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Kumbakonam, is a town and a special grade municipality in the Thanjavur district. It is located 273 km from Chennai. Kumbakonam is known as a "temple city" due to the prevalence of a number of temples here and is noted for its Mahamaham festival which attracts people from all over the country. Kumbakonam dates back to the Sangam period and was ruled by the Early Cholas, Medieval Cholas, Later Cholas, the Vijayanagara Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Thanjavur Nayaks and the Thanjavur Marathas, it rose to be a prominent town between the 7th and 9th centuries AD, when it served as a capital of the Medieval Cholas. The town reached the zenith of its prosperity during the British Raj when it was a prominent centre of European education and Hindu culture. In 1866, Kumbakonam was constituted as a municipality, which today comprises 45 wards, making it the largest municipality and second largest local civil body in Thanjavur district; the name "Kumbakonam" translated in English as the "Pot's Corner", is believed to be an allusion to the mythical pot of the Hindu god Brahma that contained the seed of all living beings on earth.

The kumbha is believed to have been displaced by a pralaya and came to rest at the spot where the town of Kumbakonam now stands. This event is now commemorated in the Mahamaham festival held every 12 years. Kumbakonam is known as Baskarashetram and Kumbam from time immemorial and as Kudanthai in ancient times. Kumbakonam is spelt as Coombaconum in the records of British India. Kumbakonam was formerly known by the Tamil name of Kudamukku. Kumbakonam is identified with the Sangam age settlement of Kudavayil; the region around Kumbakonam was inhabited as early as the Sangam Age. The present-day Kumbakonam is believed to be the site of the ancient town of Kudavayil where the Early Chola king Karikala held his court; some scholars identify Kumbakonam as the site of the fabled prison of Kudavayir-kottam where the Chera king Kanaikkal Irumporai was imprisoned by the Early Chola king Kocengannan. Kumbakonam is identified with the town of Malaikūrram which had served as the Chola capital as early as the 7th century and with the town of Solamaligai which had served as a Chola capital.

According to the Sinnamanur plates, Kumbakonam was the site of a battle between the Pallava king Sri Vallabha and the Pandya king in 859 and between the Pandya king Srimara Pandya and a confederacy of the Cholas and Gangas. Kumbakonam came into the limelight during the rule of the Medieval Cholas who ruled from the 9th century to the 12th century; the town of Pazhaiyaarai, 8 km from Kumbakonam was the capital of the Chola Empire in the 9th century. Following the decline of the Chola kingdom, Kumbakonam was conquered by the Pandyas in 1290. Following the demise of the Pandya kingdom in the 14th century, Kumbakonam was conquered by the Vijayanagar Empire. Krishnadevaraya, the emperor of Vijayanagara visited the town in 1524 and is believed to have bathed in the famous Mahamaham tank during the Mahamaham festival. Kumbakonam was ruled by the Madurai Nayaks and the Thanjavur Nayaks from 1535 to 1673 when it fell to the Marathas; each of these foreign dynasties had a considerable impact on the demographics and culture of the region.

When the Vijayanagar Empire fell in 1565, there was a mass influx of poets and cultural artists from the kingdom. According to the chronicles of the Hindu monastic institution, the Kanchi matha, the matha was temporarily transferred to Kumbakonam in the 1780s following an invasion of Kanchipuram by Hyder Ali of Mysore; when Tipu Sultan invaded the east coast of South India in 1784, Kumbakonam bore the brunt of his invasion. The produce fell and the economy collapsed. Kumbakonam did not recover from the calamity till the beginning of the 19th century. Kumbakonam was ceded to the British East India Company in 1799 by the Thanjavur Maratha ruler Serfoji II and reached the zenith of its prosperity in the late 19th and early 20th century when it emerged as an important center of Brahminism, Hindu religion and European education in the Madras Presidency; the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 fostered trade contacts with the United Kingdom. In 1877, railway lines were completed linking Kumbakonam with the ports of Madras and Nagapattinam.

The Tanjore district court was established in Kumbakonam in 1806 and functioned from 1806 to 1863. Kumbakonam continued to grow after India's independence though it fell behind the nearby town of Thanjavur in terms of population and administrative importance; the population growth rate began to fall after 1981. This decline has been attributed to limited land lack of industrial potential. During the Mahamaham festival of 1992, there was a major stampede in which 48 people were killed and 74 were injured. On 16 July 2004, a devastating fire accident in the Sri Krishna school killed 94 children. Kumbakonam is located at 10.97°N 79.42°E / 10.97. It is situated 273 km south of Chennai, 96 km east of Tiruchirappalli, about 40 km north-east of Thanjavur, it lies in the region called the "Old delta" which comprises the north-western taluks of Thanjavur district that have been irrigated by the waters of the Cauvery and its tributaries for centuries in contrast to the "New Delta" comprising the southern taluks that were brought under irrigation by the construction of the Grand Anicut canal and the Vadavar canal in 1934.

It has an average elevation of 26 metres. The town is bounded by the Cauvery River on the north and Arasalar River on the south. Although

Great Lakes Summer Collegiate League

The Great Lakes Summer Collegiate League is a collegiate summer baseball league in the Great Lakes region of the United States. It is affiliated with the National Alliance of College Summer Baseball and comprises teams with college baseball players from around North America; the league is supported by Major League Baseball. Players are not paid so as to maintain their NCAA eligibility, the league follows NCAA rules. Many of the teams play in baseball stadiums that are occupied by college teams; the Great Lakes Summer Collegiate League uses wooden bats to prepare collegiate players for the transition to professional baseball. Grand Lake Mariners -- 1990 to present. Lima Locos -- 1988 to present. Charter member was founded in 1986 and played as the Lima Blues for 1987 Southern Ohio Copperheads -- 2002 to present. Cincinnati Steam -- 2006 to present. Xenia Scouts -- 2009 to present. Team started as Athletes in Action based in Xenia. Licking County Settlers -- 2007 to present. Hamilton Joe's -- 2009 to present.

Galion Graders -- 2015 to present. Irish Hills Leprechauns -- 2016 to 2018. To resume in new location in 2021. Richmond Jazz -- 2016 to present. St Clair Green Giants -- 2017 to present. Muskegon Clippers -- 2017 to present. Sandusky Ice Haulers 2020 to present. Michigan Monarchs -- 1999 to 2019. Saginaw Sugar Beets -- 2018 Lorain County Ironmen 2015-2017 Lexington Hustlers 2010 to 2015. Delaware Cows 1992, 1998 to 2008, 2010. Expansion team. In 1993 became the Central Ohio Wendy's. Central Ohio Wendy's became Delaware Cows in 1998. Note Delaware Cows suspended operations for 2009 and returned in 2010. Lima Blues 1987 Charter member. Muncie Chiefs 1987 to 1993 Charter member. Columbus All-Americans 1987 to 2008 Charter member. Pittsburgh Pandas 2001 to 2004 Expansion team. Left league joined Erie Shores Collegiate League for the 2005 season and the Tri-State Collegiate League in 2006. Cincinnati Indians 1987 to 1990 Charter member Later became Cincinnati Spirit. Cincinnati Spirit 1991 to 1993 the Cincinnati Indians.

Dayton Aviators 1994 to 1995. Sandusky Bay Sox 1990 to 1991 expansion team. Became Sandusky Bay Stars. Sandusky Bay Stars 1992 to 2000 the Sandusky Bay Sox. Springfield, Ohio Electros 1994 to 1995. Michigan Lake Area Rams 2002. Toledo Glass Sox - 1987 to 1994 Charter member became Sylvania Sox. Sylvania Sox 1995 the Toledo Glass Sox. Youngstown Express 1999 to 2008. Northern Ohio Baseball 1999 to 2003. Bowling Green Breeze 1987 to 1991 Charter member. Washtenaw Senators 1992. Motor City Pride 1993 to 1994. Euclid Admirals 1994 to 1996 became the Lake County Admirals. Lake County Admirals 1997 to 1998 the Euclid Admirals. Bexley Wendy's 1996 the Central Ohio Wendy's. In 1997 became the Central Ohio Wendy's. Central Ohio Wendy's 1993 to 1995. 1997 Formerly the Delaware Cows. In 1996 became the Bexley Wendy's; the Bexley Wendy's. In 1998 became the Delaware Cows. Michigan Panthers 1999 to 2001. Motor City Marauders 2000 to 2001. Summit City Sluggers 2000. Murrysville Maulers 2002 to 2003. Indianapolis Servants 2003, 2005, Became Indianapolis One Crown, Note team suspended operations for 2006 became the Anderson Servants.

Indianapolis One Crown 2004 Team used to be called Indianapolis Servants. Team returned to the Servants. Anderson Servants 2005 Team used to be the Indianapolis Servants. Lorain County Spiders 2016. Northern Ohio Baseball Club 2015. "Muskegon baseball team formed for wooden-bat summer college league |". 2013-12-13. Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2016-11-24."Saginaw Sugar Beets bring college wood-bat summer baseball to Saginaw". 2017-10-10. GLSCL Official Website

Destination: Imagination

"Destination: Imagination" is a television special of the animated television series Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends. The plot of the special follows Frankie, who becomes trapped in a huge, mysterious world where she is treated like royalty but forced not to leave. Bloo, Coco and Wilt journey through the world to rescue her, facing perils and challenges along the way. Written by Lauren Faust and Tim McKeon, "Destination: Imagination" was directed by Rob Renzetti and series creator Craig McCracken; the plot was conceived after the crew decided that they wanted to make an episode with adventure, featuring the characters going out on a large quest of sorts. Due to the dark and serious storytelling approach used, the special came out "edgier" than most episodes of Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends; the special broadcast on Cartoon Network on November 27, 2008, on Thanksgiving Day. It was well won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program, it was nominated for two Annie Awards—one for Best Animated Television Production Produced for Children and another for McCracken and Renzetti's directing.

During the pouring rain, a young boy helps his mother and father leave a chained toy box at the doorstep of Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends with instructions to not be opened. The next day, Frankie has grown outraged about her job as the house caretaker; when Frankie discovers the box left on the doorstep, Herriman instructs her to leave it in the attic. In a fit of anger toward Herriman, she intentionally ignores the instructions given in the box and peeks inside it, she falls inside, only to discover it is a vast world filled with anthropomorphic toys and delectable treats. She hears and sympathizes with a young boy's voice revealed to be the imaginary friend named World, living alone in the toy chest since his family left the box at Foster's. Frankie goes to visit it every day, being treated like royalty by the voice, but one day, when she goes to leave, the friend refuses to allow her and locks every exit in the castle they are abiding in. Bloo, Coco and Wilt become curious with her sudden disappearance.

They go up to the attic and enter the toy box, discovering for themselves the vast world that resides in it. They ask around a small town if anyone has seen a woman of Frankie's description but nobody responds. A group of weeble policemen discover they have entered the world and chase after them, but the gang are saved by a heroic man, he tries to warn them that their pursuit of Frankie will lead through dangerous environments, but they are determined to rescue her. Mr. Herriman, in the meantime, is outraged by Frankie's disappearance and attempts to find a replacement for her, but to no avail. After failing to cross a musical and colorful bridge, the gang falls into a pit where sticky material becomes their zombie-like doppelgängers and moves to chase them, they escape through a Super Mario World-like environment and go to the house of a toy dog, where they are set up for a trap to eat crumpets with sleeping powder. Mac is able to save the others; as they try to escape, they discover that the weeble policeman, heroic man, toy dog are all controlled by a single face—World—who can animate and control anything he latches onto.

World is trapped on an apple and the gang leaves it at a desert. It gallops off to the castle, where the gang find attempt to save her. However, Frankie reveals that World never kidnapped her, she was staying of her own free will and is happy to be away from the work at Foster's and Mr. Herriman's constant nagging; the friends plead with Frankie to come home insisting that they need her to take care of them. She believes their pleas to be selfish and storms off as she is "sick of taking care of everyone and everything and never getting a word of thanks, an ounce of help, or a tiny little smidgen of respect", they attempt to console her. When they awaken, they find themselves in a fake version of Foster's created by World, who shrank them into it. Frankie begins to hear their tiny voices calling to her and, though World tries to distract her from it, she discovers her friends. World becomes upset and scolds Frankie of planning to leave him alone in the toy box forever, she calms him down enough to unshrink the gang.

Out of the blue, Mr. Herriman bursts into the room, having gotten into the toy box from being bugged from the Foster's residents to fill in for Frankie and do her duties. Herriman harshly scolds World, telling him that he is preparing to take the gang home and leave him in the toy box, hoping he will learn his lesson. World's world falls to pieces. After running, World becomes angry and unstable and turns into a chimera-like creature to attack them all; the gang manages to escape the toy box. Frankie tries to convince everyone to let World out of the box. Herriman yields and releases World from the box, due to a realization of his long misjudgement of Frankie and newfound appreciation for her during her absence. World gets happy and shouts that he's free and everyone is confused.

Ken Dedes

Ken Dedes was the first queen of Singhasari. She was the consort of Ken Arok, the first ruler of Singhasari, Indonesia, she was considered the origin of the lineage of kings that rule Java, the great mother of the Rajasa dynasty, the royal family that ruled Java from the Singhasari to the Majapahit era. Local tradition mentioned her as an embodiment of perfect beauty. Most of the record of her life comes from the account of Pararaton, a mixed historical account including supernatural tales and stories, she was the daughter of Mpu Purwa. According to tradition, Ken Dedes' exceptional and extraordinary beauty was famous throughout the land and attracted Tunggul Ametung, the ruler of Tumapel who took her as his wife. According to local tradition, Ken Dedes was kidnapped while her father was away meditating and forced to become Tunggul Ametung's wife, her father cursed Tunggul Ametung. The curse became reality when Ken Arok assassinated Tunggul Ametung and took Ken Dedes as his own wife. According to Pararaton and local tradition, Ken Arok's usurpation of Tunggul Ametung was caused by Ken Dedes' exceptional beauty and charisma.

The story is that Ken Arok was standing close near the royal carriage as it halted and caught a glimpse of the young queen. When her clothes accidentally parted, Ken Arok caught sight of her naked legs and thighs and he saw that her genitals were'shining'. A Brahmin, told Ken Arok that this radiance was the sign that Ken Dedes bears the divine quality and would be the bearer of kings, her beauty was said to have been so perfect that whoever married her, regardless of his status, would be destined to become king of kings. By this, Ken Arok was motivated to dispatch Tunggul Ametung. Ken Arok launched a campaign that defeated Kertajaya, King of Kediri and he founded his own kingdom, Singhasari. Ken Dedes became the first queen of Singhasari. According to local beliefs, the statue of Prajnaparamita, the goddess of transcendental wisdom in Buddhist tradition and found in Cungkup Putri near Singhasari temple, was made in her likeness and served as her mortuary deified statue. Anusapati, Ken Dedes's son from Tunggul Ametung, murdered Ken Arok and became the second ruler of Singhasari

Well-posed problem

The mathematical term well-posed problem stems from a definition given by Jacques Hadamard. He believed that mathematical models of physical phenomena should have the properties that: a solution exists, the solution is unique, the solution's behavior changes continuously with the initial conditions. Examples of archetypal well-posed problems include the Dirichlet problem for Laplace's equation, the heat equation with specified initial conditions; these might be regarded as'natural' problems in that there are physical processes modelled by these problems. Problems that are not well-posed in the sense of Hadamard are termed ill-posed. Inverse problems are ill-posed. For example, the inverse heat equation, deducing a previous distribution of temperature from final data, is not well-posed in that the solution is sensitive to changes in the final data. Continuum models must be discretized in order to obtain a numerical solution. While solutions may be continuous with respect to the initial conditions, they may suffer from numerical instability when solved with finite precision, or with errors in the data.

If a problem is well-posed, it may still be ill-conditioned, meaning that a small error in the initial data can result in much larger errors in the answers. Problems in nonlinear complex systems provide well-known examples of instability. An ill-conditioned problem is indicated by a large condition number. If the problem is well-posed it stands a good chance of solution on a computer using a stable algorithm. If it is not well-posed, it needs to be re-formulated for numerical treatment; this involves including additional assumptions, such as smoothness of solution. This process is known as regularization. Tikhonov regularization is one of the most used for regularization of linear ill-posed problems. Total absorption spectroscopy – an example of an inverse problem or ill-posed problem in a real-life situation, solved by means of the expectation–maximization algorithm Hadamard, Jacques. Sur les problèmes. Princeton University Bulletin. Pp. 49–52. Parker, Sybil B. ed.. McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms.

New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-045270-9. Tikhonov, A. N.. Y.. Solutions of ill-Posed Problems. New York: Winston. ISBN 0-470-99124-0


Krithyam is a 2005 Indian Malayalam-language film directed by Viji Thampi and starring Prithviraj Sukumaran in dual role as protagonist and antagonist. Sandra Punnoose discovers, she hires a hitman Christy Lopez to end her life. Christy tries to kill her, but her driver is shot. The case is handled by police officer Surya Narayanan. On questioning Sandra, he tries every method to catch him. One day Sandra meets Sathya. Sandra hands him over to the police; the police tries to make him admit the truth. His friend Badsha and his guardian, a priest comes to bail him out and tells everyone that he Sathya, a dumb boy, an orphan, brought up by the father. Sandra feels sorry for Sathya. Sathya, smitten by Sandra is as happy as he can be. Soon their friendship changes into love. Meanwhile, Christy attempts multiple times to kill Sandra, but gets failed Everytime due to others saving Sandra, his failures to kill Sandra makes Christy obsessed with wanting to kill her. Sandra comes to know from her friend Lavanya's brother Ramdas Menon a doctor in US her condition is curable.

She prepares to leave to US for treatment. Once back, she confesses her love to Sathya and both decides to get married. On the day of the marriage, Christy faints Sathya and takes his place as the groom. He, on the pretext of driving to church, leaves with Sandra in the car. Meanwhile, Sathya tries to call Sandra from the landline. Sandra receives the call and when receiving only some sounds realizes that it is Sathya on the line and that it is Christy, with her in the car, she pretends that she is talking to her friend and tricks Christy into disclosing where he is taking her. He takes her to a nearby island. Sandra reveals that it was her who gave the quotation, but that doesn't stop Christy from wanting to kill her. Sathya arrives there and a fight ensures between them. Christy overpowers Sathya and is about to kill him when Surya Narayanan comes there and shoots Christy, who falls into the sea; the movie ends with the couple leaving along with the police and Christy, not dead resurfacing from the water Prithviraj Sukumaran Jagathy Sreekumar Kalpana Siddique Eva Pavithran Indrajith Salim Kumar Shruthy Menon Tony P. Sreekumar Viji Thampi Krithyam on IMDb