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Kure Atoll

Kure Atoll or Ocean Island is an atoll in the Pacific Ocean 48 nautical miles WNW of Midway Atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands at 28°25′N 178°20′W. The only land of significant size is called Green Island and is a habitat for hundreds of thousands of seabirds. A short and unmaintained runway and a portion of one building, both from a former United States Coast Guard LORAN station, are located on the island. Politically, it is part of Hawaii, although separated from the rest of the state by Midway, a separate unorganized territory. Green Island, in addition to being the nesting grounds of tens of thousands of seabirds, has recorded several vagrant terrestrial birds including snow bunting, eyebrowed thrush, olive-backed pipit, black kite, Steller's sea eagle and Chinese sparrowhawk, it is managed as a Wildlife Bird Sanctuary by the State of Hawaii's Department of Land and Natural Resource--Division of Forestry and Wildlife as one of the co-trustees of Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument with support from Kure Atoll Conservancy.

The International Date Line lies 100 miles to the west. Although located to the west of Midway Atoll, Kure Atoll has a timezone +1 hour ahead at UTC−10:00. Kure is the northernmost coral atoll in the world, it consists of a 6-mile wide nearly circular barrier reef surrounding a shallow lagoon and several sand islets. There is a total land area of 213.097 acres, with Green Island on the southeast side having 191.964 acres of this total. A growing number of Hawaiian monk seals haul out on its beaches. Data chart below has been taken from Midway Atoll due to a lack of any weather stations present on Kure Atoll. Kure Atoll features a tropical savanna climate with high year-round temperatures. Rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year, with only two months being able to be classified as dry season months; the geological history of Kure is similar to Midway, but Kure lies close to what is called the Darwin Point, the latitude at which reef growth just equals reef destruction by various physical forces.

As Kure continues to be carried along to the northwest by the motion of the Pacific Plate, it will move into waters too cool for coral and coralline algae growth to keep up with isostatic subsidence of the mountain. The atoll is warmed by the pools of water at the ends of the warm Kuroshio Current, keeping it in comfortable range in winter. Barring unforeseen evolution, it will begin to join the other volcanic and reef-topped remnants of the Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain to the northwest, all of which are now seamounts. In the Hawaiian language the term Mokupāpapa was used for any flat island with reefs; the northwestern islands are associated with Kāne Milohai in Hawaiian mythology. The brother of Pele was left to stand guard for travelers. Before the mid-19th century, Kure Atoll was given new names each time. Sometimes spelled Cure, its English name was for a Russian navigator, it was named Kure Island in 1924 and Kure Atoll in 1987. Many crews were stranded on Kure Atoll after being shipwrecked on the surrounding reefs and had to survive on the local seals and birds.

The shipwrecks remain on the reef today, including the USS Saginaw. Because of these incidents, King Kalākaua sent Colonel J. H. Boyd to Kure as his Special Commissioner. On September 20, 1886, he took possession of the island for the Hawaiian government; the King ordered that a crude house be built on the island, with tanks for holding water and provisions for any other unfortunates who might be cast away there. But the provisions were stolen within a year and the house soon fell into ruins. Neglected for most of its history, during World War II Kure was visited by U. S. Navy patrols from nearby Midway to ensure that the Japanese were not using it to refuel submarines or flying boats from submarine-tankers for attacks elsewhere in the Hawaiian chain. During the Battle of Midway, a Japanese Nakajima B5N "Kate" bomber, operating from aircraft carrier Hiryū, piloted by Lieutenant Kikuchi Rokurō, and, involved in the initial Japanese attack on Midway's US installations, crash-landed near Kure after being damaged by US fighters.

Once ashore, Lt. Kikuchi and the two other members of his crew refused capture and were either killed or committed suicide when an American landing party tried to capture them. Kure is located within a major current which washes up debris from the Great Pacific garbage patch, such as fishing nets and large numbers of cigarette lighters, on the island; these pose threats to the local animals birds, whose skeletons are found with plastic in the stomach cavity. On October 16, 1998, the longline fishing vessel Paradise Queen II ran aground on the eastern edge of Green Island of Kure Atoll, spilling 4,000 gallons of diesel fuel before recovery operations could commence. Debris from that shipwreck continued to pollute the reef and shoreline for many years, endangering wildlife and damaging the coral reef; the long-term impact of this and other wrecks within the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands highlight the dangers to sensitive habitats in the area. To help ensure their protection, the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument was designated a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area in 2008 by the International Maritime Organization.

In addition to avoiding specific areas, owners must identify when their ship enters and leaves the PSSA's 10 nautical mile

Fangshan, Pingtung

Fangshan Township is a coastal rural township in Pingtung County, Taiwan. Population: 5,749 Area: 17.27 square kilometres The township comprises the four villages of Fangshan, Fenggang and Shanyu. The township is famous for its Aiwen mangoes. Fangshan is one of the two cable landing points of Taiwan island. Four submarine communication cables, including C2C and SEA-ME-WE 3, connect here. Fangshan Post Office The township is served by Neishi Station and Jialu Station of the Taiwan Railways South-Link Line. Tsai Ing-wen, President of Taiwan Fangshan Government website

The Complexity of Happiness

The Complexity of Happiness is a 2015 comedy film written and directed by Gianni Zanasi and starring Valerio Mastandrea and Giuseppe Battiston. It premiered at the 2015 Turin Film Festival. Valerio Mastandrea as Enrico Giusti Giuseppe Battiston as Carlo Bernini Hadas Yaron as Avinoam Paolo Briguglia as Matteo Borghi Maurizio Donadoni as Uncle Umberto Teco Celio as Bernini Senior Filippo De Carli as Filippo Lievi Camilla Martini as Camilla Lievi Maurizio Lastrico as Ivano Domenico Diele as Bernini's Assistant Daniele De Angelis as Nicola Giusti List of Italian films of 2015 The Complexity of Happiness on IMDb

Baron Jermyn

Baron Jermyn, of St Edmundsbury, was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1643 for Henry Jermyn, with remainder, failing heirs male of his own, to his nephews. In 1660 he was further honoured when he was made Earl of St Albans, with normal remainder to the heirs male of his body. On Lord St Alban's death in 1684 the earldom became extinct while he was succeeded in the barony according to the special remainder by his nephew, the second Baron, he had earlier represented Bury St Edmunds in Parliament. On his death the title passed to the third Baron, he had been created Baron Dover in 1685. In 1689 the deposed James II created him Baron Jermyn of Royston, Baron Ipswich, Viscount Cheveley and Earl of Dover in the Jacobite Peerage. However, these titles were not recognised by the English government, although Jermyn was known as the Earl of Dover. All the titles became extinct on Jermyn's death in 1708; the family seat was Rushbrooke Hall in Suffolk. Henry Jermyn, 1st Earl of St Albans, 1st Baron Jermyn Thomas Jermyn, 2nd Baron Jermyn Henry Jermyn, 3rd Baron Jermyn, 1st Baron Dover Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages


Pirapora is a municipality in northcentral Minas Gerais in Brazil. The population is 56,229 in an area of 550 km²; the name Pirapora comes from the Tupi words for "fish" + "jump", referring to the piracema season when a mass migration of fishes ascends the São Francisco River to spawn. Pirapora belongs to its own statistical microregion; the elevation of the municipal seat is 472 meters. It became a municipality in 1912; this municipality is located on the right bank of the São Francisco River and is 340 km from the state capital. Neighboring municipalities are: Lagoa Grande, Guarda-Mor and Paracatu. There are two districts, besides the municipal seat: Claro de Minas, 12 km. distant, Vazamor, 32 km. distant. The statistical microregion of Pirapora includes 9 cities: Buritizeiro, Várzea da Palma, Ibiaí, Jequitaí, São Romão, Riachinho, Santa Fé de Minas and Lagoa dos Patos, it has an area of 23,111 km2 and a population of 150,000 inhabitants. The city is located on the right bank of the great São Francisco River, the longest river to flow inside Brazilian territory.

Its history goes back to the colonial period of the bandeirantes and the gold panhandlers who followed the river upstream, arrived at the rapids of Pirapora and founded the settlement of São Gonçalo das Tabocas. In 1911 the small Arraial de São Gonçalo de Pirapora became the seat of a municipality and its name was shortened to Pirapora, its street plan was laid out in the form of a chess set, inspired by the new capital of Belo Horizonte, the streets were given names of Brazilian states. There are highway connections with the BR 040, to the west. In 1910 the railroad came up from the south and reached Pirapora, with a bridge being built across the river. There were plans to extend the line to the coast. At the end of the nineteen seventies the line was deactivated, but the bridge and the rails still remain. Today the river has lost its economic importance and is used by tourist boats that attempt to recreate the spirit of the past, when Mississippi style riverboats were used to go as far as Juazeiro in Bahia.

These boats used charcoal. One of the old paddle wheel steamboats, the Benjamim Guimarães, can still be seen anchored in front of the city and is a major tourist site; the main economic activities are industry, cattle raising, farming and services, tourism. The GDP for 2005 was R$662,985,000. In the rural area there were 605 farms and a total agricultural area of 57,000 hectares, of which 38,000 ha. were planted, 14,000 were in natural pasture, 13,000 ha. were in woodland or forest. 2,800 people were dependent on farming. 107 of the farms had tractors. In 2006 there were 9,600 head of cattle. With irrigation Pirapora has become a major producer of tropical fruits, growing eating grapes, mangoes and guava. There is production on a smaller scale of corn, rice, tomatoes and bananas. According to the city government site, Pirapora is the second most important city in the north of Minas, after Montes Claros, in industrial output. There is an industrial park. Iron silicon, metallic silicon, textiles are produced.

In 2005 there were 39 health establishments -- 14 private. There was 01 public hospital and 02 private hospitals; the number of hospital beds was 133. The Centro Regional de Saúde da Visão is a public clinic that specializes in eye surgery and attracts patients from all over the north of Minas Gerais. In 2007 there were three institutes of higher learning in the city: Instituto Educacional Santo Agostinho, União de Ensino de Minas Gerais Ltda, UNIMONTES-Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros; the score on the Municipal Human Development Index was 0.758. Pirapora was ranked 235 out of 853 municipalities in the state, with Poços de Caldas in first place with 0.841 and Setubinha in last place with 0.568. List of municipalities in Minas Gerais Pirapora do Bom Jesus, a town and shrine in São Paulo Faculdades Santo Agostinho City government site

1988 Refuge Assurance Cup

The 1988 Refuge Assurance Cup was the first competing of the Refuge Assurance Cup, for the most successful teams in the Sunday League. It was an English limited overs county cricket tournament, held between 7 and 18 September 1988; the tournament was won by Lancashire County Cricket Club who defeated Worcestershire County Cricket Club by 52 runs in the final at Edgbaston, Birmingham. The cup was an end-of-season affair; the counties finishing in the top four of the 1988 Refuge Assurance League competed in the semi-finals. The top two teams were drawn at home. Winners from the semi-finals went on to the final at Edgbaston, held on 18 September 1988; the cup was played using an orange ball. The attendance at the final was 14,616. CricketArchive tournament page