Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)
|Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)|
Міжнародний аеропорт "Київ" (Жуляни)
|Airport type||Public / Military|
|Owner||City of Kiev/Govt. of Ukraine|
|Focus city for||Wizz Air|
|Elevation AMSL||179 m / 587 ft|
Igor Sikorsky Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) (Ukrainian: Міжнародний аеропорт "Київ" імені Ігоря Сікорського (Жуляни)) (IATA: IEV, ICAO: UKKK) is one of the two passenger airports of the Ukrainian capital Kiev, the other being Boryspil International Airport. It is owned by the municipality of Kiev and located in the Zhuliany neighbourhood, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) southwest of the city centre.
The airport is known since 1923 as a military airfield that was co-used by the "Ukrpovitroshlyakh" ("Ukrainian Society of Air Communications") which in 1934 was completely integrated into Aeroflot as the latter's regional administration. The airport terminal was built only after World War II in 1949. Until the 1960s, Zhuliany was the only passenger airport serving Kiev.
In 1959, the larger Boryspil International Airport was built near the city of Boryspil, gradually replacing Zhuliany as the main airport serving Kyiv. Since that time the old "Kiev" airport became commonly known just as "Zhuliany" (or Kyiv-Zhuliany) and was used for Soviet domestic flights only.
International flights and traffic revival
After Ukraine gained independence in 1991, "Kyiv" airport began receiving international flights from nearby countries (first from its former Soviet "domestic" destinations), increasingly so since the 2000s when Ukraine's civil aviation started booming. On 27 March 2011, Wizz Air, the locally-pioneering low cost airline, moved all its operations to "Zhuliany" from the Boryspil Airport, - starting the new era of around-the-clock flights at the airport and increasing the passenger traffic by 15 to 20%.
Surrounded by major railways, highways and residential districts, the airport has limited possibilities to expand its runway. Therefore, it is limited in the weight of aircraft that are allowed to fly in the airport (currently up to Boeing 737/Airbus A320 type). In 2013, the airport declared plans to expand the runway for additional 150 m, although stressing complete safety and operability of its current length. Other parts of the airport infrastructure are also being developed. The new "A" terminal opened on 17 May 2012, now receives all international and some domestic flights. Projects for expanding Zhuliany's taxiways and aircraft parking lots considered as well.
In the first half of 2013, the airport's passenger traffic rose 2.7-fold (to 816,757 passengers per year) since the beginning of the year, including 4.2-fold growth of the domestic traffic. According to the media and industry experts, once underdog Zhuliany Airport has rapidly grown into a major, and more efficient, competitor to the country's leading Boryspil Airport.
As of July 2013, Moscow, Treviso and Dortmund were the most popular international destinations from the airport, with Simferopol, Donetsk and Odessa leading among domestic destinations. Also in 2013, the airport opened a new domestic terminal and a new business terminal, with currently 3 terminals in service.
In March 2015, Wizz Air Ukraine announced that it would cease operations leading to the cancellation of several routes from their base at the airport. Only some of their former routes were taken over by its parent, Wizz Air, though the airlines has since expanded its flight network from the airport, with twenty destinations to be served by August 2017.
On 22 March 2018 the Kiev City Council officially renamed the airport International Airport "Kyiv" (Zhulyany) Igor Sikorsky in honor of Igor Sikorsky. Nevertheless, the airport continued to be referred to as Zhuliany.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany):
Neighboring aviation facilities
- A major aircraft maintenance, repair and overhaul company, the so-called Kiev Aircraft Repair Plant 410, adjoins the airport.
- In 2003, the Ukraine State Aviation Museum was created in one of the industrial estates neighboring the airport. It is the largest aviation museum in Ukraine, exhibiting some unique Soviet examples including original prototypes for famous airliners.
- The Ukrainian Air Force and the Ukrainian National Guard maintain a small training facility in the vicinity of the Zhuliany Airport.
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|Year||Passengers||Change||Kyiv Zhuliany Airport Passenger Totals 2002–2017 (in millions)|
The Airport is connected to the city's main highway infrastructure via the Povitroflotskyi Avenue, and served by a number of city transport routes, including:
- Trolleybus Route 22: 'Kyiv' Airport-Olzhycha Street (transfer for metro at Dorohozhychi Station - Syretsko-Pecherska Line)
- Bus Route 78: 'Kyiv' Airport-Vasylkivska Metro Station(transfer for metro - Obolonsko–Teremkivska line),
As well as private bus routes. Car parking facilities at the airport itself are limited, however, long stay parking can be found in the airport's immediate vicinity. Taxis can often be found waiting directly outside the terminal, in the passenger drop-off/pick-up area.
The airport's old passenger terminal is located about 0.5 km away from the Kyiv-Volynskyi rail station - a stop for elektrichka commuter trains as well as for the new intracity Urban Electric Train service.
Plans for the Podilsko-Vyhurivska Line, which is planned for construction elsewhere in the city, includes the Airport transfer station from the 'Zhulyany' Airport. The station is expected to be constructed by 2030.
- List of airports in Ukraine
- List of the busiest airports in Ukraine
- List of the busiest airports in Europe
- List of the busiest airports in the former USSR
- Code IATA «IeV» from old soviet transliteration Kiev. KIE was already used by Kieta Airport
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Media related to Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website of the airport (in Ukrainian) (in English) (in Russian)
- Accident history for IEV at Aviation Safety Network