reed, Sylvia Miles, Kay Lenz. Sam Longwood, a frontiersman who has seen better days, has spent the last 15 years looking for his ex-business partner Jack Colby, who ran off with all the gold from a mine they were prospecting, but took the love of his life, Nancy Sue. Sam, along with his two other partners, Indian Joe Knox and Billy, has found Colby and along the way they pick up a young prostitute nicknamed Thursday, but getting their money is not going to be as easy as they think. Lee Marvin as Sam Longwood Oliver Reed as Joe Knox Robert Culp as Jack Colby Kay Lenz as Thursday Elizabeth Ashley as Nancy Sue Sylvia Miles as Madam'Mike' Strother Martin as Billy Shooting took place in Mexico over a 12-week period in late 1974 and early 1975; the Great Scout & Cathouse Thursday on IMDb