Kumquats are a group of small fruit-bearing trees in the flowering plant family Rutaceae. They were classified as forming the now-historical genus Fortunella, or placed within Citrus sensu lato; the edible fruit resembles the orange in color and shape but is much smaller, being the size of a large olive. Kumquat is a cold-hardy citrus; the English name "kumquat" derives from the Cantonese gām-gwāt meaning "golden orange" or "golden tangerine". The kumquat plant is native to China.. The earliest historical reference to kumquats appears in Imperial literature from the 12th century, they have long been cultivated in India, Taiwan, the Philippines, Southeast Asia. They were introduced to Europe in 1846 by Robert Fortune, collector for the London Horticultural Society, shortly thereafter were taken to North America, they are slow-growing evergreen shrubs or short trees that stand 2.5 to 4.5 meters tall, with dense branches, sometimes bearing small thorns. The leaves are dark glossy green, the flowers are white, similar to other citrus flowers, can be borne singly or clustered within the leaves' axils.
Depending on size, the kumquat tree can produce hundreds or thousands of fruits each year. Citrus taxonomy is controversial. Different systems place different types of kumquat in different species, or unite them into as few as two species, they were viewed as falling within the genus Citrus, but the Swingle system of citrus taxonomy elevated them to their own genus, Fortunella. Recent phylogenetic analysis suggests. Swingle divided the kumquats into two subgenera, the Protocitrus, containing the primitive Hong Kong kumquat, Eufortunella, comprising the round, oval kumquat, Meiwa kumquats, to which Tanaka added two others, the Malayan kumquat and the Jiangsu kumquat. Chromosomal analysis suggested that Swingle's Eufortunella represent a single'true' species, while Tanaka's additional species were revealed to be hybrids of Fortunella with other Citrus, so-called Citrofortunella. Recent genomic analysis concluded there was only one true species of kumquat, but the analysis did not include the Hong Kong variety seen as a distinct species in all earlier analyses.
The round kumquat, Marumi kumquat or Morgani kumquat, is an evergreen tree that produces edible golden-yellow fruit. The fruit is small and spherical but can be oval shaped; the peel has a sweet flavor. The fruit can be eaten cooked but is used to make marmalades and other spreads, it can be used in bonsai cultivation. The plant symbolizes good luck in China and other Asian countries, where it is kept as a houseplant and given as a gift during the Lunar New Year. Round kumquats are more cultivated than other species due to their high cold tolerance; the oval kumquat or Nagami kumquat is ovoid in shape and eaten whole and all. The inside is still quite sour, but the skin has a sweet flavour, so when eaten together an unusual tart-sweet, refreshing flavour is produced; the fruit ripens mid- to late winter and always crops heavily, creating a spectacular display against the dark green foliage. The tree tends to be much smaller and dwarf in nature, making it ideal for pots and bonsai cultivation. The'Centennial Variegated' kumquat cultivar arose spontaneously from the oval kumquat.
It produces a greater proportion of fruit to peel than the oval kumquat, the fruit are rounder and sometimes necked. Fruit are distinguishable by their variegation in color, exhibiting bright green and yellow stripes, by its lack of thorns; the Meiwa kumquat was brought to Japan from China at the end of the 19th century, it has seedy oval fruits and thick leaves, was characterized as a different species by Swingle. Its fruit is eaten skin and all; the Hong Kong kumquat produces only pea-sized bitter and acidic fruit with little pulp and large seeds. It is grown as an ornamental plant, though it is found in southern China growing in the wild. Not only is it the most primitive of the kumquats, but with the kumquats being the most primitive citrus, Swingle described it as the closest to the ancestral species from which all citrus evolved. While the wild Hong Kong kumquat is tetraploid, there is a commercial diploid variety, the Golden Bean kumquat with larger fruit; the Jiangsu kumquat or Fukushu kumquat bears edible fruit that can be eaten raw, as well as made into jelly and marmalade.
The fruit can be round or bell-shaped and is bright orange when ripe. The plant can be distinguished from other kumquats by its distinctly round leaves, it is grown for its edible fruit and as an ornamental plant, but cannot withstand frost like the round kumquat. These kumquats are seen near the Yuvraj section of the Nayak Province. Chromosomal analysis showed this variety to be a hybrid; the Malayan kumquat, from the Malay Peninsula where it is known as the "hedge lime", is another hybrid a limequat. It has a thin peel on larger fruit compared to other kumquats. Kumquats are much hardier than citrus plants such as oranges; the Nagami kumquat requires a hot summer, ranging fr
Elena Viacheslavovna Dementieva is a Russian former professional tennis player. She won the singles gold medal at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, having won the silver medal at the 2000 Olympics in Sydney, she won 16 WTA singles titles, reached the finals of the 2004 French Open and 2004 US Open and reached seven other Grand Slam semifinals. Dementieva was part of the Russian team that won the 2005 Fed Cup. In doubles, she won the 2002 WTA Championships with Janette Husárová and was the runner-up in two US Open doubles finals – in 2002 with Husárová and in 2005 with Flavia Pennetta. Dementieva achieved a career-high ranking of world No. 3, accomplished on 6 April 2009. She announced her retirement on 29 October 2010, after her final match at the 2010 WTA Championships. Between 2003 and 2010, she only ended one year, in 2007, outside the top 10, she is considered to be one of the most talented players never to have won a Grand Slam tournament. Dementieva was born in Moscow to Viatcheslav, an electrical engineer, Vera, a teacher—both recreational tennis players.
She was rejected by Dynamo Sports Club and the Central Red Army Tennis Club at the age of seven, before enrolling at Spartak Tennis Club, where she was coached for three years by Rauza Islanova, the mother of Marat Safin and Dinara Safina. She moved to the Central Red Army Club with Sergei Pashkov, when she was eleven, she was coached by her mother Vera and her older brother Vsevolod. She has homes in Monte Carlo and Boca Raton, Florida. On 16 July 2011, Dementieva married hockey player Maxim Afinogenov in Moscow; the couple welcomed their first child, Veronika, in April 2014. Dementieva played and won her first international tournament, Les Petits As in France at the age of 13. In 1997, she entered the WTA top 500, she turned professional in 1998 and entered the top 100 in 1999. In 1999, Dementieva represented Russia in the Fed Cup final against the United States, scoring Russia's only point when she upset Venus Williams 1–6, 6–3, 7–6, recovering from a 4–1 third set deficit, she played her first Grand Slam main draws, qualifying for the Australian Open, French Open and Wimbledon, along with receiving a direct entry into the US Open.
She reached the second round at the Australian Open and French Open, made a first-round exit at Wimbledon and reached the third round of the US Open. In 2000, she entered the top 20 by winning more than 40 singles matches for the second straight year and earned more than $600,000, she became the first woman from Russia to reach the US Open semifinals in singles, where she lost to Lindsay Davenport. At the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Dementieva won the silver medal, losing to Venus Williams in the final. In 2000, Dementieva was named the WTA Tour's Most Improved Player. 2001 was the second straight year in which Dementieva finished in the WTA's top 20. During the year, she became the top-ranked Russian player, a position held by Anna Kournikova since December 1997. Dementieva, suffered a shoulder injury in Australia. To keep playing matches, she altered her serve, changing her motion. After her shoulder healed, her service motion stayed the same, she hit 50 mph first and second serves. In 2002, Dementieva and her partner Janette Husárová reached the final of the US Open and won the year-ending WTA Tour Championships.
In singles, Dementieva defeated a top ranked player for the first time, beating world No. 1 Martina Hingis 6–2, 6–2 in the quarterfinals in Moscow. Dementieva reached the final of that tournament, losing to Jelena Dokić. Dementieva played the most tournaments among year-end top 10 players and won $869,740 in prize money. At the Bausch & Lomb Championships in Amelia Island, she won her first WTA Tour title, defeating Amanda Coetzer, world No. 9, Daniela Hantuchová, world No. 4, Justine Henin and world No. 5, Lindsay Davenport. Dementieva was the lowest seed, she won back-to-back titles in Bali and Shanghai, defeating Chanda Rubin in both finals. Dementieva finished the year in the top 10 for the first time. In addition, she reached the semifinals of the Wimbledon doubles with compatriot Lina Krasnoroutskaya, beating the Venus and Serena Williams team along the way. Dementieva's breakthrough year was 2004. In Miami, she defeated Venus Williams in Nadia Petrova in the semifinals. Dementieva lost to the top-seeded and two-time defending champion Serena Williams 1–6, 1–6.
On 5 April, she reached her highest singles ranking at sixth in the world. With fifth-ranked Anastasia Myskina and ninth-ranked Petrova, it was the first time that three Russians appeared in the Women's Tennis Association top 10 simultaneously. In May at the French Open, Dementieva reached her first Grand Slam final, defeating former top ranked Lindsay Davenport in the fourth round, Amélie Mauresmo in the quarterfinals and Paola Suárez in the semifinals, all in straight sets. Dementieva lost to compatriot Myskina in the first all-Russian Grand Slam final, 1–6, 2–6. In the match, Dementieva had ten double faults, she summed up her performance by saying: "I just don't know how to serve". Previous female Russian Grand Slam finalists had been: Dementieva's coach at the time, Olga Morozova, at 1974's French Open and Wimbledon, followed by Natalia Zvereva at the 1988 French Open; that year at the US Open, after first round losses at Wimbledon to Sandra Kleinová and the Summer Olympics to eventual bronze-medalist Alicia Molik, Dementieva reached her second Grand Slam final, defeating Mauresmo and Jennifer Capriati en route, both in third set tie-break
IntercomPlus is the Walgreen Company's proprietary pharmacy computer system. It was founded as Intercom in 1981, was the first large scale retail pharmacy computer system, it relies on VSAT satellite access and/or broadband connections to link the over 8,000 Walgreens retail, mail service, specialty pharmacies. Through its usage, Intercom made Walgreens the largest private user of satellite transmission data in the world, second only to the U. S. Government; the design of the system enables seamless store-to-store prescription filling, making filling a refill at a location other than where it was filled essentially no different from filling it again at the original location. IC+ is written in Team Developer, from Unify, comprises the following applications: TeamRX Pharmacy Management Laser Printer/Thermal Printer Settings Strategic Inventory Management System StoreNet/RXNet Scale Sign On Consultation RX Savings Advisor Corporate E-Mail Server RX Compliance AdvisorIntercom Plus is being improved for maximum accuracy and performance.
This application is the core of IC+. Paper prescriptions are scanned; the scanned image can be sent to other Walgreens locations through DWB or POWER for various purposes. The paper prescription is kept on file per local or state laws. In certain states, the computerized image serves as the legal copy of the prescription and the original paper hard copy becomes the Third Party Audit Record. After the patient and prescriber information has been entered, the prescription is double checked to ensure the information was entered accurately. Intercom Plus's Automatic Label Printing System program generates a leaflet for the prescription; the technician scans the leaflet on a Check-weigh Scale and the system generates a vial label for the prescription after the system performs a National Drug Code validation via scanner. The vial label is placed appropriately sized container for the prescription; the system automatically checks the patient's current medication list for any potential drug interactions via Drug Utilization Reviews.
Intercom Plus is used to refill prescriptions and lookup patient records from any Walgreens nationwide. The work queue is used to view entered, printed and ready prescriptions, it is a searchable database containing all active prescriptions for the store. Pharmacy Management is used to change drug locations, lookup pharmacy staff information, generate reports, complete miscellaneous tasks, it features "dial a pharmacist" which allows a pharmacy team member to call a pharmacist signed on to IC+ at another location in order to provide care to patients who speak another language. This application serves as the store's inventory mainframe. Using this program, pharmacy staff members can verify counts of various items and serves as the proprietary software for receiving and distribution within the company; this is the web interface used by the Walgreen Corporate Staff to interact with Store and District Personnel. StoreNet is used to access various healthcare databases, applications such as People Plus Learning Online Training Program, Basic Department Merchandising Planograms set for all stores, Picture Care Plus Photo Order Management System, Key Performance Indicators for both store and district and Labor Scheduling, various other applications and forms.
Members of the pharmacy team must sign onto the filling scales. This is a program designed to assist Pharmacists in consulting patients; the system maintains a database of patient "charts" and streamlines tasks such as Consultation, Patient DURs, various other Pharmacist-Specific Tasks. The CAP Application is an important part of the POWER program; this is a program that assists pharmacy staff members in enrolling patients in the Prescription Savings Club and consulting Medicare beneficiaries in selecting a Medicare Prescription Drug Plan. It allows for management of discount prescription card memberships. An extension of the CAP Application, this program allows pharmacy staff members to recommend various options that increase medication compliance. Walgreens